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war. The principal falling due in thirty years Mr. STEVENS. I did not say what my opin The SPEAKER. It can only be done by unanwill hardly be felt by the mighty empire which ion was on that point.
imous consent. will then be responsible for it. In the mean time, Mr. WICKLİFFE, I should like to know Mr. STEVENS. Then I ask unanimous conas the road progresses, the population, cultiva- || what it was. tion, and manufacturing, will so increase and en Mr. STEVENS. I will tell the gentleman, al Mr. CAMPBELL. Mr. Speaker, I will state rich the country that the added wealth will afford | though it is not exactly pertinent to the issue. I taxation sufficient to indemnify the nation and am for subduing this rebellion, and I am for in The SPEAKER. No debate is in order. Is pay the interest and principal of the bonds. I am flicting all the consequences of defeat on a fallen there objection to ordering the bill to be printed? making this statement on the basis of the present foe in an unjust war. I am for confiscating the There was no objection, and it was so ordered. bill. If the disagreement among the western and property of the rebels, and making it pay the cost The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read northwestern members should clog the bill with of this rebelllion. Then I am for removing the a third time; and being engrossed, it was accordfurther branches and other lines, it cannot have cause. When we come to reconstructing the Gov- || ingly read the third time. my support. Those dissensions have generally | ernment, I am for reconstructing it so that from Mr. COX. I move that the House do now defeated this measure, and bid fair to do so now. the lakes to the Gulf, from the Penobscot to the || adjourn.
6. I listened with regret, when this bill was up Pacific ocean, there shall be one wide, free, and Mr. LOVEJOY. On that I call for tellers. before, to what seemed to me a very unwise and mighty empire. That is a little out of the way;
Tellers were not ordered. injudicious speech in its favor, by a member from but I give it to the gentleman from Kentucky. The motion was not agreed to. Missouri. It contained a very unhandsome attack Mr. WICKLIFFE. Then I understand you Mr. CAMPBELL. I desire to submit a propoon the gentleman from Vermont, for his opposi are against restoring the Union under the Consti sition. It is to move to adjourn when the previous tion to it. It involved an assault on the most be tution as it was.
question shall have been ordered on the passage neficent measure of legislation which has passed Mr. STEVENS. Not if you could restore it of the bill, with the understanding that the vote Congress for twenty years; a measure without just as it was. But with it you must restore all shall be taken on it at two o'clock io-morrow. At which this country would now lie prostrate before that has been stolen, all that has been expended that hour I have no doubt the bill will be printed, foreign creditors. But it bore the name of my in this war. You must restore the ten thousand || and gentlemen can have informed themselves fully friend from Vermont, and that produced the sneers freemen who have been sent to death by murder- in regard to its provisions. and the tasteless ridicule of the gentleman from ous hands. Until full atonement and reparation There being no objection, that proposition was Missouri, as if it were a fact to be ashamed of. is made, I shall never shake hands with the bloody acceded to. Would to Heaven there were more public men murderers. I now renew the demand for the pre
Mr. CAMPBELL. I now move the previous who had the intelligence, the industry, and the vious question.
question on the passage of the bill. patriotism to originate, mature, and carry through Mr. LOVEJOY. I desire to inquire whether The previous question was seconded, and the great public measures, worthy to bear the impress
a motion to recommit, for the purpose of having main question ordered. of their names and carry them to other nations the bill printed, will be in order if the previous And then, on motion of Mr. STEVENS, (at and to posterity. Such fame is worthy the am question shall be seconded ?
three o'clock and forty minutes, p.m.,) the House bition of lofty minds. If condemned by rival na The SPEAKER. It is not in order during the adjourned. tions, so much greater the evidence of their merit. | pendency of the previous question. They will live in the archives of their country and Mr. LOVEJOY. I understood the gentleman
IN SENATE. the history of mankind, and perpetuate the names from California to say that arrangements would of their authors when these marble walls shall be made to have the bill printed.
Tuesday, May 6, 1862. have crumbled into dust.
Mr. SARGENT. I do not think that the gen
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. Dr. SUNDERLAND. The gentleman made grievous complaints of tleman could have understood me to say so. I The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. the hard treatment of Missvuri during this rebel said that there was no power on the part of the
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. lion. I have no reproaches to make nor regrets Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union to utter. But the West have been the favored to order the bill to be printed.
Mr. TEN EYCK presented a petition of citichildren of the nation. Our public lands, the Mr. LOVEJOY. Then I hope the previous
zens of New Jersey, praying "that the freedom property of the whole people, have been liberally question will not be sustained.
of speech and of the press shall not be abridged, given to build her roads and support her schools. Mr. VALLANDIGHAM. The bill has not
and that the New York Caucasian, and all other I am willing to go further, and aid these hardy || been engrossed; and I desire to know whether we
Democratic papers now excluded from the mails, pioneers. But it is but illy repaid by querulous cannot have the vote taken to-morrow by general
in all the loyal States, be allowed the same privingratitude. But why does Missouri complain?
ileges as those enjoyed by Republican and aboliconsent? The soldiers of the Northwest have moistened Mr. CAMPBELL. I think that by unanimous
tion papers;" which was referred to the Commit
tee on the Post Office and Post Roads. almost every rood of her soil with their blood in consent that can be done. My object was to pro
Mr. McDOUGALL. I have received a petition defending her against her own sons.
pose to have the vote taken to-morrow. 7. But this is not a western measure, and ought
addressed to “the Senate and House of Repre
The question being on seconding the demand not to be defended as such. The western soil is for the previous question,
sentatives in Congress assembled,” in these
words, dated Massachusetts, January, 1862: but it platform on which to lay the rails to trans Mr. STEVENS demanded tellers. port the wealth of the furthest Indies to Philadel Tellers were ordered; and Messrs. Pike and
The undersigned, citizens of the United States, pray you phia, New York, Boston, and Portland, scatter VALLANDIGHAM were appointed.
to drop the negro question, and attend to the business of the
country. ing its benefits on its way on St. Louis, Chicago, The House divided; and the tellers reported
This is signed by S. Wheelright, R. W. HolÇincinnati, Buffalo, and Albany. Then our Al ayes 67, noes 33.
brook, and some one hundred others; and I am Jantic sea-ports will be but a resting-place between So the previous question was seconded, and the advised by the communication accompanying the China, Japan, and Europe.
main question ordered; which was on the substi- | petition that it is from farmers and mechanics on 8. I think this road should be speedily built. tute reported by the Committee of the Whole on
and around the battle-field of Lexington. I move When this rebellion is extinguished, we shall the state of the Union.
that it lie on the table. have some scores to settle with foreign nations, Mr. STEVENS. Do I understand that if it
The motion was agreed to. who, in our troubles, have ventured to insult us. goes over till lo-morrow the bill can be printed ? Mr. MORRHL presented the petition of W. It will then be too late to begin it.
The SPEAKER. Yes; by unanimous consent. 9. But there is another consideration which, I Mr. WICKLIFFE. I object.
A. Evans, praying compensation for services ren
dered as Second Comptroller of the Treasury durconfess, above all others, sways my judgment to Mr. LOVEJOY. I ask consent that the amend.
ing the absence of that officer in the months of immediate action. When in process of time-I ment, as reported by the Committee of the Whole
September and October, 1852; which was referred know not how long in the future-our amiable on the state of the Union, may be printed. to the Committee on Claims. Government shall have restored the Constitution Mr. CAMPBELL. I hope that will not be
Mr. KING presented a petition of citizens of as it was, and shall have given to our warm cm done.
New York, praying for the passage of a general braces in Congress our well-beloved brethren, Mr. LOVEJOY. I want to call the attention who have robbed the nation and murdered our of the House to the fact that the gentleman from
uniform bankrupt law; which was referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary. brothers, kindred, and neighbors, we shall find California (Mr. SARGENT] stated that it could be
He also presented the memorial of Wesley W. them with the same arrogant, insolent dictation done.
Bassett, late master in the United States Navy, which we have cringed to for twenty years, for The SPEAKER. No debate is in order. bidding the construction of any road that does not The question was taken on the amendment, and I praying to be restored to active duty;
referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. run along our southern border. The result will it was agreed to. be no road, or, by necessary compromise, three The question recurred on ordering the bill to
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. roads the whole way. This would be too heavy be engrossed and read a third time.
Mr. CLARK, from the Committee on Public to bear. I am, therefore, for passing this law, Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. Is it in order to Lands, to whom was referred the bill (S. No. 119) and making it so irrevocable as to require all the move to recommit this bill?
confirming a land claim in the States of Iowa and branches of the Legislature to undo it before those Thc SPEAKER. Not during the pendency of Minnesota, reported it with an amendment. halcyon days shall arrive. This, if no other rea the previous question.
Mr. CARLILE, from the Committee on Pubson, would be conclusive for immediate action. Mr. COLFAX. If the House adjourns now, lic Lands, to whom was referred the bill (S. No.
Mr. WICKLIFFE. Will the gentleman with will not this be the pending question to-morrow 76) to authorize and facilitate mining operations draw his demand for the previous question, to morning?
in the States of California and Oregon, and in the enable me to make an inquiry?
The ŠPEAKER. Yes.
Territories of the United States, reported adversely Mr. STEVENS. I withdraw for that purpose. Mr. COLFAX. I move that the House do now thereon. Mr. WICKLIFFE. Did I understand the gen- adjourn.
Mr. POMEROY, from the Committee on Pubtleman to say that he was in favor of restoring The motion was not agreed to.
lic Lands, to whom was referred a memorial rethe Union and the Constitution as it was, or Mr. STEVENS. I move that the bill be ordered monstrating against the proposed change of the against it: to be printed.
location of the eastern railroad grant of Wiscon
sin, asked to be discharged from its further con 125) to secure homesteads to actual settlers on the of Representatives have concurred, with certain sideration; which was agreed to.
public domain, and to provide a bounty for sol amendments, which returned the bill to the SenBATTLE OF PITTSBURG LANDING.
diers in lieu of grants of public lands, the pend- || ate, and by the Senate it was referred to the Com
ing question being on the amendment of Mr. Car mittee on ihe District of Columbia. That comMr.SHERMAN. I submit the following res LILE to strike out all of the original bill after the mittee report the bill back with certain amendolution:
enacting clause, and to insert the following: ments to ihe amendment of the House of RepreResolred, That the Secretary of War be directed to communiente 10 the Senate copies of all official reports from all
*l'hat all commissioned and non-commissioned officers,
sentatives. The amendment of the House will officers in command, relating to the recent battles at Pittsmusicians, or privates, who have performed or who shall
first be read, and then the amendments reported burg Landing, on the 6th, 7th, and 8th days of April last.
hereafter perforın military service under the proclamation by the committee to those amendments.
of the President, of the 15th of April, 1861, or any of the I ask that it lie on the table for a day or two,
Mr. GRIMES. It is hardly necessary, I take acts of the first session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress, or and I will call it up. under any acts which may hereafter be passed by Congress
it, to read the amendment of the House of RepThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will lie on
during the present war with States in rebellion against the resentatives, because it is one entire bill, which
Federal Government, or war with any foreign nation durthe table.
has been laid on the desks of all the members of ing the same; and all militia, volunteers, or State troops BILL INTRODUCED. of any description, of any State or Territory, who have per
the Senate, and they have had an opportunity to forined or wtio shall herenfter perform any military service
examine it. If the Secretary will commence with Mr. WILKINSON asked, and by unanimous in aid of the Federal Government, or in defense of their the amendments submitted by the Senator from consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. own State or Territory, against armed foes in rebellion Maine from the Committee on the District of Co302) to protect the property of Indians who have
against the Federal Government; and also every officer,
lumbia we shall get an intelligible understanding adopted the habits of civilized life; which was read seaman, flotilla-man, marine, clerk, and landsinan, who
of the matter. twice by its title, referred to the Committee on have performed or shall hereafter perform service in the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That will be Indian Affairs, and ordered to be printed.
Navy of the United States, in the present war, or in any the course pursued if ihere be no objection; and
foreign war during the same, shall be entitled, in lieu of
the amendments reported by the Committee on dred and sixty acres of any unappropriated public lands,
the District of Columbia to the amendment of A message from the House of Representatives, which may at the time the application for said entry is made, the House of Representatives will be read. by Mr. ETHERIDGE, its Clerk, announced that be subject to preemption at $125 or less per acre; or eighty
Mr. HALE. I did not hear what the Senator the House had pussed the bill of the Senate (No.
acres ot' sucli unappropriated lands, at $2 50 per acre; to 225) for the relief of the owners, officers, and crew be located in a body, in conformity to the legal subdivision
from Iowa stated. of the public lands, and after the same shall have been sur The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair has of the Spanish bark Providencia. veyed.
repeatedly endeavored to secure order, and there BILL BECOME A LAW.
Mr. CARLILE. I hope the Senate will indulge is no way of securing order unless there will be The message further announced that the Pres me with the yeas and nays on that proposition, and
Mr. HALE. It is a bill I take some interest identofthe United States had approved and signed, || I shall not trouble the Senate with any remarks on the 1st instant, an act (H. R. No. 406) for the
in, and I did not hear the suggestion of the Senrelief of Francis Hültmann.
The yeas and nays were ordered.
ator from lowa. I should be obliged to him if Mr. WADE. I hope that amendment will not
he would repeat it. MAJOR AND BRIGADIER GENERALS. prevail. I do not wani to enter into any argument
Mr. GRIMES. The Clerk was about to read Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I desire to upon it; but I will say that the bill now before the the entire amendment of the House of Representcall up the bill we had under consideration yesSenate is one that has been acted upon here a great
atives to the original Senate bill, which is a subterday, limiting the number of major and briga- || many times; it is a bill that has been approved by stitute that House sent here. I suggested thatit was dier generals in the Army and volunteers. li is both branches of Congress several times, although hardly necessary to read that entire bill, but that important that it should be passed. I move that it never happened to get passed into a law. The
in lieu of it he should commence with reading the it be taken ur.
proposition of the Senatoris entirely different from amendments to that amendment which have been The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is ihai. All I want is for the Senate to vote under submitted by the Committee on the District of advised that that bill has not been returned from standingly upon it.
Columbia. It will save the reading of some fifthe printer.
The question being taken by yeas and nays, teen pages of printed matter. Mr. GRIMES. There must be some mistake resulted-yeas 11, nays 28; as follows:
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. If no objecabout it. It has not been sent to the printer. We YEAS-Messrs. Carlile, Davis, Henderson, Kennedy,
tion be made, the Clerk will read the amendments had it under consideration yesterday, and it was
McDougall, Powell, Saulsbury, Stark, Willey, Wilson of reported by the Committee on the District of laiu over as the unfinished business. Missouri, and Wright-11.
Columbia to the amendment of the House of Rep
NAYS--Messrs. Anthony, Bayard, Browning, Chandler, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. he Chair is
resentatives, the latter amendment being to strike Clark, Collamer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, informed that it was sent to the printer, as all bills Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harris, King, Lane of Indiana,
out all after the enacting clause of the Senate bill reported from committees, under the general rule Lané of Kansas, Morrill, Pomeroy, Sherman, Simmons,
and insert a substitute. of the Senate, have to be printed.
Suniner, 'T'en Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, and Wi The Secretary read the first amendment of the
son or Massachusetts-28. Mr. GRIMES. After the Senate takes them
committee, which was in line seven of the first So the amendment was rejected.
section of the House amendment, after the names up to act upon them? The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The proper
The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, of the corporators there mentioned, to insert: business in order would be the unfinished business and the amendments were concurred in. The J. J. Coombs, J. Henry Puleston, Edward Williams, Wilof yesterday morning, which was the homestead amendments were ordered to be engrossed, and liam Osborne, Edward Clark, Cornelius S. Bushnell, Zenas bill. the bill to be read the third time. The bill was
C. Robbins, Eliah Kingman, Sayles J. Bowen, Gilbert VanROSE M. HARTE.
derwerken, and William 11. Tenney. read the third time. Mr. SAULSBURY. I ask the Senate to take Mr. POWELL. I ask for the yeas and nays
Mr. HALE. Before that amendment is conup and consider a little bill which I reported yes on the passage of the bill.
curred in, it strikes me that it should be made more terday from the Committee on Patents and the The yeas and nays were ordered.
definite. I have before me a bill to incorporate a Patent Office, for the relief of Rose M. Harte,
Mr. COLLAMER. I wish to make an inquiry, railroad company for a road to the Pacific, and widow of Edward Harte. It will take but a mo which I do in consequence of the form of the title there is something put in to indicate who the inment. It is a private bill that passed the Senate as read at the desk. 'Does it provide for soldiers'
dividuals are that are named; but I see here that at a former session, and it was only prevented land ? Is that in it at all?
there are a certain number of names picked up and from becoming a law because of the adjournment
Mr. WADE. No, sir; that is all struck out. put in the bill, in the first place, by the House of of Congress before the House of Representatives
The question being taken by yeas and nays,
Representatives, without ielling anything about could act upon it. The committee were very resulted-yeas 33, nays 7; as follows:
who they are or where they belong to, and then much in favor of it.
YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler, Clark,
the committee of the Senate have put in another Mr. WADE. I will inquire what that bill is, Collamer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Fos set of names of whom we know nothing. It and whether it will lead to any debate ?
ler, Grimer, Hale, Harris, Henderson, Howe, Kennedy, strikes me that the least which should be done is
King, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, McDougall, MorMr. SAULSBURY. Not a particle.
that this thing should be made so definite that we rilt, Pomerny, Sherinan, Simmons; Sumner, Ten Eyck, gentleman wishes to understand it, there is a re Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson of Massachusetts,
should know who it is that we are incorporating, port accompanying the bill which may be read. Wilson of Missouri, and Wright-33.
and then we might possibly be able to judge of It was once before reported unanimously from
NAYS-Messrs. Bayard, Carlile, Davis, Powell, Sauls the reason why these franchises are given to some
bury, Stark, and Willey-7. the Committee on Patents and the Patent Office
twenty-six or i wenty-seven persons picked up all
So the bill was passed. by the Senator froa. Maine, (Mr. FesseNDEN,Jand
over the United States, to the exclusion of the has been again reported.
Mr. CARLILE. I move to amend the title of | “rest of mankind." I think the very least the Mr. WADE. 'I think we had better adhere to
the bill by striking out the words, "and to pro Senate should know before they adopt this amendthe homestead bill. I apprehend this bill will lead
vide a bounty for soldiers in lieu of grants of the ment is where these gentlemen are from, and who to debate.
public lands;" so that it will read, “ An act to they are. If they do not do that, I think I know Mr. SAULSBURY. Not at all.
secure homesteads to actual setllers on the public at least three or four people whose name is Thomas The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is domain.”
Berry; it is a very common name in the State of informed that that bill also is in the hands of the
The motion was agreed to.
New Hampshire, and it is common in the city of printer. Having been reported yesterday, it was
New York. I think I know a gentleman, a mer
WASHINGTON CITY RAILWAY. sent to the printer, and has not yet been returned.
chant, in the city of New York, of some considThe bill before the Senate is the unfinished busi
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair will erable standing, of the name of Thomas Berry. ness of the morning hour of yesterday, the home
call up the special order for ihe hour, being Sen A good many of these gentlemen are from New stead bill.
atc bill No. 178, to incorporate the Washington York. I am told there is a Thomas Berry living HOMESTEAD BILL.
and Georgetown Railway Company, which was in the city of Washington, a very respectable gen
made the special assignment for half past twelve tleman. I know there are several in ihe county of The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, re o'clock to-day, and the Chair will staie the ques- || Stafford, State of New Hampshire, of that name; sumed the consideration of the bill (H. R. No. tion. This is a Senate bill in which the House and it strikes me it would be improper to incor
porate in such an indefinite and vague way a set cause they are residents of remote States, of whom believe there is. It occurs to me with a great of men without our knowing something about who I know nothing, of whom indeed I have heard deal of deference I make the suggestion—that the they are and where they live.
but very little, and of some of them not so favor committee had better return to their original propMr. MORRILL. I would say in reply to the || ably as I wonld desire.
osition, and, I do not care who you select, give suggestions of the Senator from New Hampshire, Mr. CLARK. I think the remark that these us seven residents of this District, and have them that the personal fitness of these persons for the men are to be commissioners, is calculated to give commissioners simply; but the idea of having place was somewhat considered by the committee; the Senate a wrong idea. They are declared here, twenty-six men scattered over half the Stales in in other words, that the committee adopted these in the very first section of the bill, to be a body the Union, to be in the first instance corporators names upon the idea that they were suitable per corporate. It can only be by limitation after of a road along Pennsylvania avenue in the city sons to be corporators in this bill. But the ques wards that they are to be considered commis of Washington, strikes me as very strange. In tion of personal fitness is not a very important sioners. They may be so; 'but you start with a the first place it is an unwieldy body; you are consideration. If the Senator will examine the body corporate, and they are to have control of likely never to get them together. It will retard bill in connection with the powers conferred upon the corporation.
the progress of the work of organizing the comthese corporators, he will see that they do not con Mr. MORRILL. What I meant to say was, pany to have these men scattered all over creastitute the corporation; their powers all cease as that while these persons are corporators, and so iion; and then the fact that they have been selected soon as the corporation is organized. All the represent the corporation in the outstart, they with so much care convinces me that there is somepowers conferred upon the corporators are simply have no powers beyond the power to organize the thing in it that I do not understand. I would sugto advertise, to open books of subscription, and corporation. That is all; and if Senators will ex gest that the chairman of the committee himself to receive the subscriptions and call the first meet amine this bill, they will find that all their powers move to amend so as to give us the original bill. ing for the choice of directors. When that has are exhausted and they cease to exist as corpo
Mr. MORRILL. I will say a word of explabeen performed, the whole powers of the corpora rators as soon as the corporation is in a condition nation in regard to these corporators. As unimtion vest in the directors, so that before money is to proceed with the work of the corporation. Spe- || portant as they are, I am fearful that some imexpended, before any of the essential powers of cifically they are authorized to open books of portance will be attached to them to obstruct the the corporation are to be exercised, they are vested subscription; they are authorized io administer | passage of this bill. It is true the Senate passed absolutely in a board of directors.
an oath to subscribers that they are bona fide sub a bill in which there were some six or seven corMr. COLLAMER. These men are mere com: scribers. The subscription being full, they are porators, I believe principally residents of this missioners then?
authorized to call the first meeting for the choice city. I think it was a good bill. It went to the Mr. MORRILL. That is substantially true, of directors. The directors being elected, their House of Representatives, and the House struck so that I think the objection of the honorable Sen powers cease, and the whole power of the corpora out all the bill except the enacting clause, and sent ator from New Hampshire perhaps is not very tion is in the board of directors. That is the whole back to the Senate another bill-the one now beimportant. If, however, there is any, person's thing; and when the Senator from Vermont said fore us. It was referred by the Senate to the Comname here who is unfit, on suggestion he will be they were simply commissioners, I accepted the mittee on the District of Columbia. The question stricken out, I dare say. It does not occur to me designation. They are simply to set this cor was whether we would send back the Senate bill that the objection is a very important one. There | poration in motion; they are not to exercise the to the House of Representatives, and so get interare one or two of them to which I will call the powers that are granted to the corporation. All locked between the two Houses, or whether we attention of the Senate by and by.
these powers are confided to seven directors, to be would make the most of this bill, with the view Mr. HALE. I do not know ihat I shall insist | chosen, not by the corporators, but by the stock of geuing some act under which we could build on this objection, but there is more in it than my holders. Therefore, I submit that the persons the road, and thus avoid a controversy between the friend from Maine thinks. These corporators named as corporators are somewhat immaterial, two branches. With this view, the committee have very important powers conferred upon them although I am the last man who would desire to concluded to take the bill as it came from the in reference to the organization of the company, have any improper persons here as corporators. House of Representatives, take no exception to and the subscription to the stock, and, in point of There are none of them personally known to me, their corporators any further than we found they fact, they will control it, and they and their friends except casually; and when I said that the ques were objectionable, take their bill so far as we will be the company. It has been so in other tion of their personal fitness was the subject of could, amend it so as to be fair to the public incases, and it will be so here. The objection I consideration, I meant nothing more than that, terests, insert such names as any member of the have to it is, simply that it is loose and indefinite. from the slight acquaintance the committee had committee saw fit to suggest as suitable men, upon But, sir, I do not wish to thow obstructions in the with them, beyond what I will state hereafter, || the idea that the number of corporators was imway. If the committee are satisfied that they have there was no question of personal unfitness in re material to a great extent, and thus avoid the difdescribed sufficiently these individuals, I shall not gard to them.
ficulty of getting interlocked between the two interpose the objection.
Mr. GRIMES. We did not know anything | Houses, and that accounts for the number of these Mr. GRIMES. I did not intend to say any about it.
corporators. thing about these corporations, and I should not Mr. MORRILL. Oh, yes; the committee knew Now, I say to the Senator from Kansas if he do so but for the remark of my colleague on the most of these corporators. There is Richard Wal is disposed to legislate with the view of getting a committee that the fitness of the persons named lach.
road, he had better accept this bill. The commitin the House bill had been considered by the com Mr. GRIMES. Hasbrouck; who is he? tee had no object in the world in putting in or acmilice. I am unwilling that it should be under Mr. MORRILL. I do not know. William A. cepting these corporators in preference to the corBlood that I have examined into the fitness of Darling is one of the most reputable men in New porators sent to the House of Representatives in these persons. I do not know the reputation, I York; and I might go an to specify, but I do not the Senate bill, than simply to accommodate the do not know the place of residence of some of feel called upon to specify in regard to the per matter between the two branches and get the road them; and I for one, as a member of the committee, sons. All I mean to say in regard to this point || built. With that view, all these amendments to did not agree to their names being placed here. is, that it seems to me no objection lies against | the House bill were proposed. I think the House As I look upon it, I think that when I, as a mem these persons on the score of the power they are bill, as sent to the Senate, was very nearly a close ber of the committee, or when I, as a member of supposed to exercise, for it is nominal, and all corporation, shutting out all except the corporathis body, or when this body itself consents to the ceases the moment your corporation is organized. tors named. The committee have amended it, or incorporation of the names of any individuals in Mr. POMEROY. I agree with the Senator have attempted to amend it, at any rate, so as to an act of this kind, it says to every person who from Maine that as the bill now stands these cor be fair to the public and to open it to a fair comis willing or anxious to embark his capital in the porators are not directors; but there is a propo- | petition. I think the provisions of the bill, as enterprise and to the whole world," these are rep sition to make the corporators directors, and the amended, will be found so. utable, honest men; if you put your money into | bill, as it came from the House of Representatives,' Mr. POMEROY. I want to ask the Senatora their keeping, they will take good care of it until did make them directors for one year; and before question, if he will allow me. such time as under the provisions of this act you this bill shall have passed the Senate that provis Mr. MORRILL. Certainly. are authorized to act for yourself.” Now, looking | ion may be in it, and hence it is a matter of some Mr. POMEROY. If the committee have simat my duty in that regard, I have thought from importance who the corporators are. It occurs ply in view the object of building the road, why the time this bill was introduced up to the present to me that this bill when it passed the Senate some was it necessary to double the corporators: Will moment that it was my duty to inquire particu
had but a few corporators in it, I think doubling the number of corporators facilitate the larly into the character of the proposed corpora seven citizens of the District. That commended building of the road? tors; and hence it was that in the bill which I itself to the Senate, and it passed without debate. Mr. MORRILL. I have endeavored to explain originally introduced I selected as cominissioners It came back from the House of Representatives that, Mr. President. The object was to get rid men of this city who were known to everybody, with some thirteen, and a large share of them I of the difficulty of a conflict between the two and if their reputations were bad it would imme do not know, but a majority non-residents of the branches. We accepted the corporators as sent diately be known to the members of the Senate, District. Now, the committee have run it up to from the House of Representatives, adding only and their names would be stricken out.
twenty-six, and if it stays in this body and the such names as any gentleman saw fit to suggest. Now, sir, I do not know, it depends somewhat other much longer, I think it will embrace half a Mr. POMEROY. The point with me is simupon circumstances, whether these men are to be hundred, for every time the bill moves it doubles ply this: why add any? mere commissioners or not. It depends very much its corporators. That very fact convinces me that Mr. MORRILL. They were added simply upon how you shali amend this bill before we get there is something in the corporators ; that there because their names were proposed. I hardly through with it. I
I understand that a proposition is some importance attached to who the corpora- think that an inference of an ulterior purpose is to be incorporated into the bill, or will be pro tors are. I know nothing about these men; but should be drawn from it. If the Senator will exposed, to require twenty per cent. of the subscrip the fact that they increase in number and change | amine the bill, he will see that no injurious conlions to be paid in. That money, of course, will every time the bill moves, and the fact that I see sequences can come from it. be paid into the hands of these men. Now, am I men running after this committee inquiring where Mr.SHERMAN. A bill for building a railroad called upon to say that all of these men, or that they live and when they are going to meet, con in the District of Columbia is one that everybody even a majority of them, are the right men to hold vinces me that there is some interest attached to is in favor of, and I believe the Senate is anxious that money and to dispose of it?" I cannot, be this question of who the corporators are, and I to get a good bill. The bill we passed at an early
THE OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS, PUBLISHED BY JOHN C. RIVES, WASHINGTON, D. C.
THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS, 20 Session.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1862.
New SERIES.....No. 123.
stage of the session was unobjectionable in char and running down Fourteenth street west and New York The yeas and nays were ordered; and being acter. It gave every man an opportunity to sub avenue to Pennsylvania avenne, to a point of intersection taken, resulted-yeas 14, nays 23; as follows:
with said first-mentioned railway. scribe for a little stock, and if any more was
YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Collamer, Cowan, needed it provided for it afterwards. "The persons Mr. DOOLITTLE. I desire to amend the sec Davis, Doolittie, Henderson, Kennedy, Powell, Saulsbury, selected for corporators were persons of intelli- tion at that point, so as to require them to com Sherman, Simmons, Willey, and Wilson of Missouri-14.
NAYS-Messrs. Chandler, Clark, Dixon, Fessenden, gence, well known in the District. I read the bill mence at Boundary and Fourteenth streets, and
Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Ilarris, Howe, King, Lane of and was very much pleased with it. When it was then run down Fourteenth street to New York | Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morri!!, Pomeroy, Suark, Sumsent to the House of Representatives, the Com- and Pennsylvania avenues. We have some hos ner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson of mittee for the District of Columbia in the House || pitals, and there is a college near Fourteenth and
Massachuseils, and Wrighi-23. introduced a different bill, a bill that my friend from || Boundary streets.
So the motion to postpone the special order was Maine has called a close corporation, and very Mr. MORRILL. Will the Senator allow us not agreed to. properly so. They introduced an entire new sub- | first to act on the amendments of the committee ? Mr. ANTHONY. With the permission of stitute which made a close corporation of persons Mr. DOOLITTLE. Certainly.
the Senate, I wish to inquire whether this railroad notliving in the city of Washington, and so framed The PRESIDENT pro lempore. It is first in bill will come up to-morrow morning in the mornit that no one could subscribe stock except the cor order to go through with the amendments of the || ing hour? porators named if they chose to exclude others. committee. The Chair will here take occasion to The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is L'am satisfied from a free conversation with mem state that the amendments of the committee, being | unable to answer that question. bers of the House, that their attention was not par amendments to an amendment, are in the second Mr. ANTHONY. Will it not come up as the ticularly called to the features of the bill, and ihat stage, and therefore not amendable.
unfinished business? it would not have passed if it had been understood; The amendment to the amendment was agreed to. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It would, after and my opinion is now that if the Senate will ad
The next amendment of the committee was in the ordinary business of the morning hour, in case here to its original bill, disagreeing to the House | line fifty-three of the first section of the House no special motion was interposed to take up some amendment, and send the original Senate bill back
amendment, in the clause, “a rate of fare not ex. other business out of its order, which, if it should to the House, the House will agree to that bill, and ceeding five cents a passenger for any distance carry, would displace the railroad bill. If, howthen you will have the road built speedily by per- || between the termini of either of the said rail ever, it were left to the Chair, as soon as the orsons who are competent and proper. At any rate, ways," to strike out the word “railways,” and dinary morning business was disposed of, the if that course is pursued, the bill will go to a com insert" main railway, or between the termini of Chair, as next in order, would call up the busimittee of conference where representatives from either of said branch railways, or between either ness of the morning hour of lo-day. both Houses can agree on the terms of a bill and terminus of said main rail way and the terminus
Mr. ANTHONY. Nothing would be gained, the whole matter will be open. I shall, therefore, of either of said branch railways.
then, by making it the special order for to-niorrow in order to carry out my views, vote for all the
Mr. HALE. I want to ask the Senator from at half past twelve. 'amendments reported from the District Committee, | Maine if there is not a mistake in the printing The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Nothing at all. and then I shall vote against the House amendment, of that amendment. Should it not be " between
CONFISCATION OF PROPERTY. as amended, and let the Senate bill go back to the either of the termini of said branch railways,' House. They understand the question better now, instead of “the termini of either of said branch
The Senate resumed the consideration of the and I believe the House will without a reference | railways."
bill (S. No. 151) to confiscate the property and agree to the Senate bill. If not, the question of
free ihe slaves of rebels; the pending question
Mr. MORRILL. I think the language is corconference at once comes up, and a committee of rect as it is, as the committee have amended it.
being on the amendment of Mr. Wilson, of Masconference will be appointed and we shall have a
The amendment to the amendment was agreed to.
sachusetts, to strike out the sixth section of the road. I think this body ought not to adjourn until
substitute proposed by Mr. Collamer, and in in some way or other a concurrence between the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is lieu thereof' to insert the following: two Houses is effected so as to make this road. called upon to arrest further proceeding on this
Sec. 6. And be il further enacted, Thiat in any State or The loss to the Government, the inconvenience to bill for the consideration of the special order of part thereot in wbicli the inhabitants have by the President
been heretofore declared in a state of insurrection, the individuals, is very great indeed, and I regard it as the day at this hour, which is the unfinished busia very important measure for the Government as ness of yesterday. Theunfinished business, under
President is hereby authorized and required, for the speedy well as for the individual citizens of Washington | special orders, and that unfinished business is the the 15th rule of the Senate, takes priority of all
and more effectual suppression of said insurrection, within
thirty days aiter the passage of this act, by proclamation and strangers who come here.
to fix and appoint a day when all persons hoidon to service The amendment to the House amendment was Senate bill No. 151.
or labor in any such State or part thereof whose service or agreed to.
Mr. MORRILL. I hope we may proceed fur
labor is by the law or custom of said State due to one who
after the passage of this act shall levy war or participate The next amendment of the committee to the ther now with this railway bill.
in insurrection against the United States, or give aid to the amendment of the House of Representatives, was
Mr. TRUMBULL. I hope we shall go on with same, shall be free and discharged from all such claim to in the description of the route of the proposed
the confiscation bill. We can take this up again. labur or service; and thereupon said person shall be forever railway, after it reaches the foot of the Capitol
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The confisca
free and discharged from said labor and service, any law
or custom of said State to the contrary notwithstanding. grounds, to strike out:
tion bill is before the Senate, and it can be laid
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. Ir Thence around the northern boundary of the Capitol
to withdraw that amendment to the sixth section grounds to the northern gate thereof; through the same to
Mr. MORRILL. Will this come up as the the southeru gale; thence along their southern boundary unfinished business to-morrow?
of the amendment offered by the Senator from Vereasterly to Pennsylvania avenue; along said avenue to
mont, and to substilule therefor another amend. Eighth street east, or Garrison street, and along said street south to the navy-yard gate, with a lateral road connecting up as the unfinished business of the morning hour, amendment proposed by the Senator from Ver
ment, to strike out all after the first section of the said main road with New Jersey avenue, at its intersection provided the morning hour should not be otherwith the depot of the Baltiinore and Ohio Railroad Company.
mont, and substitute what I send to the Chair. wise occupied. And in lieu of these words to insert: Mr. ANTHONY. I think we can dispose of tion is in order. The Senator withdraws his ori
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That proposiSouthern boundary of the Capitol grounds; and along their this bill in fifteen minutes or half an hour. southern boundary easterly to Pennsylvania avenue; along Mr. MORRILL. I believe we certainly can in
ginal amendment, and moves another amendment said Pennsylvania avenue to Eighth street east, or Garrison
to the amendment offered by the Senator from street; and along said street south to the navy-yard gate, twenty minutes.
Vermont, which will be read. with a lateral road running along the eastern front of the Mr. ANTHONY. I move that the consider
The Secretary read it, as follows: Capitol from the southern to the northern gate, and thence ation of the special order be postponed, for the by street to the depot of the Baltimore and Ohio rail
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not road; and thence from said depot through First street west purpose of allowing us to finish this bil.
be construed in any way to affect or alter the prosecution, to Pennsylvania avenue, so as to intersect with said main Mr. TRUMBULL. I hope not. The hour conviction, or punishment of any person or persons guilty road has arrived for the special order. Let us go on
of breason against the United States before the passage of The amendment to the amendment was agreed to. with it.
this act, unless such person is convicted under this act.
Sec. 3. Anul be it further enacted, That the President is The next amendment to the amendment was in
hereby authorized and required, by such commissioners as the forty-third line of the first section, to insert
he shall appoint, to seize the property, real and personal, of the word “branch" before “railway," so as to be laid aside, by unanimous consent, say for an
ing as officers of the ariny or navy of the rebels now orberemake the clause read: hour, and let us see if we cannot finish this bill.
after in arms against the United States; persons hereafter Also, a double or single track branch railway commen If we cannot do it, if it leads to debate, the spe-acting as president, vice president, member of congress, eing at Boundary street north, and running down Seventh cial order can be called up.
head of department, civil ollicer, judge, foreign minister, street west to Pennsylvania avenue and to the Potomac.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The confisca
consul, or commissioner of the so-called confederate Sintes; The amendment to the amendment was agreed to.
persons bereafter acting as an officer, whether civil, milltion bill can only be laid aside in the mode sug iary, or naval, of any State or Territory, wlio, by the conThe next amendment was in the forty-seventh gested by the Senator from Wisconsin, by unani stitution of the so-called confederate States, is required to and forty-eighth lines of the first section, after the mous consent.
lake an oath to support that constitution; persons who, havword “west,” lo insert," and New York ave Mr. TRUMBULL. I object.
ing held an office of honor, trust, or profit under the United
States, sball hereafter take up arms against the United nue,"and after “Pennsylvania avenue" to strike Mr. ANTHONY. Then I'insist on the motion
States; persons who, owning property in the loyal States out“ or to the Potomac," and insert" to a point to postpone the consideration of the special order, or Territories, or the Toyal portions of the disloyal States,
sball hereafter assist or give aid and cornfort to the present of intersection with said first-mentioned railway," for the purpose of disposing of this bill. so as to make the clause read:
Mr. TRUMBULLOn that motion I call for
rebellion; and it within any part of the United States the
inhabitants whereof have been proclaimed to be in a state Also, a railway comiencing at Rhode Island avenue, the yeas and nays.
or insurrection, 80 hold, occupy, rent, and control for the
""The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will come
United States until the ordinary course of judicial proceed- l original bill. Since that amendment was offered I come now to the proposed change in the sixth ings sliall be restored in the State or district where the same is situated, and in all cases until the owners of said prop
there have been evidences that it has met favor, || section. The amendmeni of the Senator from Ver: erty can be proceeded against by legal prosecution; but no
or certain provisions of it have met with favor in mont provides for discharging the slaves of perpersons holden to service, commonly called slaves, shall be certain quarters of the Senate. I
propose to strike
sons under certain conditions; that is, that the taken under this section; and all such personal property as shall be so taken, which is perishable or expensive in keep. ll which is a section for punishment for treason, and
out all after the first section of that amendment, President may do it if he deems it necessary for ing, may be sold by said commissioners, who shall keep and
the suppression of the rebellion. He puts it in render full accounts of all the avails and receipts from said substitute the amendment which has just been the discretion of the President. That provision property so sold, let, or occupied, and pay over the avails to read. The second section of this amendment to in my amendment is in these words: the Treasury of the United States.
the amendment of the Senator from Vermont is Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That whenever it shall
That in any State or part thereof, in which the inbabitbe deemed necessary to the speedy and successful termi
the third section of his amendment. I should have ants have by the President been heretofore declared in a nation of the existing rebellion against the authority of the moved to strike out all after that section, but I
state of insurrection, the President is hereby authorized and Federal Government by the President, he is hereby author desired to get rid of his second section, which
required, immediately after the passage of this act, by procized, by such conmissioners as he shall appoint, to seques
lamation, to fix aud appoint a day, not more than thirty ter and seize the property, real and personal, oi' such per
freed simply the slaves of those who might be days after the passage of this act, when all persons holden
convicted under the bill. sons not included in the preceding section as shall bear
to service or labor in any such State or part thereof, whose arms against the United States, or give aid and comfort to Then, sir, I propose, in the third section of my
service or labor is by the law or custom of said State due such persons, wherever situated, and hold, occupy, rent, amendment to amend substantially the fourth sec
to one who, after the passage of this act, shall levy war or and control said property for the United States, according
participate lu insurrection against the United States, or tion of the amendment of the Senator from Verto the provisions of the preceding section of this act.
give aid to the same, shall be free, and discharged from such Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if the owner of
mont, so as to make it imperative upon the Pres claim to labor or service. any property which may be seized, as aforesaid, shall flee ident, that he shall not only be authorized but This makes it imperative upon the President to from justice, so that he cannot be brought to trial, upon required to seize the property of certain classes issue his proclamation, immediately after the pasindictinent found, and a return upon the capias issued there
that are specified in the section, and that have on of non est inventus, an order shall be made by the court
sage of the act, to fix a day, not more than thirty where such indictment is pending, requiring such person
been already specified by the Senate by an amend- || days after the act is passed, and the slaves of all to appear before said court, at such time as may be fixed ment incorporated into ihe original bill of the Sen persons who engage in insurrection or rebellion therein, and take his trial; which said order shall be pub ator from Mlinois. This amendment makes it im after they have had the warning of thirty days, lished in such newspapers and for such time as the court may determine; and it such person shall not return and
perative upon the President to seize the property after the time is fixed, are made free. As I said take his trial as required, such person shall be taken and
of these classes of persons, these leaders of the the other day, this is the chief concern I have with deemed to have renounced all claim to any property which insurrection, and to hold and use this property as the bill. I want to punish the rebels; I do not may have been seized as aforesaid, and he and his heirs provided for in the fourth section of the amend want to punish them cruelly. I want to punish shall be forever barred from making any claim or maintaining any action for the recovery thereof, but the same shall
ment proposed by the Senator from Vermont. All them by taking from them the very cause that be confiscated and become the property of the United States. there is, ihen, in this section is this: it authorizes made them rebels; not only to punish them, but
Sec. 6. And be it further enucled, That in any State or part and requires the President to seize the property to take security for the future, to take a bond for thereof, in which the inhabitants have by the President been of these leading rebels, and to deal with the propheretofore declared in a state of insurrection, the President
the peace and repose of the country hereafter. is hereby authorized and required, imunediately after the
erty as proposed by the Senator from Vermont. || This amendment makes it imperative on the Prespassage of this act, by proclamation, lo fix and appoint a l'hen, the fourth section of this amendment to ident to issue a proclamation, to issue it immediday, not more than thirty days after the passage of this act, the amendment of the Senator from Vermont pro- || ately, and to fix a day not more than thirty days whicn all persons holden to service or Tabor in any suchi
vides that whenever the President shall deem it State or part thereof, whose service or labor is by the law
distant, and give notice to these rebels that the or custom of said State due to one who, after the passage
necessary for the speedy and successful termi. slaves of all those who are in rebellion against of this act, shall levy war or participate in insurrection nation of this rebellion, he is authorized to seize this Government after that day shall be free. I against the United States, or give aid io the same, shall be the property of other persons engaged in the in think this a reasonable proposition. I believe if free, and discharged from such claim to labor or service; and thereupon said person shall be forever free and dis
surrection not specified in the third section, and it were submitted to the country, it would receive charged from said labor or service, any law or custom of
to use it according to the same provisions pro a vote approaching unanimity. I do not believe said State to the contrary notwithstanding. And whenever vided for in the amendment proposed by the Sen there is a loyal free State in ihis Union to-day in any person claiming to be entitled to the service or labor of ator from Vermont. In other words, if the Pres which, if this section, as it stands, were put to the any other person shall seck to enforce such claim, he shall, in the first instance and before proceeding with the trial of
ident thinks it necessary, in order to suppress the people at the polls there would be a vote worth bis claim, satisfactorily prove that he is and has been, dur.
insurrection, he may seize the property of other recording against it. I believe it is the sentiment ing the existing rebelliou, loyal to the Government of the persons besides those mentioned in the bill, and of ninety-nine out of every hundred men who are United States, and no person engaged in the military or use it in precisely the same way.
in thc ranks fighting the battles of our country: naval service of the United Stntes shall, under any pretense
Mr. CLARK. If the Senator will pardon me a whatever, assume to decide on the validity of the claim of
The seventh section of my amendment to the any person to the scrvice or labor of any other person, or to moment, I want to suggest to him at ihis point an amendment is in the bill reported by the Senator sarrender up any such person to the claimant.
amendment that I have drawn which will cover from Illinois, and makes provision for voluntary Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the those two classes of cases. There may be in the five colonization. The last section of the amendment duty of the President of the United States to make provis
classes mentioned in the bill some persons whose ion for the transportation, colonization, and settlement in
10 the amendment is substantially in the amendsome tropical country, beyond the limits of the United property we do not want to take. I will either ment proposed by the Senator from Vermont, States, of such personis of the African race, made free by read it now or when the Senator gets through. with some modifications made necessary by the the provisions of this act, as may be willing to emigrate, Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I will hear || change made in the body of the bill. having first obtained the consent of the Government of said country to their protection and settlement within the same, it read now.
I have offered this amendment in the hope to do with all the rights and privileges of freeinen.
Mr. CLARK. It is this:
something towards the perfection of a bill that SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the President is
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That for the speedy and will be effective, that will tend to the suppression hereby authorized, at any time licreafter, hy proclaination, successful termination of the rebellion, and the punishment to exiend to persons who may have participated in the ex
of the rebellion, that will punish those engaged in of those cngaged therein, the Presidení of the United States isting rebellion in any State or part thereot pardon and am
it, and that will secure the future peace and welis hereby authorized, and it shall be bis duty, by the marnesty, with such exceptious and at such time and on such shals of the respective districts, or such commissioners or
fare of the country: conditions as he shall declare and proclaim.
other persons as he may appoint for that purpose, to seize Mr. CLARK. The amendment proposed by The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question
the property, real and personal, wherever found, of all such the Senator from Massachusetts, it strikes me, is
persons as shall have, after the passage of this act, promiis on agreeing to this amendment to the amend.
an important one. I think it goes a good way toiently engaged in said rebellion, or notoriously incited, ment offered by the Senator from Vermont. carried forward, or aided therein, bearing arms against the
wards harmonizing some of the differences in the Mr. CLARK. I suggest to the Senator from United States, or giving aid and comfort to such persons as
minds of Senators. Ifthere could be time for conhave done so. Massachusells who moves this amendment that
sidering it further, or for maturing it, or if it were the fifth section as proposed by him may be
It includes all the prominent rebels without sent to a committee to perfect it, it seems to me amended; and if he will allow me, I will read what | classifying them. There may be persons in the the Senate might readily come to some conclusion I think should be added to it, to see if lie will
classes mentioned whose property we do not want that would be satisfactory. I do not wish to throw adopt it. It is the fifth section, in regard to the to take. My amendment goes further, but I only this measure into the hands of its enemies, but I confiscation of the property of those persons who suggest the amendment so far.
desire that a measure shall be perfected which shall flee from justice. I suggest that there should be
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I am not meet the general approbation. I do not desire to added at the close of that section these words: sure that the proposition of the Senator from New be upon that committee. I voted against one some
And all persons to whose service or labor, lie, hy any law Hampshire is better than this section. I will read days ago; but further experience in the Senate has or custom, had any title, commonly called slaves, shall for- || it, and if it be, I will adopt it as part of my amend shown me that there is some necessity of a commitever thereafter be free. ment.
tee for this purpose, and unless it should be strenSo that a person who flees from justice shall The PRÉSIDENT pro tempore. It is within uously objected to by the friends of the measure, lose his slaves as well as his property. I have it the competency of the mover of the amendment to and they may have fear that it would be casting written, if the Senator will adopt it as a part of the amendment to modify it as he pleases. It is it into the hands of its enemies, I will move that his amendment. not open to amendment by the Senate.
the whole subject, this amendment and all the Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. Certainly; Mr. CLARK. I was not going to move the other bills, be committed to a select committee of I accept it.
amendment, but simply suggest it to the Senator five for the purpose of being perfected. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator that he may consider it.
Mr, SUMNER. I think the Senator had betfrom Massachusetts modifies his proposed amend The PRÉSIDENT pro tempore. The Chair so ter say seven. ment by adding at the end of the fifth section the understood.
Mr. CLARK. I have no objection to seven, following:
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. The fifth || if my friends prefer it. I think seven will answer And all persons to whose service or labor, he, by any law section of the amendment I propose was offered
gh, and we may have more consideration or custom, had any title, commonly called slaves, sball for in the Senate by the Senator from New Hamp- ll given to ii. ever thereafter be free.
shire, and he has moved to perfect it this morning, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senate Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. It is not my which modification I have accepted. The whole having once rejected a precise proposition of that purpose to detain the Senate but for a moment to section as it stands was prepared by that Senator. | character it would not strictly be in order, but as make a brief explanation of the amendment. The It seems to me it has been drawn with great care, to the number, if it be the pleasure of the Senate Senator from Vermont has moved to amend the and it ought to receive the support of the Senate. ll that seven rather than any other number should