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CH A P. I. Satan having compası'd the Earth, with meditated
Guile returns by Night into Paradise, and enters into the Serpent sleeping.
97) Encefor ward I shall have no more to re
late of GOD or Angel fitting an indulgent and familiar Guest with MAN, | as with his Friend, partaking with him
in his Repast, and permitting him the
while to discourse innocently without Blame. Now I must change to mournful Subjects; foul Distrust, and disloyal Breach of Duty; Revolt and Disobedience on the Part of Man, and on the Part of alienated Heaven, Distance, Dislike, Anger, juft Rebuke, and Judgment pronounc'd, that brought into this World all our Woe; that brought in SIN and DEATH, and all those bitter Evils that bring DEATH on. This is a Theme of Sorrow; yet the Subject is great, and more heroic than the Anger of ACHILLES, (a) or Rage of Turnus, (b) or that of NEPTUNE, (c) or JUNO, which so long perplex'd
la) Achilles ; Lat. Gr. i. e. (6) Turnus ; Rutil. An an. Without a Lip; which was burnt, tient King of the Rutilians, who when he was an Infart: Or, were old Inhabitants of Italy, free from Pain: Because he was long before the Latins. He was made invulnerable, by being dipt a brave Champion ; but at last all over in the River Stjx, except engaging with Æneas, for the the Heel, by which his Mother Sake of Lavinia, was flain by held him. The Son of Peleus, him in a Duel; as Livy, Florus, King of Thefjaly, and The Jitsiin, and Virgil relate, which tis, Goddeis of the Sea; the many learned Authors have conmolt valiant of all the Grecian futed since. Heroes, that went to the Siege (c) Neptune ; Lat. Gr. i. e. of Troy. After many heroic A Walker ; or from Nephtin ; Agions he was fliin by Paris, Heb. and Egypt, i. e. Maritime: being shoc in the Heel.
the GREEKS and TROJANS; (d) though these Arguments employ'd the Pens of the two great Poets HOMER and VIRGIL: If I might but obtain of Heaven a Stile, answerable to what I have to treat of; or might be visited by that Spirit, that often dictates when I am slumbering, and inspires me unpremeditated on such high Matters; on which I have had long Intention to write, beginning late, and being long in Choice of a Subject; not taking Delight in writing of Wars, which have hitherto been the only Arguments held in Estimation; to relate tedious and feign’d Battles, fought by feign'd Knights; (at the fame Time leaving unmention’d the better Fortitude of Patience and heroic Martyrdom) or to describe Races and Games, Tilting (e) Furniture, and Tintel Trappings of gorgeous Knights at Joust and Tournament; then describing Feafts, servd up in Voluptuousness and T 3
Hence Naphtuchim, a Colony of mus, under whom ic was burnt the Egyptians descended from and razed by the Grecians, after Mizraim, who · settled upon the a Siege of ten Years; about i. Coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, M. 2766, 432 Years before the Gen, 10. 13. Whence the Greeks Building of Rome, 317 Years at. feigned this Fable of Neptune, ter it's firit Founding, and 1183 the God of the Sea: And under before Christ. There were no this Fable is included Japhet, the Monuments of it to be leen in eldest Son of Noah; because the Strabo's Time, and he lived in Ifands and Continent of Europe, the Reign of Tiberins the Empe. lying upon the Mediterranean ror. The Trojans made divers Sea, fell to his Share. So the Colonies upon ilieMlediterranean Antients preserved the Memory Sea. of Japhet, under this and other (e) Tilting ; fax. 0. E. The Disguises.
Running of armed Mea on (d) Troy; from Tros, one of Horseback, one ? gainit another, its Kings, who enlarged it; an with Spears. A Diversion much antient City of Phrygia in the praciiled 20.09g the Antients, lesser Afia, 3 Miles from the E- and firit used at the old Nomaan gean Sea, on the River Xanthus, Gaines in Gierce. near M. Ida. It was founded (f) Tournament, Fr. Ital, i e. by Dardanus, A. M. 2574. A Turning Round; a Coucrurie. Troy had only seven Kirgs, viz. A Milit. Diverfion. Turning, Teucer, Dardanus, Eryčihonius, juftling and figiting on LorieTros, Ilus, Laomedon, and Pria. back.
State; which are Things too mean to merit the Name of heroic. Neither skill'd nor studious concerning fuch Things, I leave them for this higher Argument, which is of itself sufficient to lay Claim to that Name; unless the World be in its Decay, or Years, or Coldnels of Climate hinder me from being rais'd high enough to treat of it properly; nor could I attempt it without the Assistance of the divine Spirit.
which is e World be in its me from being
It was now dark Night, when SAT AN, who but lately fled out of Eden before the Threats of the Angel GABRIEL, now, having meditated more Fraud and Malice, and being bent on the Destruction of MAN, (r.ot regarding what might happen to fall hea. vier on himself) return'd again without Fear about Midnight from compassing the Earth; fearful of being discover'd, if he appear'd by Day, ever since URIEL the Angel who was Regent of the Sun, discover'd his Entrance, and forewarn’d the Cherubim that kept their Watch. When he was driven from thence full of Anguish, he kept in Darkness the Space of seven fucceflive Nights; three Times he went round the Equinoctial Line; four Times he cross’d towards the Poles obliquely, still to avoid the Sun; in which Time he had travers'd the whole Globe: On the eighth Night he return'd to EDEN, and on the Side, where the Entrance feem'd most difficult and therefore was left unwatch’d, by Stealth found an unsuspected Way. There was a Place, which now is not, nor has been since the Fall of ADAM, where the River TIGRIS (8) shot into a Gulph under Ground to
(8) Tigris. A Perfian and Median Word; from ihe Heb. i. e. An Arrow or Dart; bec?use of the Rapidity of its Course. Therefore Dion fius calls it the molt rapid of all Rivers in
the World ; Per. l. Line 778. It riseth in Mount Ararat or Niphates in Armenia, parts Mefopotamia and Allyria, runs by Ba.. bylon, and a little below Bagdad joins the Euphrates. In Holy
the Foot of PARADISE, 'till Part of it rose a Fountain near the Tree of Life: SATAN threw himself into the River, and rose up (involy'd in a Mist) with the Fountain into PARADISE, then thought where to conceal himself: He had search'd Sea and Land, from Eden over to Pontus, and from MÆOTIS (b) up beyond the River OBY, (i) downward as far as the South Pole; and in Length West, from ORONTES to the Isthmus of DARIEN, (k) that stops the SouthSea, and joins the North and South AMERICA, and from thence he had journey'd as far as INDIA. Thus he roam'd over all the World, with strict Search and deep Inspection, considering every Creature, which of them might best serve his wily Pur. ,
Writ it is called Hiddekel, or Chiddekel, which comes from Chadda, i. e. Sharp, and Cal, i. e. Swift, becauje it flows from the high Mountains of Armenia; Heb. i. e. Swiftness, Gen. 2.24. The great River Hiddekel, Dan. 10. 4. Now Tigirl by the Turks, according to their corrupt Pronunciation.
(b) Mæotis ; Lat. Gr.i.e. The Mother or Nurse of the Sea; be. cause it is the Source or original Spring of the Pontus. It is a Lake on the Coast of Crim-Tare tary, into which the River Ta. nais runneth, and parts Europe from Afia, on that Side. In tiie deepest Parts it is not above 18 Foot.
(i) Oby, by a Fig. of Gram. In Lar. Obba, or Obius; Perf. Tatar. Extension, Wideness; because it is a broad River. A vait River, which parts Siberia and Tatary from Rufia. It rites from the Lake Oferoy Teleskoy, or Al. tan Nor, bears at firit the Nane of By, and does not cake that of
Oby, till after it has received the Waters of the River Chatun, 20 League from Teleskoy ; then it runs directly North, and empties itself about the 65th Degrec of North Latit. into the Guba Tassa Koya, from thence into the Icy Sea in fix Months, over-againit Nova Zembla, after a Course of 500 German Leagues. The Run sians, since they conquered Siberia, have built about 12 fine Towns or Forts upon it, to overawe the Tatars. About 150 Leagues from the Source it is haif a League broid, and conftantly increases in Depth and Breadth, and abounds with Flen. ty of all Manner of Fih.
(k) Darien ; American. A Neck of Land 18 and in some Places no more than 12 Leagues over from East to Welt, upon che River Darien, between the Gulph of Mexico and the South Sea : Therefore the Spaniards attempt. ed to cut it, but they could not perfect it. It joineih North and South America.
poses; and he found the Serpent to be the subtlest Beast of all the Field. After much Irresolution and Consideration, he at last chose him; thinking him a fit Instrument of Fraud, in whom he might enter, and hide his dark Designs from the most piercing Sight : For in the subtle Serpent, whatever appear'd might pass without Remark, and be thought to proceed from his natural Wit and Cunning; which observ'd in other Beasts, might raise a Sulpicion of diabolical Power, acting within beyond the Sense of Brutes. Therefore he made this Resolution, but first ftung with inward Grief, he burst out into this passionate Complaint:
he had done biher Heavens, thates above Lights,
O EARTH, how like art thou to Heaven! if not more justly preferr'd to it; a Seat worthier of Gods, as being built with second Thoughts, improving upon the old Plan! for what God would build worse than he had done before? 'Tis à terrestrial Heaven, attended on by other Heavens, that move round it and shine; yet bear their bright Lights above Lights for that alone, as seeming there to center the Influence of all their precious Beams: As God is Centre in Heaven, and yet extends to all; fo that being as in the Centre, receives Virtue from all those Orbs; for here, and not in themselves, appear all their known Efficacy, productive of Herb, llant, and the nobler Birth of Creatures, animated with vegetative, sensitive, and rational Life, which all are fumm’d up and meet in MAN! With what Delight (if I could have Joy in any Thing) could I inhabit here? Where there is a sweet Change of Hill and Valley, Rivers, Woods, and Plains, with Land and Sea, and Forest, and Rocks, and Caves: But I can find no Place of Eale or Refuge in any of these; and the more I fee of Pleasures about me, so much the more Torment I feel within me, that by Comparison makes Hell appear more intolerable: All Good to me becomes a Curse,