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“ Ambition, a strong and sacred pas. trembled with joy at the coming accession sion, has quenched in me all sparks of of the Bastard of Sicily. vain glory; I have but one step to take At length twilight shrouded with her to the first of all thrones; but the step is latent hues the Papal city and the Cama difficult, a decisive one; the moment pagna; the purple of the distant moun. for the trial is at hand. The Pope is tains died away in the night. dying; the Conclave will open, and the -“ To-morrow !" repeated the CardiPope who will go out from it will be my- nal, and he descended the path alone; self, if you will aid me."

his carriage was waiting for him beneath, >“ Í!” cried Anselm, with astonish- and he rapidly crossed the Valle d'Inment.

ferno, and re-entered Rome by the gate I am overcome this evening; but Angelica and the square of the Vatican. meet me to-morrow in my cell, after the Anselm remained long motionless, enAve-Maria, and I will there reveal my tranced in a lengthened astonishment. self farther to you.

He was subjugated, fascinated, carried “ I love you, Anselm, and esteem you away by the eloquence of the Sicilian. more than any other. Of this I have I have just heard (these were his just given you sufficient evidence. I have thoughts) a fine poem; I have made a bound you to my fortune ;-what do I magnificent journey into the past.

This I have placed myself at your man is a mighty magician; his wand has mercy. A word from you can be my the gift to restore the dead to life; but ruin; but this word you will never utter; he comes not the less for that too late, he you would rather aid me to ascend a links his fortune to a dead carcass. Anthrone than to descend into the tomb, for selm rose and returned to Rome by the you are loyal and generous. Of a Prince Milvian bridge, in the direction that he of the church you might make the bye- had taken on coming. word of Rome; and hurl to the sepul. What did the Cardinal want of him? chre, amidst the jeers of the world, an What was the purport of so extraordiold man who entrusts to you his thoughts nary a confidence ? This was the proand his honour.

blem Anselm had proposed to himself as “ That is what you can, but what you he crossed the gate of the Temple, and never will do; and in a month Rome, he again resolved it as he re-crossed it. that now raises at our feet her palaces and

(Continued at page 394). cupolas, that miraculous Queen encircled by the desert, will have a new master, the bark of Saint Peter a new pilot, the Son NOTICE OF NEW WORKS. of Man a new vicar; and that vicar, that pilot, that master, is before you: it is the . A Few OBSERVATIONs on the Natural Bastard of the Sicilian valet!”– Pro- HISTORY of the SPERM WHALE, &c. nouncing these words, the Cardinal By Thomas BEALE, Surgeon. stretched out both hands towards Rome, as if to grasp it.

Under this modest title, Mr. Beale has LÓÕ Rome!” he added, in solemn given us a pamphlet of some sixty pages accents, “ Rome ! honour of nations ! O full of interesting and curious matter reVatican! star of the world! religion of the specting this monster of the deep. The crucified ! sole object of my love and of gratification which we have received from my thoughts ! O law of intelligence! and its perusal, induces us to lay before our of progress ! law of charity, magnificent readers some extracts from this singular instrument in the hand of God, you have history of an animal whose habits are civilized and regenerated earth ; Eternal scarcely known to the naturalist. We Church, I will be faithful to thee unto should premise, however, that our author death! The sword and the sceptre shall first favours us with an account of the again be abased before the crook of the six distinct species of whales, varying shepherd; worldly diadem before the between 25 and 100 feet in length. He tiara! And you will have laboured with next minutely describes respectively,me in this great work, Anselm ; and the The Anatomy,– habits (feeding, swimchurch, retempered, and by us renewed in ming, breathing, gambolling, and fight, her youth, shall blend both our names in ing),—the pursuit and capture, followed one eternal hymn of glory and gratitude!" by a list of its favourite places of re

A long silence succeeded to this burst of enthusiasm ; it was broken by the An- “ Notwithstanding his enormous size gelo pealing. All the bells in Rome we find that the Sperm Whale has the joined in concert, as if Rome entire had power of moving through the water with the greatest ease, and with considerable speed of ten or twelve miles an hour, velocity.


and this latter I believe to be his greatest “ When undisturbed, he passes tran- velocity. quilly along just below the surface of the “ The tail is thus seen to be the great water at the rate of about three or four means of progression, and the fins are not miles an hour, which motion he effects used for that purpose, but occasionally ; by a gentle oblique motion from side to when suddenly disturbed, the whale sinks side, of the flukes, precisely in the same quickly and directly downwards in the manner as a boat is sculled by means of horizontal position, which he effeets by an oar over the stern. When proceeding striking upwards with the fin and tail. at this his common rate his body lies “ It is difficult to conceive any object horizontally, his hump projecting above in nature calculated to cause alarm to the surface, with the water a little dis. this leviathan; he appears, however, to turbed around it, and more or less so be remarkably timid, and is readily according to his velocity ; this disturbed alarmed by the approach of a whale boat. water is called by whalers · white water,' When seriously alarmed, the whale is and from the greater or less quantity of said by sailors to be 'gallied,' or proit, an experienced whaler can judge very bably galled, and in this state he performs accurately of the rate at which the whale many actions very differently from his is going, from a distance even of four or usual mode, as has been mentioned in five miles.

speaking of his swimming and breathing; “ In this mode of swimming the whale and many also which he is never obis able to attain a velocity of about seven served to perform under any other cirmiles an hour, but when desirous of cumstances—one of them is what is called proceeding at a greater rate, the action sweeping,' which consists in moving the of the tail is materially altered; instead tail slowly, from side to side, on the surof being moved laterally and obliquely, face of the water, as if feeling for the it strikes the water with the broad flat boat, or any other object that may be in surface of the flukes in a direct manner, the neighbourhood. upwards and downwards; and each time 66 The whale has also an extraordinary the blow is made with the inferior sur- manner of rolling over and over, on the face, the head of the whale sinks down to surface, (see cut) and this he does, espethe depth of eight or ten feet, but when cially when fastened to, which means the blow is reversed, it rises out of the when a harpoon, with a line attached, is water, presenting then to it only the fixed in his body; and in this case they sharp cutwater-like inferior portion. The will sometimes coil an amazing length blow with the upper surface of the flukes of line around them.” appears to be by far the more powerful, We insert the following specimen of and as, at the same time, the resistance the engravings; it has been reduced from of the broad anterior surface of the head the beautiful print by. Mr. Huggins, is removed, appears to be the principal which was the first correct representation means of progression.

of the Sperm Whale published in this “ This mode of swimming, with the country. It exhibits the form of the head alternately in and out of the water, boats, number and actions of the crews, is called by sailors, 'going head out, and a correct view of the mode by which and in this way the whale can attain a the animal is destroyed with the lance.


“ They sometimes also place them the head only above water, presenting in selves in a perpendicular posture, with this position a most extraordinary ap

pearance; when seen from a distance, re- “ The attachment appears to be reci. sembling large black rocks in the midst procal on the part of the young whales, of the ocean : this posture they seem to which have been seen about the ship for assume for the purpose of surveying hours after their parent has been killed. more perfectly, or more easily, the sur- “ The young males, or young bulls,' rounding expanse. A species of whale, also generally go in large schools, but called by the whalers the · Black fish,' is differ remarkably from the female in dismost frequently in the habit of assuming position, inasmuch as they make an imthis position.

mediate and rapid retreat upon one of “ One of the most curious and surpris. their number being struck, who is left to ing of the actions of the Sperm Whale is take the best care he can of himself. that of leaping completely out of the All Sperm Whales, both large and water, or of breaching,' as it is called small, have some method of communicatby whalers.

ing by signal to each other, by which “ The way in which he performs this they become apprised of the near apextraordinary motion appears to be by proach of danger; and this they do, aldescending to a certain depth below the though the distance may be very consi. surface, and then making some powerful derable between them, sometimes amount. strokes with his tail, which are frequently ing to four, five, or even seven miles, and rapidly repeated, and thus convey a “ The mode by which this is effected great degree of velocity to his body be remains a curious secret. fore it reaches the surface, when he darts The ships engaged in this pursuit completely out. The inclination his body are generally of from 300 to 400 tons forms with the surface, when just emerged burthen, having crews to the number of and at his greatest elevation, forms an about 30 men and officers. angle of about 45 degrees, the flukes lying “ Each vessel carries six whale-boats, parallel with the surface: in falling, the which are the principal means used in the animal rolls his body slightly, so that he pursuit and capture. always falls on his side; he seldom • Each boat has a crew of six men, breaches more than twice or thrice at a two of whom are called the Headsman' time, or in quick succession.

and · Boatsteerer,' (see Plate). Four of “ The breach' of a whale may be seen these boats are generally used in the from the mast-head, on a clear day, at chase, and are under the command of the distance of six miles.

the captain and their mates respectively. “ Occasionally, when lying at the sur- “ From the commencement of the face, the whale appears to amuse itself by voyage, men are placed at each mast head violently beating the water with its tail; who are relieved every two hours, one this act is called lob tailing,' and the officer is also placed on the fore topwater lashed in this way into foam is gallant yard-consequently there are four termed • white water' by the whaler, and persons constantly on the look out from by which he is recognized from a great the most elevated parts of the ship. distance.

From the commencement of the voyage “ The female whales are much smaller also all utensils and instruments are got than the males, and are very remarkable ready, although the ships are frequently for attachment to their young, which out six months without taking a fish. they may be frequently seen urging and “ When a whale is seen by any of the assisting to escape from danger, with the look-outs, he calls, there he spouts,' and most unceasing care and fondness. as often as it spouts afterwards, he cries,

“ They are also not less remarkable “there again :' it is impossible to defor their strong feeling of sociality or scribe the excitement and agitation proattachment to one another, and this is duced by this welcome intelligence ; the carried to so great an extent, as that listlessness produced by the previous one female of a herd being attacked and monotony of a Jong, and perhaps hitherto wounded, her faithful companions will profitless voyage, is shaken off among all remain around her to the last moment, on board ; from the highest to the lowest or until they are wounded themselves. all is bustle and activity ; some rushing

“ This act of remaining by a wounded up the shrouds and rigging, to observe companion is called by whalers · heaving the number, distance, and position of the to,' and whole 'schools' have been de- whale, or whales; and if near hand, stroyed by dextrous management, when others eagerly leap into the boats, and several ships have been in company, pull with ardent emulation towards their wholly from the whales possessing this intended victim. d'emarkable disposition.

“ If the whales should be some distance to leeward, endeavour is made to in extracting from this little work, we run the ship within a quarter of a mile know not what we should have omitted : of them, but if to windward, the boats there is such a charm of novelty in the are sent in chase ; an arduous task. subject, combined with unassumingness From hour to hour, for several successive of diction and ability, that we trust it risings of the whale, sometimes from sun will not be long ere we again meet our rise to sun set, under the direct rays of author in print. We have never seen a a tropical sun, do these hardy men en- work so full of interest on an object so far dure the utmost suffering and fatigue, 'removed from continuous observation. unheeded and almost untelt, under the eager excitement of the chase; for hope KNOWLEDGE OF THE ARTS surports their minds.

AMONG THE ANCIENT When in pursuit of the whale with

EGYPTIANS. boats, it occasionally happens that just at the moment the harpoon about to be In page 319, we gave an extract from thrust into its body, the whale suddenly Mr. Wilkinson's erudite work on ancient descends—its course, however, has been Thebes, respecting the military operaobserved, and the boats are placed in a tions of the Egyptians as conveyed to us position to be near it when it again rises by extant paintings; we now give a few to breathe; the time, as has been before passages illustrative of their knowledge stated, when he will do this is known to of the arts as seen on pictures in the a minute.

catacombs of their kings :« But these enormous creatures are “ On the right hand wall are some sometimes known to turn upon their per- very elegant vases, of what has been secutors with unbounded fury, destroying called the Greek style, but common in every thing that meets them in their the oldest tombs in Thebes. They are course, sometimes by the powerful blows ornamented as usual with Arabesques and of their flukes, and sometimes attacking other devices. Indeed, all these forms with the jaw and head.

of vases, the Tuscan border, and the “ Numbers of unfortunate whalers and greater part of the painted ornaments their boats have been destroyed in this which exist on Greek remains, are found way. It is, however, fortunate that the on Egyptian monuments of the earliest large whales seldom shew this violent dis- epoch, even before the Exodus of the position to defend themselves by assailing Israelites; which plainly removes all their enemies.

doubts as to their original invention. “ Numberless stories are told of fight- Above these are curriers, chariot-makers, ing whales, many of which, however, are and other artizans. * The semi-circular probably much exaggerated accounts of knife used for cutting leather is precisely the real occurrences.

similar to that employed in Europe at “ A large whale, called Timor Jack, is the present day for the same purpose, of the hero of many strange stories, such as which there are several instances in other of his destroying every boat that was sent parts of Thebes; and another point is against him, until a contrivance was made, here satisfactorily established, that the by lashing a barrel to the end of a har- Egyptian chariots were of wood, and not poon, with which he was struck, and of bronze, as some have imagined.” whilst his attention was directed to this, Another tomb furnishes some addiand divided amongst several boats, means

tional information

ing the were found of giving him his death wound. chanical skill of the Egyptians :

“ In the year 1804, the ship Adonis “ The inner chamber contains subjects being in company with several others, of the most interesting and diversified struck a large whale off the coast of New kind. Among these, on the left (enterZealand, which stove,' or destroyed nine ing), are cabinet-makers, carpenters, boats before breakfast, and the chase con- rope-makers, and sculptors, some of sequently was necessarily given up. After whom are engaged in levelling and destroying boats belonging to many ships, squaring a stone, and others in finishing this whale was at last captured, and many a sphinx, with two colossal statues of the harpoons of the various ships that had *“ Others are employed in weighing gold and from time to time sent out boats against silver rings, the property of the deceased. Their him, were found sticking in his body. (the half weight), and small oval balls (the quar. This whale was called New Zealand Tom,

ter weights). They have a very ingenious mode and the tradition is carefully preserved of preventing the scale from sinking, when the by whalers.”

object they have weighed is taken out, by mean Had we consulted only our own taste

of a ring upon the beamn. Vide Genesis xliii. 21. • Our money in full weight.'


king. The whole process of brick-mak- we were the happiest of the happy! Lit. ing is also introduced. Others are em

tle does the world dream of the sorrows ployed in heating a liquid over a charcoal that weigh down a brother's spirit-of fire, to which are applied, on either side, the sleepless nights that he devotes to a pair of bellows. These are worked by the furtherance of his several sisters' little the feet, the operator standing, and press- whims ; small credit does it grant him ing them alternately, while he pulls up for the numberless sacrifices he is daily each exhausted skin by a string he holds called upon to make, to satisfy the neverin his hand. In one instance the man ending whim-whams and crotchets of the has left the bellows, but they are raised, Charlottes and Carolines, the Emmas as if full of air, which would imply a and Emilies, who, under the idle pretext knowledge of the valve. Another singu- of relationship, cling to his skirts. When Jar fact is learnt from these frescos—their I see brothers going to balls, and plays, acquaintance with the use of glue-which and races, and entering into scenes of is heated on the fire, and spread, with a gaiety and dissipation, I mourn over this thick brush, on a level piece of board. striking proof of their wretchedness. One of the workmen then applies two Frater sum, et nihil a me alienum pieces of different coloured wood to each puto!” I know the worm that is cankerother, and this circumstance seems to ing within ; I see through their motives; decide that glue is here intended to be they seek but to fly the recollection of represented rather than a varnish or the griefs of home; they are in search of colour of any kind.”

Lethe. What though they smile'tis From an unfinished chamber in the but the smile of misery: what if they tomb of the kings at Thebes, we learn laugh—'tis the very wantonness of grief: the process used by the Egyptians in what if they marry-'tis but rushing in forming these bas-reliefs :

despair into another kind of woe; wea.. “ In Egyptian bas-reliefs the position ried of their own sisters, they try those of the figures was first decided by the of others. Poor mistaken fellows!artist, who traced them roughly with a lambs hurrying to the sacrifice-victims red colour, and the draughtsman then crowding to the altar-types of suffering carefully sketched the outlines in black, innocence, fated to fly from the vessel in and submitted them to the inspection of which, into the element by which, we the former, who altered (as appears in perform our culinary operations! Would some few instances here) th parts that the recital of my griefs could act as which he deemed deficient in proportion an emollient to their wounds! Would or correctness of attitude; and in that that I could, in any way, call up a feelstate they were left for the chisel of the ing of sympathy for our race in the pubsculptor. But the death of the king, or lic mind; and induce those opiniated some other cause, prevented, in this case, persons, parents, to look with a regardful their completion ; and their unfinished eye on the already overwhelming numcondition, so far from exciting our regret, bers of our female persecutors. affords a satisfactory opportunity of ap

I am the last of six consumers of pap, preciating their skill in drawing, which and bread and butter : the first five were these figures so unequivocally attest. girls (I hear your groan); we are all

alive; and consequently I struggle on A BROTHER'S MISERIES. in a painful existence, surrounded-no,

preceded, by five sisters. There's Hetty, I am one of that unfortunate, persecured, and Caroline, and Charlotte, and Susan, snubbed, neglected, tyrannized, be-petti- and Johanna; then I come, John. I coated class,—brothers. I hear your sigh, pass over the periods of elecampane and Mr. Editor; I feel your gentle sympathy. hard-bake; of dessert and eight o'clock The tears spring to my eyes at the ima- beds. I say nothing of the pushings and gination of the drops fast falling from shakings I endured for a number of your's. Yes, sir, we are a much-to-be- years (each of my sisters considering she pitied race: and what is worse, the world had an undoubted right, as an elder, to seems to be agreed in holding our sor- command my implicit obedience when rows as nothing in the scale of social and where she chose). I allude not to evil. We come into the world predes- the numberless mortifications I was made tined to grief; we are born to misery- to feel in the daily eatings and drinkings doomed to wretchedness : there is no (as the youngest, and a boy, I was always escape from our lot, and we meet with last served, and so got the worst portions; no sympathy (save only among our ill- and my fingers were rapped if I comused selves), but are treated as though plained, and I was told young ladies

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