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Letters to a Mother, upon Eduoation,
will always require him to point out the names of
the places mentioned; and so with the Old TestaLETTER XXXVIII.
ment. On the Order in which the different subjects of Study
As soon as your child has begun to read and write,
let him begin music also; and if you teach him the should be attended to.
piano yourself, devote an hour to the lesson in the Dear Madam,
evening. If a master comes to teach him any other It is an important rule in education, never instrument, let the same hour of the same part of the to be pursuing too many objects at the same time, nor day be devoted to it. This mode of spending the eveneren the proper number of objects too sedulously. ing will constitute a delightful relaxation to the studies 'These rules are peculiarly important in the education of of the day: young children.
Should he have displayed an attachment to the art of If you teach them too many things at a time, you will drawing, in which you will remember it was recom. tire their faculties, and defeat your purpose. Dr. John
mended to indulge him from an early period, you may son has justly said, “the speed of a horseman must be vary the evening's employment, by music and drawing regulated by the speed of his horse ;” and in the same alternately. Let your plans of exercise in the open air, manner, the degree of education you administer de. the use of tools, gardening, and the other diversions pends upon the capacity of your child for receiving it. given under the head of physical education, be sedu. All instruction ceases to be useful when the child ceases lously continued. to comprehend. This he will do through mere fatigue Natural philosophy and natural history may each of after a certain time. Let a little knowledge at a time them in their turn come into the hour of reading, both be communicated to his mind, and then the task be morning and afternoon; always, however, make him intermitted. It is doubtful whether the faculties even give you an account, as soon as the lesson is over, of of an adult, which have been inured to action, are ca
what he had been reading.. pable of clear perception, so as to acquire new ideas, If these subjects be thus pursued, steadily, you will during inore than two hours together. I should expect find, that by the age of nine years, you will have suffi. that the faculties of a child are not capable of effectual ciently initiated him into the elements of knowledge, atteution even for so loug a time. After you have ex- to allow of his being sent to school. What you have ercised his attention for an hour, trip with him into the taught him he will know clearly and thoroughly. You garden, and after a short walk return and resume his will also have communicated habits of mind to him, education; but divert his inind to a different subject : which will enable him to profit largely by the more change of subject is alınost as great a relief as total extended instructions, which he is afterwards to receive. cessation. Never have more than two things in hand You will also by that time have sufficiently established at one time. Let these be mutually connected, if pos- health and.. robustness of constitution, and habits of sible. Let them be attended to so far that proficiency exercise. I suppose also all the moral habits previously may be left to future practice, and then turn to some- enumerated and recommended to have been equally thing else. Thus, you will begin with reading and attended to. writing. Let himn devote four hours a day to study, two I trust to offer you soine further Letters upon the in the inorning and two in the afternoon, Let the first remaining branch of education, namely, the religious. hour be given to reading and the second to writing in I will now, however, pause for a moment, at the conthe morning : let the first hour be given to writing and clusion of my advice upon this third branch of educa. the second to reading in the afternoon. Still reverse
tion., the order every alternate day: change eve in this re
I will imagine myself to have completed my task, and spect will alleviate labour ; the human mind is fatigued that you are in possession of the Letters yet to be sent. by monotonous regularity. In six months, if you pay I will iynagine the advice to be contained in the whole to attention to nothing else as an object of study, he will have been incorporated into your system of education ; read and write well enough to need no further forinal and all this, for the delight of fancying your child as attention to those subjects.
having been well trained, both in body and in mind, Then let him begin arithmetic. Let him read and during that time at which the habits become fixed. The write however during the other hour of the morning period of his life chosen by, my lipagination for its and afternoon. Let him read in that other hour to-day, reverie, shall be that at which he is about to leave
your for instance, and write in it to-morrow, and vice versa. own habitation, and to be consigned to the care of the Then let him begin geography and history,
schoolmaster. I delight to contemplate him, healthy, You will never allow hiin to read the name of a robust, agile, and well developed in body, possessing place without looking for it on the map and globe, habits of correct reasoning, clear perceptions, and an Have these constantly at hand: let them be tolerably ardent love of truth in mind ; as having been imbued full, that is, have a considerable number of the names with moral babits of universal benevolence, justice, of places written down upon them; and wben, for in- honesty, and rational self-love, and as being acquainted stance, he reads in the History of England that William with the genuine doctrines of revelation, and actuated the First landed at Hastings, tell hiin it is in Sussex, on by them, so as to produce, habitual cheerfulness and the coast. Then let him look for it. When he reads devotion. Such will, I hope, be, the happy result and that William proceeded to Pevensey, let him look for. high reward of your care and exertion. Should this be that neighbouring village, and thus trace the invader's the case, at the period referred to, I can confidently progress up to the metropolis. You will never allow remind you, for your encouragement, of the Divine him to read the name of any place to you in the histo. axiom in education, ..“ Train up a child in the way he ries of England, Rome, Greece, &c. without finding it should go, and when he is old he will not depart out upon the map or globe, and marking its relation from it. with respect to other countries. When you come to
I am, dear Madam, yours, &c. read the New Testament with him, you will especially
CLERICUS. show him ou the globe where Palestine is placed ; and then having shown him a map of the land itself, and having made him understand that this map is a magni- All earthly comforts are like a fair picture that fied view of the little spot be sees upon the globe, you drawn upon ice. - Brooke.
COLLECTED BY THE LATE REV. WILLIAM BUTTON.
15. Let no day pass without inwardly digesting some
portion of Scripture; and when you are not obliged to SERMONS PREACHED BY THE REV.W. MARSH, A.M.
have your thoughts engaged on other subjects, then
meditate on this portion; it will prove a guardian angel Minister of St. Thomas' Church, Birmingham.
to you, and be the means of chasing away many an evil 1. Believers are called heirs of promise. They lust spirit from you. their inheritance in Adam, and it is restored to thein in 16. How many are so entombed by the riches, the Christ; and it is the assurance of having regained this honours, the pleasures, and the sins of the world, as Paradise they are constantly seeking to obtain. This only to be taken out of them to be buried in the earth. assurance is the flower of faith ; and, though not ne- 17. Whatever our professions may be, if our spirit be cessary to the life of the plant, it is to its maturity.
of the world, that decides the character in the sight of 2. All Christians should recollect that they are epis
God. tles from God, to be seen and read of all men : that 18. The mind may be illumined without the heart exainple is so very influential, that the apostle places it
being changed; but that light is only like the light of among the means of grace; saying, that “if any obey the inoon, though sometimes beautifully clear, it is not the word, they may even without the word be won always without warmth; but the light of salvation re. by a good conversation.” The way thus to adorn the sembles the light of the sun, it warms and influences doctrine of your Saviour is, to be inuch and fervent in the heart, and causes it to bring forth fruit; its benefi. prayer to God, for the guidance and infuence of his cial infuences are seen and felt in the walk and converHoly Spirit.
sation of all those who are thus savingly enlightened by 3. By nature we are opaque bodies, we can shine the Holy Spirit. only by reflection; and ere we can shine in the celestial
W. E. H. kingdom above, we must walk while below in the light of Christ, the Sun of Righteousness. 4. Faith in Christian truths will produce joy, and
Death-Bed Testimonies. faith in Christian precepts will produce obedience ; and according to the strength of our faith will be the fervour of our love.
No. VIII. 5. Christ is that full-orbed sun, in which all the rays of the Divine attributes and perfections centre, and
REV. WILLIAM ARNOLD, where they are reduced to such mildness, that the sin- Pastor of the Baptist Church, Unicorn Yard, Southwark. ner may look and live; and by looking be enlightened,
Died May 17th, 1734, in the 43d year of his age. comforted, and saved.
6. It is in the school of affliction, that men learn to On the Monday before he died, he asked his physicians, know themselves. While all is prosperous and shining with his usual cheerfulness, what they thought of himn? around them, they resemble the unruffled rivulet; but when they told him there was danger in his case. when the pebble of adversity is thrown in, the mire, till They were no sooner withdrawn, but he said to his then unseen, appears.
friends, with his hands lifted up towards heaven, and 7. The Christian should not content himself with with an air of pleasure and satisfaction in his countemerely differing from the world; if the world possess nance, "Now I am going, I am going home, I am singular privileges, he must be willing to be singular : going to glory." Upon this, he sent for his children, he should take his station at the foot of the cross, and took a solemn and affectionate leave of them, and with there he shall find rich blessings clustering from it, de- the authority of a minister, and the affection of a parent, scending constantly upon him.
recommended to them their duty to God, to one another, 8. Christ is the rock on which you must build, if you and how they ought to walk in the world. would build for eternity: all other foundations are as Tuesday being appointed by the church as a day of sand, and sink with time.
humiliation, fasting, and prayer, on his account, he sent 9. True religion is doctrinal, experimental, and prac- them the following message, which he spoke with the tical : if we possessed only doctrinal religion, it would utmost zeal and most welting affection, though he was lead to antinomnianism; if only experimental, to enthu- so weak as to be supported by two persons while be siasm; if only practical to pharisaism : therefore, if we delivered it. “I desire,” said he to an officer of the would be partakers of the religion of Jesus, all three church, then present, you will be a mouth for me must be united, we must not attempt to separate this day to the church. Give iny love to them as a them.
fellow-member, as a minister of Christ, and as their 10. Jesus is the Prince of Peace : by his birth he pastor. Tell them that I am now going to my God and proclaims it, by his life he purchased it, by taking our their God, to my Father and their Father. I desire nature and dying he made it, at his death he bequeathed them all to join in praises to God for the exceeding it, by his Spirit he imparts it, and at his second coming abundant riches of his grace and mercy to me. These it shall be fully and eternally enjoyed.
words, “ Thy sins which are many are forgiven,' have 11. It should be the aim of all men to act that part been set home upon my soul with such power and joy, in time, which God will approve in eternity.
as almost to overset ihe tabernacle : they were once 12. Take Christ for your hope, his character for your words to me as life from death, and now they are life in model, his love for your inotive, his Spirit for your death. I am concerned for that little hill in Mount strength, and his promises for your encouragement. Zion. Some of them, I believe, are seals to my mi
13. The value of every thing must be estimated by nistry, and will be my joy and crown of rejoicing in the the evil from which it delivers us, and the good to which day of Christ. They have been a creditable and reputit introduces us. How invaluable then is true religion, able church; they are now so; and it is my desire they which delivers us from an eternity of misery, and intro- may continue in credit and reputation after my decease. duces us to an eternity of joy unutterable.
I now take my farewell of thein, and commit them to 14. On the divinity of Christ hang all the glories and the care of the Great Shepherd and Bishop of souls. perfections of the gospel. Rob the Bible of this foun- Let them wait on God, that he may give them a pastor dation-stone, and the whole structure instantly crumbles after his own heart, to feed them with knowledge and into dust.
understanding. I desire them to show their love and
value for me, by uniting in love and affection to one and there he preached: but the want of his usual another, and by filling up their places in the church. liveliness was taken notice of by all. His text was They gave themselves not up to a minister, but to the Jer. xxxi, 18, “ I have surely heard Ephruim bemoaning Lord and one another. I desire them to walk closely himself thus, Thou hast chastised me," &c. After sertogether in holy communion and fellowship with God mon, he dined, and was advised to lose a little blood, and one another, and then they may expect to meet for fear of any inconvenience from the fall, though he death with joy and comfort, as I do now. And so I take made no complaints. When he had been bled he fell my leave of them, expecting to see them in a ttle time, asleep; and his friends fearing he slept too long awoke and that we shall be companions together, and be for him, at which he was not pleased. His old intimate ever with the Lord.”
friend, Mr. Illidge, was with him, and had been desired He very frequently expressed a great concern for the by the Hon. Sir Thomas Delves and his lady to invite Deists, why deny a divine revelation, because they must him to Doddington, and he fully intended to have waited be wholly destitule of any degree of that sweet comfort on them; their steward was there with Mr. Ilidge, to which he had received from the promises contained in conduct him to that house, which has been famed for the word of God: particularly he mentioned these impartial and disinterested religion, but he was not able words, “ The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth froin all to proceed any further. He went to bed at Mr. Mot. sin," as the great support of his dying hours.
tershed's house, and said to his friends, Pray for me, After his, when he had in a very solemn manner bid for now I cannot pray for myself.” When they were his last adieu to many of his friends, and several of his putting him to bed, he spoke of the excellency of spibrethren in the ministry, he said in the close of the day, ritual comforts in the time of need, and blessed God Now my work is done."
that he had those comforts. He said to Mr. Jllidge, E Wednesday, he was in the same frame of spirit, re- “ You have been used to take notice of the sayings of
joicing in the Lord, and longing for his dissolution. dying men: this is mine, - That a life spent in the serThursday evening, being asked whether his comfort vice of God, and communion with him, is the most comcontinued ? he answered, with his hands lifted up, fortable and pleasant life that any one can live in this “Yes, without the least cloud ; Satan has not been world.” He had but a restless night. About five o'clock suffered to interrupt it."
in the morning, he was seized with what the doctors Friday morning, the morning in which he entered into agreed to be an apoplectic fit: he lay speechless, with glory, about an hour before he died, he said to some his eyes fixed; and about eight o'clock, on Tuesday friends, “ You will be asked by the world how I went morning, June 22, he gently expired. off
. You are my witnesses, that I declare with my His funeral sermon at Nantwich was preached by the dying breath, that iny firm faith and dependence is on Rev. John Reynolds, from Matt. xxv, 21, “ Well done, the blood, righteousness, and satisfaction of the Lord thou good and faithful servant, enter thou into the joy Jesus Christ, for my acceptance in the sight of God.” of thy Lord.” After this, thɔnking them all for their kindness, he That at Hackney was preached by the Rev. W. Tong, wished, in the most affectionate manner, that his God from John xiii, 36, “Whither I go, thou canst not folmight be their God, and that they might be eternal low me now; but thou shalt follow me hereafter." companions with him in glory: One of them perceiving the near approach of death, said, “Sir, you seem to be
He answered with a kind of rapture, "Low! No, I am mounting up as fast as I can.” 'Upon
ILLUSTRATIONS OF I COR. XIII, 8- 12. i her saying, “Sir, do you feel any pain?” he answered, I Cor. xiii, 8, “ Charity never faileth,” &c.
“ Never "No, '1 bless the Lord, I feel no pain; he has made my faileth, Séroti Ixtintis, literally, never falls off. The passage easy.” Some of his last words were, “I am Christian, during his stay on earth, has to bear different an instance of sovereign and distinguishing grace, a kinds of fruit, all of which may be said to derive their brand plucked out of the burning." A few minutes existence and maturity from love ; but all these kinds, after this, he fell sweetly asleep in Jesus.
with the exception of love, and those which love abHis funeral serinon was preached by the Rev. Samuel sorbs, may be dispensed with; when having “fought Wilson, from Luke vii, 47, “Her sins, which are many, the good fight," and " finished" his "course," he takes are forgir en."
his triumphant flight to the “palace of angels and
God,” to “ lay hold on eternal life,” and wear a crown REV. MATTHEW HENRY.
of unfading glory. What need, for instance, of meek
ness, where there is nothing to ruffle us? What need Died at Nantwich, in Cheshire, June 22, 1714, in the
of patience, where there is nothing to try us?
love never faileth”-it is the cement of the heavenly
society, and is there carried to the highest state of On the 21st of June, 1714, he left his friends at Chester perfection.
“ But whether there be prophecies they (whither he had been on a visit), and set forward for shall fail. As though the apostle had said, The age of his people and family at Hackney. He thought he had prophecy will soon be over; and indeed, all the predicfound very sensible relief from his journey to Knuts- tions which are yet unfulfilled, together with those ford and Lancashire, which encouraged hiin to make which may hereafter be made, shall very soon “fail” an appointment to preach at Nantwich that day, on his in their accomplishment. Again, "whether there be proway to London. He was observed by all his friends to phecies" - edifying instructions —" they shall fail,” for be very heavy and sleepy ; but being asked how he did? they shall be unnecessary when the top-stone of the he always replied, "Well." Mr. Sudlow, an apothe- spiritual building has been brought on, with shoutings cary, and very good friend of his, said, before he left of Grace, grace, unto it: “whether there be tongues Chester, they should never see him again. As he went they shall cease,” both as it respects their miraculous by Dudden, he drank a glass of the mineral waters there. endowment or their wonderful variety. Those who Before le came to Torperly, his horse stumbled in a shall at last sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, dirty hole, and threw him. He was a little wet, but in the kingdom of God, shall certainly come from the said he was not hurt, nor did he feel any inconvenience east and west and north and south — but their various from his fall. Those who were with hiin, pressed him “tongues” or languages “ shall cense” - shall be lost to alight at Torperly, but he would go on to Nantwich, in the universal dialect of heaven: “whether there be
of his age.
knowledge it shall vanish away:"~not that heaven is to REFLECTIONS ON THE LATE CALAMITOUS he a place of ignorance any more than of hatred
SHIPWRECKS. there both love and knowledge will exist in perfection ;- but that all earthly knowledge, now so much “They that go down to the sea in ships, that do busi. esteemed and celebrated by men, “shall,” owing to its ness in great waters, these see the works of Jehovah, conparative 'foolishness, “runish" in the eternal world. and his wonders in the deep.” Psal. cvii, 23, 24. Such Part of the happiness of heaven will consist in an were the inspired reflections of the devout Psalmist, increase of knowledge, but we inay rest assured, so who probably had no idea of the extent to which comboundless are the treasures of heavenly knowledge, that, merce by sea has been carried in our times. Friday, althongh our intellectual capacity shall be enlarged, August 30, 1833, will long be remembered by thousands, our advance in knowledge exceedingly rapid, and there on account of dreadful storms, which overwhelmed is an eteruity before us, never shall the gigantic mind
in the depths of the ocean. of even a Newton be able to comprehend the whole.
Early in the afternoon of that day, between two and Ver. 9, “ For we knon in part, and prophesy in part."
three o'clock, the Amphitrite, Hunter, commander, We only can knuse those things which are revealed. bound for Botany Bay, with one hundred and twentyThose who are favoured with the Spirit of prophecy can
five female convicts on board, and several children, only penetrate into futurity, and foretel coming events grounded about half a mile to the right of Boulogne, so far as they are inspired by the Holy Ghost. Ver. 10, and within a short distance of the shore. Assistance was “But when that which is perfect is come, then that which promptly tendered, but was refused by the captain in is in part shall be done away," as is the early dawn by
the most positive manner. His obstinacy is supposed meridian splendour. Now, as though he had said, for to have proceeded from the hope that the ship would be something like an illustration (ver. 11), When I was got off on the return of the tide ; and he is represented a child, 7 spuke as a child” – very simply and very
to have been further stimulated by the surgeon, who inignorantly —-" I understood us a child” - scarcely any sisted, that as the custody of the women had been couthing that I heard—“I thought as a child"- had just
fided to him by the Government, it was his duty to take the simple views of children: ." but when I became a
care that no communication should take place between man, I put away childish things.” Just so may it be
them and the shore. When the tide returned the dansaid that we are now in the childhood of existence; but ger was irremediable: the violence of the storm conwhen we shall have reached the manhood of the future tinued unabated; and as the ship did not float, the state, shall we put away, as unworthy of us, that kind perilous condition of the crew could no longer be conof thinking and speaking, which was only suited to the cealed. The women, who had been shut up under the infancy of time.
hatches, are said to have forcibly burst froin the place Ver. 12, “ For now we see through a glass darkly, but
of their confinement, the majority of them congregating then fuce to face ; now I know in part, but then shall I
in the cabin.. A little before ten o'clock, the waves know even as also I am known." Now we see 88' 106RTPH
broke through the poop, and swept away in an instant ex alviyyatı, by a mirror into an enigma: so far from every soul in the cabin. The work of destruction was having any adequate conceptions of a future state, at soon completed'; in a few moments the ship went to present it appears from these words, that we are not pieces, and out of one hundred and fifty-four persons farcured with a direct, but only a second-hand view of on board, only three escaped to land, and one of these its representation - (mark particularly) -- what we see
died a few hours afterwards! The captain is stated to is actually a reflection from this mirror; and that have got on the same raft which bore to the shore one which is reflected, is only an imperfect similitude (an
of the survivors, but a wave carried him off, and though enigma) of the original. Thus, for the present, we are
he swam for suine time, he ultimately perished. The left with the assistance only of a few inexplicables to
surgeon and his wife also met a watery grave!” guess about the nature and glories of the heavenly
Such is an abridged account of only one of those world: “Now, spiritual things are only represented
dreadful wrecks, which occurred on that fatal night: to us by natural- the things which are not seen by
but what an affecting scene, independently of the sad those which are ;;- but “ then," when, at death, we catastrophe! One hundred and trenty-five of our coun. have "given up" the enigma-“then,” when in trywomen, unworthy to remain in their native land! heaven it is completely unravelled — “then," when the How truly shocking! Banished from society on account “day of elernity” has burst upon onr regenerate souls,
of their crimes ! Had any of them been brought to shall we fully know those things, of which here we only
seek salvation by Jesus Christ? Doubtless they had had a very partial conception.
been supplied with the Holy Scriptures; and surely, we Much obscurity has been the result of the rendering may indulge the hope, that Sovereign Merey had the words & FOOTTÇU, “through a glass ;” when I sup
granted some of them repentance and the knowledge of pose that glass was not invented, and especially looking
the truth. glasses, till a period much later than the time when Sailors, also; how peculiar their condition ! how the Apostle wrote the first Epistle to the Corinthians. appalling their dangers! and how desirable to supply But if you will refer to the eighth verse of the thirty
them with the Word of God, and other religious tracts eighth chapter of the book of Exodus, you will at once
and books ! Surely the recent calamitous shipwrecks
will serve as the occasion for more zealous and extenperceive a glaring impropriety in the use of the word by our translators, where it is stated that the “brazen sive operations of the new BritisH AND FOREIGN laver” and the brazen foot were made of the “looking
SAILORS' SOCIETY. GLASSES."." of the women assembling,”? &c. The use of the word mirror (of any kind of polished metal), re
Death of Mrs. Hannah More. moves the inconsistency of the passages. Manchester.
After a long life spent in promoting the cause of religiou and virtue, this celebrated lady rested from her
labours on Saturday last, September 7, at Clifton, near He that bath slight thoughts of 'sin, had never great
Bath, in the 88th year of her age. thoughts of God. - Owen.
London : Printed and Published by C. WOOD AND SON, Poppin's Court, God calls none to come to hiin, but whom he hath
Fleet Street ; to whom all Communications for the Editor (post paid)
should be addressed ; — and sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen in the inercy for on their coining.- Owen.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
SerTEMBER 21, 183,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY C. WOOD AND $ON, POPPiv's COURT, ILLET 816111, LONDON.
THE MOUNT OF OLIVES. The Monnt of Olives, or Mount Olivet, is one of the most celebrated places in the Holy Land. It is situated on the eastern side of Jerusalem, distant only a “Sabbath day's journey,” Jess than a mile, and separated from the city only by the brook Kidron, and the valley of Jehoshaphat, which extends from north to south.
This mountain derived its name from the abundance of olive trees which grew upon it: but its chief celebrity arises from the life and ministry of Christ. The Mount of Olives has three principal summits, giving names to several districts : first, GethsEMANE, the place of oil-presses; second, Bethany, the house of dates ; third, BethPHAGE, the house of green figs. The recollection of this will remove a difficulty, which has appeared in the staternent of Luke, relating to the place of our Lord's ascension. See Luke xxiv, 50; Acts i, 12: and, further to illustrate the geographical situation of these places, Luke xix, 29—38; John xi, 18.
Mount Olivet, then, was the scene of some of the Redcemer's most glorious works, illustrative of his character and claims as the predicted Messiah. It was in this consecrated district that he raised Lazarus from
the dead - wept over Jerusalem, foretelling its ruin by the Roman legions, and the awful doom of its infidel, guilty inhabitants -- and endured his inconceira. ble agonies in the garden of Gethsemane. It was from this mountain that he rode into Jerusalem as the King of Zion, sitting upon the foal of an ass, while the inspired multitude proclaimed his Messiahship, singing, • Hosanna to the Son of David !” On this mountain he gave his apostles their high and universal coinmission to evangelize all nations, and froin its iniddle summit the Redeemer ascended up to his celestial glory.
Mount Olives was once infamous through the criminal folly of King Solomon: for it was here that he built temples to Ashtoreth, Chemosh, and Milcom, the false and abominable divinities of the Ammonites and Moabites (1 Kings xi, 7, 33), out of complaisance to his wives of those nations. Hence it is, that this place was called “The Mountain of Corruption,” by succeeding ages (2 Kings xxiii, 13).
Dr. Clark's graphic description cannot fail to be peculiarly interesting to all our readers. He says, “ If Mount Calvary has sunk beneath the overwhelming influence of superstition, studiously endeavouring to modify and disfigure it, through so many ages; if the situation of Mount Sion yet remains to be ascertained ; the Mount of Olives, undisguised by fanatical labours,