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. CHAPTER 1. ,

ASPECT of Public Affairs at the commencement of the year 1850—Im-

provement of Trade and Revenue, and. diminution of Pauperism-Con-

tinued Depression of the Agricultural Interest-Parliament is opened by

Commission on 31st January—The Queen's Speech-Debates on the

Address-In the House of Lords, it is moved by the Earl of Essex,

seconded by Lord Methuen—The Earl of Stradbroke moves an Amend-

ment, setting forth the distressed state of the Agricultural Classes, which

is seconded by the Earl of Desart-The Amendment is supported by the

Duke of Richmond, the Earl of Winchilsea, the Duke of Beaufort and

Lord Stanley ; the Earls of Carlisle, Granville, and Fitzwilliam, the

Marquess of Lansdowne, and Lord Brougham, vindicate the Address,

which is carried by a majority of 49—In the House of Commons, Mr.

C. Villiers moves, and Sir James Duke seconds, a similar Address-Sir

John Trollope moves an Amendment, embodying the complaints of the

Owners and Occupiers of Land, which is seconded by Colonel Chatterton

- The Chancellor of the Exchequer enters into statistical details, showing

the increased Trade and Revenue of the Country, and the Reduction of

Parochial Burdens—The Debate is continued for two nights by adjourn-

ment-Speeches of Mr. H. Herbert, Mr. W. Fagan, Sir John Walsh, Mr.

Grantley Berkeley, the Marquess of Granby, Mr. Christopher, Mr. Robert

Palmer, Mr. Muntz, Mr. Herries, Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Disraeli, Lord John

Russell, and Mr. Cobden-On á Division, the Address is carried by 311

against 192. LOCAL BURDENS ON LAND–Mr. Disraeli moves on the 19th

Feb. for a Committee of the whole House, to consider a Revision of

Poor-Law Burdens-His Speech-He is answered at length by Sir

George Grey—The Motion is supported, during a protracted Debate of

two nights, by Mr. Seymer, Sir John Tyrrell, Lord John Manners, Mr.

Stafford, and Mr. Gladstone, and opposed by Mr. Bright, Mr. Hobhouse,

Mr. Wilson, Sir James Graham, and Sir Robert Peel-On a Division, the

Motion is negatived by a Majority of 21 votes. PARLIAMENTARY REFORM

-Mr. Hume proposes, on the 28th Feb., a Resolution for the Extension

of the Franchise-Thé Motion is seconded by Sir Joshua Walmsley, and

advocated by Mr. Feargus O'Connor, Mr. W. P. Wood, Mr. Roebuck, Mr.

B. Osborne, and Mr. Locke King—Sir George Grey, Mr. Henry Drum-

mond, and Lord John Russell address the House on the other side-Mr.

Hume's proposition is negatived by 242 to 96 · · · · Page [1

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