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Which cunning craftsman's hand hath over For, with dread majesty, and awful ire, laid
She broke this wanton darts, and quenched With fair vermillion, or pure lastery.
base desire. Great wonder had the knight to see the maid So strangely passioned, and to her gently said ; The sense of man, and all his mind possess,
Nought under heaven so strongly doth allure Fair damsell, seemeth by your troubled As beauty's love-bait, that doth procure cheare
Great warriors of their rigour to repress, That either me too bold yee weene, this wise And mighty hands forget their manliness, You to molest, or other ill to feare,
Drawn with the pow'r of an heart-robbing That in the secret of your heart close lyes, And wrapt in fetters of a golden tress, [eye, From whence it doth, as cloud from sea, arise. That can with melting pleasance mollify If it be 1, of pardon I you pray;
Their harden'd hearts, enur'd to blood and But if ought else that I mote not devise,
cruelty. I will (if please you it discrue) assay
So whilome learn'd that mighty Jewish To ease you of that ill, so wisely as I may.
[might, She answer'd nought, but more abasht for Each of 'whose locks did match a man of shame,
To lay his spoils before his leman's train : Held down her head, the whiles her lovely So also did the great Cretan knight, face
[flame, For his love's sake, his lion's skin undight : The flushing blood with blushing did in And so did warlike Antony neglect And the strong passion marr'd her modest The world's whole rule, for Cleopatra's sight. grace,
Such wond'rous pow're has women's fair That Guyon marvaild at her uncouth case :
[reject. Till Alma him bespake, Why wonder yee, To captive men, and make them all the world Fair sir, at that which you so much imbrace ? She is the fountaine of your modestee :
$ 32. Bower of Bliss. You shame-fac'd are, but Shame-fac'dness it THENcE passing forth, they shortly do arrive self is shee.
Whereat the Bower of Bliss was situate;
A place pick'd out by choice of best alive, $ 31. Beauty.
That nature's work by art can imitate; Nought is there, under heav'n's wide hol. In which whatever in this worldly state lowness
Is sweet and pleasing unto living sense, That moves more dear compassion of mind,
Or that may daintiest fantasie aggrate, Than beauty brought t' unworthy wretched
Was poured forth with plentiful dispense,
And made there to abound with lavish affluBy envy's snares or fortune's freaks unkind : I, whether lately through her brightness blind, Goodly it was enclosed round about,
Or through allegiance and fast fealty, As well their enter'd guests to keep within, Which I do owe unto all womankind,
As those unruly beasts to hold without; Feel my heart pierc'd with so great agony, Yet was the fence thereof but weak and thin: When such I see, that all for pity I could die. Nought fear'd their force that fortilage to win, Eftsoons there stepped forth
But wisdom's powre and temperance's might, A goodly lady, clad in hunter's weed,
By which the mightiest things efforced bin : That seem'd to be a woman of great worth, And eke the gate was wrought of substance And by her stately portance borne of heavenly
Rather for pleasure than for battery or fight. Her face so fair, as flesh it se
It framed was of precious yvory,
Clear as the sky withouten blame or blot, And therein all the famous historie
Her mighty charmes, her furious loving fit, Like roses in a bed of lillies shed,
His goodly' conquest of the golden fleece, The which ambrosial odours from them threw, His falsed faith, and love to lightly flit,
And gazers sense with double pleasure fed, The wondred Argo, which invent'rous peece Able to heal the sick, and to revive the dead. First through the Euxian seas bore all the
flow'r of Greece. In her fair eyes two living lamps did flame, Kindled above, at th' heavenly Maker's light, Ye might have seen the frothy billowes fry
And darted fiery beams out of the same, Under the ship, as thorough them she went, So passing pearceant, and so wondrous bright, That seemed waves were into yvory, That quite bereav'd the rash beholders of their Or yvory into the waves were sent : sight :
And other where the snowy substance sprent, In them the blinded god his lustful fire With vermill-like the boyes bloud therein To kindle oft assay'd, but had no might; A piteous spectacle did represent; (shed,
And otherwhiles with gold besprinkled, (wed., Whose bunches hanging downe, seem'd to It seem'd th'enchanted flame which did Creusa entice
All this and more might in this goodly gate All passers by to taste their lushious wine, Be read ; that ever open stood to all (sate And did themselves into their hands incline,
Which thither came; but in the porch there As freely offering to be gathered : A comely personage of stature tall,
Some deep empurpled as the hyacint, And semblance pleasing more than natural, Some as the rubine laughing, sweetly red,
That travellers to him seem'd to entice; Some like fair emeraudes not yet ripened. His looser garments to the ground did fall,
And them amongst, some were of burnisht And flew about his heels in wanton wise,
So made by art, to beautifie the rest, [gold, Not £t for speedy pace or manly exercise.
Which did themselves amongst the leaves The foe of life, that good envies to all,
enfold, That secretly doth us procure to fall, As lurking from the view of covetous guest, Through guileful semblaunce which he makes That the weak boughes, with so rich load opHe of this garden had the governall, [us see, prest,
And pleasure's porter was devis'd to be, Did bow adown as over-burthened. Holding a staffe in hand for more formalitie. There the most dainty paradise on ground, Thus being entred, they behold around
Itself doth offer to his sober eye, A large and spatious plaine on every side
In which all pleasures plentiously abound, Strow'd with pleasaunce, whose faire grassie And none does others happiness 'envie : ground
The painted flowres, the trees upshooting hie, Mantled with green, and goodly beatifide
The dales for shade, the hills for breathing With all the ornaments of Floraes pride,
place, Wherewith her mother Art, as half in scorne The trembling groves, the crystall running by; Of niggard Nature, like a pompous bride,
And that which all fair works doth most Did deck her, and too lavishly adorne,
[place. When forth from virgin bowre she comes in The art which wrought it all appeared in no th' early morne.
One would have thought (so cunningly the Thereto the heavens always joviall,
rude Lookt on them lovely, still in stedfast state,
And scorned parts were mingled with the fine) Ne suffer'd storme nor frost on them to fall,
That Nature had for 'wantónness ensude Their tender buds or leaves to violate,
Art, and that Art at Nature did repine ; Nor scorching heat, nor cold intemperate,
So striveing each the other to undermine, T' afflict the creatures which therein did
Each did the other's work more beautify ; dwell;
So differing both in willes, agreed in fine : But the mild air with season moderate
So all agreed through sweet diversitie, Gently attempred and disposed so well, This garden to adorne with all varietie. That still it breathed forth sweet spirit and And in the midst of all, a fountaine stood, wholesome smell.
Of richest substance that on earth might be, More sweet and wholesome than the plea So pure and shiny, that the silver flood sant hill
Through every channell running, one might Of Rhodopè, on which the nymph that bore
see ; A giant-babe, herselfe for griefe did kill;
Most goodly it with pure imageree [boyes, Or the Thessalian Tempè, where of yore
Was over-wrought, and shapes of naked Faire Daphne Phæbus' heart with love did Of which some seem'd with lively jollitee gore ;
To fly about, playing their wanton toyes, Or Ida, where the gods lov'd to repaire,
While others did themselves embay in liquid When-ever they their heavenly bowres forlore; joyes.
Or sweet Parnasse, the haunt of muses faire; And over all, of purest gold, was spred Or Eden, if that aught with Eden mote com- A trayle of ivie in his native hew : pare.
For the rich metall was so coloured, Much wonder'd Guyon at the fair aspect That wight that did not well advised view, Of that sweet place, yet suffered no delight Would surely deem it to be ivie true : To sink into his sense, nor mind affect, Low his lascivious armes adowne did creep But passed forth, and look'd still forward right, That themselves dipping in the silver dew, Bridling his will, and mastering his might : Their fleecie flowres they tenderly did Till that he came unto another gate,
[to weepe. No gate, but like one, beeing goodly dight Which drops of crystall seem'd for wantonness With boughes and branches, which did broad dilate,
Infinite streames continually did well
[intricate. Out of this fountaine, sweet and faire to see Their clasping armes, in wanton wreathings The which into an ample laver fell,
So fashioned a porch with rare divise, And shortly grew to so great quantitie, Archt over head with an embracing vine, That like a little lake it seein'd to bee;
Whose depth exceeded not three cubits Ladies and lords she every-where mote hear height,
(see Complaining, how with his empoysned shot That through the waves one might the bottom Their woful hearts he wounded had why* All pav'd beneath with jaspers shining leare,
[and feare. bright,
[upright. And so had left them languishing 'twixt hope That seem'd the fountaine in that sea did sayle
She then the cities sought from gate to gate, And all the margent round about was set
And ev'ry one did ask, did he him see;
And every one her answer'd, and too late bet,
Of his sharp darts, and hot artillerie ; And those which therein bathed, mote offend.
And every one threw forth reproaches rife $ 33. Bower of Proteus.
Of his mischievous deeds, and said, that hee
Was the disturber of all civil life, His bowre is in the bottom of the maine,
The enemie of peace, and author of all strife. Under a mighty rock, 'gainst which do rave The roaring billows in their proud disdaine ;
Then in the country she abroad him sought, That with the angry working of the wave,
And in the rural cottages enquired : [brought, Therein is eaten out an hollow cave,
Where also many plaints to her were That seems rough mason's hand, with en- How he their heedless hearts with love had gine keen,
(spired; Had long while laboured it to engrave; (seen, And false venim thorough their veines inThere was his wonne, ne living wight was
And eke the gentle shepheard swaines
which sate Save an old nymph, hight Panope, to keep it clean.
Keeping their fleecy flocks, as they were hired,
She sweetly heard complaine, both how and Ø 34. Charity.
[thereat. She was a woman in her freshest age,
Her sonne had to them doen; yet she did smile Of wondrous beauty, and of bountie rare, And at the upper end of the faire towne,
With goodly grace and comely personage, There was an altar built of precious stone, That was on earth not easy to compare ; Of passing value, and of great renowne, Full of great love, but Cupid's wanton snare On which there stood an image all alone,
As hell she hated, chast in work and will ; Of massie gold, which with his own light Her neck and breasts were ever open bare, That aye thereof her babes might suck their And wings it had with sundry colours dight,
More sundry colours than the proud pavone The rest was all in yellow robes arrajed still. Bears in his boasted fan, or Iris bright,
A multitude of babes about her hang, When her discolour'd bow she spreads through Plying their sports, that joy'd her to behold, heaven bright. Whom still she fed, whilst they were weak
Blindfold he was, and in his cruel fist
A mortal bow and arrowes keen did hold, But thrust them forth still, as they wexed old :)
With which he shot at random when he And on her head she wore a tire of gold, (fair,
[gold Adorn'd with gemmes and owches wondrous Some headed with sad lead, some with pure Whose passing price uneath was to be told;
(Ah, man! beware how thou those darts beAnd by her side there sate a gentle pair
hold). Of turtle doves, she sitting in an ivory chaire.
A wounded dragon under him did lie, 0 35. Cupid.
Whose hideous tayle his left foot did enfold,
And with a shaft was shot through eyther LIKE a Cupido on Idæan hill,
[remedy. When having laid his cruel bowe away,
And mortal arrows, wherewith he doth fill That no man forth could draw, ne no man The world with wondrous spoils and bloodie
Next after her, the winged god himself
Came riding on a lyon ravenous, With his faire mother he him dights to play, That man and beast with powre imperious
Taught to obey the menage of that elfe, And with his goodly sisters, graces three ; The goddesse pleased with his wanton play,
Suhdueth to his kingdom tyrannous : Suffers herself through sleep beguild to be,
His blindfold eyes he had awhile unbind, The whiles the other ladies mind their merry
That his proud spoyle of that same dolorous glee.
Fair dame he might behold in perfect kind; First, she him sought in court where most Which seen he much rejoyceth in his cruel
mind. Whylome to haunt, but there she found him not ;
[cused Of which full proud, himself up-rearing hye, But many there she found, which sore ac- He looked round about with stern disdaine ; His falsehood, and with foule infamous blot, And did survey his goodly company; His cruel deeds and wicked wiles did spot : And marshalling the evil ordered traine,
With that the darts which his right hand did | And skin all wither'd as a dried rook, straine,
Thereto as cold and drery as a snake, Full dreadfully he shook, that all did quake, That seem’d to tremble everinore, and quake; And clapt on high his coloured wings twaine, All in a canvas thin he was bedight,
That all his many it affraide did make : And girded with a belt of twisted brake, Though binding him againe, his way he forth Upon his head he wore an helmet light, did take.
Made of a dead man's skull, that seem'd a 0 36. Danger.
gastly sight. But in the porch did ever more abide
Ø 39. Defamation.
That stopt the entrance with his spacious And fierce assailing forc't him turn againe ; And with the terror of his countenance bold, Sternly he turn'd again, when he him strooke Full many did affray, that else faine enter with his sharp steele, and ran at him amaine would.
With open mouth, that seemed to containe His name was Danger, dreaded over all, A full good peck within the utmost brim, Who day and night did watch and duly ward, All set with iron teeth with ranges twaine,
From fearful cowards entrance to forestall, That terrified his foes, and armed him, And faint-heart fooles, whom show of perill Appearing like the mouth of Orcus, grisly hard
grim. Could terrifie from Fortune's faire award :
And therein were a thousand tongues emFor, oftentimes, faint hearts at first espiall Of sundry kindes, and sundry quality ; [pight, Of his grim face, were from approaching scar'd;
Some were of dogs, that barked day and Unworthy they of grace; whom one deniall Excludes from faire hope, withouten further And some of cats, that wralling still did cry;
And some of bears, that groynd continually ; Yet many doughty heroes, often tride And some of tigers that did seem to gren In greater perils to be stout and bold, And snar at all that ever passed by : [men,
Durst not the sterness of his look abide ; But most of them were tongues of mortal But soon as they his countenance behold, That spake reproachfully, not earing where Began to faint, and feel their courage cold.
nor when. Again, some other, that in hard assaies
And then amongst were mingled here and Were cowards known, and little count did
(waies, The tongues of serpents, with three forked Either through gifts, or guile, or such like
That spat out poison, and bore bloudy gere Crept in by stooping lowe, or stealing of the At all that came within his ravenings, kaies.
And spake licentious words, and hateful things, 0 37. Day-break.
Of good and bad alike, of low and hie; By this, the northern waggoner had set
Ne Cæsars spared he a whit, nor kings, His sevenfold teme behind the stedfast star,
But either blotted them with infamy, That was in ocean waves yet never wet.
Or bit them with his baneful teeth of injury. But firme is fixt, and sendeth light from far
40. Desire. To all, that in the wide deep wandering are :
And him beside marcht amorous Desire, And chearful Chaunticlere with his note who seem'd of riper years than th’ other shrill
swaine ; Had warned once, that Phoebus' fiery carre
Yet was that other swaine the elder syre, In haste was climbing up the castern hill; , And gave him being, common to them twaine : Full envious that night so long hie room did His garment was disguised very vaine, fill.
And his embroidered bonet sate awry; Ø 38. Death.
'Twixt both his hands flew sparks he close did And in his hand a bended bow was seene,
strain, And many arrowes under his right side,
Which still he blew, and kindled busily, All deadly dangerous, all cruel keene,
That soon they life conceiv'd, and forth in
flames did fly. Headed with fint, and feathers bloudie dide. Such as the Indians in their quivers hide :
0 41. Detraction. Those could he well direct, and straite as line, The other nothing better was than she; And bid them strike the marke which he had Agreeing in bad will and cancred kind,
But in bad manner they did disagree; Ne was there salve, ne was there medicine, For, what-so Envie good or bad did find, That mote recure their wounds ; so inly they She did conceale and murder her own mind;. did tine.
But this, whatever evil she conceaved, As pale and wan as 'ashes was his look, Did spread abroad, and throw in the open His body lean and meagre as a rake,
Yet this in all her words might be perceived, For which the three faire goddesses did That all she sought was men's good names to
strive : have bereaved.
There also was the name of Nimrod strong, For whatsoever good by any said, [vent
Of Alexander, and his princes five, Or done, she heard, she would strait-waies in- Which shard to them the spoiles which he How to deprave, or slanderously upbraid,
had got alive. Or to misconstrue of a man's intent,
And there the reliques of the drunken fray, And turne to ill the thing that well was ment. The which amongst the Lapithees befell, Therefore she used often to resort
And of the bloody feast, which sent away To common haunts, and company's frequent, So many Centaures' drunken soules to hell,
To hark what any one did good report, That under great Alcides' furie fell : To blot the same with blame, or wrest in And of the dreadful discord, which did drive wicked sort.
The noble Argonauts to outrage fell, And if that any ill she heard of any,
That each of life sought other to deprive, She would it eke, and make it worse by telling, All mindless of the golden-fleece which made And take great joy to publish it to many,
them strive. That every matter worse was for her melling : And eke of private persons many moe, Her name was hight Detraction, and her That were too long a worke to count them all ; dwelling
Some of sworne friends, that did their faith Was near to Envy, even her neighbour next
forgoe; A wieked hag, and Envy's self excelling Some of borne brethren, prov'd unnatural;
In mischiefe : for, herself she only vext : Some of deare lovers, foes perpetual ; But this same, both herself and others eke Witness their broken bands there to be seen, perplext.
Their girlonds rent, their bowres dispoiled all; Her face was ugly, and her mouth distort,
The monuments whereof there byding been, Foaming with poyson round about her gills,
As plaine as at the first, when they were fresh In which her cursed tongue (full sharp and short)
Such was the house within ; but all without Appear'd like aspis sting, that closely kills, The barren ground was full of wicked weeds, Or cruelly does wound whom-so she wills; Which she herself had sowen all about,
A distaff in her other hand she had, Now growen great, at first of little seedes, Upon the which she little spinnes, but spils, The seedes of evil words, and factious deedes ; And faines to weave false tales and leasings
Which when to ripeness due they growen bad,
[disprad. are, To throw among the good, when others had Bring forth an infinite increase, that breedes
Tumultuous trouble, and contentious jarre, 0 42. Discord's House.
The which most often end in blood-shed and HARD by the gates of hell her dwelling is,
in warre. There whereas all plagues and harmes abound, And those same cursed seedes do also serve
Which punish wicked men, that walk amiss; To her for bread, and yield a living food : It is a darksome delve farre under ground, For life it is to her, when others sterve With thornes and barren brakes environd Thro' mischievous debate, and deadly feood, round.
| That she may suck their life, and drink their That none the same way may out-win;
[been fed, Yet many wayes to enter may be found, With which she from her childhood had
But none to issue forth when one is in; For she at first was born of hellish brood, For discord harder is to end than to begin. And by infernal furies nourished,
And all within the riven walles were hung That by her monstrous shape might easily be With ragged monuments of times fore-past,
read. Of which, the sad effects of discord sung ; Her face most foule and filthy was to see, There were rent robes, and broken scepters With squinting eyes contrary ways entended, Altars defild, and holy things defac't, [plac't, And loathly mouth, unmeet a mouth to be ; Dishevered spears, and shields ytorne in That nought but gall and venim compretwaine.
hended, Great cittys ransack't, and strong castles ras't, And wicked words that God and man offended :
Nations captived, and huge armies slaine : Her lying tongue was in two parts divided, Of all which ruines there some reliqués did And both the parts did speak, and both conremaine.
[cided, There was the signe of antique Babylon,
And as her tongue, so was her heart deOf fatal Thebes, of Rome that raigned long,
That never thought one thing, but doubly still Of sacred Salem, and sad Ilion,
was guided. For memory of which, on high there hong Als as she double spake, so heard she double, The golden apple (cause of all their wrong) With matchless ears deformed and distort,