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GREECE; () and in ITALY Men calld him MulciBER (8) and feign'd how he fell from Heaven, thrown down by angry Jove, quite over the Bounds of Heaven; that he fell from Morning to Noon, and from Noon to Evening, a whole Summer's Day, and as the Sun set dropt directly down like a Falling Star (b) upon Lemnos. (i) Thus they erroneously relate it, for he fell long before with these rebellious Angels; nor was it of any Advantage to him now, that he had built many Towers in Heaven, neither did he escape by all his Engines and Contrivances, but was sent headlong, with all his Affociates, to build in Hell.

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Demonftration of the infinite (b) Falling-Star; Sax. Gr. Wisdom and Power of the Ma- A Philosoph. T. It is a fiery ker.

Meteor, gender'd in the Air, :0) Greece, Las. from the which appears like a Sky-Roc Gr. from Græcus, Son of Ceket, and fieth about ; but when crops, who was one of the first the fulphureous Spirits of it are Kings of it. An antient and no- . consumed, it talleth, flashing like ble Country in Europe, upon the a real Star ; therefore the Vul. Mediterranean and Ægean Seas, gar fancy it to be one, which is and highly celebrated in Hifto. really impossible in Nature, ...

: (i) Lemnos; Lat. Gr. i. c. (g) Mulciber; Lat. i. e. A Well fix'd and abiding. A large Melier or Softener of Iron. Iland in the Archipelago, 600 Vulcan, Jupiter's Son and Foun. Miles round, opposite to Mount der, and God of the Smiths. Atbas, dedicated to Vulcan; beVulcan is Tubal-Cain, Gen. 4. cause in his Fall, the Poets say, 22. His falling from Heaven is he pitched there, continu'd in it, nothing else, than the History of wrought at the Trade, and made the Fallen Angels, dreft up in a Jupiter's Darts. Here he had a poetical Fable, wbich they had Temple, and was adored as a by long Tradition from Noab, God. The Fire that breaks out Mofes, &c. and from thence it of a scorched Mountain, that spread over all the World. Vul. burns up the Ground, so that no can was a famous Master Smith Grass nor Plant grows up to Per. of Lemnos. But here, he is ta. fe&ion, but withereth, and ken for some grand Devil, whom makes a hideous Noise thereaMilton feigns to be the Archi- bout, gave Birth to this Fable. tect, or Head-Workman of the It is now callid Stalimine cor. Inferaal Palace.

suptly by the Turks.

In the mean Time some of the fallen Angels, by Command of SATAN, and with the Sound of Trumpets, with majestic Formality, proclaim throughout all the Host, a folemn Council to be held at PanDÆMONIUM, (k) the high Capital of Satan and his Peers. Their Summons call'd those, who either by Place or Choice were the worthiest from every Band; they came attended with Hundreds and with Thousands; all the Entrances were crowded, the Gates and wide Porches, but chiefly the spacious Hall, (though it was for Largeness like a Field, where Champions are accustom'd to ride in arm'd, and defy their Enemy to push with the Lance, or to mortal Combat) for thé Háll was full, both on the Ground and in the Air, which was crowded with ruftling Wings: As Bees in the Spring-Time pour forth their numerous Young in Swarms about the Hive, who fly to and fro among fresh Dews, and among fresh Flowers, by the Sides of their Hive, which is new rubb'd with Baulm, and is as the Suburb of their Straw-built City, where they expatiate and confer about their State and Labour: So thick those miserable Angels crowded about the Pa. lace, but were streighten'd for Room, 'till the Signal was given; when there happen'd a Miracle; for they who but a little while since seem'd to exceed the big. geft of Giants, (1) now throng'd without Number,

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(8) Pandemonium; Mil. from the Gr. i. e. Ali-Devilsó Hall. The Infernal Court or Palace of all the Dæmons or Dee vils. I OBs. Milton's pregnant Imagination, Wit, Elocution, and Learning, in the Compofiti. on and Description of this Court, have far outdone Ovid's in his Description of the Palace of the Sun, and of all other antient Pos

ets ; so that nothing extant de mong chem comes up to this. .

(1) Giants ; Lar. Gr. i. e. Earth-born; because the Poets feign'd they were the Sons of Titun and the Earth, after the Deluge, who made War with the Gods. Men of extraordinary Stature. That there were such before the Flood and find is evident, from Gen. 6. 4. Num.

130

less than the smallest Dwarfs, (m) and in very little Compass ; small as Pigmies, (n) who live beyond the Mountains of INDIA; or than Fairy (0) Elves, . whose Midnight Dancings by the Side of a Fountain or Forest, some belated Peasant sees, or at least dreams so; while the Moon shining bright, wheels her Course nearer to the Earth; they seeming to him intent on their Mirth and Dancing, charm his Ear with pleafant Musick, and his Heart beats at once with Joy and with Fear. Thus these Spirits being incorporeal, reduc'd their immense Shapes to Forms that were exceeding small, and were at large, though still without Number, amidst the Hall of that infernal Court ; but far within, like themselves, and in their own proper Shapes, sat in Privacy and secret Council the Chiefs of the Seraphim and Cherubim, more than a

Thousand

13. 33. Deut. 3. 11. from an- that hid themselves in Caves for tient History, and from modern Fear of the Cranes, which swal. Experience ; for most huge Bones low'd them up whole, and had of Men have been found in die every Thing in Proportion to vers Places. Goliab was fix Cu- their Stature and Length of bits and a Span, 1 Sam. 17. 4. Days. Some think they were a i. e. somewhat above 11 Feet Sort of Apes or Chimpanzees, English; besides many other In- and not human Creatures ; oftances.

thers fancy the Pigmies dwelt in (m) Dwarfs; Sax. Dut. Lapland, because the Laplanders Teut. i. e. Crooked, bunched; are all of a low Stature : The Persons of a moft low Stature, Musketoe Indians do not exceed little and small People. Such are four Feet at most, and many of the Laplanders, and some little them are much shorter. See Men and Women in all Places. :. Cockburn's Journey, p. 240.

(n) Pigmies; Gr. from the (0) Fairy; Sax. 0. E. from Heb. Gomed, i. e, A Cubit, or the Gr. Of Fairies or little De. Palm of the Hand; because vils, which haunt the Woods they did not exceed a Cubic or a like Satyrs ; feign'd to go about Foot and a half at most in dancing in the Woods, in great Height. A little People said to Companies in the Night-Time, live on the Mountains of India or Devils. Africa, who had Children at 5 (0) Elves; from Elf, Sax. Years of Age, died about eight, 0. E. Hobgoblings, mischievous

and

Thousand Demi-Gods, (q) upon Seats of Gold. The Council was compleat and full, when after a short Silence, and the Summons being read, the grand Consultation began. (r)

and fantastical Spirits, haunting Fallen Angels, met in this infer. the Woods and desolate Places, nal Council. of whom old Women tell strange (r) This Book contains more Fables.

of the Hebrew, Arabic, Phæni. (9) Demi-Gods ; Sax. Lat. cian, and other Oriental LanSemones, q. Semi-homines, i. e. guages ; more Antiquity, HistoHalf-Men or inferior Gods a- ry, both divine and human, Mymong the Romans, i. e. Half- thology or Fables of the Poets ; Gods. I OBs. Among the more antient Geography, &c. Heathens the Sun was the fu- than any of the following Books : preme God, their first and chief Although the whole Poem is filWorship was paid to him and o- led with more Learning of evether heavenly Orbs, because they ry Sort, than is contain'd in any were so beneficial to them. But one Volume extant ; in the most as Men degenerated, they deifi. sublime, elegant, well connected ed and adored Dæmons, or their and short Compass. The Chamightiest Kings and Heroes after racters and Speeches of the DeDeath, with an inferior Venera- vils are wonderful and astonishtion, such as Belus, Hercules, ing, most proper and masterly. Saturn, Ceres, &c. These they But his Description of the Pan. called Demi-Gods. Here, the dæmonium transcends all human Chiefs or Captains among the Learning.

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