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were taught, and then mounted to an dress is very humble. A high white felt apartment on the second story, occupied cap, without a rim, like a sugar-loaf enby students in military drawing. The larged a little at the smaller end, proproficiency of all was most creditable, tects the head, and a long dress of dirtconsidering the brief period during which coloured cloth, reaching quite to the the schools have been in operation - heels, and bound at the waist with a something less than a year. Prejudiced girdle, completes the costume.
They as the Turks are against European look like men who have made up their innovation, this advanced step toward minds to seem religious, and though said improvement tells well. Our estimable to be a set of very good fellows, they and useful missionaries appear, from the have a Maw-worm expression of face respect everywhere shewn them, to be in generally, which was very repulsive. I high esteem, and with the sultan's ener- must except the chief of the sect, howgetic disposition for reform, they hope ever, who entered when all the rest had every thing in the way of an enlightened seated themselves on the floor, and after change in the moral condition of the a brief genuflection or two, took possespeople.
sion of a rich Angora carpet, placed for Went to the chapel of the dancing him near the mihrab. He was a small dervishes. It is a beautiful marble build- old man, distinguished in his dress only ing, with a court-yard ornamented by the addition of a green band to his with a small cemetery, shaded with cap (the sign of his pilgrimage to Mecca), cypresses, and a fountain enclosed in a and the entire absence of the sanctimohandsome edifice, and defended by gilt nious look. Still he was serious, and gratings from the street of the suburb of there was no mark in his clear, intelliPera, in which it stands. They dance gent eye and amiable features, of any here twice a week. We arrived before hesitancy or want of sincerity in his dethe hour, and were detained at the door votion. He is said to be a learned man, by a soldier on guard, who would not and he is certainly a very prepossessing permit us to enter without taking off our By the way, one learns in “dangboots—a matter, about which, between ling about the world” to form opinions straps and their very muddy condition, of men quite independently of their we had some debate. The dervishes be- dress. gan to arrive before the question was After sitting awhile in Quaker medisettled, and one of them, a fine-looking tation, the brotherhood rose one by one old man, inviting us to enter, Mr. H. (there were ten of them I think), and explained the difficulty. “ Go in,” said marched round the room with their toes he, “ go in !” and turning to the more turned in, to the music of a drum and a scrupulous mussulman with the musket, Persian flute, played invisibly in some as he pushed us within the door, “stupid part of the gallery. As they passed the fellow !” said he, “if you had been less carpet of the cross-legged chief, they obstinate, they would have given you a twisted dexterously and made three sabakshish (Turkish for a fee). He should laams, and then raising their arms, which have said less religious—for the poor fel- they held out straight during the whole low looked horror-struck as our dirty dance, they commenced twirling on one boots profaned the clean white Persian foot, using the other after the manner of matting of the sacred floor.
a paddle to keep up the motion. I forIt was a pretty, octagonal interior, with got to mention that they laid aside their a gallery, the mihrab or niche indicating outer dresses before commencing the the direction of the prophet's tomb, dance. They remained in dirty white standing obliquely from the front of the tunics reaching to the floor, and very building. Hundreds of small lamps hung full at the bottom, so that with the regu. in the area, just out of the reach of the lar motion of their whirl, the wind blew dervishes' tall caps, and all around be them out into a circle, like what the girls tween the gallery; a part of the floor was in our country call “making cheeses.” raised, matted, and divided from the They twisted with surprising exactness body of the church by a balustrade. It and rapidity, keeping clear of each other, would have made an exceedingly pretty and maintaining their places with the reball-room.
gularity of machines.
I have seen None but the dervishes entered within great deal of waltzing, but I think the the paling, and they soon began to enter, dancing dervishes, for precision and spieach advancing first towards the mihrab, rit, might give a lesson even to the Gerand going through fifteen or twenty mans. minutes' prostrations and prayers. Their We left them twisting. They had been going for half an hour, and it began fleet who knows any thing of his proto look very like perpetual motion. Un- fession. less their brains are addled, their devo- Haleil Pacha arrived last. The sultion, during this dizzy performance at tan's future son-in-law is a man of perleast, must be quite suspended. A man haps thirty-five. He is light-complexwho could think of his Maker, while re- ioned, stout, round-faced, and looks like volving so fast that his nose is indistinct, a respectable grocer, “ well to do in the must have some power of abstraction, world.” He has commanded the artil
lery long enough to have acquired a cerThe frigate was visited to-day by the tain air of ease and command, and carsultan's cabinet. The seraskier pacha ries the promise of good fortune in his came alongside first, in his state caique, confident features. He is to be married and embraced the commodore, as he almost immediately. He, too, was a stepped upon the deck, with great cor- Georgian, sent as a present to the sultan. diality. He is a short, fat old man, The three dignitaries made the rounds with a snow-white beard, and so bow- of the ship, and then entered the cabin, legged as to be quite deformed. He where the pianoforte (a novelty to the wore the red Fez cap of the army, with seraskier and Haleil Pacha, and to most a long blue frock-coat, the collar so tight of the attendant officers), and the comas nearly to choke him, and the body not modore's agreeable society and chamshaped to the figure, but made to fall paigne, promised to detain them the rearound him like a sack. The red, bloat- mainder of the day. They were like ed skin of his neck fell over, so as almost children with a holiday. I was engaged to cover the gold with which the collar to dine on shore, and left them on board. was embroidered. He was formerly ca- In a country where there is no educapitan pacha, or admiral in chief of the tion and no rank, except in the possesfleet, and though a good humoured, mer- sion of present power, it is not surprising ry looking old man, has shewn himself, that men should rise from the lowest both in his former and present capacity, class to the highest offices, or that they to be wily, cold, and a butcher in cruel should fill those offices to the satisfaction ty. He possesses unlimited influence of the sultan. Yet it is curious to hear over the sultan, and though nominally their histories. An English physician, subordinate to the grand vizier, is really who is frequently called in to the serathe second if not the first person in the glio, and whose practice among all the empire. He was originally a Georgian families in power gives him the best slave.
means of information, has entertained The seraskier was still talking with me not a little with these secrets. I shall the commodore in the gang-way, when make use of them when I have more the present capitan pacha mounted the leisure, merely mentioning here, in conladder, and the old man, who is under- nexion with the above accounts, that the stood to be at feud with his successor, present grand vizier was a boatman on turned abruptly away and walked aft. the Bosphorus, and the commander of The capitan pacha is a tall, slender man, the sultan's body guard, a shoemaker! of precisely that look and manner which The latter still employs all his leisure in we call gentlemanly. His beard grows making slippers, which he presents to untrimmed in the Turkish fashion, and the sultan and his friends, not at all is slightly touched with grey. His eye ashamed of his former vocation. So far, is anxious, but resolute, and he looks indeed, are any of these mushroom offilike a man of resource and ability. His cers from blushing at their origin, that history is as singular as that of most it is common to prefix the name of their other great men in Turkey. He was a profession to the title of pacha, and they slave of Mohammed Ali, the rebellious are addressed by it as a proper name. pacha of Egypt. Being entrusted by his This is one respect in which their Euromaster with a brig and cargo for Leg- pean education will refine them to their horn, he sold vessel and lading, lived like disadvantage. a gentleman in Italy for some years with the proceeds, and as the best security against the retribution of his old master, offered his services to the sultan, with Mrs. Opie says, that all who wear “ imiwhom Ali was just comm
mmencing hostili- tation” ornaments are virtually telling ties. Naval talent was in request, and untruths, by imposing on the spectators he soon arrived at his present dignity. mock jewels for real ones. He is said to be the only officer in the
ST. VITUS: DANCE.
dinary disease was, however, so greatly
mitigated in Scheneck's time, that the Ar the close of the sixteenth century, St. Vitus's dancers had long since ceased says Dr. Hecker, St. Vitus' Dance to stroll from town to town.** Through. was spoken of as a disease that had out the whole of June, prior to the been. Some further facts respecting it festival of St. John, patients felt a dis. may be interesting. We are told that quietude and restlessness which they were it "attacked people of all stations, espe- unable to overcome. They were dejected, cially those who led a sedentary life, timid, and anxious; wandered about in such as shoemakers and tailors; but even an unsettled state, being tormented with the most robust peasants adandoned their twitching pains, which seized them sudlabours in the fields, as if they were pos- denly in different parts, and eagerly sessed by evil spirits; and thus those expected the eve of St. John's day, in the affected were seen assembling indiscrimi- confident hope, that by dancing at the nately, from time to time, at certain ap- altars of this saint, or of St. Vitus (for pointed places, and unless prevented by in the Breisgau, aid was equally sought the lookers on, continuing to dance with from both) they would be freed from all out intermission, until their very last their sufferings. This hope was not disbreath was expended. Their fury and appointed; and they remained, for the extravagance of demeanour so completely rest of the year, exempt from any furdeprived them of their senses, that many ther attack, after having thus, by dancing of them dashed their brains out against and raving for three hours, satisfied an the walls and corners of buildings, or irresistible demand of nature." rushed headlong into rapid rivers, where they found a watery grave. Roaring
INDIAN WAR. and foaming as they were, the bystanders could only succeed in restraining them by The following anecdote is given in an placing benches and chairs in their way,
American work, entitled “a Winter in so that their strength might be exhausted the far West.” Two men, the survivors by the high leaps they were thus tempted of the fray, were left disabled on the to take. As soon as this was the case,
field. “One,” says the writer, “had been they fell as it were lifeless to the ground, shot through the hips, so as temporarily and, by very slow degrees, again recovered
to paralyse both his legs; the other had their strength.
both arms broken; yet each, after being “The cure effected by these stormy struck down in the heat of the fight, had attacks was in many cases so perfect, that managed to crawl into an adjacent thicket, some patients returned to the factory or
and so effectually to conceal himself, that the plough as if nothing had happened. the savages who had assailed their party, Others, on the contrary, paid the penalty after scalping the fallen, departed and of their folly by so total a loss of power,
left their retreat uninvaded. Many hours that they could not regain their former intervened, and apprehension kept each health, even by the employment of the of the wounded men so silent that he most strengthening remedies. That was wholly unaware of the vicinity or patients should be violently affected by even the existence of the other. At music, and their paroxysms brought on length, he who had the use of his arms, and increased by it, is natural with such being pinched with hunger, ventured to nervous disorders; where deeper im- shoot a rackoon which wandered near
him. pressions are made through the ear,
His former comrade called out at which is the most intellectual of all the the report of the gun; but the other, organs, than through any of the other fearing some Indian wile, refused to
On this account the magistrates answer until the man presented himself hired musicians for the purpose of car
before him. Mutual gratulation of course rying the St. Vitus's dancers so much the ensued; and then he that had the use of quicker through the attacks, and directed his legs kicked the rackoon towards the that athletic men should be sent among other, who, having flayed and cooked it, them in order to complete the exhaustion fed his companion. Their situation for which had been often observed to produce and this singular mode of cure lasted above four a good effect*.
This extraor- weeks, when the patient fell down exhausted,
and being quite unable to stand, was carried to “* It is related by Felix Plater (born 1536, a hospital, where she recovered. She bad re. 1614) that he remembered in his youth the mained in her clothes all the time, and entirely authorities of Basle having commissioned seve. regardless of the pain of her lacerated feet, she ral powerful men to dance with a girl, who had bad merely sat down occasionally to take some the dancing mania, till she recovered from her nourishment, or to slumber, during which the disorder. They successively relieved each other, hopping movement of her body continued.
pioneers after a battle, seemed tolerably had already discovered the aërial troopers. comfortable! but, unable to move from The whole members of the family were his sitting posture, he that was wounded then informed, and the strange spectacle in the hips must have perished from was seen by all. These visionary horsethirst, if the other, who was deprived of men seemed to come from the lowest the use of his hands, had not taken his part of Souter Fell, and they became hat in his mouth, and, wading to his chin visible at a place called Knott. They in the river, dipped up a cooling draught moved in regular troops along the side for his feverish friend. In this condition of the Fell, till opposite to Blakehills, they are said to have remained for more when they went over the mountain, in than, ten days; the walking gentleman this way describing a curvilinear path ; driving turkeys and other game near and both their first and last appearance enough for the sitter to shoot, and the was bounded by the top of the mountain, sịtting gentleman cooking the meals They went at a regular, swift walk, and which the walker thus provided,--the they continued to appear and disappear latter in the meantime carrying the hat for more than two hours, till night put a to the river as regularly as a bucket to a stop to any farther exhibition of them. well. Ultimately a boat descending the Many troops were seen in succession ; Ohio relieved them from their mutual and frequently the last, or last but one, offices, and both are said to have after. in a troop, would quit his position, and wards recovered.”
gallop to the front, where he marched Mathews might make a capital story on at the same rate as the others. These out of this anecdote; it is so charac- wonderful appearances were seen by teristic!!
every human individual within the distance of a mile, and they were the same
to all. The spectators were about ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA. twenty-six in number.
The natural explanation of this pheThe mysterious appearances on the nomenon is, that a troop of those who Souter Fell, in Cumberland, are more were preparing to rise in the subsequent attributable to reflection than refraction. rebellion, were exercising in some holThe first of these was observed in 1743, low and concealed part of the mountain, by Daniel Stricket, then servant to John and that their figures being received Wren, of Wilton-hall, who, together upon a dense cloud floating in the air, with his master, saw the figure of a man, were reflected downwards on the mounwith a dog, pursuing some horses along tain's side. It was a similar optical Souter Fell side,-a place so steep, that accident that rendered a whole army a horse can scarcely travel on it at all; most distinctly visible to a farmer and yet they appeared to run at an amazing his son near Inverary-a circumstance pace, till they got out of sight at the which, though extremely interesting lower end of the Fell. Stricket and his and well vouched for in all its partimaster ascended the Fell next morning, culars, is too long to be given within our in full expectation of finding the man present limits.
We shall therefore conand animals all lying dead, but no ves- clude this subject with saying, that we tige of either was to be discovered. The have no doubt that many of those strange following year, 1744, on the 23d of mysterious visions, such as those of proJune, as the same Daniel Stricket was cessions and of funerals, so often seen in walking, about half-past seven o'clock the highlands of Scotland, are quite exin the evening, a little above the house plicable on the same principles. of Mr. Lancaster, of Blake hills, with whom he then lived, he saw a troop of horsemen riding on Souter Fell side, in
EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES. pretty close ranks, and at a brisk pace. Remembering that he had been laughed Mr. Wilkinson, in his extraordinary at for mentioning what he had seen the work on the Antiquities of Thebes, previous year, he continued to observe gives the following description of some them in silence for some time; but, Egyptian pictures, which throw much being at last convinced that the appear-' light on the military operations of that ance was real, he went into the house, wonderful people. and begged Mr. Lancaster to come out, « On the north face of the eastern as he had something very curious to pyramidal tower, or propylon, (of the shew him. They went out together; temple-palace of Remeses II.) is reprebut, before he spoke, his master's son sented the capture of several towns from
an Asiatic enemy, whose chiefs are led in “ INSCRIPTION FOR AN ARBOUR. bonds by the victorious Egyptians to- " Stranger, or friend, whichever naine accord
With Tomkins' hearty shake, or civil word; wards the camp of their army. Several
Enter, where interlacing boughs have made of these towns are introduced into tbe
O'er latticed trellis-work a verdant shade. picture, each bearing its name in hiero- Here seat thyself on benches greenly damp, glyphic characters, which state them to Fraught with lumbago sweet, and cooling cramp;
Here rest thy back against this wall of brick, have been taken in the fourth year of Perhaps the recent white-wash will not stick. King Remeses II.
In the scene Here view the snail, his lodging on his back, before us, an insolent soldier pulls the Mark on the table's length his silvery track; beard of his helpless captive, while others Here, when your hat and wig are laid aside, wantonly beat the suppliant, or satiate And,
like a wearied pilgrim, faint and late, their fury with the sword. Beyond these Crawl slowly o'er the desert of your pale. is a corps of infantry in close array, And make your
ear the period of his line ;
Here shall the spider weave his web so fine, Aanked by a strong body of chariots; Here, should still noon induce the drowsy gape, and a camp, indicated by a rampart of A headlong fly shall down your throat escape; Egyptian shields, with a wicker gạteway,
Or should your languid spirits court repose,
Th' officious bee sball cavil at your nose; guarded by four companies of sentries. While timid beetles from a chink behind, who are on duty on the inner side, forms. In your coat pocket hurried shelter find. the most interesting object in this pic- Oh! thou, to whom such Summer joys are dear
And Nature's ways are pleasant, -enier here! ture. Here the booty taken from the
We have been so tickled with these enemy is collected;
oxen, chariots, plaustra, horses, asses, sacks of gold, re- lines, that we have ordered them to be present the confusion incident after a engraved on a tablet for our summerbattle ; and the richness of the spoil is house, surrounded by a border of spiders, expressed by the weight of a bag of beetles, earwigs, and centipedes, and the money, under which an ass is about to other genii loci of these “cool-grots." fall. One chief is receiving the salutation, of a foot-soldier; another, seated amidst CURIOUS GEOLOGICAL HYPOTHESIS. the spoil, strings his bow; and a sutler It has been very generally supposed, says suspends a water-skin on a pole he has Mr. Philips in his interesting “ Guide fixed in the ground. Below this a body to Geology,” that the internal parts of of infantry marches homewards; and the earth were once in a state of Auidity. beyond them the king, attended by his That such fluidity was occasioned by fan-bearers, holds forth his hand to receive heat, is a plausible, or rather a necessary the homage of the priests and principal hypothesis, for no other known agent is persons, who approach his throne to con. adequate to the effect. But our congratulate his return. His charioteer is fidence in this hypothesis becomes also in attendance, and the high-spirited strengthened, when we find that the horses of his car are with difficulty re
results of careful experiments, repeated strained by three grooms who hold them.
in various parts of the world, agree in Two captives below this are doomed to demonstrating that the interior parts of be beaten, probably to death, by four the earth, at small depths, are sensibly Egyptian soldiers ; while they in vain, botter than the surface, and that this augwith outstretched hands, implore the mentation of heat follows some regular clemency of their heedless conqueror.”
ratio to the depth. If then it be probable that in former periods the whole interior was fluid by heat ; if there be at present
an interior heat; and if, without introTHE SNUFF BOX.-PART I.
ducing the consideration of new sub
stances, the expansive force of heat may We take shame to ourselves for neglect- counterbalance the effect of condensation, ing to notice this little piece of drollery it seems by no means a chimerical theory,
It is about the size of the di- that the nucleus of the globe may even minutive song-books so much in vogue a
now be partially fluid with heat. few years ago, and contains some really clever and piquant articles in prose and verse. It is also illustrated by woodcuts, A neighbour once refused another the which, however, are any thing but clever use of his well. He was thus compelled and characteristic. They are not worthy to sink one himself; and in so doing, to appear with the letterpress. From accidentally filled up the vein of his among the pieces in verse we select the neighbour's spring. Thus avarice oftfollowing, which cannot fail to raise a times defeats itself, and benefits its laugh :