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the same {hall be repealed, by the general assembly of our saicj The gene-province, for. the time being. Provided also, That it shall ral court and may [je lawful fqr the said governor and general assem-r to^assTny bty, to ma^e or pass any grant of lands lying within the grants of bounds of the colonies formerly called the colonies of the land inMas-Massachusetts Bay, and New-Plymouth, and province of Plymouth Maine, in such manner as heretofore they might have done-, or the pro-by virtue of any former charter or letters patents; which vince of grants of lands, within the bounds aforesaid, we do hereby ^Iain' will and ordain, to be and continue, forever, of full force and effect, without our further approbation or consent; and Grants of *o as nevertheless, and it is our royal will and pleasure, that land be- no grant or grants of any lands lying or extending from the Sihock "and Ttver ofSagadahock,to tne gulp^ of Lawrence and Canada St. Law- rivers, and to the main sea northward and eastward, to be made xence, to or past by the governor and general assembly of our said prohave the vince, beof any force, validity or effect, until we, our heirs probations" and successors, shall have signified our or their approbation of the same. And we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs The gover- successors, grant, establish, and ordain, That the governor nor to com- of our said province or territory, for the time being, shall mand the have full power, by himself, or by any chief commander, or f"^"*" other ossicer or ossicers, to be appointed by him, from time to time, to train, instruct, exercise, and govern the militia there; and for the special defence and sasety of our said province or territory, to assemble in martial array, and put in warlike posture, the inhabitants of our said province or territory, and 'to lead and conduct them, and with them to encounter, expulse, repel, resist, and pursue by force of arms, as well by sea as by land, within or without the limits of our said province or territory; and also, to kill, slay, destroy, and conquer, by all fitting ways, enterprizes, and taw mar- means whatsoever, all and every such person and persons as shall, at any time' hereafter, attempt or enterprize the destruction, invasion, detriment, or annoyance of our said province or territory ; and use to and exercise the law martial in time of actual war, invasion, or rebellion, as occasipri shall necessarily require i and also, from time to time, to erect forts, and to fortisie any piaefi or places within our said province or territory, and the same to furnish with all necessary ammunition, provision', and stores of War, for offence or desence, and to commit, from time to time, to custody and government of the same, to such person or persons is to him fliall seem meet, and the said forts and Fortifications to.

^Sernolish at {iis pleasure; and to take and surprize, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons, with their ships, arms, ammunition, and other goods, as shall in a hostile manner invade, or attempt the invading, conquering, or annoying of our said province or territory. Provided always, and we do, by these presents, for usi our heirs and successors, grant, establish, and or- Jjo perfont dain, That the said governor shall not, at any time here-to be transafter, by virtue of any power hereby granted, or hereafter to^r^d out be granted to him, transport any of the inhabitants of our vinaAvHhfaid province or territory, or oblige them to march out of out th.e« the limits of the same, without their free and voluntary con- °w» conjsent, or the consent of the great and general court or as- ent' sembly of our said province or territory; nor grant com- The Jaw missions for exercising the law martial upon any the inhabi- martial not tants of our said province or territory, without the advice to be exeand consent of the council, or assistants of the same. Pro- a"tefnh°kj vided in like manner, and we do, by these presents, for us, ^'"wltV»ur heirs and successors, constitute and ordain, That when, outtheconand as often as the governor of our said province, for the ^* the time being, shall happen to die, or to be displaced by us, councl our heirs or successors, or be absent from hii government, In the »bthat then, and in any of the said cases, the liedtenant or de- senceofthe puty governor of our said province, for the time being, shall thT^deputy have full power and authority to do and execute all and governor to every such acts, matters, and things, which our governor^' thJw of our said province, for the time being, might or could, ^ e pow" by virtue of these our letters patents, lawfully do or execute; if he were personally present, until the return of the governor so absent, or arrival or constitution of such other governor as shall or may be anpointed by us, our heirs or successors, in his stead: and that when, and as often as the governor, and lieutenant, or deputy governor of our said province or territory, for the time being, shall happen to in the abdie, or be displaced by us, our heirs or successors, or be sencc of absent . from our said province, and that there shall be J^*e^J no person within the said province commissioned by us; deputy goour heirs or successors, to be governor within the same, iwnpr, the then, and in every of the said cases, the council, or assis- mfTr part

4. . r, • ^..-i'* • -Mtii i -.., . . ot trie coun

tants or our said province, lhall have full power and au- ai to have thority, apd we do hereby give and grant unto the said th«r p°wcouncil, or assistants of our said province, for the time being, or the major part of them, full power and authority to do and execute all and every such acts, matters, and things, which the said governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor

of

of our said province or territory, for the time being, might or could lawfully do or exercise, if they, or either of them, were personally present, until the return of the governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor so absent, or arrival, or constitution of such other governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor, as shall or may be appointed by us, our heirs or successors, from time to time. Provided always, and it is hereby declared, That nothing herein contained shall extend or be taken to erect, or grant, or allow the exercise of any adAdmiralty miral court, jurisdiction, power, or authority, but that the jurisdiction same shall be, and is hereby reserved to us and our succesicserved. fors, and shall, from time to time, be erected, granted, and exercised, by virtue of commissions to be issued under the great seal of England, or under the seal of the high admiral, or the commissioners for executing the ossice of high admiral of England. And further, our express will and pleasure is, and we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, ordain and appoint, That these our letters patents of^fiAing shall not, in any manner, enure, or be taken to abridge, not to be bar, or hinder any of our loving subjects whatsoever, to use abridg'd. and exercise the trade of fishing upon the coasts of NewEngland, but that they, and every of them, shall have full and free power and liberty to continue and use the said trade of fishing upon the said coasts, in any of the seas thereunto adjoining, or any arms of the said seas, or salt-water river?, where they have been wont to fish; and to build and set upon the lands within our said province or colony, lying waste, and not then possessed by particular proprietors, such wharfs, stages, and work-houses, as shall be necessary for the salting, drying, keeping, and packing of their fish, to betaken or gotten upon that coast; and to cut down and take such trees, and other materials there growing, or being upon any parts or places lying waste, and not then in possession of particular proprietors, as shall be needful for that purpose, and for all other necessary easements, helps, and advantages concerning the said trade of fishing there, in such manner and form as they have been heretofore at any time accustomed to do, without making any wilful waste or spoil, Trees fitsor any thing in these presents contained to the contrary notjrowiBgup- witr>standing. And lastly, for the better providing and furon any soil nishing of masts for our royal navy, we do hereby reserve to granted to US, our heirs and successors, all trees of the diameter of 'ersons^to twenty-four inches and upwards, at twelve inches from the be preserv- ground, growing upon any foil or tract of land within our ed. . said said province or territory, not heretofore granted to any private persons; and we do restrain and forbid all persons whatsoever, from selling, cutting, or destroying any such trees, without the royal licence of us, our heirs and successors, first had and obtained, upon penalty of forseiting one hundred pounds sterling unto us our heirs, and successors, for every such tree so selled, cut, or destroyed, without such licence had or obtained in that behalf; any thing in these presents contained to the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding.

In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made patents. Witness ourselves at Westminster, the seventh day of October, in the third year of our reign.

Sy writ of Privy Seal,

P I G O T.

I.

Charter

Charter granted to the Colony of Connecticut, by King
Charles II. in the fourteenth Tear of bis Reign.

Undecima pars Patentium Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secundi
^uartodetirno.

/."'•HARLES the Second, by the grace of God, &c. to all ^ to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas by the several navigations, discoveries, arid successful plantations of divers of our loving subjects of this our realm of England, several lands, islands, places, colonies and plantations, have been ordained and settled in that part of the continent of America called New-England, and thereby the trade and commerce there hath been of late years much increased ; and whereas we have been informed by the humble petition of our trusty and well-beloved John Wintrop, John Mason, Samuel Willis, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allen, John Tappen, Nathan Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Woolcot, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, Thomas Wells, Obadiah Brewcn, John Clerke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew Camfield, being persons principally interested in our colony or plantation of Connecticut in New-England, that the same colony, or the greatest part thereof, was purchased and obtained for great and valuable considerations, and some other part thereof gained by conquest, and with much dissiculty, and at the' only endeavours, expence and charge of them and their associates, and those under whom they claim, subdued and imimproved, and thereby become a considerable inlargement and addition of our dominions and interest there: now know ye, that in consideration thereof, and in regard the said colony is Incorpon- remote from other the English plantations in the places aforetion of th* said, and to the end the affairs and business, which shall from governor time to time happen or arise concerning the same, may be P^yoffion-^ly ordered and managed, we have thought fit, at the humaectieut. ble petition of the persons aforesaid, and are graciously pleased to create and make them a body politick and corporate, with the powers and privileges herein aftermentioned j and accordingly our will and pleasure is, and oils

especial

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