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Of battle when it rag'd, in all assaults Yet to their General's voice they soon obey'd,
Their surest signal, they will soon resume Innumerable. As when the potent rod
New courage, and revive; though now they lie Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day,
Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of fire, Wav'd round the coast, up call’d a pitchy cloud
As we ere while, astounded and amaz'd; Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind,
No wonder, fall’n such a pernicious height. That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung
He scarce had ceas'd, when the superior Like night, and darken'd all the land of Nile :
Fiend

[shield, So numberless were those bad angels seen,
Was moving tow'rd the shore ; his pond'rous Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell,
Ethereal temper, massy, large and round, 'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires;
Behind him cast; the broad circumference T'ill, at a signal giv'n, th' uplifted spear
Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose of their great Sultan waving to direct
orb

Their course, in even balance down they light
Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views On the firm brimstone, and fill all the plain ;
At evening from the top of Fesole,

A multitude, like which the populous North
Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands, Pour'd never from her frozen loins, to pass
Rivers or mountains on her spotty globe. Rhene or the Danaw, when her barb'rous sons
His spear, to equal which the tallest pine, Came like a deluge on the South, and spread
Hewn on Norwegian hills to be the mast Beneath Gibraltar to the Lybian sands.
Of some great admiral, were but a wand, Forthwith from every squadron and each band
He walk'd with to support uneasy steps.

The heads and leaders thither haste, where
Over the burning marle, not like those steps

stood

[forms
On Heaven's azure; and the torrid clime Their great Commander; godlike shapes and
Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire; Excelling human, princely dignities, (thrones;
Nathless he so endur'd, till on the beach And powers that erst in Heaven sat on
Of that inflamed sea he stood, and call'd Though of their names in heav'nly records
His legions, angel forms, who lay entranc'd Be no memorial, blotted out and ras'd [now

Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks By their rebellion from the books of Life.
In Vallombrosa, where th' Etrurian shades Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve
High over-arch'd embow'r; or scatter'd sedge Got them new names, till wand'ring o'er the
Afloat, when with fierce winds Orion arm'd

earth,

[of man, Hath vex'd the Red Sea coast, whose waves Through God's high suff'rance for the trial o'erthrew

By falsities and lies the greatest part
Busiris and his Memphian chivalry,

Of mankind they corrupted to forsake
While with perfidious hatred they pursued God their Creator, and th' invisible
The sojourners of Goshen, who beheld Glory of him that made them to transform
From the safe shore their floating carcasses Oft to the image of a brute, adorn'd
And broken chariot wheels : so thick bestrown, With gay religions full of pomp and gold,
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood, And devils to adore for deities; [names,
Under amazement of their hideous change. Then were they known to men by various
He call'd so loud, that all the hollow deep And various idols through the heathen world.
Of Hell resounded. Princes, Potentates,
Warriors, the flow'r of Heav'n, once yours,

03. Satan marshals the fallen Angels.

MILTON. now lost, If such astonishment as this can seize

All these and more came flocking ; but Eternal spirits'; or have you chosen this place, with looks

[pear'd After the toil of battle, to repose

Downcast and dampt, yet such wherein apYour wearied virtue, for the ease you find cure some glimpse of joy, to have found To slumber here, as in the vales of Heav'n? their chief

[lost Or in this abject posture have you sworn Not in despair, to have found themselves not To adore the Conqueror ? who now beholds In loss itself; which on his countenance cast Cherub and seraph rolling in the flood Like doubtful hue : but he his wonted pride With scatter'd arms and ensigns, till anon Soon recollecting, with high words that bore His swift pursuers from Heav'n gates discern Semblance of worth, not substance, gently Th' advantage, and descending tread us down rais'd

(fears. Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts Their fainting courage, and dispellid their Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf. Then strait commands, that at the warlike Awake, arise, or be for ever fallen ! [sprung sound

They heard, and were abash'd; and up they Of trumpets loud and clarions be upreard Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch His mighty standard ; that proud honor claim'd On duty, sleeping found by whom dread, Azazel as his right, a cherub tall; [furl'd Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Who forthwith from the glittering staff unNor did they not perceive the evil plight Th’imperial ensign, which full high advanc'd In which they were, or the fierce pains not Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind, feel;

With gems and golden lustre rich emblaz'd,

1

now

Seraphic arms and trophies ; all the while | Above them all th’ Arch-angel; but his face Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds : Deep scars of thunder had entrench'd, and care At which the universal host up sent

Sat on his faded cheek, but under brows A shout that tore Hell's concave, and beyond Of dauntless courage, and considerate pride Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. Waiting revenge : cruel his eye, but cast All in a moment through the gloom were seen Signs of remorse and passion to behold Ten thousand banners rise into the air The fellows of his crime, the followers rather With orient colors waving : with them rose (Far other once beheld in bliss) condemn'd A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms For ever now to have their lot in pain, Appear’d, and serried shields in thick array Millions of spirits for his fault amerc'd Of depth immeasurable : anon they move Of Heav'n, and from eternal splendors flung In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood For his revolt, yet faithful how they stood, Of Autes and soft recorders : such as rais'd Their glory wither'd: as when Heaven's fire To height of noblest temper heroes old Hath scath'd the forest oaks, or mountain Arming to battle; and instead of rage

pines,

[bare, Deliberate valor breath'd, firm and unmovid With singed top their stately growth, though With dread of death to flight or foul retreat ; Stands on the blasted heath. He now preNor wanting pow'r to mitigate and swage

par'd

[bend With solemn touches troubled thoughts, and To speak; whereat their doubled ranks they chase

(pain, From wing to wing, and half inclose him round Anguish and doubt, and fear, and sorrow, and with all his peers : attention held them mute. From mortal or immortal minds. Thus they, Thrice he essay'd, and thrice in spite of scorn, Breathing united force, with fixed thought Tears such as angels weep, burst forth : at last Mov'd on in silence to soft pipes that charm'd Words, interwove with sighs, found out their Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil; and way.

O myriads of immortal spirits ! O powers Advanc'd in view, they stand, a horrid front Matchless, but with th' Almighty, and that Of dreadful length and dazzling arms, in guise

strife Of warriors old with order'd spear and shield, Was not inglorious, though th' event was dire, Awaiting what command their mighty chief As this place testifies, and this dire change, Had to impose ; he through the armed files Hateful to utter : but what pow'r of mind Darts his experienc'd eye, and soon traverse Foreseeing or presaging, from the depth The whole battalion views, their order due, Of knowledge past or present, could have Their visages and stature, as of Gods ;

fear'd, Their number last he sums. And now his How such united force of Gods, how such heart

[strength As stood like these, could ever know repulse ? Distends with pride, and hard’ning in his For who can yet believe, though after loss, Glories : for never since created man That all these puissant legions, whose exile Met such embodied force, as nam'd with these Hath emptied Heav'n, shall fail to re-ascend, Could merit more than that small infantry Self-raised, and repossess their native seat ? Warr'd on by cranes; though all the giant For me be witness all the host of Heaven, brood

If counsels different, or danger shunn'd Of Phlegra with th' heroic race were join'd By me, have lost our hopes. But he who That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each side reigns Mix'd with auxiliar Gods; and what resounds Monarch in Heav'n, till then as one secure In fable or romance of Uther's son,

Sat on his throne, upheld by old repute, Begirt with British and Armoric knights ; Consent or custom, and his regal state (ceal'd, And all who since, baptiz'd or infidel, Put forth at full; but still his strength conJousted in Aspramont or Montalban, Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our Damasco, or Marocco, or Trebisond,

fall.

[own, Or whom Biserta sent from Afric's shore, Henceforth his might we know, and know our When Charlemain, with all his peerage, fell So as not either to provoke, or dread By Fontarabia. Thus far these beyond New war, provok'd ; our better part remains Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd To work in close design, by fraud or guile, Their dread commander : he above the rest What force effected not ; that he no less In shape and gesture proudly eminent, At length from us may find, who overcomes Stood like a tower; his form had not yet lost By force, hath overcome but half his foe. (rife All her original brightness, nor appear'd Space may produce new worlds; whereof so Less than Arch-angel ruin'd, and th' excess There went a fame in Heav'n, that he ere long Of glory obscur'd; as when the sun new risen Intended to create, and therein plant Looks through the horizontal misty air A generation, whom his choice regard Shorn of his beams, or from behind the moon Should favor equal to the sons of Heav'n: In dim eclipse disastrous twilight sheds Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps On half the nations, and with fear of change Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere : Perplexes monarchs. Darken’d so, yet shone For this infernal pit sball never hold

arms

Celestial spirits in bondage, nor th' abyss Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid Long under darkness cover. But these With golden architrave; nor did there want thoughts

Cornice or frieze, with bossy sculptures graven; Full council must mature : peace is despair'a, The roof was fretted gold. Not Babylon, For who can think submission ? War then, Nor great Alcairo such magnificence Open or understood, must be resolv’d. [war, Equall’d in all their glories, to enshrine He spake : and to confirm his words, out Belus or Serapis their gods, or seat flew

[thighs Their kings, when Egypt with Assyria strove Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the In wealth and luxury. Th' ascending pile Of mighty cherubim; the sudden blaze Stood fix'd her stately height, and straight the Far round illumin’d Hell : highly they rag'd doors Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped Opening their brazen folds, discover wide

[war, Within her ample spaces o'er the smooth Clash'd on their sounding shields the din of And level pavement : from the arched roof Hurling defiance tow'rd the vault of Heav'n. Pendent by subtle magic, many a row

Of starry lamps and blazing çressets, fed 04. Pandemonium. Milton.

With Naphtha and Asphaltus, yielded light THERE stood a hill not far, whose grisly top As from a sky. The hasty multitude Belch'd fire and rolling smoke; the rest entire Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise, Shone with a glossy scurf, undoubted sign And some the Architect: his hand was known That in his womb was hid metallic ore, In Heav'n by many a towered structure high, The work of sulphur. Thither wing'd with Where scepter'd angels held their residence, speed

And sat as princes, whom the supreme King A numerous brigade hasten'd : as when bands Exalted to such power, and gave to rule, Of pioneers, with spade and pick-axe arm’d, Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright, Forerun the royal camp, to trench a field, Nor was his name unheard or unador'd Or cast a rampart. Mammon led them on, In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land Mammon, the least erected spirit that fell Men callid him Mulciber; and how he fell From Heav'n, for ev'n in Heav'n his looks and From Heav'n they fabled, thrown by angry thoughts

Jove Were always downward bent, admiring more Sheer o'er the crystal battlements : from morp The riches of Heav'n's pavement, trodden gold, To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve, Than aught divine, or holy else enjoy'd A summer's day; and with the setting sun In vision beatific: by him first

Dropt from the zenith, like a falling star, Men also, and by his suggestion taught, On Lemnos th' Ægean isle : thus they relate, Ransack'd the centre, and with impious hands Erring; for he with this rebellious rout Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth Fell long before ; nor aught avail'd him now For treasures better hid. Soon had his crew T' have built in Heav'n high tow'rs; nor did Open’d into the hill a spacious wound,

he 'scape And digg'd out ribs of gold. Let none admire By all his engines, but was headlong sent, That riches grow in Hell; that soil may best With his industrious crew, to build in hell. Deserve the precious bane. And here let those

(tell

0 5. Address to Light. Milton. Who boast in mortal things, and wond'ring Hail holy Light, offspring of Heav'n first Of Babel, and the works of Memphian kings, Or of th' eternal coeternal beam, (born, Learn how their greatest monuments of fame May I express thee, unblam'd ? Since God is And strength and art are easily out-done And never but in unapproached light (light, By spirits reprobate, and in an hour

Dwelt from eternity, dwelt then in thee, What in an age they with incessant toil, Bright effluence of bright essence increate. And hands innumerable scarce perform. Or hear'st thou rather, pure ethereal stream, Nigh on the plain in many cells prepar'd, Whose fountain who shall tell ? Before the sun, That underneath had veins of liquid fire Before the Heav'ns thou wert, and at the voice Sluic'd from the lake, a second multitude Of God, as with a mantle didst invest With wondrous art founded the massy ore, The rising world of waters dark and deep, Sev'ring each kind, and scummid the bullion Won from the void and formless infinite.

Thee I revisit now with bolder wing, A third as soon had form'd within the ground Escap'd the Stygian pool, though long detain'd A various mould, and from the boiling cells, In that obscure sojourn, while in my flight By strange conveyance, fill'd each hollow nook, Through utter and through middle darkness As in an organ from one blast of wind

borne To many a row of pipes the sound-board With other notes than to th’ Orphean lyre Anon out of the earth a fabric huge [breathes. I sung of Chaos and eternal Night, Rose like an exhalation, with the sound Taught by the heav'nly Muse to venture down Of duicet symphonies and voices sweet, The dark descent, and up to reascend Built like a temple, where pilasters round Through hard and rare : thee I revisit safe,

dross ;

And feel thy sov'reign vital lamp; but thou By owing owes not, but still pays, at once
Revisit'st not these eyes, that roll in vain Indebted and discharg'd ; what burden then?
To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn; O had his pow'rful destiny ordain'd
So thick a drop serene hath quench'd their Me some inferior Angel, I had stood
orbs,

Then happy; no unbounded hope had rais'd Or dim suffusion veild. Yet not the more Ambition. Yet, why not ? some other power Cease I to wander where the Muses haunt, As great might have aspir'd, and me, though Clear spring, or shady grove, or sunny hill,

mean, Smit with the love of sacred song; but chief Drawn to his part ; but other pow'rs as great Thee, Sion, and the flow'ry brooks beneath, Fell not, but stand unshaken, from within That wash thy hallow'd feet, and warbling Or from without, to all temptations arm’d. Nightly I visit : nor sometimes forget (flow, Hadst thou the same free will and pow'r to Those other two equall'd with me in fate,

stand ?

[t' accuse, So were I equall'd with them in renown, Thou hadst; whom hast thou then, or what, Blind Thamyris and blind Mæonides, But Heav'n's free love dealt equally to all ? And Tiresias and Phineus, prophets old : Be then his love accurs’d, since love or hate, Then feed on thoughts, that voluntary move To me alike, it deals eternal woe. Harmonious numbers, as the wakeful bird Nay curs'd be thou; since against his thy will Sings darkling, and in shadiest covert hid Chose freely what it now so justly rues. Tunes her nocturnal note. Thus with the Me miserable! which way shall I fly Seasons return, but not to me returns [year Infinite wrath, and infinite despair ? Day, or the sweet approach of ev'n or morn, Which way I fly is hell ; myself am hell ; Or sight of vernal bloom, or summer's rose, And in the lowest deep a lower deep Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine; Still threat’ning to devour me opens wide, But cloud instead, and ever-during dark To which the hell I suffer seems a Heav'n. Surrounds me, from the cheerful ways of men O then at last relent: is there no place Cut off, and for the book of Knowledge fair Left for repentance, none for pardon left ? Presented with a universal blank

None left but by submission; and that word Of Nature's works to me expung'd and rais'd, Disdain forbids me, and my dread of shame And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out. Among the Sp'rits beneath, whom I seduc'd So much the rather thou, celestial Light With other promises and other vaunts Shine inward, and the mind through all her Than to submit, boasting I could subdue powers

Th' Omnipotent. Ah me, they little know Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mist from thence How dearly I abide that boast so vain, Purge and disperse, that I may see and tell Under what torments inwardly I groan, Of things invisible to mortal sight.

While they adore me on the throne of hell,

With diadem and sceptre high advanc'd, 06. Satan's Address to the Sun. Milton. The lower stih I fall, only supreme

O THOU that with surpassing glory crown'd, In misery ; such joy ambition finds. Look’st from thy sole dominion, like the God But say I could repent, and could obtain Of this new world ; at whose sight all the stars By act of grace my former state ; how soon Hide their diminish'd heads; to thee I call, Would height recal high thoughts, how soon But with no friendly voice, and add thy name, unsay O Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams, What feign'd submission swore ? ease would That bring to my remembrance from what recant state

Vows made in pain, as violent and void. I fell, how glorious once above thy sphere; For never can true reconcilement grow, Till pride and worse ambition threw me down, Where wounds of deadly hate have pierc'd so Warring in Heav'n against Heav'n's matchless deep; King;

Which would but lead me to a worse relapse Ah wherefore ! he deserv'd no such return And heavier fall : so should I purchase dear From me, whom he created what I was Short intermission bought with double smart. In that bright eminence, and with his good This knows my punisher; therefore as far Upbraided none; nor was his service hard. From granting he, as I from begging peace : What could be less than to afford him praise, All hope excluded thus, behold instead The easiest recompense, and pay him thanks, Of us out-cast, exild, his new delight, How due ! yet all his good prov'd ill in me, Mankind created, and for him this world. And wrought but malice ; lifted up so high, So farewell hope, and with hope farewell fear, I disdain'd subjection, and thought one step Farewell remorse : all good to me is lost ; higher

Evil be thou my good; by thee at least Would set me high’st, and in a moment quit Divided empire with Heav'n's King I hold, The debt immense of endless gratitude, By thee, and more than half perhaps will So burdensome still paying, still to owe,

reign ; Forgetful what from him I still receiv'd, As man ere long, and this new world, shall And understood not that a grateful mind

know.

Eve;

07. Satan': Entrance into Paradise. As I bent down to look, just opposite

Milton. A shape within the wat’ry gleam appear'd, So on he fares, and to the border comes

Bending to look on me : I started back, Of Eden, where delicious Paradise,

It started back; but pleas'd I soon return’d; Now nearer, crowns with her inclosure green, Pleas'd it return’d as soon, with answ'ring

looks As with a rural mound, the champain head Of a steep wilderness, whose hairy sides

Of sympathy and love ; there I had fix'd With thicket overgrown, grotesque and wild, Mine eyes till now, and pin’d with vain desire, Access deny’d; and over-head up grew

Had not a voice thus warn'd me: What thou Insuperable height of loftiest shade,

seest, Cedar, and pine, and fir, and branching palm, What there thou seest, fair creature, is thyself; A sylyan scene; and as the ranks ascend

With thee it came and goes : but follow me, Shade above shade, a woody theatre

And I will bring thee where no shadow stays Of stateliest view. Yet higher than their tops Thy coming and thy soft embraces, he The verd'rous wall of Paradise up sprung:

Whose image thou art ; him thou shalt enjoy Which to our general sire gave prospect large Inseparably thine, to him shalt bear Into his nether empire neighb'ring round.

Multitudes like thyself, and thence be callid

Mother of human race. And higher than that wall a circling row

What could I do, Of goodliest trees, loaden with fairest fruit,

But follow strait, invisibly thus led ? Blossoms and fruits at once of golden hue,

Till I espied thee, fair indeed and tall, Appear'd, with gay enamel'd colors mix'd: Under a platane ; yet methought less fair, On which the sun more glad impress'd his Less winning soft, less amiably mild, beams

Than that smooth wat’ry image : back I turn'd; Than in fair evening cloud, or humid bow,

Thou following criedst aloud, Return, fair When God hath show'r'd the earth ; so lovely Whom fly'st thou ? whom thou fly’st, of him

[thou art, seem'd That landskip: and of pure, now purer air

His flesh, his bone; to give thee being, I lent Meets his approach, and to the heart inspires Out of my side to thee, nearest my heart, Vernal delight and joy, able to drive

Substantial life, to have thee by my side All sadness but despair : now gentle gales,

Henceforth an individual solace dear ; Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense

Part of my soul I seek thee, and thee claim Native perfumes, and whisper whence they My other half; with that thy gentle hand stole

[sail

Seiz'd mine ; Í yielded, and from that time see Those balmy spoils. As when to them who How beauty is excell’d by manly grace Beyond the Cape of Hope, and now are past

And wisdom, which alone is truly fair. Mozambic, off at sea north-east winds blow So spake our general mother, and with eyes Sabean odors from the spicy shore

Of conjugal attraction unreprov'd, Of Araby the blest; with such delay

And meek surrender, half embracing lean'd Well pleas’d they slack their course, and On our first father; half her swelling breast

Naked met his under the flowing gold many a league,

(smiles. Cheer'd with the grateful smell, oldOcean of her loose tresses hid: he in delight

Both of her beauty and submissive charms 0 8. Eve's Account of herself. Milton. Smild with superior love, as Jupiter To whom thus Eve replied. O thou for On Juno smiles, when he impregns the clouds whom

That shed May flow'rs; and press'd her matron And from whom I was form’d, flesh of thy flesh, With kisses pure.

[lip And without whom am to no end, my guide And head, what thou hast said is just and $ 9. Adam's Account of himself. Milton For we to him indeed all praises owe, (right : As new wak’d from soundest sleep And daily thanks; I chiefly, who enjoy Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid So far the happier lot, enjoying thee In balmy sweat, which with his beams the sun Pre-eminent by so much odds, while thou Soon dry'd, and on the reeking moisture fed. Like consort to thyself canst no where find.

Strait toward Heay'n my wond'ring eyes I That day I oft remember, when from sleep

turn'd, I first awak'd, and found myself repos'd And gaz'd a while the ample sky, till rais'd Under a shade on flow'rs, much wond'ring By quick instinctive motion up I sprung, where

[and how : As thitherward endeavoring, and upright And what I was ; whence thither brought, Stood on my feet; about me round I saw Not distant far from thence a murm'ring sound Hill, dale, and shady woods, and sunny plains Of waters issued from a cave, and spread And liquid lapse of murm’ring streams ; by Into a liquid plain, then stood unmov'd

these,

[flew Pure as th' expanse of Heav'n ; I thither went Creatures that liv'd and mov'd, and walk'd, or With unexperienc'd thought, and laid me down Birds on the branches warbling ; all things On the green bank, to look into the clear

[flow d. Smooth lake, that to me seem'd another sky. With fragrance and with joy my heart o'er

smild,

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