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mous ALCINOUS, (ny who entertain'd ULYSSES;
or that, which is no Fiction, made by SOLOMON,
where he held Dalliance with his fair ÆGYPTIAN
Queen, the Daughter of PHARAOH. The Place SA-
TAN admir'd much, but more the Person of Eve:
As one who has been long pent up in a great and po-
pulous City, where by Reason of the Number of In-
habitants, and Want of Room to breath more freely,
the Air is become unhealthy, going out on a Sum-
mer's Morning, to breath among the neighbouring
pleasant Villages and Farms, takes Delight in every
Thing he meets with, the Smell of the fresh-mow'd
Grass, Cattle, or Dairy, and every Sight and Sound
that belongs to a Country Life; then if by Chance
fome fair Virgin pass gracefully along, what before
seem'd pleasing, for her Sake now pleases more, the
most, and in her Look all Pleasure is fumm’d up:
Such Pleasure the Serpent took to behold this Bed of
Flowers, the sweet Retirement of EVE, thus early
and alone. The heavenly Form of Eve, angelical,
(but only more soft and feminine) her graceful Inno-
cence, her Air in every Gesture or leaft Action, when
the Devil faw, it overaw'd his Malice, and was so
charming that it bereav'd him of the Fierceness and
Cruelty of his Intention. That Moment he was ab-
sent, and abstracted from his evil Self, and for the
Time became negatively and stupidly good; disar-
med of his Enmity, Fraud, Hate, Envy, and Re..
venge. But the hot Hell, that always burns in him,
(though he should be in the Midst of Heaven) soon
ended his Pleasure, and tortures him now the more;
the more that he sees of Pleasure not ordain'd for
him: Then he foon recollected himself, gathers toge-
ther all his fierce Envy and Hate, and thus rejoicing

U 2

(de) Alcinous entertained Ulules in his Disasters, as Homer rem


in his Purpose, excites all his Thoughts of Mischief:

WHITHER, my Thoughts; have you led me! how sweetly carried me into fuch' a Transport, as, could make me forget what brought me hither! Love brought me not, but Hate; not the Hope to taste Pleasure here, and exchange PARADISE for Hell, but to destroy all Pleasure, excepting that which I take in Destruction; all other Joy is lost to me! then don't let me flip the Opportunity which now so favourably offers. Behold the Woman alone, liable to all Attempts! and her Husband (for I can see far round) not near her; whose better Understanding I rather shun, as well as his Strength, he being of a haughty Courage, though made of Earth, yet compos'd of Limbs heroic and not weak, and as I cannot wound him nor touch his Body, no inconsiderable Foe: It is not so with me, so much hath Hell debas'd, and Pain weaken’d me to what I was in Heaven, that I am liable to all: She is divinely fair, and fit Love for Gods, not terrible; though Terror be in Love and Beauty, unless it is approach'd by a Mind arm’d with Hate as mine is; a Hate the greater, as it is disguis'd under diffembled Love, which is the Way I propose to take to bring her Ruin to pass.

· Thus spake the great Enemy of MAN KIND, having poffels’d the Serpent, and made his Way towards Eve; not prone and waving upon the Ground, as Serpents are now, but rising from his Tail in Circles one above another: He had upon his Head a Crest, which he bore aloft, and his Eyes resembled Carbuncles; his Neck a bright Grass green, finely touch'd up (as Painters express it) with Gold, rising up in circling Spires from his Body, which lay and floated about upon the Grass; his Shape was very

lovely and pleasing, never since of Serpent-kind was more beautiful; not those that HERMIONE (0) and CADMUS () were feign’d to be chang’d into, in IlLYRIA; or the God worshipp'd in EPIDAURUS; (9) nor those to which it was pretended JUPITER AM




(0) Hermione ; Lat. Gr. from of the Serpent, i. e. of Cadmus. the Heb. i. e. The East ; from M. the Hivite, the Inventor of, or Hermon in the East of Canaan, Worker in Brass; and the Hewhere she was born. She was brew Word, which fignifies V. the Daughter of Mars and Pe fignifies allo an armed Man. nus, and the Wife of Cadmus, of (9) Epidaurus, or Epitaurus ; which the Poets made many Fa- as Euftatius and Strabo call it ; bles.

Løt. from the Gr. i. e. Near the (p) Cadmus ; Lat. Gr. Heb. i. Bull. An antient City of Agria, e. The East: An antient Phæ- a small Region of the Peloponnenician, born at Sidon, said to be sus or Morea, upon the Egean the Son, rather the General, of Sca, built by Darius, the Son of Agenor, King of Phæricia,about Hysi aspes, according to Pliny, Ă. M. 2660. But more likely Lib. 6. c. 27. But by Titon, he was a Cadomite, about M. the Father of Memnon, who Hermon. The Cadomites are men- came to allift at the Siege of Troy, tioned, Gen. 15. 19. About the according to Strabo, about A.M. Time of Joua, Cadmus fed. 2976. and so called in Memory from his victorious Arms, came of Jupiter's carrying Europa into Greece, settled a Colony of from Phenice into Greece, and the Old Phænicians there, built landing there, about A. M.2660. Tbebes in Boetia , taught the There Æsculapius was born, buGreeks the Use of Letters, Steel, ried and worshipped; now called Copper, Brass and other Arts ; Esculapio after hiin: Thither for which he was highly cele the Sick resorted for Cures. The brated. He married Hermione, Romans were directed in a raging flew a terrible Serpent chat lay Plague, to fetch him, in the Year by the Well Dirce, which de 461. The Epidaurians were unAtroyed Man and Beast therea- willing to part with their God, bout, and all his own Men, but in the mean time an huge Serfive; and at last both his Wife pent swam into their Ship, and and he were changed into Ser- wound itself round in the Stern, pents : Because he killed one, which they took for the God, that was sacred to Mars. The and carried him to Rome. There Truth is, Cadmus was an Hivite, it quitted the Ship, and went Heb. i. e, a Serpent, the restor- into a little Ife in the River Tiing his Men to Life is, to enlift ber ; the Pestilence abated ; and them into his Army ; the Spears cherefore they erected a Temof Prals were said to be the Teeth ple to Æsculapius without the


MON (r) was transform’d, when he begot ALEXANDER the Great upon OLYMPIA; (s) or JUPITER CAPITOLINE, (t) when he assum'd such a Shape, to enjoy the Mother of Scipio, (u) the Glory of ROME. (x)


Walls ; and worshipped him Name was Myrtalis ; Lat. Gr. under that Form. The Peo- i. e. A Myrtle-tree. Juftin. Lib.9. ple of this place are celebrated 7. 13. the Wife of Philip, King by Virgil for their useful Art of of Macedon, and Mother of taming Horses. There is an- Alexander the Great: She is other City of this Name in Dal. said to have conceived him, not matia, near the Gulph of Ver of her own Husband, but of anpice.

other huge Serpent. Hence, the (r) Jupiter Ammon; Ham, flattering Greeks persuaded Alex the Son of Noah, who had Afri- ander, that Jupiter Hammon, ça for his Share. In the sandy in the Form of a Serpent, was hot Desarts of Lybia, a famous his real Father : Therefore he Temple and Oracle were erected marched through the vast Deto his Memory, whom the fart of Lybia to visit him, which Greeks called Jupiter Hammon. the cunning Priest confirmed,

w Capitoline ; of the Capi. and called him, the Son of Jutol; Lat. i.e. the Head of To- piter. This is related by Justin, Jus, which was found buried Pliny, Q. Curtius, &c. there, when they dug for the (u) Scipio ; Lat. i.e. A Staff. Foundation of it. The Capi. This was Publius Cornelius Scitol is the grand Castle of Rome, pio Africanns, who conquered where Jupiter Capitolinus was Hannibal, razed Carthagi, ad. worshipped in a moft stately and ded Africa to the Roman Emrich Temple, who under the pire, and advanced it to the Form of another Serpent is said Height of all its Glory : for to have conversed with the Mo- which the Senate decreed that ther of Scipio Africanus : This he should be filed , The belt Temple was begun by Tarquir 1. Man. Byt it was reported, the fifth King of Rome, A. M. that he was the Son of Jupiter 3372. upon the Mount Tarpeius, Capitolinus, who conversed with and finished by his Nephew his Mother in the Form of anTarquin the Proud. It was burnt other Serpent also. Liv. Decad. 3. under Vitellius, and rebuilt by L. 6. Vefpapan, again under Titus, and '(*) Rome ; Heb. i. e. High; rebuilt by Domitian, with great being built on seven Hills; or Pomp.

· Gr. i. e. Strength and Power. o Olympia ; Lat. from the The chief City of Italy upon Gr. i. c. A!? Light ; her first both Sides of the Izber, ten

At first like one who wanted Access, and yet was afraid to interrupt, he work'd his Way sidelong and winding about: Just as when a Ship brought on by fome skilful Pilot, near to a River's Mouth or Foreland, where the Wind veers often, shifts Sail accordingly; so he varied his Motions, and made many a wanton Curl of his crooked Train in the Sight of Eve, in Hopes to allure her Eye. She being busy, though she heard the Sound of Leaves rusling, took no Notice, as being us'd often to have the Beasts sport before her through the Field, they all being obedient to her Call. He now grown bolder, though uncallid, stood before her, but seem'd only gazing on her in Admiration: He often bow'd his Head, and his sleek shining Neck like Enamel; and fawning lick’d the Ground ihe trod upon: At length his gentle dumb Expression draw'd the Eye of Eve to take Notice of his Play: He glad that he had gain'd her Attention, making the Serpent's Tongue or Impulse of vocal Air an Instrument of Speech, thus began his fraudulent Temptation :

SOVEREIGN Mistress! (who alone art wonderful) wonder not, much less arm thy mild Looks with Dildain, nor be displeas'd that I approach thee thus,



Miles from the Sea, and 840 Miles from London ; the Seat of the Roman Empire, and for a long Time, the Mistress of the World; having had the greatest Part of Europe, Afia and Africa under her. It was built by Romulus, at the End of the third Year of the fixth Olympiad, A. M. 3031 ; 431 after the Deftruction of Troy; and 753 before the Incarnation, according to the most exact Account. Yet it was taken ten Times ; ift, by the Gauls;

2d, by Alaric King of the Goths; 3d, by Genseric King of Vandals ; 4th, by Totila King of the Goths; 5th, by Odoacer King of the Heruli ; 6th, by Theodoricus King of the Goths ; 7th, by Gundebald King of the Burgundians ; 8th, by the Moors ; gth, by Henry IV. Emperor of Germany ; roth, by Charles Duke of Bourbon, A. D. 1528.

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