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peal was not unreasonable; and so, calling Then making a brief address to the together his officers in council, he asked christians, he ordered them to remove them what he should do, in order to send into the lightened vessel, where they all the christians to Spain without in- found provisions enough to last them curring the risk of any sinister event, in abundantly for a month and more; and case their numbers should give them while they were changing vessels, he courage to rise against their captors. gave each of them four Spanish gold

Some were of opinion that he should escudos, which money he had ordered to make them pass one by one into his ship, be brought from his own vessel, in order and that as each one went below deck, in some degree to relieve their necessities they should dispatch him, and thus put when they should reach land—which them all to death; and so the great ship was so near, that the lofty summits of might be carried safe to London without Calpe and Abyla were plainly discernible. any fear or anxiety.

They all returned him infinite thanks To this Ricaredo made answer :- for the kindness he was doing them. “ Since God has vouchsafed us so great The last of all that was going to pass a mercy in giving us so rich a prize, from the one ship to the other, was the I will not requite it with a cruel and man who had spoken for the rest; and ungrateful spirit; nor is it good that what he now said to Ricaredo :I can manage by prudence, I should " I should deem it more fortunate for execute by the sword. And so, I am me, brave sir, that you should carry me of opinion, that none of these catholic with you to England, than that you christians should die ;—not that I like · should send me to Spain; for, although them at all; but that I like myself very Spain is my native land, and it is but six well, and would fain that this day's days since I quitted it; there is nothing achievement should not, either to myself, for me to find in it that will not remind or to you my companions in it, give, me of my sadness and my solitude. You mingled with the renown of valour, the must know, sir, that in the loss of reputation of cruelty; for never did Cadiz, which happened some eight years cruelty add grace to valour. What must ago, I lost a daughter, whom the English be done is this :- All the guns of one of must have carried to England; and in our vessels must be removed into the her I lost the comfort of my age, and great Portuguese ship, leaving in that the delight of my eyes, which, since they vessel, neither arms, nor anything else ceased to behold her, have looked with but the provisions; then, manning the pleasure upon nothing else. The great great ship with our own people, we will unhappiness in which I was left by her carry her to England, and the Spaniards loss and that of my property, which was shall go to Spain.”

also taken, reduced me to such a state No one dared to contradict Ricaredo's that I had neither wish nor means to proposal ; and some thought that it embark again in commerce, my practise shewed his bravery, magnanimity, and of which had gained me the repute of good sense; while others set him down being the wealthiest merchant in the in their hearts for being no better a whole city. And so I was; for, besides protestant than he should be.

my credits, which amounted to many Ricaredo, then, having taken this re- hundreds of thousands of escudos, the solution, went on board the Portuguese property actually in my house was worth ship with fifty musketeers, all with their above fifty thousand ducats. I lost it matches lighted, and their pieces ready all—and yet the loss would have been to fire. He found in the ship three nothing, had I not lost my daughter. hundred individuals surviving, of those After that public, and my individual who had escaped from the galleys. He misfortune, necessity beset me to such a first of all asked for the ship's papers; degree that, unable any longer to resist when the same man who had before it, myself and my wife, who is that sorspoken to him over the ship's side, an- rowful creature whom you see there swered him, that the commander of the sitting, resolved to go to the Indies, the Corsair vessels had taken them, and so common refuge of the independentthey had gone to the bottom along with spirited poor. Having embarked six days them. He instantly put the helm in ago in a packet-ship, in coming out of order; and bringing his second vessel Cadiz we fell in with those two Corsair alongside the great ship, with wonder- vessels, which captured us; and so our ful celerity, and by the force of capstans misery was renewed, and our ill-fortune of very great strength, they removed the made complete-- which yet would have guns out of the small English vessel into been still greater had not the Corsairs the large Portuguese one.

taken that Portuguese ship, which found A WORD IN FAVOUR OF them occupation until what you know

NOVELS. has just now befallen them.”

Ricaredo asked him what was his Much has been said and written, pro daughter's name; and he answered, that and con, about the good or evil tendency it was Isabel.

of novels: and the most they appear to This convinced Ricaredo of that have gained by these discussions of their which he had already suspected—that merits, is the being tolerated as necesthe man who had been relating his sary evils, or the faint praise of being fortunes, was the father of his beloved possibly productive of good. But as Isabella. So, without giving him any novels will be read as long as they connews of her, he told him that he would tinue to be amusing, we have endeavery willingly take himself and his wife voured to find some arguments in their along with him to London; where, favour, and as their friend, will take the perhaps, they might get some intel- liberty of throwing out a few hints for ligence of her whom they desired to find. the consideration, not only of those who Then he made them go on board his read and those who write them, but also flag-ship, and furnished the Portuguese of those who deprecate their influence, prize with seamen, and a sufficient and can see no merit in anything not guard.

invested with the solemnity of plain That night they hoisted sail, and matter of fact, or the pomp of dry made all haste to steer away from the disquisition. Spanish coast, on account of the vessel con- The truth of the proposition, “ Histaining the liberated captives; amongst tory is philosophy teaching by example," whom also were twenty Turks, to whom has been denied; but, we think, with Ricaredo had likewise given their liberty, little appearance of reason.

What is in order to shew that it was rather ow- philosophy, and what is history? The ing to his kind temper and liberal spirit first is the science which teaches us how than from partiality to catholics, that he to regulate our conduct, and how to disacted with that generosity: he had re- cipline our minds, in order to enjoy the quested the Spaniards to set the Turks greatest possible degree of temporal at full liberty, the first opportunity that happiness. The second portrays the should offer; for which request the lives of other men, exhibits their tempTurks, in their turn, testified their gra- tations, their yielding weakness or their titude.

bold resistance, and teaches us to avoid The wind, which had promised to be their errors, or to imitate their virtues; favourable and sufficiently strong, began and thus, by means of the reflections it for a little while to subside ; which ap- suggests, fixes indelibly upon the mind proaching calm raised a storm of appre- those principles of philosophy, of the hension in the breasts of the English, truth and advantages of which mere who now blamed Ricaredo and his gene- written reasoning would never perhaps rosity, telling him that the liberated cap- have convinced us. For what is all our tives might give information in Spain of reasoning worth, unless there are examthis event, and that if there happened to ples to which we can appeal to test its be galleons of war in port, they might correctness ! And where can we find come out and give them chase, and examples, of the consequences of which might even press them so hard as to put we can accurately judge, at the same them in imminent danger of being lost or time that we are inspecting them, if not taken.

in history? Not in the world around Ricaredo was well aware that they us; for the judgments of very few on said right; however, overcoming their what is passing, then will be found to be fears with prudent arguments, he suc- impartial or correct. Not in reviewing ceeded in hushing their murmurs. But the characters and actions of distin. they were more effectually tranquillised guished individuals of our own, or even by the wind, which sprung up again so of the preceding age; for exaggeration fair and briskly that, hoisting all their and detraction will not suffer us to see sails, and without finding occasion to them as they are. It is to history, then, reef or slacken them, they arrived within that we must apply—to those relations nine days in sight of London; and when of actions and events, and their consethey reached it again victorious, it was quences, which time and frequent disonly about thirty days after their de. cussion have stamped with the impress of parture.

truth. (Concluded at page 232).

Although we have here contended for,


and firmly believe, the correctness of the excite and direct our emulation, or to proposition above quoted, yet we are far teach us how we may avoid the rocks on from believing that history supplies all which better ships have split? Are the examples that are wanting. To the there not those to be found in many doembryo statesman and warrior, it per- mestic circles, who have resisted temptahaps affords all that are necessary; but tion, and held on to their integrity those who are, and intend to remain, better than he who “thrice refused a contented with a humbler station, need kingly crown?” Are there not those to subjects for their reflection of a less pre- be found there, who have been the fountending, but, to them, equally important tains from which have flowed never

The historian has selected the failing streams of benevolence and social strongest lights and shades of human love? And are there not, alas ! those character for the admiration or detes- to be found there who have broken every tation of his readers. The conductors of law, human and divine, whose consequent enterprises, whose success or failure in- anguish and remorse are more powerful volved the interests of a world — the to deter from the perpetration of like tyrants, who, lost to all feelings of hu- enormities than all the reverses and manity, have triumphed and rioted in bloody deaths of ambitious tyrants? But the blood of thousands for a while, in who shall dare to lift the veil, and reveal order that there downfalls might present to the world the virtues of the private a more remarkable contrast-the philan- benefactor- or wound the feelings of the thropists, who, incited by the desire of innocent, by exposing the crimes of a effecting some great universal good, reckless and dissolute relative? He have had no leisure to aid in the cultiva- who would do either, would deserve and tion and dissemination of the more pri- receive the execrations of all capable of vate and less ostentatious virtues-are appreciating the excellence of goodness, those on whose biographies he delights or the holiness of family affection. to expatiate as pregnant with instruction How then are we to be benefited by for all who desire to be like them. The the examples of uprightness or depravity adventures and conduct of the legitimate to be found in private life? Are they monarch or the ambitious usurper-of to be lost to us for want of a chronicler, the warrior, nobly sacrificing his life for or because we fear to violate the sanctity the benefit or glory of his country, or of the domestic circle? No! the novelist seeking his own aggrandizement under must be their chronicler, and he can the mask of patriotism-of the minister perform the duty without betraying conof state, exhausting the energies of a fidence or making the good ashamed. It gigantic and upright mind in devising is his province, aided by his free imaplans for the lasting benefit of his fellow gination and prolific pen, to portray citizens, or basely waiting for an oppor- scenes and characters that may have extunity to win the price of treachery“ isted, and to form, from the remarkable have filled his pages; while he has left incidents in various lives, an individual unrecorded the simple, but interesting character which cannot be ascribed to and instructive incidents, which are any, because it resembles no single one; hourly occurring in the walks of private but, like the Venus of the sculptor, life.

unites the graces of many: or to select From whom, then, are we “ every- from the mass of human depravity such day people” to learn ? Are we to draw details as may suit his purpose, and dea moral from the lives of those whom scribe them as the acts of a personage of the historian has been contented with his own creation. It is also his province describing, and apply it to our own si- to exhibit the simple elegancies of retired tuations and circumstances? Are we life to shew how, when removed from not to seek for the honourable office of the toil and turmoil of the world, and mayor of this goodly city, because Dio placed beyond the real wants and restless nysius, Nero, and others, became in- desires which erase one half of it, the toxicated with power, and abused the heart has leisure to expand, and finds its privilege of being great? Are we not highest enjoyments in the exercise of its to become generals, colonels, or even best affections; or, on the other hand, captains, because Alexander and Napo- to delineate the scheming man of the leon subdued, one the whole, and the world, crushing those feelings in himself other the half of the world ? Or, to be and in all around him, and sealing the more sedate, if not more serious, are not unhappiness of his daughters and dethe narratives of those who have moved grading his sons, for the lucre of place in a humbler sphere capable of affording or power. It is also his province to us the examples which are necessary to display the virtues and the vices of those



whose portion is poverty—to depict the of both are not more calculated to bene. steadfast uprightness and uncompromis. fit mankind, than a balf-penny pamphlet ing integrity of the poor, uneducated, detailing the last horrid murder and awful but conscientious family—their trials, execution.

G. afflictions, and triumphs; and to contrast them with those in their own sta

MISCELLANIES. tion, who, acknowledging no' law but their own unrestrained passions, have committed crime upon crime, until they Among the advertisements in an Amemet a fearful end.

rican periodical, is one of a hatter in In short, it is his to shew, that vice, New York, who concludes his anin its absolute' and inevitable deprivation nouncement with the following captiof those enjoyments which virtue alone vating temptation : :-“ Hats Ironed on can confer, is its own punishment: thus Saturday evenings, free of expense.” Imateaching us to be contented with compe- gine Sambo, or Cuffee, or Scipio, or any tence, and those domestic sources of other “ Nigger,” strutting about Broadhappiness the Creator has bestowed upon' way, on Sunday morning, their well all, and not to barter for wealth-bought' smoothed "castors” rivalling in colour honours—or for the world's applause, and polish their sooty phizzes, after un.. which gladdens but for a moment and dergoing the renovating process of the remains not with us, that which is our Benevolent Hatter!!!

E. F. own, and which 'none but He who gave can take away. Such is the novelist's privilege as well which I cannot sympathise. They pique

Many persons boast an independence in as province, 'arrd so long as he exceeds themselves upon never asking a favour not the bounds of possibility, it is no of any one. If it be the token of no matter whether the characteristics he' worse characteristic, this habit is the ascribes to his imaginary creations, have sign of an unreflecting mind. Why, been copied from one or a thousand indi- they are perpetually receiving favours, viduals, the picture presented to our view

not only from Providence but from their is equally instructive. If he has repre- fellow-creatures, without whose kindness sented a degree of perfection, which our they could scarcely exist. inspection of human nature has never revealed to us, we certainly should not, therefore, relax in our endeavours to ap

A fagot-man carrying a load, by acproach it. If he has exhibited an aggre

cident brushed against a doctor. The gate of depravity, that exceeds anything doctor was very angry, and was going it has ever been our lot to meet, vice is

to beat him with his fist.

Pray don't not thereby made more inviting. And use your precious hand, good sir; kick if he has occasionally omitted to deal

me and welcome.” The bystanders out “poetical justice” to all; but has asked him what he meant. chosen rather to picture the loveliness of the woodman, if he kicks me with his repentance, and to consider its tears and foot, I shall recover; but if I once groans of anguish worthy of a temporal

come under his hands, it will be all over reward, let us not blame him; but re

with me.” member that repentance, when sincere, is the worst of punishments.

In a lecture delivered upwards of twenty Shall we add that in describing his years ago, at some hall in Fetter-lane, province, we have also described his he divided readers into four classes. The duty? We fear that by so doing, we first he compared to an hour-glass, their might be accused of an assumption of reading being as the sand-it runs in the authority of the established critic. and out, and leaves not a vestige behind. But this we may safely add, that the A second class, he said, resembled a novelist, who disregarding the opportu- sponge—which imbibes every thing, and nity afforded him to convey instruction returns it in nearly the same state, only to his readers, has contented himself a little dirtier. A third class he likened with catering for their amusement, and to a jelly-bag-which allows all that is merely described extraordinary charac- pure to pass away, and

retains only the ters and events for the qualifications of a refuse and the dregs. The fourth class, vitiated taste, should be classed with the of which he trusted there were many historian, who, biassed by a political among his auditors, he compared to the prejudice, or from a base subservience slaves in the diamond-mines of Golconda, to those in power, has compiled a tissue who, casting aside all that is worthless, of misrepresentations. The productions preserve only the pure gem.


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A DILIGENCE ADVENTURE. said, “ that being an outside passenger I NARRATIVE.

should have an opportunity of observing (For the Parterre.)

if any harm happened to us during the

night, and if so, call out for Patrick One raw cold morning in the winter O‘Hara, who was provided for all of 1829, I mounted the cabriolet of comers. ” Never having dreamed of accione of the diligences that journeys dents of the nature alluded to, in this between Calais and Paris; I found an well frequented road, I was astonished Englishman seated there, with a copy of at the remark, but of course thanked the “ Traveller's Guide” open in his him for his attention, and clambered up hand, ready to commence a comparison to the cabriolet burdened with cloaks and of the roads as we jogged along, with the great coats. description in his volume: being rather The horses soon harnessed; of a free disposition, I soon drew the thwack, thwack, went the whip; jingle, Englishman out, and we quickly became jingle, went the bells; the postilion good friends. During the day nothing vaulted into his seat, and off we jolted. passed that could be called extraordinary The night was cold and dismal ; not a —but many notes were taken by my star was to be seen, the lamps of the dili. travelling companion every time that the gence gave little or no light, and the fog changing of horses gave our bones a was so dense that we could not see how little repose. At six o'clock in the even- many horses were in the vehicle; but ing we dined at Montreuil, where we notwithstanding the uncomfortable apmade the acquaintance of an Irishman pearance of the evening we were far from who was an inside passenger. After we being uneasy; a good dinner had put us had finished our coffee and tossed off a into admirable humour, and a bottle small glass of brandy furnished to each found its way, notwithstanding the fog, guest, the Irishman called me aside and to our chilly lips, from which we tasted

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