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ham, Samuel S. Blair, Blake, Buffinton, Campbell, Cham Mr. GRIMES. I should like to hear the bill He also, from the same committee, to whom berlin, Colfax, Covode, Cutler, Davis, Dawes, Duell, Dunn, read, to know what it is.

was referred the bill (H. R. No. 403) to amend Edgerton, Eliot, Fenton, Fisher, Frank, Gooch, Goodwin, Gurley, llale, Hanchett, Harrison, Hooper, Hutchins, Ju

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will be read an act entitled “ An aci to authorize the Secretary lian, Francis W. Kellogg, Lansing, Loomis, Lovejoy, Mc for information.

of the Treasury to issue certificates of indebtedPherson, Menzies, Mitchell, Moorhead, Anson P. Morrill, The Secretary read the bill, which cstablishes ness to public creditors,"approved March 1, 1862, Justin $. Morrill, Pike, Porter, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Sargent, Shanks, Shella

a port of entry and delivery in the collection dis- | reported it without amendment. barger, Stevens, Trimble, Trowbridge, Vandever, Van

trict of Beaufort, in the State of South Carolina, Mr. POWELL, from the Committee on the Horn, Verree, Wall, Wallace, Charles W. Walton, Washi at or near Hilton Head, to be called the port of || Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. burne, Albert S. White, Wilson, Windom, and Worces

Port Royal, to be subject to the same regulations | No. 70) for the more effectual organization of the ter-69. NAYS–Messrs. Ancona, Joseph Baily, Biddle, George

and restrictions as other ports of entry and deliv courts of the United States in the districts of KenH. Brownc, Cobb, Frederick A. Conkling, Cox, Delano,

ery in the United States, and authorizes the ap tucky and Missouri, asked to be discharged from Dunlap, English, Grider, Haight, Harding, Holman, John pointment of a collector of the customs to reside its further consideration; which was agreed to. son, Kerrigan, Killinger, Knapp, Law, Mallory, May, Mor

at the port, who is to receive a salary of $1,500 per He also, from the same committee, to whom ris, Noble, Odell, Pendleton, Richardson, Robinson, Sheffield, Shiel, John B. Steele, William G. Steele, Benjamin

annum. Power is also given to the Secretary of were referred two memorials of citizens of St. F. Thomas, Train, Vallandigham; Voorhees, Wadsworth, the Treasury to appoint, on the nomination of the || Louis, remonstrating against the abolishment of Ward, Wickliffe, and Wood-38.

collector, such inspectors, weighers, gaugers, and the United States court for the eastern district of So the motion to lay the whole subject on the other officers as may be necessary for the collec Missouri, and resolutions of the Legislature of table was agreed to.

tion of the revenue at the port, whose compensa- || Kentucky, concerning the Federal courts for the During the vote,

tion is not to exceed the rates allowed to similar district of Kentucky, asked to be discharged from Mr. ROSCOE CONKLING said: My col officers at other ports of entry and delivery in the their further consideration; which was agreed to. league, Mr. CORNING, has been called away by || United States.

Mr. POWELL. I am also directed by the painful tidings from home, and I have agreed to There being no objection, the bill was read three || Committee on the Judiciary, to whoni was referred pair with him on this question. times, and passed.

the bill (H. R. No. 258) io regulate the time of Mr. MALLORY stated that his colleague, Mr.

PETITIONS.

holding the courts of the United States for the CRITTENDEN, was paired with Mr. McKNIGHT. Mr. TROWBRIDGE stated that his colleague, the signature of General Franz Sigel and all of || it do pass. I would ask the unanimous consent

Mr. GRIMES. I present a petition bearing report the same back, with a recommendation that

district of Kentucky, and for other purposes, lo Mr. GRANGER, was obliged to leave the House

the officers of his staff who are of German birth, on account of indisposition.

of the Senate to take up the bill now. It is a mere Mr. RIDDLE stated that Mr. Olin was paired and many of the aldermen and other public offi

local matter, and will take but a moment. cers of the city of St. Louis, expressing their apwith Mr. VJBBARD.

Mr. COLLAMER. I will inquire of the genMr. NIXON stated that he was paired with Mr. probation of the proposition to establish a German

tleman if he will not allow us to get through with professorship in the Military Academy at West PERRY. Point, and praying for the immediatc passage of

the morning business first. Mr. McPHERSON stated that his colleague, || the bill; and that Dr. Reinhold Solger, of the city

Mr. POWELL. I hope the Senate will indulge Mr. Patton, was detained from the House by 1 of New York, be appointed to that office. I move

me in this. It is the first time that I have asked illness.

such a favor of the Senate. that it be referred to the Committee on Military Mr. ALLEN stated that he was paired with Affairs and the Militia.

Mr. FOSTER. I will say that although that Mr. HICKMAN, and that he would have voted for

The motion was agreed to.

bill comes from the Judiciary Committee, it is by the contestant, while Mr. HicKMAN would have

no mcans a unanimous report. I do not propose voted for the sitting Delegate.

Mr. GRIMES presented a petition of citizens to oppose its consideration now; but there was The vote was then announced as above recorded. of Buena Vista, Clinton county, lowa; a peti- || opposition to it in the committee, and it is by no Mr. WASHBURNE moved to reconsider the

tion of citizens of Auburn, Fayeite county, Iowa; means the unanimous judgment of the commitvote by which the whole subject was laid upon

and a petition of citizens of Granville, Mahaska the table; and also moved that the motion to re

county, Iowa, praying for the construction of a Mr. POWELL. Do I understand the Senator, consider be laid upon the table.

ship canal between Lake Michigan and the Mis from Connecticut to object? The latter motion was agreed to.

sissippi river; which were referred to the Com Mr. FOSTER. I do not object. I merely state And then, on motion of Mr. FENTON, (at half | mittee on Military Affairs and the Militia. the fact. past five o'clock, p. m.,) the House adjourned.

Mr. WADE presented two petitions from citi The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will zens of Butler county, Ohio, praying for the con be read for information, if no objection be inter

fiscation of the property of traitors, and that the posed. IN SENATE.

proceeds may be applied to the payment of the Mr. KING. I do not see the chairman of the THURSDAY, May 8, 1862.

expenses of the war; which were referred to the Judiciary Committee present. My impression is, Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. Dr. SUNDERLAND. select committee on the confiscation bill.

he had something to say on this subject before. I The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.

Mr. COLLAMER presented a petition from think it had better go over.

citizens of Massachusetts, praying that Congress The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection IMPEACHMENT OF JUDGE IIUMPHREYS.

may drop the negro question, and attend to the being made, it goes over under the rule. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair business of the country; which was ordered to lie

CLAIM OF CARMICK AND RAMSEY. presents to the Senate the following resolution on the table. from the House of Representatives:

Mr. WRIGHT. I present a petition of eight Mr. COLLAMER submitted the following res“In House of RepRESENTATIVES, May 6, 1862.

of ten prominent citizens of the State of Florida, | olution; which was considered by unanimous con“On motion of Mr. BINGHAM, from the Committee on the praying for the adoption of a confiscation bill. sent, and agreed to: Judiciary,

The petitioners are gentlemen of wealth, who are Resolved, That the Postmaster General inform the Senate "Resolved, That a committee of two be appointed to go to well known to the people of Florida, but who of the nature, amount, and condition of the clatin of Carthe Senate, and at the bar thereof, in the name of the House of Representatives and of all the people of the United States, are at present in this ciiy.. I move that it be re

& Ramsey on his Department. to impeach West H. Humphreys, judge of the district court ferred to the special committee on the subject.

REGIMENTAL COLORS. of the United States for the several districts of Tennessee, The motion was agreed to.

Mr. SUMNER submitted the following resoof high crimes and misdemeanors, and to acquaint the Senate that the House of Represcntatives will in due time ex

Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I present || lution: hibit particular articles of impeachment against him, and two petitions from citizens of Massachusetts.

Resolved, That in the efforts now making for the restoramake good the same, and that the committec do demand They do not ask us " to drop the negro question tion of the Union, and the establishment of peace throughthat the Senate take order for the appearance of said West H. Humphreys to answer said impeachment.

and attend to business," but remonstrate against out the country, it is inexpedient that the names of the vic“ The Speaker, in accordance with the forcgoing resoluthe action of the Board of Trade of Boston and

tories obtained over our own fellow-citizens should be

placed on the regimental colors of the United States. tion, appointed Mr. John A. BINGHAM and Mr. GEORGE H. the Chamber of Commerce of New York in favor PENDLETON the said coinmittee." of what is understood to be Mr. Bigelow's plan

Mr. HALE. Let it lie over. Mr. FOSTER. I move that the subject be re of taxation. One of these petitions is sighed by

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will lie ferred to a select committee of three to examine Callender & Learnard and others, merchants of and report on the subject, to be appointed by the Boston, and the other by A. A. Jacobs and others,

BILL INTRODUCED. Chair. merchants of Boston. As the committee have re

Mr. HALE asked, and by unanimous consent The motion was agreed to.

ported on the subject, I move that the petitions be obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. 305) The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair laid upon the table.

to abolish the office of marshal in the District of appoints Mr. Foster, Mr. DooLITTLE, and Mr. The motion was agreed to.

Columbia, and creating the office of sheriff of the Davis as the committee; and the resolution of

District of Columbia; which was read twice by

REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. the House is referred to that committee.

its title, and referred to the Committee on the DisMr. CHANDLER, from the Committee on PORT OF ENTRY IN SOUTH CAROLINA.

trict of Columbia. Commerce, to whom was referred a memorial of A message from the House of Representatives, the Legislature of Wisconsin, in favor of the es

BATTLE OF PITTSBURG LANDING. by Mr. ETHERIDGE, its Clerk, announced that the tablishment of a port of entry at La Crosse, in Mr. SHERMAN, I submitted a resolution the House had passed a bill (H. R. No. 460) to es that State, asked io be discharged from its further other day calling for certain information in regard tablish a port of entry in ihe collection district of consideration; which was agreed to.

to the battle of Pittsburg Landing. I should like Beaufort, in South Carolina; in which the concur Mr. FESSENDEN, from the Committee on to have that resolution taken up now and assigned rence of the Senate was requested.

Finance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. || for half past twelve o'clock to-morrow, at which Mr. CHANDLER. I will ask the unanimous No. 393) making further appropriations for sun time I desire to make a few remarks in regard consent of the Senate to pass that bill now. The dry civil expenses of the Government for the year Committee on Commerce have had a copy of the ending 30th of June, 1863, and additional appro Mr. FESSENDEN. I do not object to the bill before them, and examined it. It is a very priations for the year ending 30th of June, 1862, l assignment; but I wish to notify my friend from important bill. reported it with amendments.

Ohio, that if certain gentlemen who are now

over.

to it.

absent return, I shall wish at one o'clock to-mor and fifty thousand, or two hundred thousand more of the returns, the fact comes before him that so row, if I can, to call up the Indian appropriation | than half a million of men; and I think from the many men are in the actual service of the United bill.

general information on the subject, the number States in that particular regiment. Thus it is imMr. SHERMAN. I have no objection to that. under pay cannot be safely calculated, though not possible, from the nature of things, to tell within I simply desire to submit a few remarks on the for the whole time, at less than seven hundred many thousands and tens of thousands the numresolution at a time when they will not be incon thousand men; certainly it must be very near that ber at any time in the service of the United States. venient to the Senate, and I think I can do it

number. It is easy to see, therefore, that there Besides, as my friend from Vermont (Mr. Colto-morrow, at half past twelve, as well as at any must be a very large deficiency in the coming two LAMER) suggests, new recruits are being received other time.

months; and the Paymaster General says, if I re all the time. I know that I once endeavored to The motion was agreed to; and the Senate pro- || member rightly, in his communication, that the ascertain the number of persons from Ohio in ceeded to consider the following resolution, sub amount already appropriated would be absorbed the service of the United States. It was utterly mitted by Mr. SHERMAN on the 6th instant: at the end of the monih; and he wrote that last impossible to ascertain it from the Adjutant Gen

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to com month, so that he must now be without funds. eral of the United States; but I could readily do municate to the Senate copies of all official reports from all

On these facts, I take it there can be no hesitation officers in command, relating to the recent bailies at Pitts

it from the adjutant general of the State of Ohio, burg Landing, on the Oth, 7th, and 8th days of April last. on the part of anybody in passing the bill. because he kept an account of the various enlistMr. SHERMAN. I now move that the reso

Mr. HALE. While the chairman of the Com ments as they occurred from time to time.

mittee on Finance is up I want to ask him a queslution be postponed until to-morrow at half past

I make this statement in justice to the officers twelve o'clock, and be made the special order for

tion, which I do in the best faith in the world. I who have been constantly arraigned here because that hour.

read in a very important paper this morning, a they could not give information to the Senate The motion was agreed to.

communication signed by several members of which no man possibly could give.

Congress, in which they stated that the increase Mr. GRIMES. I am not going to oppose the DEFICIENCY IN PAY OF VOLUNTEERS.

of the public debt now was about four millions of bill, but to reply to a few words that have been Mr. FESSENDEN. I should like now, if it dollars a day. I want to ask the chairman of the said by the Senator from Ohio. I admit that when would not interfere with other business, to take Committee on Finance if there is any foundation the Senator was raising his regimenis last sumup, with a view of finishing, the little thirty mil for that statement, if he knows anything about mer, and during the time we were enlisting in the lion matter that we had before the Senate yester- | it, or can give us an approximation to the truth various States of the Union to raise the great day morning. I move to take it up. on that point.

army, there was some difficulty in ascertaining, The motion was agreed to; and ihe Senate, as Mr. FESSENDEN. I am unable to answer at any given time, the number of men that were in Committee of the Whole, resumed the consid the question; and as to undertaking to answer all in the service of the United States; but there is eration of the bill (H. R. No. 404) to provide for the statements that may be made in the newspa not the slightest reason why we should not know the deficiency in the appropriation for the pay of pers by members of Congress or others, is beyond at the end of every month every man that is under the two and three years volunteers and the officers any man's power.

our pay, and if your Army regulations were enand men actually employed in the western depart Mr. HALE. I thought the chairman of the forced, it would be so. I do arraign the officers ment.

Committee on Finance might possibly be able to of the Army; I do say that they ought to be able Mr. FESSENDEN. I had this bill laid on the give an approximation. It struck me as an ex to tell us, at the end of every month, they ought table yesterday merely on the strength of the sug- || ceedingly extravagant statement.

to require the returns to be made, so that we can gestions made by the Senator from Massachusetts. Mr. FESSENDEN. I have no idea myself that know specifically every man that is fit for duty, On considering the subject, however, it is perfectly || it can be correct; but I will not undertake to dis and every man who is unfit for duty, wliere he is, apparent that this bill is no place upon which a pute propositions which men make in that way. whether he is on furlough, or whether he is with thing of that sort could be provided for; and if have no idea that it is anything near that, though his command, and if they perform their duties, it they exist, I trust the Committee on Military Af there may be some particular days in the year on will be so. Every man who is sent to a hospital fairs will look into it and see that the trouble is which that amount of money is paid out. The is immediately reported. It is the duty of the remedied as speedily as possible.

statement, in my judgment, is exiravagant. brigade officer, from the reports that accumulate In regard to this bill, it is impossible for me Mr.SHERMAN. A good deal of criticism was from the regiments in his hands, to report monthly to give anybody more explanation on the subject | indulged in yesterday in regard to the uncertainty to the Adjutant General, and he ought to be able substantially than I have given. The appropria as to the number of men in the service of the Uni to tell us precisely the number of men and what tion was asked for by the Paymaster General and ted States, especially by the Senator from Mlinois their condition is at any moment. We never shall has been recommended by the Secretary of War. (Mr. T'RUMBULL) and the Senator from Iowa, [Mr. be able to obtain this information until we expose Those papers were published in the Globe at the GRIMES.) I think a moment's reflection will con those generals who are derelict in their duty. I time of the debate in the other House, and I sup vince them that their criticism was unjust. They do not attribute it to the Adjutant General. I pose are familiar to Senators. I deem it proper turned to the chairman of the Committee on Fi. know that we are partly to blame; I know that io state to the Senate, however, that there may be nance very triumphantly and asked him, and he we have made brigadier generals who were incomno misunderstanding about it, that the appropri was unable to give them ihe information, and then petent to perform their duty, or who do not do it. ations for this year thus far for the pay of the iwo to the chairman of the Committee on Military The generals who do not thus report ought to be and three years volunteers amountlosi05,000,000. | Affairs, and he was unable to give the information. held up to the reprobation of the public, because We appropriated $55,000,000 at the extra session, It is obvious, from the nature of the facts, that they compel us to legislate in the dark. and $50,000,000 at this session for that purpose. no one can give the information. Our troops were l'did not intend to say anything, and should

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is recruited by some twenty different governments. not have done so, but for the suggestion that has obliged to remind the Senator from Maine that Each regiment was recruited under ihe authority || been made by the Senator from Ohio. I admit the hour has arived for the consideration of the of its own State government. When each soldier that last summer his reasoning would have been special order assigned for half past iwelve o'clock enlisted, he was entitled to pay, but probably his good, but it ceased whenever you ceased to raise to-day.

enlistment was not reported to the Adjutant Gen volunteers. Whenever you filled up your regiMr. FESSENDEN. I move that it be post eral of the United States for two or three months ments, it was the duty of these men to report poned for a few moments. I suppose there will afterwards. I know by experience something of monthly, and if they have not reported monthly be no objection to that.

the practical result of this system of enlistment. || in accordance with the Army regulations, and we Mr. SUMNER.. Let it be passed over in A regiment is authorized to be raised by the Gov therefore are legislating in the dark as to the numformally

ernor of Ohio, for instance. For two months it | ber of men we have under our control, and in our

will be in process of recruiting. From the time pay, they are to blame for it. consent, it will be passed over informally for the each soldier signs the roll he is entitled to pay Mr. WILSON,Of Massachusetts. I think,Mr. present.

from the Government of the United States; and President, the Senator from lowa is mistaken in Mr. FESSENDEN. I have made a slight cal- || when the regiment is completed to its minimum one thing. I think that much more could have culation at my desk, which shows me that there or its maxium number, as the case may be, two been done than has been done in the War Departevidently must be a deficiency. It has not been or three inonths afterwards, it is regularly mus ment, in the Adjutant General's office, and by the quite a full year, but any Senator who sits down tered into the service of the United States. All officers in the field, to inform us how many men we and calculates the amount needed for five hundred the names are put on the muster-roll, and sent had in the service. It seems to me we have had thousand men, will find that their pay proper for first to the adjutant general of the State, and then negligence to some extent in this matter. I do not a year-I have calculated it roughly; I may be to the Adjutant General at Washington; and then mean to reproach anybody, for we all know how mistaken-would amount to about seventy-eight a mustering in officer is detailed to muster in the every Department of the Government has been millions, without calculating the pay of officers, | regiment, as it is called. Now, this may be two pressed and overworked since this rebellion took and the pay of musicians, and the extra pay for or three, and, in some cases, four months after place, and the difficulty they have had to make up surgeons and other persons connected with the the soldiers are drawing their pay. In the mean ihe facts they have in their offices and put them Army, which would unquestionably bring it up | time, the Adjutant General at Washington has no | in form so that an intelligent opinion could be to something like one hundred millions, and per knowledge of the number of persons in this un arrived at. But, sir, do the best they can, with haps more. Then that would cover of itself' for organized or imperfect regiment. Still, they are || this vast army in the field, raised as it has been five hundred thousand men about the amount under pay, and are entitled to pay from the Uni raised, raised by the several States, raised by that we have appropriated thus far. We all know, ted States.

commissions or authority issued to men all over without knowing the exact number, that there are It is manifest, from this explanation, that it is the country to get up regiments, looking at the probably two hundred thousand men more, taking || impossible for any officer to iell how many men process of recruiting to fill up those regiments, the whole of them, who have beçn and are to be are in the employ of the United States at one and the scattered condition of the regiments not in service. I say " to be,” because recruiting is time. Besides that, when a regiment is full, a in the service, and of the squads raised to fill up going on to fill up the regiments, I am told, at the soldier may be discharged upon the certificate of the regiments over the country, I hold that we present time, and it has been going on all the time. a medical officer, and that is not known and is cannot tell within several thousand any one day It is evident, therefore, this money is needed if not made known to the Adjutant General until how many men we have. We must vary somethere are one hundred thousand, or one hundred some time afterwards, when, in the ordinary course what from the real number, at best.

The' PRESIDENT pro tempore. By common

But, sir, it seems to me that more could have some extent the expense of the Government, and to cast blame on the War Department, or on the been done than has been done to ascertain this. it has been in my judgment one of the chief causes authorities of any State because we do not know In spite of all that may be said on the subject, of this uncertainty as to the number of men we this. I am seeking in good faith the information. after looking through all the reports that I have have in the field and that are being raised in the I want to know how many men we have in the examined, and I have endeavored to find out the country. Weeks ago the Department stopped service of this Government, that I may act intelnumber of regiments and the number of men in authorizing men to raise regiments. It will be ligently, and I do not believe that any informathe field and at home in every State, I think the remembered that early in the session the Senator | lion would be given to the enemy that would harm general estimate is that we have more men in the from Maine (Mr. FESSENDEN) called attention to us, if we knew and they knew how many men field than we really have, and that the number I this system of authorizing men to raise regiments, we really had in service. They do not know where stated yesterday of about five hundred and twenty and to the large number of cavalry regiments that they are, nor where they are to meet them, norin five thousand is very near the number. The state had been raised, and to the fact ihat there were what numbers they are to meet them. True, they ment made by the Senator from Maine in regard to regiments or parts of regiments scattered over the might know from it the power of this Governthe amount necessary to pay these men, and to pay country as a sort of home guards; and after that ment, and the knowledge of that I do not think the officers, even on the basis of five hundred and the War Department undertook to arrest the mat would do them much good or give them much entwenty-five thousand men, shows that it is neces ter, and I think have done so. I think that there couragement. I desire, at any rate, to know how sary to pass this appropriation. Assuming that are not more than twenty-five regiments in the many men we have got, and I hope that at some to be about the number we have in service, and whole country that are not in the field, but there time the Military Committee will give us more considering the amount thai we have had to pay were forty or fifty some forty days ago ; many

information than we have now. to the thousands of men who have been in service of those regiments have come into the field since,

I know that there has been sometimes the diffiand have been discharged, or have fallen on duty probably fully half of them. But as has been culty that has been suggested by the Senator from in the service, for there are many thousands of stated this morning, I understand that many of Massachusetts in the raising of troops, but there them, it seems to me that this deficiency is easily the regiments, especially in the West, have been has not been the difficulty in some sections of the accounted for. Therefore, I mean to make no op cut up in the field, or have had a great many sick country that is represented. For instance, the position to this appropriation.

men, and they have been authorized to fill up their War Department issued authority to raise a regiMr. CLARK." I want to ask the chairman of ranks. Many of those regiments were reduced ment in my State, but the Governor knew just the Committee on Military Affairs if he can tell nearly one half; some of them perhaps more than how many men were in that regiment, and could how many men have been put in the field by the one half. The Senator from lowa (Mr. GRIMES) || give an account of that regiment as well as of one various Siates. Has it ever been known in the says that some of them have less than three hun- || raised under his authoriiy. The War DepartWar Department how many men have been fur dred men. I understand they have been ordered ment gave authority to Governor Sprague to raise nished by the several States?

to fill up. We cannot tell now how fast they are cavalry in New England, and there were three Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I have a being filled up.

companies from my Slate. The Governor of New statement, which I have not now got with me, Under these circumstances there must be some Hampshire knew just how many men were in giving the number of regiments, raised in each considerable uncertainty, and no one is able to tell those companies as well as if they were in one of State, the arm of service to which they belong, within a few thousand. It is only by examining his own regiments, and could give an account of the number actually in the field, and the number all the facts we have before us, and counting up them. So in other States. Some of these men of regiments in the different States not yet filled with the best judgment we can, that we arrive at have not been put into the field until recently, but up. I think that about forty days ago we had any conclusion; and in my judgment, I believe, we ought to know how many have been put i

t into something like fifty regiments or parts of regi that independent of three months men, we have the field, and we do not know that. I have all ments, not fully completed in the different States, had as two and three years volunteers in the field charity for the circumstances under which this that were not actively in the field, and were still something like five hundred and seventy-five business has been conducted. Those who know engaged in organizing.

thousand men, and we now have in the field some more about it may have more charity than I have, Mr. CLARK. Will the Senator allow me to thing like five hundred and twenty or five hun- || and may make more allowances than I do; perask him, further, how many men have been sent dred and twenty-five thousand. That is my best haps I ought to make more. I am willing to make into the field or the service of the United States judgment, according to the facts.

all the deductions that ought to be made by any. by the different States? What is the whole amount Mr. TEN EYCK. It does not appear to me, body, and yet I assert that we ought to have the of force that has been out from the different | sir, although I may not have a correct view of it, information as soon as possible, because it is neStates ?

that it is at all essential that we should know to a cessary in a great variety of subjects that come Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I cannot an man or to a regiment how many men we have in up here, that we should know, and I desire that swer precisely and exactly. I think, tuking it all the field, in order to pass this bill. It gives me we should be informed as soon as may be. I shall together, we must have had in the service at least always great pleasure to be informed by the de- give my vote for this bill on the judgment of the five hundred and sixty or five hundred and sev bates in this body; but it does not appear to me

committee. enty thousand men.

that information is at all essential to us. I hope Mr. DAVIS. I intend to give my vote with Mr. FESSENDEN. I will state that I saw at the bill will be put upon its passage. We need great cheerfulness for this measure, and I will for the War Department calculations based upon the not spend all the money. When an appropriation any measure of supply that the chairman of the most accurate returns they could get, which, how is made, I understand that no more than is neces Committee on Finance may report and recommend ever, were not perfect, and cannot include the sary will be applied for the purpose under the bill. to the House as necessary and proper, such is my whole number, showing about five hundred and It may, in certain aspects of the case, be not desir- || confidence in his intelligence and judgment in the eighity-six thousand men.

able that it should be exactly known how many discharge of his duty. At the same time, Mr. Mr. CLARK. It seems to me there should have men we have in the field; at least, it may not be President, I do bring censure, and strong censure, been no difficulty about this—the thing should desirable, so far as our enemies are concerned. to the War Department, for the utter confusion have been definitely ascertained. I venture to say Without taking up any further time, as there is and uncertainty in relation to its business. On the that the Governor of the State of Massachusetts another matter of importance to come before the 7th of February last, I proposed to the Senate a can tell how many men he has sent into the field. || Senate, which I trust will be brought up this resolution asking for the information that is now It would have been an easy matter for the War | morning, I venture to express the hope that we sought for by gentlemen. I hold in my hand a Department to ascertain from every State what may be allowed to take the vote on this bill. report from the present Secretary of War, dated number it had sent to the field, and the figures Mr. CLARK. I shall give my vote for this || February 28, 1862. There is some confusion and could have been fooled up, and we should have bill upon the recommendation of the chairman of conflict as to dates. He says: known exactly how many men were sent into the the Committee on Finance, but I do not sympa

"I have the honor to transmit herewith two statements field, or so near it as to be accurate enough for all thize with the views or the feelings in this regard | prepared in the Adjutant General's office in answer to a practical purposes. of the Senator from New Jersey. I know, sir, it

resolution of the Senate of the 7th ultimo, calling upon this

Department for the aggregate number of three years. volunMr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I am as is not essential that we should have the informa teers that have been mustered into the service of the Unisured at the War Department that they have over tion sought to be obtained here, in order to pass

ted States." and over again called for information froin the this bill; we can give our votes blindly; but it is It refers to the date of the resolution as the 7th Governors of States in regard to this matter, and more gratifying to some of us certainly to know of January. This report is dated the 28th of Febfrom most of the Governors they have got full what we are doing and why we are doing it. I ruary, and it sends here a report of the Adjutant information, but from some of them the informa would rather have the information that I am seek- || General, dated at his office ihe 14th of January, tion was not quite full and complete, because their || ing to obtain as to how many men we have in the 1862. If this report was made out on the 28th regiments were incomplete in themselves. One service of the Government, or in the employ of of February, 1862, why was it that the Adjugreat trouble has been that instead of calling on the Government, than to legislate without it, es tant General brought down the report of his office ihe Governors of States, by a proclamation or pecially

if I am to vote money to pay these inen. to no later a date than the 14th of January pregeneral order, for a certain number of troops, so Mr. TEN EYCK. Will the Senator allow me viously? It was a matter agreed and conceded on many infantry, so many cavairy, and so many ar just one word ?

all hands that during the continuance of the pretillery, the War Office listened to the applications Mr. CLARK. Certainly.

vious Secretary of War in his office, there never that were made for months for authority to raisc Mr. TEN EYCK. I think we have approxi was a more incompetent officer in high place than reginents, and that authority was granted to a mated to it. We know pretty nearly the amount, he was; that, in point of incapacity and utter iglarge number of persons over the country, without as definitely as is necessary for us to know, or as norance of the important business of his high office, requiring them io act under or in concert with the we ever shall know, if we talk about it here till and of the exact condition of its business, no man Governors of the different States. The Govern- i doomsday.

was ever in any place that was more profoundly ors of States were raising men, arming men, and Mi. CLARK. That is a question for each gen- | ignorant. I was informed by a member of the sending them into the field; and at the same time, tleman to decide for himself whether he has as Cabinet, about the time that I offered this resoluby independent action, gentlemen all over the much information as he wants or not. I do not tion, that there could not be reported, either from country were raising regiments. That has been undertake to say that the Senator from New Jer the Adjutant General's office or the War Departa source of embarrassment, it has complicated our sey has not all the information he wants. I should ment, more than about four hundred and torty affairs. I have no doubt that it has increased to be glad to get a little more. Nor do I undertake regiments, without regard to their size; and yet

was.

previous to that the late Secretary of War had forward by the Governor; the number of men in suggest that the question before us is not how many reported the number of the Army of the United those regiments may have been known to the efficient men we have, but how many men we are States at about six hundred and seventy thousand | Governor, and it may not: I doubt whether it || paying. We pay the men who are in hospitals. men. There was a discrepancy of upwards of But whether it was or not, how can he tell Mr. HARRIS. I know that. two hundred thousand men between his report and now, how can anybody tell the number of men Mr. GRIMES. The question is not what is the facts of the case.

in those regiments? I have a letter that I have the efficient force of the Army, but what is the Here is a tabular statement of the amount of received within the last three days from a briga- ! entire force. soldiery furnished by the different States, sent to dier general from my State now In the army at Mr. DAVIS. Only a word, sir. I have some us by the War Department. My own State is Yorktown. Speaking of one favorite regiment || little knowledge of this matter of mustering men put down at two cavalry regiments and eight in from my State, he says that regiment entered the || into the service of the United States, or into the fantry regiments. The report bears date the 28th service last October more than a thousand strong, service of the Stade with a view to their being day of February last, and on that very day there and now they cannot muster much more than five transferred from the State to the service of the were at least four, if not six, cavalry regiments

hundred men. How can the Government here United States. I acted as a mustering officer, and from the State of Kentucky in the service, and from know anything about that? And so with respect I caused three separate rolls of each company to twenty-four to twenty-eight infantry regiments. to other regiments: men are sick, men die, and be made out; and, as I understood, one of them The aggregate amount of soldiery from that State men are discharged; how can the Administration was intended to be transmitted, and I doubt not about the 1st of February last exceeded thirty here know anything about it? They must get all was transmitted, to the office of the Adjutant Genthousand troops. At the day this report bears daie the information they have from the States, and it eral of the United States. Those rolls would it amounted to not less, and'I believe to more, than the States are unable to furnish that information, || furnish that office with the exact number, and twenty-five thousand in the aggregate. I suppose I ask the Senate how it can be obtained, and how the name of every officer and man that was musthat there will be found about as much difference can they be guilty of such dereliction of duty as tered into the service of any State, and out of the from the true facts of the case in relation to other is imputed to them in this respect?

service of that State into the service of the UniStates as there is in relation to the State of Ken Mr. GRIMES. The Senator does not suppose ted States. Gentlemen have been inquiring all tucky. I here charge that it is eminently dis that information as to the number of men dis this session for a little exact information at any graceful to the Administration and to the War charged goes to the States. For instance, the num iime, at any date, in relation to this matter. Can Office that there should not be more exact and ber of men discharged from that regiment near the Senator from New York, or the Department, more reliable information in regard to these mat Yorktown should be reported from the regimental or the Committee on Military Affairs tell us exters than is furnished to the Senate and the Con officers to the brigade officers, and come through || actly the number of men that were in the service gress of the United States. These men ought to the regular channels here.

of the United States on any day between the comattend to their duties; they ought to have their Mr. HARRIS. Of course, I know that. I mencement of this session of Congress and the offices in good fix. I have been a clerk myself, know the Department here can tell how many men present time? I say that the failure or inability of and I know how offices can be kept, and I know they discharge.

The War Office to furnish that information is disthat if there are competent men in these places Mr. GRIMES. Then if they knew how many | graceful; but such it seems is the order in which they may have their books in such position and men they had at the start

That office is found. The public opinion of the condition that all information in relation to these Mr. HARRIS. That is the trouble; they do United States of America ought not to tolerate such things they can furnish to any proper authority, not. How are they going to know?

a state of things. If I understand it aright, every that asks for the information, in a few hours. Mr. GRIMES. Do they not know how many company in the whole Army of the United States

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is men were in that regiment when it was mustered ought to make a daily report of the strength and obliged to call on the Senator from Kentucky to into the service of the United States ?

the condition of its force, and this report ought to suspend his remarks. The further consideration Mr. HARRIS. Perhaps so.

be transmitted from office to office until ultimately of this bill is postponed under the authority of the Mr. GRIMES. The mustering officer makes it reaches, as the grand reservoir, the office of the rule of the Senate.

report the moment it is done to the Adjutant Gen- | Adjutant General of the United States, and there Mr. DAVIS. I close, and am willing to let eral, and the Adjutant General, if he has his books they ought to collate them and give us the informthe vote be taken.

entered up, as I have no doubt he has, credits such ation. It is because the office is totally unable to The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Under the rule a State with such a regiment, containing such a give any such information, even to an approxiof the Senate the special order of the day, the un number of men.

mate degree, that censure has been cast there, and finished business of the last sitting, takes prece Mr. HARRIS. Until within thirty days al I believe very properly and justly. dence of all other business at this hour, and that most every regiment in the whole volunteer army The bill was reported to the Senate, ordered to is the bill limiting the number of major and brig-has had recruiting officers out bringing in new a third rea g, read the third time, and passed. adier generals.

MAJOR AND BRIGADIER GENERALS. Mr. FESSENDEN. I move to postpone that Mr. GRIMES. Every recruiting officer is reorder of business until this subject is disposed of. quired to make his regular monthly report; and

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The business I presume nobody else wishes to address the we have given to the Adjutant General's office a

properly before the Senate, under the rules, is the Chair, and that the Senate is ready to vote on sufficient number of clerks to keep all these ac

bil (s. No. 297) limiting the number of major this bill.

counts up square and straight-just as regularly and brigadier generals. It is the unfinished busiThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved as the book-keeper of any mercantile establish ness of yesterday, which takes precedence among that the special order of the day be postponed for ment keeps his books.

the special orders. That bill is before the Senate, the purpose of considering and disposing of the Mr. HARRIS. Sir, I undertake to say that to

as in Committee of the Whole, and the question is appropriation will before the Senate.

keep such an account as that with all ihe regi upon the amendment moved by the Senator from The motion was agreed to. ments of volunteers from all the States, is utterly

New Hampshire, (Mr. Hale,] to strike out Mr. HARRIS. I do not rise, sir, to make a impracticable. With all the force they have in two hundred," and insert “one hundred and speech upon this question. It seems to me per the War Department, it cannot be done. I think eighty," as the number of brigadier generals. fectly obvious thai the bill must pass: it ought to I can approximate very nearly to the amount of

Mr. HALE. I ask for the yeas and nays on pass; and yet I do not exactly like to have the men from my Slate, and I think Senators, who

that amendment. matter go out to the country in the shape in which will take as much pains as I have, in reference to

The yeas and nays were ordered; and being it is presented by this debaio. It is no new thing their own States, will come near it. That is us

taken, resulted-yeas 16, nays 19; as follows: in the Senate to hear the question discussed as to well as we can do. We have one hundred and YEAS-Messrs. Chandler, Clark, Davis, Dixon, Doolitthe number of volunteer soldiers we have in the eighteen regiments and twelve batteries of artil

tle, Hale, Harlan, Howe, Kennedy, Powell, Saulsbury,

Sumner, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, and Wilson of Misfield. It is an old topic here. We have had it up lery from New York, or about equal to one hunhalf a dozen times during this session, and about dred and twenty regiments. I suppose they came NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Collamer, Fessenthe same things have been said. Now, sir, I un into the field averaging about eight hundred men,

deu, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Harris, Henderson, Lane of In

diana, Lane of Kansas, Morrill, Poineroy, Simmons, dertake to say that the War Department is not so but I presume they are very greatly reduced now. Stark, Ten Eyck, Willey, Wilson of Massachusetts, and much to blame as the Senator from Kentucky has | I have thought all along that gentlemen, Senators Wright--19. undertaken to assert, and as other Senators seem and others, were entirely over-estimating the num So the amendment was rejected. to suppose. Look at it a little; see how this thing ber of men, active, efficient men, that we have in is arranged. I will take my own State. I think the service. I do not believe that this day the

The bill was reported to the Senate, as amended, I know a little more than Senators generally in re United States have half a million of men in the

and the amendment, made as in Committee of the lation to the number of men we have from the field. This on my part is a mere guess; but, on

Whole, (which was to fix the number of major State of New York. I can tell the Senate that we the best estimate 1 can make, there are less than generals at thirty instead of twenty,) was conhave sent from New York into the field one hun-half a million of men in the field. We over-esti

curred in. The bill was ordered to be engrossed dred and five regiments of infantry, and we have mate these things altogether; we have beer in the

for a third reading, was read the third time, and sent from New York into the field eleven regiments habit of doing it. How often have we heard it

passed. of cavalry, and we have sent four regiments of ar said in this Congress that we had two hundred

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. tillery, making altogether one hundred and twenty thousand or two hundred and fifty thousand men Mr. DOOLITTLE. I believe there is no special regiments that we have sent into the field out of here last winter? We never had anything like order now before the Senatethat State, besides the fragments and skeletons of that number of men fit for service here. You can Mr. SIMMONS. I gave way to the bill of the regiments that are yet there unfinished. Of these not get at the precise number; but if you reason Senator from Maine a while ago, supposing there one hundred and i wenty, two regiments have been | about it, if you look at general facts, you will be would be no debate upon it. I should like now disbanded, one regiment of infantry and one of forced to the conclusion that we could not have to call up the bill for ihe establishment of a Decavalry, leaving in the service of the United States had so many efficient men. I do not believe that partment of Agriculture, which was the special from ilie State of New York now one hundred we have now seventy-five thousand men in the order for to-day at half past twelve o'clock. and eighteen regiments. Those regiments were field fit for service from the State of New York, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It can come organized under the State administration; they with our hundred and twenty regiments.

up now on motion only; it does not stand as a were organized by the Governor, they were sent Mr. GRIMES. The Senator will allow me to special order.

men.

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Mr. SIMMONS. Then I move to take

up
that Mr. FOSTER. A bureau under him.

Mr. Webster in the last days of his life, if by any bill,

Mr. SIMMONS. He does not call it so. That possibility he could do it, to extricate the quesThe motion was agreed to; and the Senate, as seems now, according to gentlemen, to have dwin tion of manufactures, and the tariff, as it related to in Committee of the Whole, resumed the consid dled down to a bureau. They all recommended manufactures, from that political whirlpool into eration of the bill (H. R. No. 269) to establish a national encouragement to agriculture, and the which politicians had dragged it. The laiter years Department of Agriculture, the pending question President and Secretary of the Interior have rec of his life were earnestly, strenuously, and persebeing on the amendment of Mr. Foster, to strike ommended an Agricultural Department.

veringly devoted to that end, to extracư manufacout all after the enacting clause of the bill, and Mr. COLLAMER. If the gentleman will in tures and the tariff from the arena of political ininsert a substitute.

dulge me one moment, I will call his attention to fluences and discussions. He hardly succeeded, Mr. SIMMONS. I wish to propose an amend what the President does say. I read from the sir. I remember that, not many years since, I was ment to the original bill. I notice that some ob message:

present at a meeting of the State Agricultural Sojection has been made that it does not provide “Agriculture, confessedly the largest interest in the na ciety in my own State, and, as I was not much of that a report shall be made to Congress. I did tion, lias not a Department or a bureau, but a clerkship only a practical' farmer, I suppose it was rather comnot notice the omission. I move, in the thirteenth assigned to it in the Government."

plimentary to the position with which the good line of the third section, after the word “ Presi

Then he goes on to say:

people of the State had honored me I was called dent,” to insert the words “and to Congress.

" It is fortunate that this great interest is so independent in its nature as not to have demanded and extorted more

upon to say something to the agricultural society. The amendment was agreed to. from the Government. I respectfully ask Congress to con

I turned over in my mind something that I might Mr. SIMMONS. Now, I have a single word sider whether something more cannot be given voluntarily, possibly say that might be suggestive, or make to say with reference to the substitution of the with general advantage."

some suggestion that was worthy of their considproposition of the Senator from Connecticut for

He does not recommend a Department. eration. It occurred to me that there was one the original bill. As it has been amended by him,

Mr. SIMMONS. I did not look into the mes fortunate circumstance in reference to agriculture or with his consent, it provides no duty io this sage to see whether these folks had got it right. which neither commerce nor manufactures had. Department that is not provided for in the present || Nobody, has read what the Secretary of the Inte It was this: that that great art, communicated from bill. It increases the number of clerks somewhat;

rior said. Did he recommend a Department? the divine Author of our being to man when He for what purpose I cannot conceive. I suppose,

Mr. FOSTER. No, sir; he did not.

made him and placed him on the globe, and subhowever, it is because there were other duties as Mr. SIMMONS. Then these folks are mis- | jected the earth to his use and made it his lot to signed when his amendment was drawn. I have taken.

get his living from the earth, by the good provianother objection to the proposed substitute: it

Mr. FOSTER. They are mistaken, clearly. dence of God had thus far been kept out of the simply creates a bureau instead of a department, Mr. SIMMONS. Well, the committee unan hands of politicians; that they depended upon as has been prayed for by the agriculturists for a

imously recommend a Department; and we will themselves, upon their mother earih, and their great many years. I hold in my hand a petition | take the responsibility of that. I think that the father God, for whatever of success they might of the National Agricultural Society, signed by bill proposed by the committee, with the amend- | achieve; and that that was one of the happy cirits president and other officers, praying for the

menis they have made, is much better prepared cumstances of the condition in which they were establishment of the identical measure proposed and much better guarded than the substitute of placed. in the original bill, in which they set out a great

fered by the Senator from Connecticut. That sub Now, sir, I venture to remark that the great many reasons for it. The president of the so stitute makes no provision for the accountability anxiety to have agriculture elevated to a Departciety was before the committee this morning, urg

of these officers for the expenditure of the money ment of this Government, and finally to a seat in ing us to pass the bill as it came from the House at all. It makes no provision for the chief clerk the Cabinet, for that is what it looks to, does not of Representatives; representing that it would be to act as Commissioner of Agriculture in the ab come from the men of whom my excellent friend greatly more satisfactory to the agriculturists than sence of the chief. The committee thought of all from Rhode Island speaks, that'lean upon their anything they had seen. Asit called for no money, these things, and endeavored to perfect a bill that plow-handles; but it comes from the men who he thought it was a very good beginning for this would secure a faithful administration of this es want them to take their hands off the plow-handle Department, and he hoped Congress would pass tablishment.

and vote for them at the ballot-box." Those are it. 'I do not see the Senator from Pennsylvania, I have found a great deal of trouble in getting the men who I think are mainly instrumental in (Mr. Cowan,) who this morning started a con this matter acted upon by the Senate. I know the this effort to elevate agriculture. My own opinstitutional question about this matter, in his seat. fact that for a great many years the agricultural || ion, whatever that is worth, is, that agriculiure If he were here, I would read a little extract from interests of this country have been struggling to does not want any of this assistance. Ifihe genius this memorial which, I think, might possibly re get a recognition of their important business by of agriculture could be impersonated and could move his objection. He has a great veneration

the Government. They want a separate organi come here to-day, its prayer to the American Confor the authority quoted in this memorial, and I

zation, so that they shall call it theirs, I suppose. gress would be, “ for God's sake, let us alone.” suppose it would remove his troubles in that re They produce considerably more than half of all They would say as the manufacturers of France gard. These parties say:

that is produced in the country. The producing said to Bonaparte, when in the zenith of his power “ The obligation of our Government to promote the agri

classes of this country produce, by their sturdy he called some of them and said, “now what can culture of the country has frequently been asserted in the labor, four thousand millions annually. Fully I do for you, for the manufactures of France?" most authoritative manner. Our first paternal President urged the encouragement of agriculture by our national Government, as of primary importance to the country.

this pursuit, and I venture to say that not one me that “ let us alone” would be the prayer that And our present excellent Chief Magistrate, in his recent quarter of those productions is consumed by that agriculture would put up to Congress to do if it annual message, earnestly recommended the creation of a three fourths, while the non-producers consume said anything. I do not believe that the real and proper Agricultural Department for the promotion of the as much as the whole three fourths. Look into the permanent interests of agriculture will be progreat interests of husbandry. The Secretary of the Interior, who supervises the present imperfect establishmenty

statistics, and you will come to that conclusion. moted by any of the movements that are on foot in his recent able report, earnestly advises the organization

I have heard it objected to this proposed Depart for it. If there is anything to be done, I am for of a proper Agricultural Department.”

ment that we recommend, that it will grow and be that measure which does the least. The Senator For myself, I do not want any better authority

come exorbitant in its demands upon the Treas from Rhode Island suggests that the measure he for supporting a measure than that a similar prop

ury, that it will loom up into the nature of a recommends is the one which does the least and osition had been urged by the Father of his Coun Cabinet appointment. I have had some little ex interferes the least. If it is, I am for that; but I try.

perience in agriculture; I have had some experi think the whole thing is a mistake. If you make Mr. FESSENDEN. Do I understand the Sen ence here; and as I said the other day, I know of a separate Department of this, you will have it ator to say that the first President recommended no class of people, no great branch of industry with a Cabinei minister before long. Go into the a separate Department of the Government for ag that have importuned Congress so little. I scarcely President's room in this Capitol and you will see riculture?

ever see a memorial here for the expenditure of a painted upon the walls, first Washington, and then Mr. SIMMONS. No, sir. I read from the dollar for it. You never see a farmer here. While on the panels around five heads of Departments, memorial, and I will read it again.

others are trying to get their hands into the Treas a part of whom only constituted his Cabinet. Now Mr. FESSENDEN. That he recommended ury. up to their elbows, the farmers are at home there are seven heads of Departments, with places such a measure as this?

about their work. They lean upon the handles in the Cabinet. The Navy Department and the Mr. SIMMONS. No, sir. The memorial of their plows rather than upon this Government Departmentof the Interior have been created since states that the present Chief Magistrate recom

for supporting their families. Sir, I am astonished the administration of Washington, other heads mended it.

at the opposition made here to a mere recognition of existing Departments have iaken place in the Mr. FESSENDEN. Does he recommend the of that class. They do not depend much upon the Cabinet, increasing it from three to seven, and this establishment of a separate Department?

Government aid. They have never been very so Agricultural Department will soon furnish anMr. SIMMONS. Yes, sir.

licitous to obtain it, but they do desire, and I have other. Such is the growth of the Cabinet. Mr. FOSTER. I guess not.

noticed in their meetings a very great anxiety to But, sir, I think the time is inopportune for Mr. SIMMONS. Then these memorialists are get this sort of an establishmeniahere to recognize creating a new Department of this Government. mistaken. I do not vouch for it. It is signed by

their industry, the great and leading feature in the I think it had better remain as it is. I did not the president of the society. I will read it again: | country. That is what I want. If it does not intend to make a speech about it, and do not mean "The obligation of our Government to promote the agri

cost us anything we can be liberal, and at the to do so now. I simply throw out for consideraculture of the country has frequently been asserted in the same time economical. I hope the bill will pass. tion what my own views are. My vote will be most authoritative manner. Our first paternal President Mr. HALE. I had the floor on this subject the in accordance with the suggestions that I have urged the encouragement of agriculture by our national

other day, and had just opened my mouth to speak made. Government, as of primary importance to the country. And our present excellent Chiet Magistrate, in his recent

upon it when the Chair interrupted me and left me Mr. SIMMONS. I am very happy to find that annual message, earnestly recommended the creation of a in that position, like a dog that opened his mouth the Senator from New Hampshire takes precisely proper Agricultural Department for the promotion of the to bark'at a train, but which passed by before he the same view of this subject that the president great interests of busbandry. The Secretary of the Inte. rior, wlio supervises the present imperfect establishment,

was ready. [Laughter.] I have but very little to of the socicty did this morning before the comin his recent able report earnestly advises the organization

say upon it, but that little I want to say now. mittee. It was the great desirc of those he repof a proper Agricultural Department."

i know, sir, it was one of the great efforts of resented to disconnect this from any of the De

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