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[Parochial Elections-When Held.] ]

Art. 207. Parochial elections, except in the City of New Orleans, shall be held on the same day as the general State election, and not oftener than once in four years.

[Elections in New Orleans—When Held.]

In the City of New Orleans parochial and municipal elections shall be held on the Tuesday following the first Monday of November, 1899, and every fourth year thereafter, but the General Assembly may change the date of said election after the year 1899; provided, that the parochial and municipal elections shall be held together, and shall always be on a day separate and apart from the General State Election and not oftener than once in four years. The municipal and parochial officers in the City of New Orleans shall take their offices on the first Monday in the month of May following their election, until otherwise provided by law.

Const., 1879, Art. 192.

Arts. 191, 192, Const., 1879, are not self-operative. State vs. Patton, 39 An. 1200.

[Residence for Purpose of Voting—How Acquired and Lost.]

Art. 208. For the purpose of voting, no person shall be deemed to have gained a residence, by reason of his presence, or lost it by reason of his absence, while employed in the service, either civil or military, of this State or of the United States; or while engaged in the navigation of the waters of the State or of the United States; or of the high seas; or while a student of any institution of learning.

Const., 1845, Title II, Art. 12; Const., 1852, Title II, Art. 12; Const., 1879,

Art. 193.

[General Assembly to Enact Laws for Trial and Determina

tion of Contested Elections of all kinds, etc.] Art. 209. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the trial and determination of contested elections of all public [Persons Eligible to Office-Residence, Removal, etc.]

Art. 210. No person shall be eligible to any office, State, judicial, parochial, municipal or ward, who is not a citizen of this State and a duly qualified elector of the State, judicial district, parish, municipality or ward, wherein the functions of said office are to be performed. And whenever any officer, State, judicial, parochial, municipal or ward, may change his residence from this State, or from the district, parish, municipality or ward in which he holds such office, the same shall thereby be vacated, any declaration of retention of domicile to the contrary notwithstanding.

('onst., 1812, Art. VI, Sec. T; Const., 1845, Title II, Art. 95; Const., 1852, Title VI, Art. 96; Const., 1864, Title VII, Art. 98; Const., 1868, Title VI, ATt. 105; Const., 1879, Art. 195. [Returns of Elections, How Made.]

Art. 211. Returns of elections for all civil officers who are to be commissioned by the Governor shall be made to the Secretary of State, unless otherwise provided in this Constitution.

Const., 1812, Art. VI, Sec. 11; Conet., 1845, Title II, Art. 35; Const., 1852, Title II, Art. 33; Const., 1864, Title III, Art. 41; Const., 1868, Title II, Art. 46. [Conduct of Elections-Official Ballot-Method of Voting,

etc.] Art. 212. All elections by the people, except primary elections and municipal elections in towns having a population of less than twenty-five hundred, when such elections are not held at the same time as general State elections, shall be by official ballot, printed and distributed at the expense of the State; and, until otherwise provided by law, such ballots shall have printed thereon, and at the head and immediately preceding the list of names of the candidates of each political party or nominating paper, a specific and separate device by which the political party and the candidates of such political party or nominating paper may be indicated. By stamping such device at the head of the list of candidates of each political party, or nominating paper, the voter may indicate that his may vote for candidates of any political party or nominating paper, by stamping a blank space to be left opposite the name of each candidate on said official ballot. [General Assembly to Provide for Secrecy in Voting, etc.]

The General Assembly shall provide some plan by which the voters may prepare their ballots in secrecy at the polls. This article shall not be construed so as to prevent the names of independent candidates from being printed on the ballots with a device; and names of candidates may be written on the ballot. These provisions shall not apply to elections for the imposition of special taxes, for which the General Assembly shall provide special laws. [Electors Not to Be Registered Within Thirty Days of Elec

tion-Application to Court, etc., etc.] Art. 213. Electors shall not be registered within thirty days next preceding any election at which they may offer to vote, but applications to the courts, and appeals may be heard and determined, and revision take place at any time prior to the election, and no person who, in respect to age and residence, would become entitled to vote within the said thirty days, shall be excluded from registration on account of his want of qualifications at the time of his application for registration. [Legislature to Enact Laws Providing for Registration.]

Art. 214. The Legislature shall provide for the registration of voters throughout the State. [Legislature to Enact Laws for Fair Conduct of Primary

Elections.] Art. 215. The Legislature shall enact laws to secure fairness in party primary elections, conventions, or other methods of naming party candidates.

See act 133, 1900, “Primary Elections,” printed at p. 719.

withhold his testimony on the grounds that he may criminate himself or subject himself to public infamy, but such testimony shall not be used against him in any judicial proceedings except for perjury in giving such testimony.


p. 788.

[Officers Who May Be Impeached, and Causes Therefor.]

Art. 217. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Attorney General, Superintendent of Public Education, Railroad Commissioners, and the Judges of all the Courts of Record in this State, shall be liable to impeachment for high crimes and misdemeanors, for nonfeasance or malfeasance in office, for incompetency, for corruption, favoritism, extortion or oppression in office, or for gross miseonduct, or habitual drunkenness.

Const., 1812, Art. V, Sec. 3; Const., 1845, Title V, Sec. 85; Const., 1852, Title V. Art. 86; Const., 1864, Title VI, Art. 86; Const., 1868, Title V, Art. 96; Const., 1879, Art. 196.

See title “Impeachment, [Power to Impeach Vested in House of Representatives,

Mode and Conduct of Trial-Effect of Judgment.] Art. 218. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate; when sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation, and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. When the Governor of the State is on trial, the Chief Justice or the senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court shall preside.

The Senate may adjourn the trial of any impeachment from time to time, as it may deem proper, and may sit for the purpose of such trial whether the House of Representatives or the Legislature be in session or not.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall extend only to

[Suspension of Officers During Pendency of Impeachment Charges— Provisional Appointment

Appointment by Appointing Power.] Art. 219. All officers against whom articles of impeachment are preferred, except the Governor, shall be suspended from office during the pendency of such impeachment, and the appointing power shall make a provisional appointment to replace any suspended officer until the decision of the impeachment.

88; Const., 1861,

Const., 1845, Title V, Art. 87; Const., 1852, Title V, Art Title VI, Art. 88; Const., 1879, Art. 198.

[Removal of Officer by Governor for Certain Causes Upon

Address by General Assembly, etc.] Art. 220. For any reasonable cause, whether sufficient for impeachment or not, the Governor shall remove any officer on the address of two-thirds of the members elected to each House of the General Assembly. In every such case, the cause or causes for which such removal may be required shall be stated at length in the address and inserted in the Journal of each House.

Const., 1812, Art. VI, Sec. 8; Const., 1845, Title VI, Art. 97; Const., 1852, Title VI, Art. 97; Const., 1864, Title VII, Art. 99; Const., 1868, Title VI, Art. 106; Const., 1879, Art. 199.

[Removal of Judges—Jurisdiction to Try Such Cases—Suits

How Brought, and by Whom, etc.] Art. 221. For any of the causes specified in Art. 217, judges of the Courts of Appeal, and of the District Courts throughout the State may be removed from office by judgment of the Supreme Court, which is hereby vested with original jurisdiction to try such causes. The suit for removal may be instituted by the Attorney-General or District Attorney, whenever in his opinion sufficient cause exists therefor; and it is hereby made the duty of the Attorney General or District Attorney to institute such suit whenever instructed in writing by the Governor so to do, or on the written request and information of twenty-five citizens and taxpayers residing within the territorial limits of the district or circuit over which the judge against whom the suit is brought exercises the functions of his office. Such suits shall be tried after citation and ten

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