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ceivd, of dire CHIMERAS, (i) Hydras, (k) and GORGONS.
CH A P. III. Satan passes on his Journey to Hell Gates; finds
them jhut, and who sat there to guard them, by whom at length they are open'd, and discover to him the great Gulph between Hell and Heaven.
TN the mean while SATAN, the Adversary of God
and Man, with Thoughts enflam'd with highest
Designs puts on swift Wings, and takes his folitary Flight towards the Gates of Hell: Sometimes he scours the Right-Hand Course, sometimes the Left; now flies over the Deep with steady Wings, then foars up, mounting as high as the fiery Concave: As when a Fleet discover'd at Sea, hangs as in the Clouds by Equinoctial (m) Winds, failing close from (n) Ben
(i) Chimeras; Lat.Gr. i.e.Goats, A Chimera was a fabulous Monster, said to have had the Head of a Lion, the Belly of a Goat; and the Tail of a Serpent. It was only a Mountain of Lycia, a Branch of the M. Taurus in A. fia; whose Top did cast out Flames, and abounded with Lions, in the Middle there was good Pasture for Goats; and at the Bottom of it were many Ser. pents.
(k) Hydras; Lat. Gr. i. e. Waters. Hydra is a monstrous
and excessive Water Serpent; feigned with 50 Heads. It is said, that Hercules tamed this Monster in the Lake Lerna, be. tween Argi and Mycene.
(m) Æquinoctial, of the Æqui. nox ; Lat. i. e. Equal Night and Days. An Astron. T. Here, the Trade Winds, that blow in September and March; when the Days and Nights are of equal Length.
(n) Bengal, Indian. The an. tient Name was Beng, i.e. Wa ter; for as the Waters overflow
GAL, or the Isands of TERNATE, (o) or T1DORE, (D) from whence Merchants bring their Spices, they on the trading Flood ply to the Cape, 9) through the ETHIOPIAN (r) Sea; juft so afar off
some Parts of that Country, the People made their Fields into Beds of 15 Yards square, and two Yards high ; which they called Ala ; hence, came Ben. gala, i, e, an overflow'd Country. A large Kingdom in the Eat-Indies, belonging to the Great Mogul, extending upon the Gulf of Bengal, about 160 Leagues in Length, and more in Breadth. One of the most fruitful and pleasant Countries of the World ; for all Sorts of Commodities; therefore it is called the Storehouse of Afa; well-watered, and abounds in Canals ; thro' it the great River Ganges runs, and discharges itself into the Bay of Bengal. The Rivers abound with Crocodiles, &c. the Inlands with Elephants, &c. The Europeans have a vast Trade there. This Gulf is 800 Leagues over, thro' it the Europeans fail to and from India.
(b) Ternate ; Ind. The Chief of the five Malacco or Molucco Islands in the East Indian Sea, by which the Europeans fail to and from the Easi Indies, viz. Ternate, Tidore, Machian, Moties and Bachian. They lie near the Line, and abound with Spices. The Arabs first began to trade there, then the Muhammedans ; now they belong to the Hollanders, since they expelled the Portuguese and Spaniards, A, D. 1641. The Natiyes are mostly Heathen Idolaters.
() Tidore, or Tidor; Ind. Another of the Malacca Islands, near to Ternate, separated only from it by a narrow Channel.
(9) Cape; Fr. from the Lat. i. e. A Head, a Geogr. T. An high Mountain or Head Land running into the Sea ; Here the Cape of Good Hope, upon the Point of Africa to the South, whither the Old Phænicians and others paft it or no, is uncertain; but it was first discover'd to the Moderns by Bartholomew Dias, a Portuguese, A. D. 1454. Vaja. de Gama arrived at Calecut, May 20. A. D. 1498. It is called by them Cabo de Bona Speranza : Becausc they had good Hope of a Passage to the East Indies by doubling that Cape, as afterwards it did appear. The Dutch purchas'd it of their Kings, founded a strong Fort there, A. D. 1651, and held it ever since. Some call it the Cape of Tempests; because they are very common thereabouts.
(o) Ethiopian, of Ethiopia, Lat. Gr. i. e. Burnt in the Face. Heb. Chuf. i. e. Black, from Chus, the Son of Cham, who first peopled it. Ethiopia is a large hot Kingdom of Africa, in the Torrid Zone, therefore the People are Sun-burnt, tawny and black; about 3600 Miles in Length, and 2180 in Breadth. It is about one half of all Africa, Here, the Southern Ocean, which
feem'd the flying Fiend. At last the Bounds of Hell appear, reaching high up to the Roof, and the Gates were three Times threefold; three Folds were of Brass, three of Iron, and three of Adamantine Rock; įmpenetrable, surrounded with circling Fire, and yet not consumed.
BEFORE the Gates there fat on each side a dreadful Shape, one of which seem'd a Woman to the Waist, and fair, but she ended in scaly Folds like a Serpent, voluminous and vast, arm’d with a mortal Sting; round about her Middle a Cry of Hell-Hounds bark'd without çeasirig, and rung a hideous Peal, with loud and wide CERBERIAN (s) Mouths; yet when they would, if any Thing disturb’d their Noise, crept into her Womb, and kennell’d there, and when not seen, still bark'd and howl'd within: Less abhorred than these were those that vex'd Scylla, (t) bathing in the Sea that parts CALABRIA (u) from Si
washeth it, and thra' which the European Merchants pass, as they go to and come from the Eaft-Indies, China and Japan, &c.
(s) Cerberian ; Belonging to Cerberus; Lat. Gr. i. e. Ā Devourer of Flesh, i. e. As wide as those of Cerberus the Dog, that kept the Gates of Hell, who had three, some fay fifty, and Horace fays 100 Heads ; fignify ing his greedy and devouring Nature. The Fable represents Time, which devours aļlThings; the three Heads, Time past, Present, and to come.
(ej Scylla ; Lat. from the Gr. i. e. Vexation and Diffurbance. Scylla was a frightful Rock in the Şea between Italy and Sicily, so
called from Scyllio, a Castle on the Įtalian Shore, upon which the Waves made a Noise, like the Barking of Dogs, which terrify'd Sailors : Or Scylla the Daughter of Pharcus, who was poisoned by Circe, and changed from the Waist down into ftrange and frightful Monsters ; wherefore the threw herself into the Sea.
() Calabria ; Lat. from the Gr. i. e. Good and fruitful. A very fine fruitful Country on the outmost Part of Italy, facing Si. cily, and divided from it by a narrow Strait: It is almost an I. Nand, yields Fruit twice in the Year, and is about 60 Miles wide, called now Terre de Laber; i. e. The Land of Calabria,
CILY, (x) nor do uglier follow the Night-Hag, who, when call'd in secret, comes riding through the Air, drawn by the Smell of Infant's Blood, to dance with LAPLAND (y) Witches, while the labouring Moon is eclips'd by their Charms.
The other Shape (if it might be call'd fo, that had none distinguishable, in Joint, Limb, or Member, or that might be call'd Substance, that seem'd Shadow, for each seem'd either) stood as black as Night, as fierce as ten Furies, (z) as terrible as Hell, and shook a dreadful Dart; what seem'd his Head, had the Likeness of a kingly Crown on it. SATAN was now near at Hand, and the Monster moving from his Seat, came onward as fast with horrid Strides, so that Hell trembled: SATAN undaunted admir'd what
• : this
by an Abbreviation of the old and barbarous : For their dreadName.
ful Ignorance, Superstition and (x) Sicily. It was so called Malice, the People are branded from the Sicani and Siculi, who with Witchcraft and other Dia. were the antient Inhabitants. Si- bolical Practices. cily is the largest and noblest Me (s) Furies ; Fr. Ital. Sp. Lat. in the Mediterranean Sea, facing i. e. Madness and Rage ; or Heb. Italy; and, as Thucydides says, Farar; i.e. Revenge. The threeFu20 Furlongs from it ; therefore ries of Hell were ima gined to be it has been a Bone of Content the Tormentors of the Damned, on between the Carthaginians, and painted with Snakes about Greeks, Romans, and other ad their Heads, with Eyes sparkling jacent Nations, in all Ages to this with Fire, with burning Torches Time.
in their Hands ; córmenting the () Lapland ; from the antient Souls of the Wicked in Hell : Lupiones, or Loppi; i. e. Silly, And their Names imply'd Dread Sottish, and rude. The Natives and Terror. Alecto ; Gr. i. e, call it Lapmark ; the Germans, Inceffant, without Reft, never Laplandi : the Muscovités, Lap-' ceasing to torment: Megæra, pi; for they are an illiterate Gr. i. e.Envied, hated: Tefiphone, People, void of all Arts and Gr.i. e. A Revenger of' MurSciences, gross Heathens. A der and Ehynides ; 1. 2. Discord cold Northern Country in Eu- and Revenge. rope, belonging partly to Sweden, partly to Norway, and partly to Muscovy ; very barren
this might be, but without Fear; for he neither valu'd nor shunn'd any Thing that was created, nor fear'd any Thing, God and his son excepted, and thus with a disdainful Look begún first:
Thou execrable Shape! whence and what art thou? That dar'ft, though grim and terrible, to advance thy miscreant Form athwart my Way to yonder Gates? Be affur'd that I mean to pass through them, without asking any Leave of thee: Give Way, or feel the Effects of thy Folly; and learn by Proof, Hellborn! not to contend with Spirits of Heaven.
To whom full of Wrath, the Phantom reply'd, art thou that Traitor Angel ? Art thou he, who firit didft break Peace in Heaven, and Faith, which 'till then had never been broken, and in proud rebellious Arms, drew after him a third Part of the Sons of Heaven, covenanted against the HIGHEST; for which both thou and they are here condemn’d, outcast from GOD, to pass Eternity in Woe and Misery? And doft thou reckon thyself with Spirits of Heaven? Helldoom'd! dost thou breath Scorn and Defiance here, where I reign King (and more to enrage thee, thy King, and Lord) Back, thou Fugitive, to thy Pua nishment, and add Wings to thy Speed ; left I pursue thy lingering Steps with a Whip of SCORPIONS ; (a) or át one Stroke of this Dart strange Horror shall seize thee, and such Pangs as thou hast never felt before.
ent, and aos with a frange Horr felt before nijh Tingering steps this Da thou haft
thee, and fuch, this Dart timp of SCORPIO. I pursue
The hideous Shadow spoke thus; and fo fpeaking and threatening, grew in Shape ten Times more dreadful and deform’d. On the other Side, SATAN stood unterrify'd, and incens'd with Rage, and burn'd
(z) Scorpion ; Gr. Lat. i, e. Throwing out Poison. A Scorpion is a black, short, and very poisonous Serpent, with a small
Head like a Craw-fish, and a long Tail with fix or seven Knots, wherewith it kills Men and Beastse.