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Fild with false rumors, and seditious trouble,, That could have daz'd the rash beholder's
Bred in assemblies of the vulgar sort,


[light. That still are led with every light report. And round her head did shine like heaven's And as her eares, so eke her feet were odde,

She was arraid all in lily white, And much unlike, th’ one long, the other And in her right hand bore a cup of gold, short,

[ward gode, And both misplac't ; that when th' one for- In which a serpent did himself enfold,

With wine and water fill'd up to the height, The other back retired, and contrary trode.

That horror made to all that did behold;
Likewise unequal were her handes twaine; But she no whit did change her constant
That one did reach, the other pusht away ;

The one did make, the other marr'd againe, And in her other hand she fast did hold
And sought to bring all things unto decay ; A book that was both sign'd and seal'd with
Whereby great riches, gather'd many a day, blood,

She in short space did often bring to nought, Wherein dark things were writ, hard to be
And their possessours often did dismay.
For all her study was, and all her thought,

$ 45. Fancy.
How she might overthrowe the thing that con- EMONGST them all sate he which wonned
cord wrought.

there, So much her malice did her might surpass, That hight Phantastes by his nature trew; That even th’ Almighty selfe she did maligne A man in yeares, yet fresh as mote appeare,

Because to man so merciful he was, Of swarth complexion, and of crabbed hue, And unto all his creatures so benigne,

That him full of melancholy did shew; [eyes Sith she her self was of his grace indigne:

Bent hollow beetle browes, sharp stairing For all this world's faire workmanship she That mad or foolish seem'd : one by his view Unto his last confusion to bring, (tride

Mote deem him borne with ill-disposed And that great golden chaine quite to divide, skyes,

{agonies. With which it blessed concord hath together When oblique Saturne sate in the house of tide.

$ 46. Fear. 8 43. Envy.

Next him was Feare, all arm'd from top to And next to him malicious Envie rode,

toe, Upon a ravenous wolfe, and still did chaw

Yet thought himself not safe enough thereby, Between his cankred teeth a venomous toad,

But fear'd each shadow moving to and fro; That all the poyson ran about his jaw;

And his own armes when glitt'ring he did spy, But inwardly he chawed his own maw [sad, Or clashing heard, he fast away did fly,

At neighbours wealth, that made him ever For death it was, when any good he saw,

As ashes pale of hue, and wingy-heeld;

And evermore on danger fixt his eye, And wept, that cause of weeping none he had :

'Gainst whom he always bent a brazen [drous glad.

shield, But when he heard of harme, he wexed won- Which his right hand unarmed fearfully did All in a kirtle of discolour'd say:

wield. He clothed was, ypainted full of eyes ; And in his bosom secretely there lay

$ 47. Ship.
An hateful snake, the which his tail up ties As a tall ship tossed in troublous seas,
In many folds, and mortal sting implies. Whome raging winds, thereating to make the

Still as he rode, he gnasht his teeth, to see prey
Those heaps of gold with griple covetise, Of the rough rocks, do diversly disease,
And grudged at the great felicity

Meets two contrary billows by the way,
Of proud Lucifera, and his own company,

That her on either side do sore assay, He hated all good works and virtuous deeds,

And boast to swallow her in greedy grave; And him no less, that any like did use;

She, scorning both their spights, does make And who with gracious bread the hungry

(wave, feeds,

And with her breast breaking the foamy His alms for want of faith he doth accuse;

Does ride on both their backs, and faire her.

self doth save. So every good to bad he doth abuse; And eke the verse of famous poet's wit

48. Fire. He doth back-bite, and spiteful poison spues From leprous mouth, on all that ever writ :

LIKE as a fire, the which in hollow cave Such on vile Envy was, that first in rowe did Hath long been under kept and down supsit.


With murmurous disdain doth inly rave, $ 44. Faith.

And grudge in so streight prison to be prest, Or which the eldest, that Fidelia hight, At last breakes forth with furious unrest, Like sunny beames threw from her crystal And strives to mount unto his native seat ; face,

All that earst it hinder and molest,

wide way,


all agree.

It now devours with flames and scorching And like a stately theatre it made, heat,

[great. Spreading itself into a spatious plaine, And carries into smoake with rage and horror And in the midst a little river plaid

Emongst the pumystones, which seem'd to $ 49. First Age.

plaine The antique world, in his first flowing With gentle murmur that his course they did youth,

restraine. Found no defect in his Creator's grace ; But with glad thanks, and unreproved truth,

0 52. Harmony. The gifts of soveraigne bouuty did embrace : EFTsoons they heard a most melodious Like angel's life was then man's happy case ; sound,

But later ages' pride (like corn-fed steede) of all that mote delight a dainty eare, Abus'd her plenty, and fat-swoln encrease, Such as at once might not on living ground,

To all licentious lust, and gan exceed Save in this paradise, be heard elsewhere : The measure of her meane, and natural first Right hard was it for wight that did it heare, need.

To read what manner musick that mote be : Then gan a cursed hand the quiet wombe

For all that pleasing is to living eare Of his great grandmother with steele to wound,

Was there consorted in one harmonie, And the hid treasures in her sacred tombe 'Birds, voices, instruments, windes, waters,With sacrilege to dig. Therein he found Fountaines of gold and silver to abound, The joyous birds shrouded in chearful shade,

Of which the matter of his huge desire Their notes unto the voyce attempred sweet ; And pompous pride eftsoones he did com- The angel call soft trembling voyces inade pound,

[spire To the instruments divine respondence meet : Then avarice gan through his veines to in- The silver sounding instruments did meet His greedy flames, and kendle life-devouring With the base murmure of the waters fall : fire.

The waters fall, with difference discreet, $ 50. Gluttony.

Now soft, now loud, unto the wind did call,

The gently warbling wind lowe answering to And by his side rode loathsome Gluttony, all, Deformed creature, on a filthy swine, His belly was up-blown with luxury,

0 53. Hermitage. And eke with fatness swollen were his eyne :

A LITTLE lowly hermitage it was, And like a crane his neck was long and fine, Down in a dale hard by a forest side, With which he swallowed up excessive,

Farre from resort of people that did pass feast,

In travell to and fro: a little wide For want whereof poor people oft did pine ;

There was an holy chapell edified, And all the way, most like a brutish beast,

Wherein the hermit duly went to say He spewed up his gorge, that all did him de- His holy things each morn and evening tide : teast.

Thereby a crystal streame did gently play, In green vine leaves he was right fitly clad, Which from a sacred fountain welled forth, For other clothes he could not wear for heat, away. And on his head an ivy girlond had,

He thence led me into this hermitage, From under which fast trickled down the Letting his steeds to graze upon the green ; Still as he rode he somewhat did eat, (sweat :

Small was his house, and like a little cage, And in his hand did bear a bouzing cann,

For his own turne, yet inly neat and clean, On which he supt so oft, that on his seat His drunken corse he scarce upholden can,

Deckt with green boughes, and flowers gay

be seene; In shape and life more like a monster than a

Therein he them full faire did entertaine,

Not with such forged showes, as fitter beene Unfit he was for any worldly thing,

For courting fools that courtisies would And eke unable once to stirre or go;


[plaine. Not meet to be a councel to a king, [s0 : But with entire affection, and appearance Whose minde in meat and drink was drowned Full of disease was his carcasse blue,

$ 54. Honor. And a dry dropsy through his flesh did flow, Whoso in pompe of proud estate (quoth Which by misdiet daily greater grew : [crew. she) Such one was Gluttony, the second of that Does swim, and bathes himself in courtly bliss,

Does wast his daies in darke obscurity 0 51. Grove.

And in oblivion ever buried is; Into that forest farre they thence him led, Where ease abounds, it 's easie to doe amiss Where was their dwelling in a pleasant glade But who his limbs with labours, and his With mountains round about environed,

mind And mighty woods, which did the valley shade, Behaves with cares, cannot so easie miss.


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Abroad in arms, at home in studious kind, To looken whether it were night or day. Who seekes with painefull toile, shall honour May seem the waine was very evil led, soonest find.

When such an one had guiding of the way,

That knew not whether right he went, or else In woods, in waves, in wars she wonts to dwell,

astray And will be found with perill and with paine; From worldly cares himself he did esloine,

Ne can the man that moulds in idle cell, And greatly shunned manly exercise ; Unto her happy mansion attain :

For every work he challenged effoine, Before her gate high God did sweat ordaine, For contemplation sake : yet otherwise,

And wakeful watches ever to abide; His life he led in lawless riotise : But easie is the way, and passage plaine By which he grew to grievous maladie ;

To pleasure's palace; it may soon be spide, For in his lustless limbs through evil guise And day and night her doors to all stand open A shaking feaver raiga'd continually : wide.

Such one was Idleness, first of this company. 0 55. Hope.

0 58. Ignorance. With him went Hope in rank, a handsome At last, with creeping crooked pace, forth

mayd, Of chearful look, and lovely to behold; An old man, with beard as white as snow,

In silken samile she was light arraid, That on a staffe his feeble steps did frame, And her faire locks were woven up in gold ; And guide his weary'steps both to and fro; She always smil'd, and in her hand did hold For his eye-sight him fail'd long ago ;

An holy water sprinkle dipt in deawe, And on his arme a bunch of keys he bore, In which she sprinkled favours manyfold, The which, unus'd, rust did overgrowe: On whom she list, and did great liking Those were the keys of every inward dore ; shewe;

But he could not them use, but kept them still Great liking unto many, but true love to fewe. in store. Another.

But very uncouth sight was to behold

How he did fashion his untoward pace : HER youngest sister, that Speranza hight,

For as he forward mov'd his footing old, Was clad in blue, that her beseemed well,

So backward still was turn'd his wrinkled Not all so chearful seemed she of sight,

Unlike to men, who ever as they trace, (face; As was her sister; whether dread did dwell,

Both feet and face one way are wont to Or anguish in her heart, is hard to tell :

Upon her arme a silver anchor lay, Whereon she leaned ever, as befell :

This was the ancient keeper of that place,

And foster father of the giant dead, And ever up to Heaven as she did pray, [way. His name Ignaro did his nature right aread. Her stedfast eyes were bent, ne swarved other

$ 59. Inconstancy. 0 56. Hypocrite.

For those same islands, seeing now and Ar length they chanc't to meet upon the then, way

Are not firme land, or any certein wonne, An aged sire, in long black weeds yclad, But straggling plots : which to and fro do

His feet all bare, his beard all hoary graie, And by his belt his book he hanging had ; In the wide waters : therefore are they hight Sober he seem'd, and very sagely sad, The Wandring Islands : therefore do them And to the ground his eyes were lowly bent,

shonne ;

[wight Simple in shewe, and void of malice bad,

For they have oft drawn many a wandring And all the way he prayed as he went, Into most deadly danger and distressed plight. And often knockt his breast, as one that did repent.

Yet well they seem to him, that farre doth

view, 0 57. Idleness.

Both faire and fruitful, and the ground dispred OF which the first, that all the rest did

With grassie green of delectable hew, guide,

And the tall trees with leaves unparalled, Was sluggish Idleness, the nurse of sin ;

Are deckt with blossoms dyed in white and Upon a slothful ass he chose to ride,

red, Arraid in habit black, and amis thin,

That mote the passengers there to allure : Like to an holy monk the servis to begin.

But whosoever once hath fastened

His foot thereon, may never yet recure, And in his hand a portesse still he bare, But wandreth evermore uncertain and unsure. That much was worne, but therein little red ; For of devotion he had little care.. [dead,

Ø 60. Incontinence. Still drown'd in sleep, and most of his days THE wanton lady with her lover rose, [pose Scarce could be once uphold his heavy head Whoes sleepy head she in her lap did soft dis



l'pon a bed of roses she was laid, Doth first peep forth with bashful modestie, As faint through heat, or dight to pleasant sin, Thus fairer seems, the less you see her may

And was arraid, or rather disarraid, Lo, see soon after, how more bold and free All in a veil of silk and silver thin,

Her bared bosom she doth broad display; That hid no whit her alabaster skin,

Lo, see soon after, how she fades and falls But rather showed more white, if more

away. might be :

So passeth in the passing of a day, More subtile web Arachne cannot spin,

Of mortal life the leafe, the bud, the flowre, Nor the fine nets which oft we woven see

Ne more doth flourish after first decay, Of scorched dew, do not in th' air more lightly That earst was sought to deck both bed and filee.

bowre $ 61. Lechery.

Of many a lady, and many a paramoure : AND next to him rode lustfull Lechery,

Gather the rose of love, whilst yet is time,

Whilst loving thou mayst loved be with equal Upon a bearded goat, whoes rugged haire,

crime. And whaley eyes (the signe of jealousie) Was like the person self whom he did beare;

0 63. Love. Who rough and black, and filthy did appeare, O SACRED fire that burnest mightily

Unseemly man to please fair lady's eye ; In living brests, ykindled first above, (sky, Yet he of ladys oft was loved dear,

Emongst th' eternal spheres and lamping When fairer faces were bid standen by : And thence pour'd into men, which men call 0! who does know the bent of woman's fan


(move tasie ?

Not that same which doth base affections In a green gowne he clothed was full faire, In brutish mindes, and filthy lust inflame; Which underneath did hide his filthiness,

But that sweet fit, that does true beauty love, And in his hand a burning heart did bare,

And choseth vertue for his dearest dame, Full of vaine follies, and new fangleness, Whence spring all noble deeds, and neverFor he was false, and fraught with fickleness,

dying fame. And learned had to love with secrett lookes, Well did antiquitie a god thee deeme, And well could dance and sing with rueful. That over mortal minds has so great might, ness,

[books, To order them as best to thee doth seeme, And fortunes tell, and, read in loveing And all their actions to direct aright; And thousand other waies, to bait his fleshly The fatal purpose of divine foresight hooks.

Thou dost effect in destined descents, Inconstant man, that loved all he saw,

Through deep impression of thy secret might ; And lusted after all that he did love,

And stirredst up the heroe's high intents, Ne would his looser life be tied to law,

Which the late world admires for wondrous But joy'd weak women's hearts to tempt and

monuments. prove,

Wondrous it is to see in diverse mindes, If from their loyal loves he might them move; How diversely Love doth his pageants play, Which lewdness fill'd him with reproachful And shews his power in variable kinds : paine

The baser wit, whose idle thoughts alway Of thai foul evill which all men reprove, Are wont to cleave unto the lowly clay, That rots the marrow and consumes the It stirreth up to sensual desire, braine :

(traine. And in lewd sloth to wast its careless day; Such one was Lechery, the third of all this But in brave sprite it kindles goodly fire, 62. Life.

That to all high desert and honour doth aspire. O why doe wretched men so much desire Ne suffereth uncomely idleness To draw their days unto the utmost date,

In his free thought to build her sluggish nest; And doe not rather wish them soon expire,

Ne suffereth it thought of ungentleness, Knowing the misery of their estate,

Ever to creep into his poble brest ; And thousand perils which them still awaite, Dut to the highest and the worthiest Tossing themselves like a boat amid the Lifteth it up, that else would lowly fall : maine

It lets not fall, it lets it not to rest : {all, That every hour they knock at deathes gate ? It lets not scarce this prince to breathe at And he that happy seemes, and least in But to his first pursuit him forward still doth paine,


call. Yet is as nigh his end, as he that most doth

$ 64. Madness. The whiles some one did chaunt this lovely With hundred iron chains he did him bind, lay;

An hundred knotts that did him sore conAh see, who so faire thing dost faine to see, straine :

In springing flowre the image of thy day; Yet his great iron teeth he still did grinde, All see thy virgin rose, how sweetly shee And grimly gnash, threatning revenge in vaine ! His burning eyn, whom bloudy strakes did | And when in wrath he threats the world's staine, (fire; decay,

[stay. Stared full wide, and threw forth sparks of They do his anger calme, and cruel vengeance And more for ranke despight, then for great

They also doe, by his divine permission, paine,


Upon the thrones of mortal princes tend, Shak’t his long Incks, colour'd like copper

And often treat for pardon and remission And bit his tawny beard to shew his ragir.g To suppliants through frailtie which offend ; ire.

Those did upon Marcillæ's throne attend : $ 65. Mercy.

Just Dice, wise Eunomie, mild Eirene;

And them amongst, her glory to commend, THEY, passing by, were guided by degree

Sate goodly Temperance, in garments clene Unto the pressance of that gratious queen:

And sacred Reverance, yborne of heavenly Who sate on high, that she might all men

strene. And might of all men royally be seene, (see, Upon a throne of gold full bright and sheene;

Some clerks doe doubt in their deviceful art, Adorned all with gemmes of endless price, Whether this heavenly thing, whereof I treat, As either might for wealth have gotten been,

To weeten, mercy, be of justice part, Or could be fram'd by workman's rare de- Or drawne forth from her by divine extreate. vice;

[lice. This well I wote ; that sure she is as great, And all embost with lyons and with flowre-de

And meriteth to have as high a place,

Sith in th’ Almightie's everlasting seat (race And over all her cloth of state was spred,

She first was bred, and borne of heavenly Not of rich tissew, nor of cloth of gold,

From thence pour'd down on men, by influNor of aught else that may be richest red,

ence of grace. But like a cloud, as likest may be told, (fold; That her broad spreading wings did wide un

For if that virtue be of that great might, Whose skirts were bordered with bright which from just verdict will for nothing start, sunny beames,

But to preserve inviolated right, Glistring like gold, amongst the plights enrola, Oft spoils the principal to save the part; And here and there shooting forth silver So much more then is that of powre and art, streames, [the glittering gleames.

That seekes to save the subject of her skill, Mongst which crept the little angels through Yet never doth for doom of right depart :

As it is greater praise to save, than spill; Seemed those little angels did uphold

And better to reforme, than to cut off the ill. The cloth of state, and on their purpled wings Did bear the pendants, thro' their nimbless

0 66. Minerva. bold,

LIKE as Minerva, being late return'd Besides a thousand more of such, as sings From slaughter of the giants conquered : Hymnes to high God, and carols heavenly Where proud Encelade, whose wide nosethings,

trils burn'd Encompassed the throne, on which she sate: With breathed flames, like to a furnace red, She angel-like, the heir of ancient kings Transfixed with his spear, down tumbled dead

And mighty conquerors, in royal state, From top of Hemus, by him heaped hie, Whilst kings and Cæsars at her feet did them Hath loos'd her helmet from her lofty head, prostrate.

And her Gorgonian shield gins to untie Thus she did sit in sovereign majestie,

From her left arme, to rest in glorious victorie. Holding a sceptre in her royal hand,

0 67. Morning The sacred pledge peace and clemencie,

At last fair Hesperus, in his highest sky With which high God had blest her happy Had spent his lamp, and brought forth dawn land,

ing light, Maugre so many foes which did withstand.

Then up he rose, and clad him hastily; But at her feet her sword was likewise layd, The dwarfe him brought his steed : so both Whose long rest rusted the bright steely brand, Yet when as foes enforc't, or friends sought

Another. ayde, She could it sternly draw, that all the world At last the golden oriental gate dismaide.

Of greatest heaven gan to open faire, [mate,

And Phæbus fresh, as bridegrome to his And round about before her feet there sate

Came dancing forth, shaking his deawy haire: A beautie of faire virgins clad in white,

And hurles his glistering beams thro' gleomy That goodly seem'd t'adorne her royal state, aire. All lovely daughters of high Jove, that hight

Another. Litä, by him begot in love's delight,

Upon the righteous Themis : those they say Soon as the fiery streakes with purple Upon Jove's judgment-seat waite day and beames night,

Disperse the shadows of the misty night,


away did fly.

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