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: . T H E : ; FIRST:BOOK
i . OF..; PARADISE LOST.
-- The ARGUMENT.
ROPOS ES the whole Subject, Man's
radise wherein he was plac'd. Then touches
· the prime Cause of his Fall; which was Satan in the Serpent; who revolting from GOD, and drawing to his Side many Legions of Angels, was by the Command of God, driven out of Heaven with all bis Crew into the great Deep. Which
A&tion pass'd over, the Author bastes into the midf of Things, presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell, describd, not in the Centre (for Heaven and Earth may be suppos'd as not yet made, certainly not yet accurs’d) but in a Place of utter Darkness, most fitly call'd Chaos : Here Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonis'd, after a cer. tain Space recovers, as from Confusion, calls up
him who next in order and Dignity lay by him; : they confer of their miserable Fall. Satan awa
kens ali bis Legions, who lay till then confounded; they rise, their Numbers, Array of Battle, their chief Leaders nam’d, according to the Idols afterwards known in Canaan, and the Countries adjoin, ing. Satan though sensible of the Diminution of his Glory directs his speech to the Fallen Angels, comforts them with Hope yet of regaining Heaven, but tells them of a new World, and new Kind of Creature to be created; according to an antient Prophecy or Report in Heaven, and threatens the Deity, which the rebellious Angels all assent to. The Asociates of Satan build Pandæmonium, and the Infernal Peers fit there in Council.
CH A P. I. The whole Subject is propos’d, Man's Disobedience,
and the Loss thereupon of Paradise wherein be was plac'd. The prime Cause of his Fall. Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell describd,
Zying on the burning Lake. After a certain • Space Satan calls to him who next lay by him. They confer of their miserable Fall. .
EAVENLY Spirit of Truth
and Harmony affist me! to write of Man's first Disobedience, and of the Fruit of that forbidden Tree, the Tasting of which brought Death and all our Woe into the World, and occasion'd
the Loss of Paradise, till Jesus CHRIST, a Man far greater than ADAM, restore and redeem, and once more regain a Paradise for us..
NADA || brought
'Thou, who from the thick Clouds on the secret Top of Mount OREB, (a) or, perhaps of Sina! (6), didît inspire Moses, when a Shepherd there, who first taught the Children of ISRAEL, how Heaven and Earth were created from the Elements, which were till then nothing but a mix'd and confus'd Heap, and without Form. Or if thy Presence be more reveal'd on Mount Sion, (o) or by the Brook of Siloa,
us B.2 ... (d) which
(a) Oreb, Horeb, or Choreb, appeared thereon frequently to Hebrew, i. e. Dryness ; for it. Mofes, and delivered his Law was a Desart or Dry Mountain in there ; 'by the Turks, Gibol Mou
Arabią the Stony, where there fa, .i. e. the Mount of Moses ; by was little or no Water, Deut. the Arabians, Tor, i. e. The viii. 15. Horeb is a Part of Mountain. Very much VeneraMount Sinai on the West Side ; tion is still paid to this Mountain, and Sinai lies on the East Side of on Account of that antient and it. There Mofes fed the Flock extraordinary Holiness, when the of Jethro; and there God ap- Almighty appeared upon it to pear'd to him first in a burning Mofes. Bull, Exod. iii. 1,
(c) Sion, Zion, or Tzion, Heb. ib) Sinai , · Heb. from Seneh, .i, e. A Watch Tower ; because i. e. A Bub, or Thorn; because it is the highest Hill thereabout, these Buses grew thereon in A. and from it one might see the bundance. It is a very steep and Holy Land far and near. A high Mountain in Arabia the Mountain on the North Side, and Stony, about 156 Miles from Je some Part of it within the City rufalem to the South. These of Jerusalem, surrounded with are not two diftin&t Mountains steep Sides, high Rocks, and but one, which is parted into deep Ditches, except on the two Tops, like Parnasus, &c. North Side ; therefore it was veof which Sinai is the higheft ; ry strong. Some of the Jebusites having a fair and spacious Plain (Part of the old Canaanites) debetween them: That Top to fended it against all the Force of wards the West is callid Horeb, the Ifraelites, Joh. xv. 63. ’till and chat to the East Sinai. The the valiant King David took it Mountain is round, takes 7000 from them ; there he fortified che Steps to the Top, has some Olive Old Castle, built the Upper Town, Iries, Fig Trees, Date Trees, &c. surrounded it with new Walls, and several Chapels, Monasteries, and called it the City of David; Cells, and Mosques, &c. It is there he kept his Court and Recalled the Mount of God, because tinue, 2 Sam. 5. 6. There were it is a great one ; or because God many fair Buildings and Houses
(d) which runs down from thence to the Temple where thy Oracle is placid, I intreat the Influence of thy Spirit from thence, to aid me in treating of this difficult Subject, seeing I must elevate my Stile, above the best Poets, and discourse of such high, and sacred Things, as have never been attempted before, either in Profe or Rhime. Instruct me for thou knowest, thou, who preferreft an upright and pure Heart before all Temples: Thou wast present from all Eternity, and moving on the great Deep didst infuse vital Heat, and as the Dove when she warms Eggs into Life make Nature prolific. What is dark in me do thou enlighten, and raise, and support me, where I am too low and weak, that I may assert the Wisdom and Justice of Eternal Providence, in a Manner wor*thy the Subject I have undertook to write on, and so justify thy Ways to Men.
of his Officers, especially his · House of Cedar-Wood, which he
called the Castle of Sion, and the Sepulchre of King David, Solo mon, &c. within a Rock : Some of their Ruins are to be seen ftill. It is elegantly described Psalm 48. by Josephus, Sands, &c. Sion was also called the Mount of the House of the Sanétuary, and Millo, i. e. Plenty ; because there was Abundance of all good Things for David's Family, and those of his Nobles. Sion was also a Type or Figure of the Church of Cbrift, Heb. 12. 22. *** Obs. Mount Moriah and Mount Sion stood directly in the Center, and Mount Calvarywithout the North Gate, in the Old Jerusalem, and at a considerable Distance : But now Mount Sion
is without the Walls upon the South Side, and Mount Calvary almost in the Middle of it. . (d) Siloe, Siloah, Siloam, Shiloacb, Heb. i. e. Sent; for it was a Brook or Spring of Water gliding softly down Mount Sion, on the East Side of the Temple of Jerusalem, and at the Bottom of it made a Pool, which was Sent from God, at the Prayer of Ifai. as, a little before his Death, and when the City was closely befieged; as a Blefing or Gift, to cure many Diseases among his People. Herein a Blind Man washed his Eyes at Christ's Command, and received his Eye. Sight, John 9. 7. There a Tows er was built over it, by the Fall of which 18 Men were killed, Luke 13. 4. i
thid on them le World belil Rebellion in the Form, and
- TAUGHT by Thee, (for the highest Heaven nor lowest Hell hide nothing from Thee) let me relate what was the Cause that mov'd our first Parents, when they were plac'd in so happy an Estate, and favour'd so highly of Heaven, to lose Obedience to their Creator, and transgress his Command, when he had laid on them but one Restraint, and given themPower over the whole World besides; and who it was that first seduc'd them to that foul Rebellion: It was the chief, of the fallen Angels (e) conceal'd in the Form of a Serpent, whose Fraud, stirr'd up with Revenge, and Envy, deceiv'd the first Mother of Mankind : Before which his Pride had occasion'd him to be cast out from Heaven, with all the rest of the rebellious Angels, by whose Assistance he aspir'd first to set himfelf up in Glory above what he was, and imagin'd that he might equal himself to the Almighty, and Most High God, if he did but strive, and oppose him; and with this ambitious Aim made War in Heaven, and fought against his Government, absolute Power and Dominion, with proud Battle, but the Attempt was in vain, for the Power of the AlMIGHTY cast him down from the Heavens, with most dreadful Ruin, and Burning, down to the bot
(el Angels; All the Modern Languages of Europe borrow this Word Angel from the Greek, i. e. A Messenger ; and the Hebrew Malacbi fignifies the same, because these Celestial Beings are the Mesengers of God. It denotes their Office rather than their Nature. In other Words they are called Spirits, Minifers, Gods, Sons of God, Thrones, &c. Angels are pure, Intellectual, Spiritual Beings, more noble by far than Man, the Glory and Perfection of the Creation ; of all
Creatures they come nearest to the Eternal Father of Spirits, in their Spiritual Nature and vaft Perfections; which the Almighty makes use of as his Servants, to execute his Orders through the whole Creation, altho' he stands in no Need of their Services. Angels of the Prefence : And fo they are called Shinan, i. e. Second: Because they are Second or next to God, Pfal. 68. 17. Here, Satan who had once been an Holy, but is now an Apoftate and Rebellious Angel. .