« PreviousContinue »
amount of the bill at least, as they would that they may verify my story, which is have ascertained to whom it belonged. no less wonderful than true.”
“ They carried us to Algiers, where So saying, he took out of a tin case I found that the brethren of the most the papers he had mentioned, and put holy Trinity were at that time transact- them into the hands of the provisor, who, ing the redemption of captives. I spoke together with the assistente, examined to them ; told them who I was; and them, and found nothing in them that they, moved by charity, although I was could lead him to doubt the facts a foreigner, ransomed me after this which Ricaredo had related. For the
- They were to give for me greater confirmation of their truth, heathree hundred ducats; one hundred to ven had so ordained it that the Florenbe paid down, and the other two hun- tine merchant himself, upon whom the dred when the vessel bearing the alms bill for sixteen hundred ducats was should come again, to ransom the father drawn, was present all the while: he of the order of the Redemption, who was now requested that the bill might be left in Algiers, in pledge for four thou- shewn to him; and upon looking at it sand ducats which he had expended over he acknowledged it to be genuine, and and above the sum he had with him;- offered immediate payment, as he had for to that length of pity and generosity received advice of the transaction many does the charity of those good brethren months before. And all these circumextend, that they give their own liberty stances increased the general astonishin exchange for that of others, and remain ment and admiration. in captivity to ransom the captive. In Ricaredo repeated his offer of the five addition to the blessing of my liberty, I hundred ducats. The assistente emrecovered the lost case containing the braced Ricaredo, then Isabella's parents, papers from Rome, and the draft upon and then herself, offering his services to Seville: I shewed the latter to the them all in the most courteous terms. blessed father of the Redemption who The two ecclesiastical dignitaries did the had ransomed me, and offered him five same; and requested Isabella to write hundred ducats over the amount of my out all that story, in order that their lord. ransom, in aid of his charitable offices. the archbishop might read it; which
“ It was almost a twelvemonth before accordingly she promised to do. tidings arrived of the return of the alms- The deep silence which the bystanders ship; and all that I experienced in that had kept while listening to the extratwelvemonth, could I here relate it, ordinary narration, was now broken by would form a history by itself. I shall the praises which they offered up to God therefore only tell you, that I was recog- for his wonderful works; they then took nized by one of the twenty Turks to their leave, after tendering all of them, whom I had given their liberty along from the greatest to the least, their conwith the Christians already mentioned; gratulations to Isabella, Ricaredo, and and the man was so grateful and so their parents, who entreated the assistente honourable that he would not disclose that their nuptials, which they intended who I was; for had the Turks discovered to celebrate in a week, might be honoured me to be the same who had sunk their with his presence. two vessels and taken from them the The assistente, with the greatest great Indian ship, they would either pleasure, acceded to their request; and have put me to death, or have sent me as accordingly, in a week from that time, a present to the grand signior, which he attended them, accompanied by all would have made me a captive for life. the persons of most consequence in the
“In fine, the father of the Redemption city. accompanied myself and fifty other ran- Through these vicissitudes, and with somed Christians to Spain. At Valencia, these circumstances, did Isabella's parents we performed the general procession and recover their daughter and repair their thanksgiving; and from thence each one
and she, by the favour of set out whithersoever he pleased, bearing heaven, and the aid of her many virtues, with him the ensign of his liberation in in spite of so many obstacles, obtained this habit which I wear.
I arrived to- so distinguished a husband as Ricaredo; day at this city, with so ardent a desire in whose society she is thought to be still to behold my bride Isabella, that the living, in the houses which they rented very first thing I did was to inquire for opposite the convent of Santa Paula, the convent where they were to give me and which they afterwards purchased news of her. What has happened to me from the heirs of a gentleman of Burgos, there you have already seen : what you named Hernando de Cifuentes. have yet to see is, these papers, in order This tale may teach us the force of
virtue and the power of beauty; since the people,” or the burschenschaf.
If at they are able, not only both together, last it is found unconnected with either of but each of them singly, to captivate the these dreaded and noxious objects, your hearts of enemies themselves ;--and that “permit of residence” is delivered to you, heaven, when it pleases, can make our but with hesitation and many suspicious greatest calamities conduce
looks; but do not be in haste to congragreatest prosperity.
tulate yourself. The alarm has been given ; the secret agents know you,
watch you, surround you at every step THE POLICE OF VIENNA. and in every situation-in the streets, at (From the French.)
your meals, in your occupations and
amusements, even in your very bed. The TRAVELLERS complain of the custom- humble menial, in jacket and green' house difficulties and vexations of the apron, who brushes your coat in the Austrian empire; the army of douaniers morning before you rise, is a spy of the so inquisitive, dictatorial, and suspicious, police; so is the porter who takes your so formal, grave, and implacable in the letters to the post-office—the shopman fulfilment of their troublesome duties. who sells you a watch-ribbon or a sheet But after all, there is nothing so dread- of paper—the wretched girl who accosts ful in their ministration provided you at the corner of the street, as you always that one takes the proper method return late at night from the opera— the in dealing with them. Reproaches, sexton who conducts you through a threats, arguments, and entreaties are all church or a cathedral—the polite stranger thrown away; but the application of a who helps you at table, or hands you the few forins makes them as tractable as a newspaper in a coffee house. At Vienna trained spaniel. And the beauty of it is, nothing is too unimportant for investithat no tact or management is requisite in gation; conversations are listened tothe administration of the panacea ; you letters opened — movements, however may make your bargain in broad day- trifling, carefully noted-everything light, and before the eyes of all the world. falls into that vast, all-grasping, ineviIn fact, there is a regular tariff of bribes table reservoir which is called the police; -or to speak more gingerly, douceurs, and one might almost suppose that which ought to be printed in the guide. Metternich kept spies upon himself
, so book. To exempt a carpet-bag from integral a part of his system is universal inspection, the fee is twelve kreutzers; espionage-like the miser, who used to a portmanteau twenty; and a full-sized rob himself at night for fear that others trunk will be let alone for forty!
should do it for him. But the police is quite another affair. To live perfectly unsuspected at Here there is no bargain to be made, no Vienna, it would not be sufficient to subordinate to be mollified. Whether possess a proud and ancient title, and to you like it or not, the customary for- be well known as a thorough-going malities must be undergone, the strictest aristocrat; for man is an inconstant and most comprehensive examination animal, and dukes and marquises have must be submitted to. You are required been known to turn out very radicals. to declare your name, your means of The greatest certainty would lie in living, your profession, whence you being deaf, dumb, and blind; or at least come, whither you intend to go, the in a condition similar to that of a certain objects of your journey; and to exhibit Prussian philosopher, who had laboured your letters of credit and of introduction. so hard in study, thought and written so If you come direct from England or from much, devoted himself with such ardour Paris, the inquiry assumes a still more to science, that his physical strength serious character; and if perchance your gave way under the constant attrition of pursuits are either literary or legal, your his indefatigable mental energy, and he position begins to be troublesome; became so ill and feeble, that his life was authors and lawyers are regarded with at one time thought in danger. At peculiar suspicion by the agents of the length, after a whole course of medicine, Austrian police. Huge books are exa- and an inconceivable multitude of rememined, files of papers are ransacked, to dies, which his watchings and intellectual see if your name is not already entered labours rendered perfectly useless, his in red letters if it has not been ap- physicians told him that they could do pended to some pernicious article in a nothing for him—die he must-unless political journal, or enrolled among the he gave up study, and abstained from ranks of the carbonari, the "friends of thinking.
“ And where shall I go, then--wbat despatches while the thunders of the shall I do, if I must not think ? ” said Corsican were pealing at Austerlitz, at the patient.
Jena, at Moscow and Madrid and who, a “ Go!” answered the medical gentle- after the victories of the French had men ; “go to Austria.”
shaken the world, stepped from his cabiThereupon a passport for Vienna was net to send their emperor to St. Helena, procured, on which was written in a bold, and place himself at the head of the Gerplain hand, “H. A., private gentleman, man confederation, in his stead. I have commanded by his physicians not to think ;” seen him once- e—the potent minister before and when he arrived at Vienna, and the whom every head was bent, the smiling police-officers read the inscription, the courtier, whose very look was flattery. gates were opened wide, and a guard of I gazed long and earnestly upon that honour turned out for his reception. calm and unwrinkled brow; that counte.
The man who stands at the head of nance which always bears a thoughtful this vast system—who knows all its expression, but never reveals more of agents, means and actions—in whose what passing within than its master hand are united its innumerable wires, pleases—those lips which smile upon you is Prince Metternich ; it is he who is while the eyes are reading your very heart. really sovereign judge and absolute mas- His coming was watched with anxietyter of Austria. From him all instruc- all eyes followed his movements, all ears tions emanate; to him, in the last resort, were attentive to catch his slightest word. all controversies and questions are re- He moved around the courtly circle, like ferred. A word from his mouth would a political machine; but no sooner was bear us in triumphal procession from the the prescribed circuit finished, than he frontiers to the capital; another would turned, as if glad to escape from a long consign us to the dungeons of Olmutz. and wearisome constraint, and seated I have seen him once-- this man without himself by the side of his lately-married parallel in the world, unless it be the wife. And she, young, lovely, gracious, Prince de Talleyrand—this man, whose animated and glittering with jewels, conhead has whitened amid the windings trasted with that impersonation of diploand intrigues of diplomacy-who decreed macy like the new-born liberty of nations the ruin of the first Napoleon, and the with the superannuated principle of abdeath of the second-who wrote and read solute hereditary sway. J. G. W.
We here present our readers with a the neighbourhood, which, though seldom representation of the halfpenny token of reaching further than the next street or Master Backster, the host of the Mother two, may happily in after times come to Red Cap, in Holloway, in the reign of exercise and busy the learned critic what the most religious and gracious king they should signifie, and fill whole volumes Charles the Second. It is a fair speci- with their conjectures.”men of the substitute for small change Few of our readers can be altogether at that period, both in its execution and unacquainted with the tradesmen's tokens the orthography of its inscription. Evelyn so common in the seventeenth century; in his folio of strange jumble, entitled but they are probably ignorant of the “ Numismata, or a Discourse of Medals, cause of the evil. The silver penny, in ancient and modern,” incidentally men- the earliest Saxon times, weighed twentytions these pledges for a halfpenny four grains; hence our term penny. “The tokens," says he, “which every weight; but in the time of Edward the tavern and tippling house (in the days of Confessor it had declined considerably, late anarchy and confusion among us) pre- and continued to decline until the reign sumed to stamp and utter for immediate of James I, when it contained only 73 exchange, as they were passable through grains. The coinage of its half was then
out of the question, and many schemes Entertainment,” printed in 1601, the were proposed upon the coming of that following delectable verses occur :prince to the throne, for coining farthing Skip it and trip it, nimbly, nimbly, tokens. Three years before the death of Tickle it, tickle it lustily; Elizabeth, she was again pressed to accede
Strike up the tabor for the wenches' favour,
Tickle it, tickle it lustily. to a proposition which had been previous. Let us be seene on Highgate greene, ly made to her ; but with her charac- To dance for the honour of Holloway; teristic obstinacy she declared her resolu. Since we are come hither, let's spare for no tion never to consent to a copper money.
To dance for the honour of Holloway. The reasons stated to James, were the same as those which had been urged The holiday folks, no doubt, sought the with his predecessor ; namely, the in- fresco of the Mother Red-cap, after danfringement of the prerogative by private cing themselves out of breath. Drunken individuals, who issued tokens and Barnaby, in his “ Itinerarie,” visited pledges for a halfpenny, in great num..
the Mother Red-cap, and did not meet bers; the loss to the poor by their not
the best of company, as may be inferred being universally current, and the want
from the following lines, which our of them to bestow in charity. What
reader will forgive us for not translating. king could resist such a plea as the last ? “ Veni Hollowell, Pileum Rubrum,
In cohortem mulibrem; so farthing tokens appeared, the charita
Me Adonidem vocant omnes ble feelings of the leiges found vent, and Meretricis Babylonis ; copper coin rattled in the pouches of the Tangunt, tinguat, molliunt, mulcent, halt, the lame, and the blind. In those
At egentem foris pulsant.'
Civis. days, a pious wish that the donor might enter by the straight gate, was exchanged for one of these little pieces against FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF which Elizabeth felt such peculiar hor
BY AN AMERICAN. In July, 1626, a patent for coining
No. I. farthing tokens was granted for seventeen years, to Frances Duchess Dowager
Trieste, its extensive Commerce-Hospitality of
Mr. Moore-Ruins of Pola-Immense Amof Richmond, and others. Forgeries phitheatre-Village of Pola-Coast of Dalmatia, were however very numerous, and some of Apulia and Calabria-Otranto-Sails for
the Isles of Greece. of them were probably executed so ingeniously, as to puzzle those who were Trieste is certainly a most agreeable authorized to coin farthings. Great place. Its streets are beautifully paved confusion consequently took place. The and clean, its houses new and well built, patentees refused to acknowledge those and its shops as handsome and as well which they pretended were not of their stocked with every variety of things as issue, and vast numbers being thrown on those of Paris. Its immense commerce the hands of the people, caused much brings all nations to its port, and it is distress. At this time, it is said, there quite the commercial centre of the conwas at least a hundred thousand pounds' tinent. The Turk smokes cross-legged worth dispersed.
in the café, the English merchant has his The great quantity of royal tokens box in the country and his snug estam uttered by the patentees, the number of blishment in town; the Italian has his counterfeits wbich were mingled with opera, and his wife her cavalier, the Yanthem, and the refusal of thc patentees to kee captain his respectable boardingchange them, at length put an entire house, and the German his four meals a stop to the currency, and in 1762 they day at a hotel dyed brown with tobacco. were abolished by proclamation. In the Every nation is at home in Trieste. tenth year of Charles the First — Hawkes The society is beyond what is common and others, were fined and set in the in a European mercantile city. The pillory, for forging the authorized farth- English are numerous enough to support ing tokens.
a church; and the circle, of which our The Mother Red-cap was situated at hospitable consul is the centre, is one of upper Holloway, between the three and the most refined and agreeable it has four mile stones, and we believe a public been my happiness to meet. The friends house with the same sign, still stands on of Mr. Moore have pressed every possible its site. Holloway appears to have been civility and kindness upon the commodore a favourite resort of the Londoners, on and his officers, and his own house has holidays, in the seventeenth century, been literally our home on shore. It is In an old comedy, entitled “Jack Drum's the curse of this volant life, otherwise so attractive, that its frequent partings are and pleasure, there was no cicerone. A bitter in proportion to its good fortune. contemplative donkey was grazing under We make friends but to lose them. the walls, but there was no other living
We got under weigh with a light creature near. We looked at its vast breeze this morning, and stole gently out circular wall with astonishment. The of the bay.. The remembrance of a thou- coliseum at Rome, a larger building sand kindnesses made our anchors lift of the same description, is, from the heavily. We waved our handkerchiefs outside, much less imposing. The whole to the consul, whose balconies were filled exterior wall, a circular pile one hundred with his charming family watching our feet high in front, and of immense departure, and, with a freshening wind, blocks of marble and granite, is as perdisappeared around the point, and put up fect as when the Roman workman hewed our helm for Pola.
the last stone. The interior has been The ruins of Pola, though among the nearly all removed. The well-hewn first in the world, are seldom visited. blocks of the many rows of seats were They lie on the eastern shore of the too tempting, like those of Rome, to the Adriatic, at the head of a superb natural barbarians who were building near. The bay, far from any populous town, and circle of the arena, in which the gladiaare seen only by the chance trader who tors and wild beasts of these then new. hugs the shore for the land-breeze, or the conquered provinces fought, is still Albanian robber who looks down upon marked by the foundations of its barrier. them with wonder from the mountains. It measures two hundred and twentyWhat their age is I cannot say nearly. three feet. Beneath it is a broad and The country was conquered by the deep canal, running toward the sea, Romans about one hundred years before filled with marble columns, still erect the time of our Saviour, and the amphi- upon their pedestals, used probably for theatreand temples were probably erected the introduction of water for the naumasoon after.
chia. The whole circumference of the We ran into the bay with the other amphitheatre is twelve hundred and frigate close astern, and anchored off a fifty-six feet, and the thickness of the small green island which shuts in the exterior wall seven feet six inches. Its inner harbour. There is deep water up shape is oblong, the length being four to the ancient town on either side, and it hundred and thirty-six feet, and the seems as if nature had amused herself breadth three hundred and fifty. The with constructing a harbour incapable of measurements were taken by the capimprovement. Pola lay about two miles tain's orders, and are doubtless critically from the sea.
correct. It was just evening, and we deferred We loitered about the ruins several our visit to the ruins till morning. The hours, finding in every direction the majestic ampitheatre stood on a gentle remains of the dilapidated interior. The ascent, a mile from the ship, goldenly sculpture upon the fallen capitals and bright in the flush of sunset; the plea- fragments of frieze was in the highest sant smell of the shore stole over the style of ornament. The arena is overdecks, and the bands of the two frigates grown with rank grass, and the crevices played alternately the evening through. in the walls are filled with flowers. A The receding mountains of Istria vineyard, with its large blue grape just changed their light blue veils gradually within a week of ripeness, encircles to gray and sable, and with the pure the rear of the amphitheatre. The stars of these enchanted seas, and the boat's crew were soon among them, much shell of a new moon bending over Italy better amused than they could have in the west, it was such a night as one been by all the antiquities in Istria. remembers like a friend. The Constel- We walked from the amphitheatre to lation was to part from us here, leaving the town; a miserable village, built us to pursue our voyage to Greece. around two antique temples, one of There were those on board who had which still stands alone, with its fine brightened many of our “ hours ashore," Corinthian columns, looking just ready in these pleasant wanderings. We pulled to crumble. The other is incorporated back to our own ship, after a farewell barbarously with the guard-house of the visit, with regrets deepened by crowds place, and is a curious mixture of beauof pleasant remembrances.
tiful sculpture and dirty walls. The The next morning we pulled ashore pediment, which is still perfect
, in the to the ruins. The amphitheatre was rear of the building, is a piece of carving close upon the sea, and, to my surprise worthy of the choicest cabinet of Europe.