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occasioning a fall of 8$ to 4 per cent in discount, and a rise in different stocks of companies, and the establishment of the Bank of Brazil, with a capital of 10,000 contos, ($.5,000,000,) which went into operation in August

FOREIGN ARRIVALS.

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During the year 292 vessels arrived, and 279 cleared under the American flag.

In the early part of the year discount was at the rate of 7 to H per cent, and in consequence of abundance of capital, in the latter part of the year, it was down at 4 to 4i per cent The highest rate of exchange on London was 81, and the lowest 27$ per cent In Government stock the first transactions were made at 85 a 85J, and at the end of the year at 93^ a 94.

The Custom-Hou8e duties were 11,807,791$, and the export duties of 2,889:858$, or 14,697 :059^000, against 11,623 :066$000 in 1850—being an increase of 8,078 -.9988000.

Commercial Bank.—This bank, during the year, increased its capital to the amount of 5,000 shares, of the value of 600 mil reis, and such was the abundance of capital unemployed, that, in a few hours, all were taken for 600 mil reis. The amount taken upon interest was 81,093:188$, at a medium of 8 91-100, and discounts were effected to the extent of 40,717 : 306$, and the yearly dividend of 9 per cent

LEADING ARTICLES IMPORTED.

....boxes

Cotton manufactures pkgs. 42,560

Woolen 6,488

Linen 6,695

Silks 1,088

Mixed 1,263

Codfish. quintals 64,602

Coals tons 42,007

Ale and Porter bbls. 23,704

Flour 288,898

Candles, sperm boxes 90

composition 6,062

tallow 1,04S

Wines, Portugal pipes 14,088

Mediterranean 17,644

Bordeaux 4,421

Butter. firkins 25,661

Cordage coils 6,480

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Or a consumption of 174,880 bbls, or nearly 480 bbls. a day.

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The Cincinnati Price Current—good authority—furnishes the subjoined statistics of the hogs packed in the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, in 1861-62, compared with 1850-51:—

[table]

The Price Current says:—" There are some points in Iowa and Missouri to hear from, and these returns we will give hereafter, as soon as received in a reliable shape. As we remarked in a previous number, most of the above returns were received from our correspondents at the several points, and while we do not claim for the figures enire accuracy, we believe the statements, upon the whole, to be as correct as it is possible to obtain."

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COMMERCE OF WESTERN TOWNS COMPARED. Feekman Hoiit, Esq., Editor of the Merchants' Magazine, etc.:

Dear Sib :—Below you have the exports and imports, coastwise, of Cleveland, Sandusky, and Toledo, as valued by their respective Collectors of Customs, for the year 1861:—

Cleveland. Sandusky City. Toledo.

Imports $9,817,897 $13,644,670 $22,987,772

Exports 9,262,657 4,656,641 7,847,808

Total $19,180,554 $18,301,311 $30,866,580

Great care was exercised by the Collector of Toledo to make a correct estimate, and, in regard to exports, the value of which could be known, he is, no doubt, quit* accurate. By overvaluing merchandise, as it seems to me, he has swelled the imports to nearly three times the exports. It is likely that the Collector at Sandusky has committed the same error; I know he did, in past seasons. If one-quarter were added to the exports of each place, it would give a result, for the imports, more satisfactory to me than the estimates of the Collectors. The imports should exceed the exports in value, because they go to places whose exports are made through New Orleans.

The quantities of corn, wheat, flour, pork and lard, bacon, and staves exported, and salt imported, in 1861, appear to be as follows, says the Toledo Blade:

Cleveland.

Corn bush. 906,663

Corn to Canada

Wheat 2,141,943

Flour bbls. 656,040

Pork 18,680

Pork to Canada

Lard 4,312

Bacon casks 1,294

Bacon bbls. ....

Bacon. lbs.

Staves M. 789

Staves No.

8alt (imported). bbls. 92,270

Salt" bags 60,947

DOMESTIC EXPORTS FROM DETROIT IN 1851 VALUE—$4,846,919.

Flour bbls. 661,678 | Fish bbls. 17,616

[table]

Beef 2,229

Lumber feet 80,717,000

Staves No. 10,856,000

Wool lbs. 1,827,424

Wheat bush. 664,366

Cora 261,480

Pork bbls. 1,111

Pork, hog lbs. 2,641,191

By this table it will be seen that in wool, fish, and lumber, Detroit stands No. 1 among the upper Lake Erie ports. In flour No. 2, and in value of exports No. 8.

The breadstufls exported, as shown by the above table, from four lake porta, counting the flour at five bushels the barrel, exceed eighteen and a quarter millions of bushels. If Detroit and the other lake ports were included, the amount would probably be swelled to twtnty-four or twenty-five millions shipped in 1851 from the upper lakes. If prices should encourage exports through this year, the amount for 1852 will be greatly in excess of that of last year. Yours truly,

J. W. SCOTT.

IMPORTS OF FRANCE IN 1851.

The Moniteur publishes the returns of the principal articles imported into France, and the duties levied thereon, in 1861. Those duties produced f 117,121,486, or f 7,575,000 less than in 1860, and f 10,735,000 less than in 1849. The salt-tax, reduced by two-thirds since 1848, gave, in 1861, f26,616,000, or about f 1,000,000 more than last year. The number of vessels, French and foreign, which entered the ports of France in 1851, amounted to 17,406, measuring 2,188,666 tons.and those which cleared oat to 17,035, measuring 1,870,094 tons.

THE BRITISH TOBACCO TRADE.

The official trade tables of the country show an increase in the importation of tobacco last year compared with the preceding. In eleven months, ending the 5th ult, of manufactured tobacco there were 25,376,017 lbs. imported; and in the like period of the preceding year, 21,981,304 lbs; whilst in the eleven months ending the 6th ult., there were 25,490,154 lbs. entered for home consumption, and in the same period of 1850, 25,420,927 lbs. entered for homo consumption, chargeable with duty.

THE PORK TRADE OF THE WEST.

The following[statement, which we copy from the Cincinnati Price Current, shows the

extreme and average prices for each day of the season of 1851-52, and the average

for 1850-51, and also the weekly average for the three last seasons :—

1851-68. 1850-51.

Date. Extreme rate. Average. Average.

November 21 $4 50 $4 50 $3 75

22 4 50 4 50 4 00

24 4 60 4 60 4 00

26 4 60 a 4 60 4 55 4 00

26 4 45 4 65 4 50 4 00

27 4 50 4 60 4 56 4 00

29 4 60 4 60 4 55 4 00

December 1 4 50 4 60 4 55 8 95

2 4 50 4 65 4 52J 8 88

8 4 60 4 65 4 52i 8 76

4 4 60 4 56 4 62J 8 76

5 4 50 4 66 4 5'2J 8 86

6 4 65 4 56 8 80

8 4 66 4 60 4 55 8 90

9 4 60 4 60 4 55 4 00

10 4 50 4 60 4 55 4 07

11 4 60 4 60 4 66 4 10

12 4 65 4 60 4 65 4 10

18 4 60 4 66 4 62J 4 10

15 4 60 4 70 4 66 4 10

16 4 60 4 76 4 67* 4 10

17 4 65 4 75 4 70 4 08

18 4 65 4 75 4 70 4 10

19 4 70 4 80 4 76 4 10

20 4 75 4 86 4 79 4 06

22 4 80 4 86 4 82 4 10

28 4 86 4 95 4 90 4 06

24 4 85 4 96 4 90 4 10

26 4 85 4 90 4 87$ 4 05

27 4 80 4 90 4 86 4 10

29 4 82 4 90 4 87 4 06

SO 4 85 4 86 4 16

81 4 85 4 90 4 86 4 16

Jauuary 2 4 85 4 90 4 85 4 20

8 4 80 4 90 4 85 4 20

6 4 90 5 00 4 95 4 20

6 4 90 6 00 4 95 4 20

7 4 90 5 00 4 95 4 26

8 4 86 4 90 4 87$ 4 26

9 4 85 4 96 4 90 4 20

10 4 20

11 4 15

18 4 20

14 .... 4 25

16 .... 4 26

16 .... 4 86

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