Language Comprehension as Structure Building
This book presents a new theoretical framework -- what Gernsbacher calls the Structure Building Framework -- for understanding language comprehension in particular, and cognitive processing in general. According to this framework, the goal in comprehending both linguistic and nonlinguistic materials is to build a coherent mental representation or "structure" of the information being comprehended. As such, the underlying processes and mechanisms of structure building are viewed as general, cognitive processes and mechanisms. The strength of the volume lies in its empirical detail: a thorough literature review and solid original data.
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The Advontoge of First Mention
Is the Advantage lost when first and secondmentioned
Do comprehenders have greatest access to the substructure
Is the change in accessibility due to rehearsal cycles?
Do comprehenders represent clausal dependencies?
The Communicotive Function
Does Referential Coherence facilitate mapping?
Do more explicit pronouns trigger suppression more powerfully?
What about other levels of anaphoric explicitness?
Why are the mechanisms of suppression and enhancement
Do cataphoric devices improve their concepts
Are cataphorically marked concepts more resistant
Suppression and Enhancement
Individual Differences in Accessing
Does Causal Coherence facilitate mapping?
Do comprehenders quickly forget information after crossing
Why do comprehenders quickly forget the exact form
Do comprehenders build separate substructures to represent
Are inappropriate meanings mutually inhibited?
Does suppression dampen less relevant associations
How does an anaphors referent become most activated?
Why are concepts as activated before pronouns as after?
Individuol Differences in Suppression
Are lessskilled comprehenders less efficient at suppressing
Individudl Differences in Enhoncement
In what medium are mental structures and substructures
What is lost by describing language comprehension at
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access to recently Advantage of Clause adverbials ambiguous words anaphoric reference ASHTRAY cataphoric devices Clause Recency cognitive processes coherence inferences compre comprehenders read Comprehension Skill context display demonstrate example experiment experimental concepts experimental sentences explicit anaphors Figure first-mentioned participants Gernsbacher gothered the kindling henders homophones hypothesis illustrates immediately inappropriate meanings initial Kintsch language comprehension left/right orientation less efficient less-skilled comprehenders linguistic Lisa Liso lure sentences mechanism of suppression Medning memory cells mental structures Mention more-skilled comprehenders nonreferents nouns occur PAM ANN phrases picture stories predicted processes and mechanisms pronouns psycholinguistics Psychology reaction recently comprehended information referentially coherent represented second clause second concepts second-mentioned participants semantic sentence sets shift spoken stress storted Structure Building Framework substructure suppression and enhancement syntactic tences test display test names appear test point test words thot Tind Tino tion trigger suppression typically University of Oregon unrelated unstressed Verbal Behavior verbs versus zero anaphors