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State for several years is unconstitutional and void, since it embraces several objects, and not a general appropriation bill, for which by Art. 53, Const., 1879, this is specially permitted. Klein vs. State Treasurer, 42 An. 174. [Appropriations Must Be for Specific Purposes—Not for
Contingencies, etc.] Art. 56. Each appropriation shall be for a specific purpose, and no appropriation shall be made under the head or title of contingent; nor shall any officer or department of government receive any amount from the treasury for contingencies or for a contingent fund.
Const., 1879, Art. 54. [No Appropriation in Last Five Days of Session, etc.]
Art. 57. No appropriation of money shall be made by the General Assembly in the last five days of the session thereof. All appropriations, to be valid, shall be passed and receive the signatures of the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives five full days before the adjournment sine die of the General Assembly.
Const., 1879, Art. 55.
[State and Political Corporations Shall Not Lend, etc., Funds,
etc., Nor Subscribe to Capital Stock-Exceptions.] Art. 58. The funds, credit, property or things of value of the State, or of any political corporation thereof, shall not be loaned, pledged or granted to or for any person or persons, association or corporation, public or private; nor shall the State, or any political corporation, purchase or subscribe to the capital or stock of any corporation or association whatever, or for any private enterprise. Nor shall the State, nor any political corporation thereof, assume the liabilities of any political, municipal, parochial, private or other corporation or association whatsoever; nor shall the State undertake to carry on the business of any such corporation or association, or become a part owner therein; provided, the State, through the General Assembly, shall have power to grant the right
such institutions for the purpose aforesaid shall be accounted for by them in the manner required of officials entrusted with public funds.
Const., 1879, Art. 56. The words, “And provided, Police Juries and municipal corporations may,” etc., are not in the Const., 1879.
Levee districts are not political corporations, within the scope of Art. 56, Constitution, 1879. Fisher vs. Steele, 39 An. 447.
[General Assembly Is Without Power to Release, etc., or Au
thorize Public Corporations to Release, etc., Debtors to
State, etc.] Art. 59. The General Assembly shall have no power to release or extinguish, or to authorize the releasing or extinguishment, in whole or in part, of the indebtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation or individual to the State, or to any parish or municipal corporation thereof; provided, the heirs to confiscated property may be released from all taxes due thereon at the date of its reversion to them.
Const., 1879, Art. 57.
[Educational, etc., Institutions—How Established.]
Art. 60. No educational or charitable institution, other than the State institutions now existing, or expressly provided for in this Constitution, shall be established by the State, except upon a vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each House of the General Assembly.
[Officers of Executive Department.]
Art. 61. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Auditor, Treasurer, and Secretary of State.
Const., 1879, Art. 58.
[Election, etc., and Term of Office of Governor and Lieutenant
Governor.] Art. 62. The supreme executive power of the State shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of Louisiana. He shall hold his office during four years, and, together with the Lieutenant Governor, chosen for the same term, shall be elected as follows: The qualified electors
for Representatives shall vote for a Governor and Lieutenant. Governor at the time and place of voting for Representatives. The return of every election for Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be made and sealed up separately from the return of election of other officers, and transmitted by the proper officer of every parish to the Secretary of State, who shall deliver them, unopened, to the General Assembly then next to be holden. The members of the General Assembly shall meet on the first Thursday after the day on which they assemble, in the House of Representatives, to examine, tabulate and count the votes evidenced by said returns. The person having the greatest number of votes for Governor shall be declared duly elected; but in case two or more persons shall be equal and highest in the number of votes polled for Governor, one of them shall be immediately chosen Governor by the joint vote of the members of the General Assembly. The person having the greatest number of votes for Lieutenant Governor shall be declared duly elected Lieutenant Governor; but in case two or more persons shall be equal and highest in the number of votes polled for Lieutenant Governor, one of them shall be immediately chosen Lieutenant Governor by the joint vote of the members of the General Assembly.
Const., 1812, Art. III, Secs. 1, 2, 5; Const., 1845, Title III, Art. 38; Const., 1862, Title III, Art. 35; Const., 1864, Title IV, Art. 43; Const., 1868, Title III, Art. 48; Const., 1879, Art. 59. [Necessary Qualification, etc., of Governor and Lieutenant
Governor.] Art. 63. No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, who shall not have attained the age of thirty years, been ten years a citizen of the United States, and resident of the State for the same period of time next preceding his election; or who shall hold office under the United States at the time of or within six months immedi[Induction in Office and Term of Continuation Therein of Gov.
ernor and Lieutenant Governor.] Art. 64. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall enter on the discharge of their duties the first Monday next ensuing the announcement by the General Assembly of the result of the election for Governor and Lieutenant Governor; and each shall continue in office until the first Monday next succeeding the day that his successor shall have been declared duly elected, and shall have taken the oath, or affirmation, required by the Constitution.
Const., 1812, Art. III, Sec. 5; Const., 1845, Title III, Art. 40; Const., 1852, Title III, Art. 37; Const., 1864, Title IV, Art. 45; Const., 1868, Iitle III, Art. 51; Const., 1879, Art. 61. [Succession to Office of Governor, etc., in Event Refusal to
Serve, or Inability or Impeachment, etc., of Incumbent.] Art. 65. In case of the impeachment of the Governor, his removal from office, death, refusal or inability to qualify, disability, resignation, or absence from the State, the powers and duties of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor for the residue of the term, or until the Governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be acquitted or the disability be removed. In the event of the removal, impeachment, death, resignation, disability or refusal to qualify, of both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor, the President pro tempore of the Senate shall act as Governor until the disability be removed, or for the residue of the term. If there should be no President pro tempore of the Senate, when any of the above mentioned contingencies arise for him to act as Governor, or in the event of the removal, death, resignation, permanent disability, or refusal to qualify of the President pro tempore, the Secretary of State shall act as Governor until a President pro tempore be elected, either in regular session, or in specially called session, should the vacancy have occurred during recess; and in the event of the impeachment, or temporary disability, of the President pro tempore, acting Governor, the Secretary of State shall likewise act as Governor until the dis
[Compensation of Officer Acting as Governor.]
Art. 66. The Lieutenant Governor, or President pro tempore, or Secretary of State, discharging the duties of the Governor, shall, during his administration, receive the same compensation to which the Governor would have been entitled had he continued in office.
Const., 1812, Art. III, Sec. 18; Const., 1845, Title III, Art. 44; Const., 1852, Title III, Art. 41; Const., 1864, Title IV, Art. 48; Const., 1868, Title III, Art. 54; Const., 1879, Art. 63.
[Lieutenant Governor is Ex-officio President of Senate, etc.
President Pro Tempore.] Art. 67. The Lieutenant Governor shall be ex-officio President of the Senate, but shall only have a casting vote therein. The Senate shall elect one of its members as President pro tempore of the Senate.
Under the Const. of 1812, there was not a Lieutenant Governor. Const., 1845, Title III, Art. 45; Const., 1852, Title III, Art. 42; Const., 1864, Title IV, Art. 49; Const., 1868, Title III, Art. 55; Const., 1879, Art. 64.
[Salary of Lieutenant Governor and of Incumbent When Of
fice is Vacant.] Art. 68. The Lieutenant Governor shall receive for his services a salary of fifteen hundred dollars, payable monthly on his own warrant. In the event of a vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor by death, resignation, or any other cause, the President pro tempore of the Senate shall fill the office of Lieutenant Governor, performing all the duties incident to the office, and receiving its emoluments.
Const., 1845, Title III, Art. 46; Const., 1852, Title III, Art. 43; Const., 1964, Title IV, Art. 51; Const., 1868, Title III, Art. 57; Const., 1879, Art. 65.
[Power of Governor to Pardon, etc., How Exercised, and Its