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redemption. It is payable out of a fund arising from tolls on boats passing through said lock, and in that fund there was, on the 1st of December, 1861, applicable to a further payment of the principal and interest of said loan, the sum of $3,620 63. The loans over due, as well as those becoming due, may be thus stated, viz:—

Amount over-due and unprovided for $3,081,169 69

Whon reimbursable. I When reimbursable. 1888 $2,134,843 31 ,1864 3,258,231 «5

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PUBLIC DEBT OF PENNSYLVANIA.

STATEMENT SHOWING THE INDEBTEDNESS OF TOE COMMONWEALTH OK PENNSYLVANIA ON

THE 1ST DAY OF DECEMBER, 1851 DERIVED FROM THE REPORT OF THE AUDITOR

QENEUAL.

Funded debt, viz:—

6 per cent loans $2,314,023 61

5 per cent loans 36,704,484 03

4| per cent loans 198,200 00

Total funded debt $39,216,707 64

Unfunded debt, viz:—

Relief notes in circulation $650,168 00

Interest certificates outstanding 150,231 82

Ditto unclaimed 4,448 38

Int on outstand'g <fe uncl'm'd certificates, when funded 9,752 91

Domestic creditors 82,932 74

Total unfunded debt $897,528 85

Total public debt $40,114,236 89

By the 55th section of the act of 15th April, 1851, the State Treasurer was authorized to borrow, on temporary loan, £98,000, to be applied to improving the curves on the Columbia Railroad. This was done. But as the amount is reimbursable out of the proceeds of the sale to the Reading Railroad Company, of the Schuylkill viaduct and the railroad leading therefrom to the city of Philadelphia, and is a mere anticipation of some of the instalments from that company, it is not embraced in the above statement, nor in the table of loans.

COINAGE OF THE MINT AT DAHLONEGA.

The coinage at the Branch Mint at Dahlonega, for 1851, was as follows:—

Pieces. Value.

Half eagles 62,710 $313,550

Quarter eagles 11,264 28,160

Gold dollars 9,882 9,882

Total 83,856 $351,692

The deposits of gold for the year were :

From California $214,072 60

From South Carolina. 3,236 03

From Alabama 2,104 72

From Tennessee 2,250 60

From North Carolina. 1,97121

Promiscuous $960 66

From Georgia. 154,722 96

Total $379,806 63 COINAGE OF THE NEW ORLEANS MINT IN 1851. FUNDED DEDTS OF MARYLAND. this sort, six of their small beads, which they make with holes to string their bracelets, are current with the English for a penny. The second is black, inclining to blue, which is made of the shell of a fish, which some English call hens—poquahock ; and uf this sort, three make an English penny. One fathom of this their stringed money is worth five shillings."

We give below a statement, derived from the officers of the Mint, of the deposit! and coinage at that establishment for the yerfr ending January 1, 1852 :—

STATEMENT OF THE DEPOSITS AMD COINAGE AT THE BEANOS HINT, NEW ORLEANS, DURING

THE YEAR 1851.
DEPOSITS.

Gold, of which $3,769,682 45 was from Califnrnia $8,928,060 61

Silver, of which $60,600 54 parted from California gold 96,560 65

Total deposits $9,124,621 06

GOLD COINAGE.

Double eagles

Eagles

Half eagles t..

Quarter eagles

Qold dollars

Total gold coinage

SILVEB COINAGE.

Half dollars

Quarter dollars

Dimes

Half dimes

Three-cent pieces

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Total silver coinage

Total coinage ...

By reference to the above statement, it will be observed that the amount coined exceeds that of deposits by nearly one million of dollars.

DEBT AND FINANCES OF MICHIGAN.
The funded and fundable debt of the State not yet due is as follows:—

General fund bonds, due May, 1856 $100,000 00

University bonds, due July, 1858 100,000 00

Detroit and Pontine Railroad bonds, due July, 1808 100,000 00

Penitentiary bonds, due January, 1859 20 000 00

Ditto, 1860 40,000 00

Full paid $6,000,000 loan bonds, due January, 1863 180,000 00

Adjusted bonds, due January. 1863 275,732 88

Internal Improvement warrant bonds, due January, 1870 234,200 00

Total $1,049,932 83

The part paid of the $5,000,000 loan bonds outstanding, will, if funded

previous to January, 1S53. amount to 1,503,336 30

Bonds issuable for outstanding internal improvement warrants, say.... 15,000 00

Making the total funded and fundable debt not yet due $2,568,269 13

The amounts due the educational funds are considered permanent loans, and will probably so remnin—at least until the other portion of the State indebtedness shall have been cancelled.

Amount due primary school fund $238,252 18

Amount due university fund.. 22.608 89

Amount due Normal school endowment fund 2,220 08

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We compile from the annual report of the Treasurer of the State of Maryland, for the fiscal year ending December 1st, 185J, to the General Assembly of Maryland, the following statement of " Funded Debts contracted by the State, as of 1st December, 1861 :"—

Debta. Amount.

6 per cent debt, 1835 130,000 00

6 " " 1843 80,000 00

6 " " 1845 81,984 15

6 " " 1846 21,705 52

<j$163.689 67

6 " " 1821 630,000 00

5 " " 1821 $27,947 80

5 « « 1826 80,000 30

6 " " 1884 20,000 00

6 " « 1836 20,006 00

C97.947 SO

6 " '* 1842 rf3,000 00

$294,636 97

6 " " 1827 $266,189

6 " " 1830 115.811

6 " " 1833 125,000

$497,000 00

6 per cent sterling debt, 1838. 3,200,000 00

«3,697,000 00

6 per cent currency debt, 1833 /SOO.OOO 00

6" "1827.. $262,600

6" "1830.. 234,500

$497,000 00

6" "1833 125,000 00

6" "1884 2,000,000 00

6" "1836 35,000 00

6" sterling debt, 1838 3,182,222 22

6" "1838 1,376,000 00

JT7.194,222 22

i\" currency debt, 1830 $100,000 00

6" "1834 1,000,000 00

8" "1837 500,000 00

6" u 1838 88,710 97

6" "1839 643,334 34

A2,282,046 81

8" sterling debt, 1838 $60,000 00

6" currency debt, 1839 160,000 00

t"220,000 00

6" sterling debt, 1838 j'1,000,000 00

6" "1838 $60,000 00

6 " currency debt, 1839 81,463 77

6" "1841 11,300 37

1-162,764 14

Total $15,290,668 64

a For account of the State's Tobacco Warehouses in Baltimore. h For the service of the Medical Department of the Baltimore University. c For the service of the Maryland Penitentiary. 4 For account of the Washington Monument In Baltimore. t For account of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. / For account of the Baltimore and Washington Railroad. g For account of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. h For account of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad,

i For account of the Annapolis and Elk-Ridge Rai Iroad. j For account of the Susquehanna and Tide Water Canals. * For account of the Eastern Shore Railroad.

FINANCES OF THE UNITED STATES.

RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES OF THE UNITED STATES, EXCLUSIVE OF TRUST FUNDS, FROJt OCTOBER 1, TO DECEMBER 31, 1851.

Treasury Department, ReuiirrKR's Office, January 30,1852.

RECEIPTS.

From customs

Sales of public lands

Incidental sources

Loan of 1847, (treasury notes funded)

Total

EXPENDITURES.

Civil, miscellaneous, and foreign intercourse

Pensions $163,246 67

Indian affairs 1,604.698 84

Army proper, <fcc $1,925.277 78

Fortifications, armories, ifcc. 332,742 66

Navy

Interest, <tc, on public debt and treasury notes

Reimbursement of treasury notes

Redemption of stock loan of 1847

Redemption of stock loan of 1843

Premium and commission on purchase of stock loan of 1847
Premium and commission on purchase of stock loan of 1843

Total

EARLY CURRENCY IN MAINE.

Long before any permanent settlements were made on the shores of Maine, there was an extensive Commerce carried on with the Indians of that territory by the fleets which annually came from Europe for fish and peltry. In surh intercourse, cash was scarcely known. The natives were ready to barter large amounts of skins for beads, knives, hatchets, and blankets, and especially for tobacco, powder, shot, guns, and strong \vat*r. Philanthropists, who desired the highest welfare of the red man. and sought to bring him under the salutary restraints of the Gospel, according to the professed purpose of every charter for American colonies, perceived that the most of such merchandise tended to demoralize and render him a dangerous Deiifhbor. They petitioned and obtained restrictions. Their benevolent action, as usual in attempts to suppress gainful but deleterious customs, caused ninth excitement among the numerous traders, who set more by their own interest than they cared for others' ruin.

The article of peltry, so abundantly offered by the natives and so eagerly sought by foreigners, was received and passed as cash by the colonists.

Another commodity, adopted by them from the aborigines, for a similar end, was wampum. This was brought from Manhadoes, afterwards New York, on a voyage thither in 1628. It is thus described by Governor Bradford :—" That which in time turns most to our advantage is. their now acquainting and entering us into the trade of wampum. By which and provisions, we quite cut off the trade both from the fishermen and straggling planters. And strange it is, to see the great alteration it in a few years makes among the savages. For the Massachusetts and others, in these parts, had scarce any, it being otily made and kept among the Pequots and Naraganeetts, who grew rich and potent by it; whereas the rest, who use it not, are poor and beggarly." Here we have the position, loug assumed by the great body of the civilized, that a circulating medium, aside from the fruits of the field and of the chase, tends to enrich and strengthen a people, confirmed by the experience of men in a state of nature.

Roger Williams, in his observations on such money of the New England Indians, gives the succeeding account:—" Their own is of two sorts, one white, which they make of the stem or stock of the periwiukle, when all the shell is broken off; and of

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UNITED STATES TREASURER'S STATEMENT, JANUARY 26, 1852.

Treasurer's Statement, Showing The Amount At His Credit In The Treasury, With Assistant Treasurers And Designated Depositaries, And In The Mint Ano Branches, By Returns Received To Monday, January 26, 1852, The Amount For Which Drafts Hate Been Issued But Were Then Unpaid, And The Amount Then Remaining Subject To Draft. Showing, Also, The Amount Of Future Transfers To Ano From DepositaRies, As Ordered By The Secretary Of The Treasury.

Drafts heretofore drawn Amount on but not yet paid, Amount deposit. though payuble. Bubj. to draft. Treasury of United States, Washington... $187,834 90 114,487 67 $173,347 38

Assistant Treasurer, Boston, Mass 660,850 67 68,600 08 682.250 69

Assistant Treasurer, New York. N. Y 1,561,850 86 238,564 96 1,823,286 90

Assistant Treasurer, Philadelphia, Pa 687,109 06 57,282 99 629,826 07

Assistant Treasurer, Charleston, S. C 111,468 18 84,567 70 76,890 48

Assistant Treasurer, New Orleans, La. ... 405,162 60 244,924 83 160,237 67

Assistant Treasurer, St. Louis, Mo J 625,514 62 78,864 60 446,649 92

Depositary at Buflalo, New York. 108,767 73 613 35 108,264 38

Depositary at Baltimore, Maryland 35,062 19 6,940 61 29,121 58

Depositary at Richmond, Virginia. 20,958 96 637 00 20,321 96

Depositary at Norfolk, Virginia 118,385 04 64,994 14 63,390 90

Depositary at Wilmington, North Carolina. 2,024 63 2,024 68

Depositary at Savannah, Georgia. 65,375 67 2,228 00 58,147 67

Depositary at Mobile, Alabama 41,346 03 6,762 84 85.582 19

Depositary at Nashville, Tennessee 40,346 14 1,602 72 38,743 42

Depositary at Cincinnati, Ohio 19,603 38 1,766 75 17,837 63

Depositary at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.... 1,624 87 1,487 61 187 36

Depositary at Cincinnati, (late) 8,301 87 8,301 37

Depositary at San Francisco 649,391 09 845,662 75 203,728 34

Depositary at Little Rock, Arkansas 38,242 71 9,775 76 28,466 95

Depositary at JefTersonville, Indiana 66,066 65 17,402 69 47,663 86

Depositary at Chicago, Illinois 53,446 09 6,452 62 46,993 57

Depositary at Detroit, Michigan 51.668 44 10,128 68 41,444 76

Depositary at Tallahassee, Florida. 17,873 56 4,316 00 13,658 56

Suspense account $2,486 66 2,486 66

Mint of the U.S., Philadelphia, Penn 6,684,690 00 6,684,690 00

Branch Mint of U. S., Charlotte, N. C 32,000 00 82,000 00

Branch Mint of U. S., Dahlonega, Ga 26,850 00 26,850 00

Branch Mint of U. S, New Orleans, La 960,000 00 200,000 00 760,000 00

Total 12,065,704 13 1,410,418 18 10,647,772 46

Deduct suspense account 2,4 8666

$10,645,285 80

Add difference in transfers 1,4 81,4 6 0 00

Net amount subject to draft. $12,126,745 80

Transfers ordered to Treasury of the United States, Washington. $360,000 00

Transfers ordered to Assistant Treasurer, New York 400,000 00

Transfers ordered to Assistant Treasurer, New Orleans. Louisiana. 676,000 00

Transfers ordered to Assistant Treasurer, St Louis, Missouri 60.000 00

Transfers ordered to Depositary at Norfolk, Virginia 120,000 00

$1,605,000 00

Transfers ordered from Mint of the United States, Philadel., Pa.. 23,640 00

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