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to adminis-ginia, for the time being, or any two other at all times herepersongoingafter, and frotn time to time, have full power and authority, into Virgi- to minister and give the oath and oaths of supremacy and nia the oath allegiance, or either of them, to all and every person and peraace and ^onS, which shall, at any time or times hereafter, go or pass supremacy, to the said colony in Virginia.

Power to XIII. And further, that it shall be lawful likewise for the the same saj(j treasurer or his deputy, for the time being, or any two administer otners of our ^id council for the said first colony in Virginia, oaths of of-for the time being, from time to time, and at all times herefice to per- after, to minister such a formal oath, as by their discretion shall ptayedTn ^e reasonably devised, as well unto any person or persons, emthe said ployed in. for, or touching the said plantation, for their hoplantation, nest, saithful, and just discharge of their service, in all such witnesses' in matters? as A12" be committed unto them for the good and judicialpro- benefit of the said company, colony, and plantation; as also, teedings. unto such other person or persons, as the said treasurer or his deputy, with two others of the said council, shall think meet, for the examination or clearing of the truth, in any cause whatsoever concerning the said plantation, or any business, from thence proceeding, or thereunto belonging. Recital of XIV. And furthermore, whereas we have been certified, haviour'^oftnat ^ivers 'ewt* aru* iH-disposed persons, both sailors, soldiers, divers per- artificers, husbandmen, labourers, and others, having received sons em- wages, apparel, and other entertainment from the said comployed or pany or having contracted and agreed with the said company,

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the said to g°, or to *erve, or to be employed in the said plantation of company, the said first colony in Virginia, have afterwards, either withdrawn, hid, or concealed themselves, or have refused to go thither, after they have been so entertained and agreed withal; and that divers and sundry persons also, which have been sent and employed in the said plantation of the said first colony in Virginia, at and upon the charge of the saitj company, and having there misbehaved themselves by mutinies, sedition, or other notorious misdemeanors, or having been employed or sent abroad, by the governor of Virginia, or his deputy, with some ship or pinnance, for our provision of the said colony, Of for some discovery, or other business and affairs, concerning the same, have from thence most treacherously, either come back again and returned into our realm of England, by stealth, or without licence of our governor of pur said colony in Virginia, for the time being, or have been sent hither, as misdoers and offenders; and that many also of those persons, after their return from thence, having been questioned by pur said council here, for such their misbehaviours and offences, by ." their their insolent and contemptuous carriage in the presence of our said Council, have shewed little respect and reverence, either to the place, or authority, in which we have placed and appointed them; and others, for the colouring of their Jewdness and misdemeanors committed in Virginia, have endeavoured by most vile and slanderous reports, made and divulged, as well of the country of Virginia, as also of the government and estate of the said plantation and colony, as much as in them lay, to bring the said voyage and plantation into disgrace and contempt; by means whereof, not only the adventurers and planters, already engaged in the said plantation, have been exceedingly abused and hindered, and a great number of other our loving and well-disposed subjects, otherwise well-affected, and inclined to join and adventure in so noble, christian, and worthy an action, have been discouraged from the same, but also the utter overthrow and ruin of the said enterprize hath been greatly endangered, which cannot miscarry without some dishonour to Us and our kingdom.

XV. Now, forasmuch as it appeareth unto Us, that these PowerE'vei> insolences, misdemeanors, and abuses, not to be tolerated in [•"^pj1^ any civil government, have, for the most part, grown and deputy,with. proceeded, in regard our said Council have not any direct °ne of the power and authority, by any express words in our former ^"iy°f letters patents, to correct and chastise such offenders; We company, to therefore, for the more speedy reformation of so great and «"se such enormous abuses and misdemeanors, heretofore practised and °*ender*t9 committed, and for the preventing of the like hereafter, do, hended'^nd by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, give and proceeded grant to the said treasurer and company, and their successors, for ever, that it shall and may be lawful for our said Council sent back to for the said first colony in Virginia, or any two of them, Virginia, to (whereof the said treasurer or his deputy, for the time being, ^i^"' to be always one) by warrant under their hands, to send for, tney lhall or to cause to be apprehended, all and every such person and think propetsons, who shall be noted, or accused, or found, at anyPer" time or times hereafter, to offend, or misoehave themselves, in any the offences before mentioned and expressed; and upon the examination of any such offender or offenders, and just proof made by oath, taken before the said Council, of any such notorious misdemeanors by them committed, as aforesaid ; and also upon any insolent, and contemptuous, or indecent carriage and misbehaviour, to or against our said Council, shewed or used by any such person or persons, so called, convented, and appearing before them, as aforesaid; that in all such cases, they, our said Council, or any two of them, for the time > being,

being, shall and may have full power and authority, either here to bind them over with good sureties for their good behaviour, and further therein to proceed, to all intents and purposes, as it is used, in other like cases, within our realm of England; or else, at their discretions, to remand and send them back, the said offenders, or any of them, unto the said colony in Virginia, there to be proceeded against and punished, as the governor, deputy, or council there, for the time being, shall think meet; or otherwise, according to such laws and ordinances, as are and shall be in use there,Tor the well-ordering and good government of the' said colony. Power to XVI. And for the more effectual advancing of the said erect lotte-plantation, we do further, for us, our heirs and successors, of our special grace and savour, by virtue of our prerogative royal, and by the assent and consent of the Lords and others of our privy council, give and grant, unto the did treasurer and company, full power and authority, free leave, liberty, and licence, to set forth, erect, and publish, one or more lottery or lotteries, to have continuance, and to endure and be held, for the space of one whole year, next after the opening of the same ; and after the end and expiration of the slid term, the said lottery or lotteries to continue and be further kept, during our will and pleasure only, and not otherwise. And yet nevertheless, we are contented and pleased, for the good and welsare of the said plantation, that the said treasurer and company shall, for the dispatch and finishing of the said lottery or lotteries, have six months warning after the said year ended, before our will and pleasure shall, for and on that behalf, be construed, deemed, and adjuged, to be in any wise altered and determined.

XVII. And our further will and pleasure is, that the said lottery and lotteries shall and may be opened and held, within our city of London, or any other city or town, or elsewhere, within this our realm of England, with such prizes, articles, conditions, and limitations, as to them, the said treasurer and company, in their discretions, shall seem convenient.

XVIII. And that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and company, to elect and chuse receivers, auditors, surveyors, commissioners, or any other ossicers whatsoever, at their will and pleasure, for the better marshalling, disposing, guiding, and governing of the said lottery and lotteries ; and that it shall likewise be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and any two of the said Council, to minister to all and every such person, so elected and chosen for ossicers, as aforesaid, one or more oaths, for their good behaviour, just and true dealing, in and about the said lottery or lotteries, to the intent and purpose, that none of our loving subjects, putting in their names, or otherwise adventuring in the said general lottery or lotteries, may be, in any wise, defrauded and deceived of their said monies, or evily and indirectly dealt withal in their said adventures.

XIX. And we further grant, in manner and form aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and company, under the seal of our said council for the plantation, to publish, or to cause and procure to be published, by proclamation or otherwise (the said proclamation to be made in their name, by virtue of these presents) the said lottery or lotteries, in air cities, towns, boroughs, - and other places, within our said realm of England; and we will and command all mayors, justices of peace, sheriff's, bailiff's,-constables, and other ossicers and loving subjects, whatsoever, that, in no wise, they hinder or delay the progress and proceedings of the said lottery or lotteries, but be therein, touching the premises, aiding and assisting, by all honest, good, and lawful means and endeavours.

XX. And further our will and pleasure is, that in all DonUfui questions and doubts, that shall arise, upon any dissiculty of JfT??"

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conitruction or interpretation or any thing, contained in these, strued in faor any other our former letters patents, the same shall be vour of the taken and interpreted, in most ample and beneficial mannerSrantees' for the said treasurer and company, and their successors, and every member thereof.

XXI. And lastly, we do, by these presents, ratify and con-Confirmafirm unto the said treasurer and company, and their successors, ^jj" °* for ever, all and all manner of privileges, franchises, liberties,.t°TMpjtents immunities, preheminences, profits, and commodities, what-in all point* soever, granted unto them in any our former letters patents, Dot"va^ and not in these presents revoked, altered, changed, or abridged. p^sen£ Although express mention of the true yearly value or certainty

of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gift or grant, by us or any of our progenitors or predecessors, to the aforesaid treasurer and company heretofore made, in these presents is not made; or any statute, act, ordinance, provision, proclamation, or restraint, to the contrary thereof heretofore made, ordained, or provided, or any other matter, cause, or thing, whatsoever, to the contrary, in any wise, notwithstanding..

In witness'whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patents. Witness Ourself, at Westminster, the twelfth day of March, in the ninth year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the five-and-fortieth.

PENSYL

1

PENSYLVANIA CHARTER,

Granted by King Charles II. in the Fourteenth Year
of his Reign.

Prima Pars Patentium dt Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secundi
tricefimo Tertio.

/CHARLES the Second, &c. to all to whom these presents ^ shall come, Greeting. Whereas our trusty and wellbeloved subject William Penn, esquire, son and heir of Sir William Penn, deceased, out of commendable desire to enlarge our English empire, and promote such useful commodities as may be of benefit to us, and our dominions; as also to* reduce the savage natives, by gentle and just manners, to the love of civil society and christian religion, hath humbly besought leave of us to transport an ample colony unto a certain country herein after described, in the parts of America not yet' cultivated and planted ; and hath likewise humbly besought our Royal Majesty to give, grant, and confirm all the said country, with certain privileges and jurisdictions requisite for the good government and sasety of the said country and co- lony, to him and his heirs, for' ever: Know ye therefore, That We, savouring the petition and good purpose of the said William Penn, and having regard to the memory and merits of- his late sather, in divers services, and particularly to his conduct, courage and discretion, under our dearest brother James Duke of York, in that signal battle and victory fought and obtained against the Dutch sleet, commanded by the Heere Van Obdam, in the year one thousand fix hundred and sixty-five; in consideration thereof, of our special grace, cerGrant. ta'n knowledge, and mere motion, have given and granted, and by this our present Charter^ for us, our heirs, and succefPremissea tors, ^o S've an(* grant, unto the said Sir William Penn, ht» grtated. heirs and assigns, all that tract or part of land in America^ with all the islands therein contained, as the same is-bounded! on the East by Delawar river, from twelve miles distance ^northwards of Newcastle Town, unto the three and fortieth degree of northern latitude^ if the said river doth extend fa fat northwards ; but if the said river shall not extend so far northwards, then by the said river so far as it doth extend;

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