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in the country will undertake to construct and equip || I ask the House, charter a company and let the most difficult as it is to construct it where it is least them underat least$50,000 a mile, and yet the Gov- people subscribe for the whole road? Why not expensive. I trust the amendment will be viewed ernment gives the poor gratuity of $16,000 a mile, open the books and let the people subscribe, and by the committee in its proper light, and will be and takes a mortgage for the whole amount of the the Government aid in constructing a road the promptly voted down. loan.

whole distance from the Missouri river to the Pa The question recurring on the amendment I tell the gentleman further, that these two cific ocean? Why, I ask the House, the country, offered by Mr. Kellogg, of Minois, branches are constructed to form a connection with and the friends of the bill, make three charters Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois, demanded tellers. the main line, extending to the one hundred and instead of one? Let the friends of the bill answer Tellers were ordered; and Mr. KELLOGG, of Illisecond meridian; and the Government in transpor that do themselves and to the country. I


nois, and Mr. LEHMAN were appointed. tation over that road, say from Chicago west to this amendment now for that purpose, and I chal The committee divided; and ihe tellers reported the one hundred and second meridian, and from lenge every man in favor of this road, to give us -ayes 21, noes 40; no quorum voting. St. Louis west to the same point, will save annu the poor guarantee that forty miles of the road in Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. I have no desire ally millions of dollars.

the mountain district shall be built before you to induce a call of the House, and with the perIn all the measures which have been proposed build the road upon the plains. If this is not done, mission of the committee I will withdraw my for the last ten years for the construction of a great the conclusion is irresistible that it is a scheme to amendment, and I will offer a similar one at another road to the Pacific, one idea has always been throw money into the hands of corporations who time. adopted by intelligent gentlemen who have dis- || shall build profitable portions of the road, and No objection being made, the amendment was cussed this measure, and that is, that two eastern leave that which is the most expensive, and of withdrawn. branches are necessary-(wo eastern branches | most vital importance to the country, to be built Mr. ALDRICH. I now offer the amendment which shall collect the converging commerce of the entirely by the Government.

which we read a few moments since. East and throw it upon a single main stem. That Mr. SARGENT. Because we are friends of The CHAIRMAN. It is not in order now to has always been considered necessary.

this bill we vote down, where we are able, all move to strike out the eighth section, as it has The result of the gentleman's amendment to the amendments like that offered by the gentleman | already been passed. ninth section of the bill will be to destroy the whole from Illinois. The gentleman proposes by his Mr. ALDRICH. I will modify it, then, so as bill, and I hope the committee will vote it down.

amendment to go from four to five hundred miles to strike out the ninth section and insert what was Mr. ALDRICH. If the gentleman from Mi from civilization, out into the mountains, where read. nois will allow me, I desire to have an amendment there is not a rail to be had, where all the mate The amendment was read. read, and perhaps he will accept it.

rials of all kinds must be dragged by teams over Mr. ALDRICH. Gentlemen will perceive by Mr. CAMPBELL. Is that in order?

land, and even the laborers to do the grading and hearing the amendment read, that it proposes Mr. ALDRICH. I hope the gentleman from lay the iron must be sought elsewhere. He pro three branches from the Missouri river, starting Pennsylvania will not get excited. I was not poses that we shall go away beyond all facilities at different points, and to the first one that shall debating the measure.

for building a road and commence it there. Does be completed to the main stem a bonus of $10,000 Mr. ČAMPBELL. I will say to the gentleman not that proposition spring from a misconception a mile is offered; to the one that shall next be finthat I am not in the habit of geiting excited. All of the nature of the work to be done and of the ished, $7,500, and to the last branch, $5,000 a I ask is that the ordinary rules of order be pre nature of this bill? It is necessary that you should mile-which is $22,500 a mile for them all. Now, served.

commence upon the edge of civilization, to say sir, if this amendment shall be adopted, and the Mr. ALDRICH. I only ask that my amend the least; that you should lay down rail after rail; || road is constructed in this manner, it will accomment be read, to see if the gentleman from Illinois and in that way, and that way alone, can you modate all portions of the country, and enable all will not accept it.

build the Pacific railroad. For that reason it is the great lines of railroads running West to conThe amendment was read, as follows:

necessary to commence on the borders of Mis centrate at this point within two hundred or two Strike out the eighth, ninth, and tenth sections, and in souri. Adopt this amendment, and we will re hundred and fifty miles west of the Missouri river. sert in lieu thereof the following:

quire the whole work to stop until a portion of the It strikes me that even the committee cannot oppose That the line of said railroad and telegraph shall commence at or near Fort Kearney; thence westerly on the

road can be built in the interior of the continent, this amendment. I will state that the special commost approved route to the Sacramento river, or the waters and you will postpone the construction of the road mittee have substantially agreed that this amendof the Pacific, in California, with three branches starting until States grow up there and become populated, ment shall be put into the bill. from the Missouri river; the most northern from a point and no help by Government be needed, or it be Mr. SARGENT. The special committee never not further south than Sioux City; said branches to converge and connect with the main stem ator near Fort Kear

too late. Some time in the dim future-thirty or agreed to put in an amendment that would be enney, as aforesaid; and to the one of said branches that shall a hundred years from now—if we do not start lirely incongruous, and to strike out sections at first complete its road froin the Missouri river to the main from the ends, the interior may be enough de random. It does not seem to make any difference stem, $10,000 per mile in bonds shall be issued, bearing five per cent. interest; to the one that shall next coinplete its

veloped to makc it possible to start a railroad there. to the gentleman whether he strikes out one, two, road, as aforesaid, 97,500 per mile of said bonds shall be

What good would be done by building forty out or three sections, because when he found that it issued; and to the third $5,000 of said bonds shall be issued of one thousand miles of the road in the interior? was not in order to move to strike out the eighth per mile.

What guarantee or security is afforded by that? | section, he moved to strike out the ninth. The The CHAIRMAN. The Chair cannot enter The central company may comply with this con amendment is offered at random, and is entirely tain the amendment now.

dition, and laboriously pack out on mule back or incongruous, and for that reason it ought not to Mr. ALDRICH. Will the gentleman from by wagons iron and ties, and then manage to get be adopted. Taken as a separate proposition and Illinois accept it as a modification of his amend over the intervening space an engine and one or offered at the proper place, it might be right, but ment?

two cars to put on the gentleman's forty mile sec at this point it is uiterly incongruous, and it would Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. I prefer a vote tion, hundreds of miles from any connecting road, simply mutilate the bill, without accomplishing upon my amendment.

but what good would it do to the Government, or the gentleman's object at all. The gentleman must The amendment was agreed to.

how would such a useless experiment or labor see that himself. I oppose his amendment. Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. I move to amend

facilitate the building of a Pacific railroad? It Mr. ALDRICH. I'am free to say that if this the ninth șection by adding the following proviso:

would subserve no interest of the Government, and amendment shall be adopted, it will be necessary Provided, This section shall not take effect until at least

would impose a useless, ridiculous task upon the to recommit the bill with instructions to make it forty miles of the central portion of the Pacific railroad,

central company, which the gentlemen who sit conform to and harmonize with the amendment; provided for in the prior sections of this bill, shall be com around the gentleman from Illinois think has but I think that should be done. I do not think pleted.

already so hard a task, and so few inducements to that we should adopt and make part and parcel For the reasons I have just stated I propose go to work, that that portion of the road cannot of the law of the land a charter granted by the this amendment. The object is to give some se be built under this bill. In fact, the very amend Territorial Legislature of Kansas, which no one curity to the country that the central portion of ment of the gentleman implies that he thinks that here has ever scen, and which no one knows anythe Pacific railroad' shall be completed at some some guarantee is needed ihat that part of the road thing about. time. I believe this to be necessary.

will be built, so at least he declares, yet his amend Mr. SARGENT. It appears, then, that the If the friends of this measure are really in favor ment only makes more difficult what he professes | gentleman's object is to have the bill recommitted. of building the mountain portion of the road, they to desire.

That is another form of the motion to postpone will give some security to the country by the ma I am in favor of a Pacific railroad now, and for the bill until December next. The gentleman chinery of this bill; and they will so arrange the that reason I believe in commencing at the ends knows that a great deal of pains has been taken charter as to provide that the road shall be built, where the road should commence. The gentle- || by the committee in preparing this bill, that a if any portion of the road is built.

man from Illinois inquires why not open books of great deal of care and industry have been bestowed The gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Camp- subscription for the whole road. We do open upon it, and that now is the time for it to pass. If BELL) intimates that I am opposed to the bill, and the books to the people of the United States. ' In it is postponed until next December, we shall be that I do not represent my constituents or their the first place, the $31,000,000 appropriated under so much hurried in attending to other legislation interests. Let me say to the gentleman, if he will this bill for the central portion, go into the hands which will have accumulated by that time, that it take care of the interests of his own constituents, of the people by means of the books which are will have to go over till another session. he will do as much as most gentlemen are able to required to be opened.

The question was taken on Mr. ALDRICH's do; and when he proposes to read a lecture to me, The road across the Sierra Nevada mountains amendment; and it was disagreed to. let him come to my room, and if I have nothing will cost $75,000 a mile, so report competent en

Mr. CAMPBELL. In order to make the bill else to do, I will hear him,

gineers. It is proposed that the Government shall conform to amendments which have already been Mr. Chairman, I am anxious to guard the in increase the amount of compensation to the com adopted, I move to amend the tenth section by terests of my constituents, and to give in this bill pany for the mountainous section, and then it will striking out in the nineteenth line the words some assurance to them that this road will be built, not be more than one third of the whole cost. As " across said State or. and that it is intended to be built; and it behooves the bill provides that where the construction of The amendment was agreed to. western men, and it behooves all men who have a the road' is most difficult, the Government shall Mr. CAMPBELL. By an amendment which direct interest in the road, lo see that they do not afford more aid, it is as much an inducement lo the committee have already adopted, we have farm oat this road to pet companies. Why not, the company to construct the road where it is stricken out a railroad company in the Territory

of Nevada, the principle upon which the commit company by this section, and to operate said road in the to be the interest of these roads to consolidate and tee are now legislating being to authorize the main same manner as the main line shall be operated, shall forfeit to the Government of the United States all the rights,

form but one company, the section provides that company to construct the line through the Ter. privileges, and franchises granted to and conferred upon

ihey shall have the right to do so, on filing the ritories, and State companies the road through the said company by this act.

terms with the Secretary of the Interior. But States. In order to make the bill harmonize with


until we have a little more experience on the subthe amendments already adopted, I move to strike satisfactory to the select committee. We think ject I want to leave bluese roads the bed governed by

that its terms are just and reasonable. It meets down to “hereby,” in line line thirty-two, as

Mr. WHITE, of Indiana. I would like the with the hearty concurrence of the committee, follows: and I hope it will be adopted.

gentleman to answer this question: whether he Eastern boundary of Nevada Territory before it is completed across said Territory by the Nevada company, said

The amendment was agreed to.

believes that, under the provisions of the six

teenth section, the lowa and Kansas and Califorfirst-named company is hereby authorized to continue on Mr. WHITE, of Indiana. In order to test a in constructing ibc same across Nevada Territory, and to

nia companies can consolidate with the Pacific principle, I move to amend, by adding to the sixcontinue on the same througlı California, if the Central

Railroad Company without merging all their rights Pacific Railroad Company of California shall not have comieenth section, as follows:

under their present charters? pleted the same in California upon the terms mentioned in The business of all the roads named in this act for the Mr. CAMPBELL. I do not see that that is at this act, until said roads shall incer and connect, and the construction of which lands are herein granted and an is. whole line of said railroad and telegraph is completed; and sue of bonds authorized, shall be consolidated so as to make

all necessary. I think that the Kansas and Jowa the said Novada Railroad Company, and the Central Pacific a common dividend, profit, and expense account, and the

companies can, on fair terms and conditions, unite Railroad Company of California, after completing their re gross annual receipts of all of said roads shall be divided with the main company, and preserve all their spective roads across said State and Territory, are.

between all of said companies in proportion to the length rights under their present charters. They are not And to insert in lieu thereof the following:

of road owned by each, whether the companies who build
them shall be consolidated or not, and whether such ronds

obliged to unite; but they can do so on terms that Western boundary of California before it is completed lie within the limits of a State or of the territory of the Uni are fair and mutually satisfactory. across said State by the Central Pacific Railroad mpa ted States: Provided, That the consent of the respective Mr. STEVENS.' Is it not a fact that by the of California, said first-named company is hereby author States within whose limits any of said roads are situated ized to continue in constructing the saine through Califor

adoption of the amendment offered by the gentleshall first be obtained: And prorided further, That no lands nia, upou the terms mentioned in this act, until said roads shall be granted or bonds issued as aforesaid to any com

man from lowa, (Mr. Wilson, the lowa railroad shall mcct and connect, and the whole line of said railroad

pany for the construction of any such road within the lim companies are dispensed with, and that the Union and telegraph is completed, and the Central Pacific Rail its of a State, until such State shall have given its consent company is to build the road all the way through road Coinpany of California, after completing that road to the provisions of this act.

from Nevada to lowa? across said Statc, is. The amendment was agreed to. I stated the other day, Mr. Chairman, that the

Mr. WILSON. Yes. provisions of this sixteenth section can never be

Mr. STEVENS. So I understood it. The Clerk read the twelfth section, as follows: || practically carried into effect. The companies Mr. WHITE, of Indiana. Then my amend. Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That whenever the ihat are authorized to build the extremes of these ment would be referable to California and Kansas; route of said railroad shall cross the boundary of any State roads within the limits of States never can con and I ask why should not California and Kansas or Territory, or said mcridian of longitude, the two companies meeting or uniting there shall agree upon its loca

solidate with the new company now created, with have the same advantages as lowa has? tion at that point, with reference to the most direct and out merging all their present rights and privileges. The question was taken on Mr. White's practicable through route, the companics named in each This bill does not provide that those companies

amendment; and it was rejected. State and Territory to locate the road across the same between the points so agreed upon. The track upon the enshall have another organization for building out

Mr. ALDRICH. I desire to offer an amendtire line of railroad shall be of uniformn width, to be agreed

side of their own Slates westward. The bill does ment, to come in at the end of the fourteenth secupon by said companies, so that, when completed, cars can not create any company that can consolidate with tion. be run from the Missouri river to the Pacific coast; the companies within the limits of the several Slates. The CHAIRMAN. That cannot be done exgrades and curves shall not exceed the maximum grades and curves of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad; the whole line

Now, I am satisfied that this road will never be cept by general consent. of said railroad and telegraph shall be operated and used built by a company that shall only own the line Mr. SARGENT. I hope that consent will be for all purposes of communication, travel, and transporta within the limiis of the Territories of the United given. tion, so far as thc public and Government are concerned, as States. The same grants are provided to be given

Mr. STEVENS. I reserve the right to object one connected, continuousline; and the companies herein named in Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nevada, and California,

to the companies on the two extremes of Califor till I hear it read. tiling their assent to the provisions of this act, sball receive nia and Kansas, and, perhaps, also to the com

The amendment was read, as follows. and Transport all iron rails, chairs, spikes, tics, timber, and panies in Iowa. My amendment provides that At the end of the fourteenth section, add : all materials required for constructing and furnishing sald

the companies shall be consolidated, so as to make And whenever there shall be a line of railroad completed first-mentioned line between the western boundary of Kan. sas (or one lundred and second meridian of longitude) and a common expense, dividend, and profit account,

through Minnesota or Iowa to Sioux City, or a point oppe

site the same ou the Missouri river, then said corporation eastern boundary of Nevada Territory, whenever the same and that the gross proceeds of the whole line of

shall construct a branch road from Sioux City, to connect is required hy said first-named company, at cost, over that road shall be divided among the companies in pro with said main line within three hundred miles of the Misportion of the roads of said companies constructed under

portion to their lengths of road. I have so far souri river, and it is hereby authorized 10 construct the the provisions of this act. compromised with the opinions of the select com

saine upon the sanc terms and conditions as are provided

in this act for the construction of the inrin line aforesaid : Mr. SARGENT. ! move to insert, after the mittee as to yield to its views; and all that I dc Prorided, That no more than $7,500 in bonds pirmile shall word "route,"inline six, the words, “and in case sire now is that these companies shall make a com be issued for the construction of said branch road : Anil pro. of a difference between them as to said location, mon stock, so far as the annual productive receipts

vilet further, That is said corporation shall fail to conthe President of the United States shall determine of the road are concerned. This grant of $20,000

struct the branches provided for in this section it shall forsaid location."

feit the privileges granted by this act. a mile will build a great many sections of road The amendment was agreed to.

within the limits of States, only to tempt the in Mr. ALDRICH. I simply desire to state that Mr. SARGENT. I move to insert, after the || terior and central company to its ruin. We want this amendment was agreed upon by the special word “upon," in the eighth line, the words,"ex to have a road built that will be practicable and

committee, and that I had intended to offer it at cept as herein provided.'

profitable. I think that those companies which the end of the fourteenth section; but had my atThe amendment was agreed to. take hold of the road at either extremcshould have

tention called elsewhere at the proper time for Mr. SARGENT. I move to strike out the word no greater profits than those which risk their cap offering it. I trust it will meet ihe unanimous “ Nevada," in the eighteenth line.

ital in building the central portion. I think that concurrence of the committee. The amendment was agreed to that risk will never be incurred, and that the Pa

The amendment was agreed to. Mr. SARGENT. I move lo strike out the

cific railroad will fall still-born under the present Mr. LOVEJOY. I move to amend the sevenwords “ western boundary of Kansas or,” in the

provisions of this act. I think that the amend teenth section by striking out the following protwenty-second line.

ment which I offer is nothing more than reason viso: The amendment was agreed to.

able. It meets the views of that large class of gen Provided, That any company hot in default on their porMr. SARGENT. I move to strike out the

tlemen who want to have one company. Itobviates tion of said rond, in any substantial or material respect, word “eastern,” in the twenty-third line, and to all objections on the ground of State sovereignty, shall not be liable, for the failure to perform on other por

tions thercof, lo any forfeiturcor penalty under this section. insert “ western" in lieu thereof.

and makes practicable the consolidation which is The amendment was agreed to.

intended to be provided for in the sixteenth sec And inserting in lieu thereof the words: tion.

Provided, That if a road from the Missouri river to the Mr. WILSON. I desire to offer a substitute Mr. CAMPBELL. With very great respect

city of Sacramento is not completed on the 1st day of Janfor the fourteenth section of the bill. I will state to the gentleman from Indiana, I cannot see the

uary, 1876, the entire road or roads built under the provisthat it has been submitted to the special commit- force of his objection. I want to call his attention

ions of this act shall be forfeited to the United States. tee who prepared this bill, and they concur in it. to the fact that the point which he makes here Mr. Chairman, I have presented my views beThe substitute was read, as follows:

seems to me to be “point no point." All the fore, and do not now wish to repeat them at length. That the said Union Pacific Railroad Company is hereby | great railroads in the country running from New The purpose of my amendment is to secure the authorized and required to construct a single line of railroud and telegraph from a point on the western boundary

York and other points westward, are but a com building of the road. There are many who supof the State of Iowa, westerly upon the most direct and

bination of different companies, and they manage pose that this bill, as now arranged, will not se. practicable route, so as to form a connection with the line to divide the profits and io fix the rates of trans cure that purpose. I do not myself believe that of said company at some point not further west than the

portation without any difficulty whatever. So it will. I do not believe that it is the purpose of one hundred and second meridian of longitude aforesaid

that I have, against the gentleman's theory, to set the bill to do it. I do not suppose that the special from the point of commencement upon the western boundary of the State of Towa, upon the same terms and condi up the practice of the country,

committee anticipates that a road will ever be contlons in all respects as are contained in this act for the con T'here seems to be no difficulty whatever in the structed under this bill; but it is anticipated that struction of said railroad and telegraplı first men oned; and

practical operation of a system of railroads run eight or ten thousand dollars a mile will be got for said Union Pacific Railroad Company shall complete two hundred miles of the road aki telegraph under this section

ning half ihrough the continent. I think it is a forty miles of the road that is already built. provided for in two years after filing their assent to the con little too early in the day for us to undertake to Mr. SARGENT. Will the gentleman yield to ditions of this act, as by the trrms of this act required, and say to the Iowa branch and to the Missouri branch me for a moment? at the rate of one hundred miles per year thereafter until the whole is complcted: Proriler!, Thiata failure upon the

that they must divide their profits with the main Mr. LOVEJOY. Yes, part of said company to make suid connection in the time

line. I want to leave that matter to be decided Mr. SARGENT. I say distinctly as one of alorcsaid, and to perform the obligations imposed upon said by practical experience. If it be hereafter found the committee, that I think-and I believe such is


the opinion of the committee that the road will the gentleman from Illinois is preferable to that | creasing our annual taxation, as this bill will, not be built under this act.

of the committee, and I hope he will not accept less than five or six millions. Mr.LOVEJOY. Without

theirs in its place.

(Here the hammer fell.] priation.

Mr. CAMPBELL. I think it is less stringent, Mr. SARGENT. The gentleman from VerMr. SARGENT. Yes, sir; without any further but I do not object to it.

mont is not in favor of legislating upon so importappropriation.

The amendment was agreed to.

ant a measure as this when there is a thin atiendMr. LOVEJOY. Well, sir, then the gentle

Mr. MORRILL; of Vermont. I move to amend

ance of the House, yet but a few weeks ago he man's credulity is immensely large, that is all. by adding, at the end of the seventeenth section,

was engaged in passing through the House a lax Mr. CAMPBELL. And the incredulity of the as follows:

bill of certainly quite as important a character, gentleman from Illinois is still larger.

when the attendance was so meager that he found Mr. LOVEJOY. No, sir; it will secure the

Provided further, That no bonds of the United States and

no patents conveying any title to lands shall be issued until it necessary, time and again, lo resort to a call of building of certain portions of the road across the a practical survey shall have been made, which shall prove

the House to secure the attendance of a bare quocontinent. I have no doubt about that. It will the practicability of some single route, nor until, in the rum. But, sir, the gentleman could not count me secure the building of roads now largely enjoying

opinion of the President of the United States, the circum-
stances of the country will justify the building, completion,

among the absent or inattentive members on that the lands, and the richest lands of the Governand running of the road by the Government.

occasion. We are sent here to attend to the legisment, at each end of the route which the road is

lation of the country, and we cannot excuse ourto pass. I have no doubt about that. But I do Mr. Chairman, I have been somewhat aston

selves from the performance of that duty because not believe the road will ever be built over the

ished that a matter of so great importance as this more difficult portions of the route. If it is the bill should claim so small a share of the attention of duties. He did not then ask that that important

other members are remiss in attending to their purpose of those who have the management of

the House. Why, sir, if it were a bill proposing work should stop because members were absent the bill in the House to secure the building of the to appropriate $500 to pay a private claimant, we

or inattentive. Why not, sir? Because he was road through from point to point, which is what should have a larger number of members in at in favor of that bill; and he now urges this excuse the nation want to accomplish, for which object tendance and listening to what is going on than

because, say what he will, he is opposed to this alone the nation are willing to grant their money,

we have had since this bill has been under conthere can be no objection to the amendment which sideration in committee. Here is a measure in

But the gentleman would not go on with this I have offered. I hope, therefore, the anicndment || which the Government is about to embark, in

work until we have good surveys. The gentlewill be adopted. And I conceive that the vote volving the expenditure of hundreds of millions

man wants more picture books io send to his conupon it will be a test vote, so far as the sincerity of dollars, and yet amendments are offered and

stituents, I suppose. of gentlemen who have the management of the yoted in, according to the will of the gentlemen

Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I voted against bill, in their purpose to construct the road across

having charge of the measure, without the slight. | the picture books. the contineni, or their intention only to construct est apparent interest or attention upon the part of

Mr. SARGENT. Very well; the result of the the ends of the roads, or to get pay for the roads a majority of the House as to their character or

plan the gentleman proposes would simply be already built, is concerned. effect.

the production of more picture books. I can give Mr. CAMPBELL. I understand the terms of Mr. WICKLIFFE. I ask permission of the the gentleman a good deal of information on that the gentleman's amendment to be that the com gentleman from Vermont to say that he must ex- | subject. There is more in these “picture books" pany shall forfeit all its rights and privileges unless empt me from that accusation. I am perfectly than he seems to be aware of, by the remarks ihe whole main line is constructed in how long? aware of the nature of the provisions of ihis bill, || which he has made about them. If the gentleMr. LOVEJOY. My amendment named 1876. perfectly aware that their effect must be to draw

man from Vermont will again look over them he I believe that is the time fixed in the bill for the to an enormous extent from the Treasury of the

will find the statements by the engineers in the completion of the road. If not, I will fix it at Government, already incumbered with a larger | employ of the United States of the grades and the the time limited in the bill. debt than it can bear. I shall vote against the bill.

cxact practicability of a route to California. I Mr. CAMPBELL. Now, Mr. Chairman, I Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. The amendment

can show by an abstract of the tables of grades, think this is a reasonable amendment, and I for which I have offered, if adopted, would prevent that upon the route to California they are lighter one am willing that it should be adopted; which || anything being done in relation to the road that | than those upon the roads in the gentleman's I hope will convince the gentleman from Illinois would involve any liability upon the part of the own Slate. I have here an abstract of the grades that I am acting in good faith in desiring to pro Government until the circumstances of the Gov

upon the route to California, from Fort Bridger vide against the failure to construct the road ernment and the condition of the country are such to Lassen's Meadows, to which I will call attentthrough from point to point.

as to warrant this splendid demonstration of our tion. The surveys were made by an accomplished The committee had prepared an amendment

engineer, under the direction of the Government, which they proposed to offer as a substitute for the At the proper time, as I have repeatedly said, with an ample appropriation, and are entirely seventeenth section, providing that the company I am in favor of building this road, but I am not

satisfactory. should forfeit all its rights and privileges under its || in favor of any sham. If this bill is to pass, it The highest grade is eighty-nine feet per mile, charter if it failed to construct the road within the proposes on its face that the road is to be built by | there being but time limited in the bill. The amendment was in some corporation. Sir, there is no man in this

8} miles of such grade of 89 feet per mile. tended to accomplish the same purpose as that of House who does not know that if this road is

miles of a grade of the gentleman from Illinois, and is, I think, still ever to be built, completed, and run, it is to be

693 more stringent in its provisions. I am free, how- || done by the Government of the United States. 71 ever, to say, as chairman of the committee on the Under this bill we shall possibly induce somePacific railroad, that if the committee prefer the body to take a vast quantity of public lands by 114 amendment of the gentleman from Illinois, I have | giving away a vast quantity of public bonds, but no possible objection to it, taking it for granted we shall not get a road to the Pacific.

And now thai Congress will always act liberally towards a see what a gigantic scheme we are about to embark The balance of nearly fifteen hundred miles is company endeavoring to fulfill its obligations in in. If this will is to pass, and the road shall be under twenty feet per mile. good faith, if the road should have been nearly built under it, and run, it will require an army of 'The Califórnia company, to which reference has but not quite finished at the time fixed in the bill. not less than twenty thousand men to man it. That been made, expended from twenty-five to fifty

Mr. BINGHAM. I hope the amendment sug, will be the number of men who will have to be thousand dollars in exploration of routes over the gested by the gentleman from Pennsylvania will | employed.

Sierra Nevada to Lassen's Meadows, and this and be read, and that the gentleman from Illinois will But before work on the road is to commence I all the other explorations that have been made, by accept it as a substitute for his amendment.

desire to have a practical survey. Never yet have instruments, and in every other way, have determMr. LOVEJOY. I should be glad to hear it we had anything more than mere picture books, | ined the fact very distinctly that there is nothing read.

mere barometrical surveys. Those surveys show difficult in grades or curves, nothing except the Mr. CAMPBELL. The amendment I was in- || that there are extreme difficulties to be overcome. heavy capital required, which creates the necesstructed to offer as a substitute to this seventeenth I want to see those difficulties cleared up before we sity for Government aid, in the way of the consection is as follows:

commence so enormous an expenditure. What struction of this road. I thought the question of Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That in case said cor ever they may be, I have no question that this the practicability of this road had long since been poration shail fail to comply with the terms and conditions Government can overcome them. But I think, as demonstrated, and that we would not be called of this act, or shall not complete said railroad and telegraph line within the time named in this act, or fail to kecp the

a gentleman once said when he called on a lawyer | into a discussion of the matter at this late day. same in repair and use, or shall permit the same to remain to ascertain how to obtain redress in a certain The gentleman sneers at barometrical reconnoisunfinished or out of repair and unfit for use, before the re matter the lawyer finding no adequate remedy sances. Does he understand what they are? They payment to the United States of all sums expended by the within the rules of the law, asked him if he could are the first test applied to determine the practiUnited States therefor, with the interest, Congress may pass any act to insure the speedy completion thereof, or to

not flog his adversary. “Yes,” said he," I think | cability of a railroad, and are fully sufficient to sell the same to the highest bidder to repay all such ex I could, but it would strain me.” (Laughter.] Ithat end, and hence were adopted by the Governpenditures caused by the default and neglect of said cor have no doubt in time we can overcome all the ment. Let me illustrate by a factin my own knowlporation.

obstacles that may present themselves to the con- | edge. A barometrical reconnoissance was made Mr. LOVEJOY. I think the amendment I struction of a Pacific railroad; but at this period of that part of this route over the Sierra Nevada, have proposed will be more effective than that of I think it would strain us. When we shall have || and a report of the engineers showed that grades the committee. I understand their amendment || passed the bills now pending before this commit not exceeding one hundred and five feet to the mile only lo apply to “ the said corporation.” Now, iee, appropriating more than $200,000,000 for the were attainable over a certain route-maneasy grade there are some half dozen corporations. My support of your Army, and when we shall have for a mountain country. Encouraged by this, the a mendment applies to the whole road. If the || passed all the other bills that will be required to company organizing ihe survey caused a regular l amendment I have offered can be adopted, as the meet the exigencies of the country, I think we will | railroad survey to be made, and all the tests emchairman indicates, I think it will take away many have quite enough to do without entering upon ployed by engineers to be used, and the result of the objections to this bill.

the ornamental; and I regard this bill as purely of exactly verified the altitudes and grades indicated Mr. STEVENS. I think the amendment of that character. At this time I am opposed to in- Il by the reconnoissance.



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The Government was directed to cause certain quer by the aid of science the physical barriers the entire line of railroad and telegraph, the said mortgage surveys to be made, and it appointed an experi that divide the continent.

shall contain a clause of forfeiture, right of foreclosure, or

appropriation by the United States, of the said property, enced' engineer, who has reported his profiles, Mr. WHITE, of Indiana. I ask the gentleman which clause or condition, as to form and sufficicirey, shall &c., and the gentleman will find them in his “pic- from Vermont to so modify his amendment as to be approved by the Attorney General of the United States. ture books," and find them as I have stated. make it provide for an instrumental survey.

Sec. -. Anul be it further enacted, That no donation of It is a mere pretext that it is necessary to post Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I accept that

public lands nor appropriation or loan of bonds, for the ob

jects and purposes specified in this acı shall be granted to pone the passage of this bill until the Government modification.

any railroad corporation, its associates, successors, or ashas expended four or five millions of dollars more The amendment was disagreed to.

signs, for or on account of any railroad or line of telegraph in surveys and in getting up what the gentleman Mr. CAMPBELL moved to insert the words that has been or may herearter be constructed, or in course

of con calls “picture books.” Even if we should con “ or repeal” after the word “ amend” in the fif

ction by any other corporation or parties, in any

State or Territory, which shall form a portion of either line sent to the postponement, this work would not be teenth line, so as to provide that Congress may at of railway or telegraph contemplated in this act. any further advanced than it is now, because just || any time amend or repeal this act.

Sec. And be it further enacted, That the acheptance such surveys would be made over again; and I The amendment was agreed to.

of the terms, conditions, and impositions of tbis act by any have no doubt similar objections would then be Mr. WHITE, of Indiana. I move to strike out

railroad corporation, shall be significd in writing under the

corporate seal of such corporation, duly executed pursuant offered, if not by the gentleman from Vermont, at the words “if unreasonable in amount.” It is an to the direction of its board of directors, first had and obleast by others, who are, like him, in favor of a unnecessary restriction, I think, upon the power tained; which acceptance shall be made within eighteen railroad at any time except when there is a hope of Congress.

months after the passage of this act, and not afterwards, of its passage.

The amendment was disagreed to.

and shall be served on the President of the United States,

and all acts of incorporation or other acts from any State The gentleman says he is in favor of the con Mr. ALDRICH. I offer the following amend or Territorial Legislature, to carry out the provisions of this struction of a Pacific railroad, with aid by the Gov. ment to come in as an additional section:

act, shall be subinitted to Congress for approval before any ernment. When, I ask? When it has paid off the

Jands or bonds shall be received by any of the companics Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That to insure the

undertaking to build the several lines of railway contemdebt which has accumulated by this war? Why, safe, certain, and specdy transportation of mails, troops,

plated by this act. and public stores, any legal and duly organized company sir, if we continue to put off this Pacific railroad

Sec. –. And be it further enacted, That the grant of lands incorporated by any of the States or Territories through until everything else is taken care of, or until we

and bonds licreini made shall be, and is, upon the express which the same shall pass shall have power to lay out, loare out of debt, it never will be built. I hope we

condition tliat Congress shall have the power at any time cate, coustruci, furnish, maintain, and enjoy a continuous

hereafter to amend the provisions of this act for the purwill have no more talk like that of the gentleman railroad from Superior, in the State of Wisconsin, to the

pose of restraining abuses and protecting the public interWestern border of Minnesota, at or near Breckinridge, on about the road costing the Government one or two the Red River of the North; thence westerly, crossing the

ests: Provided, however, Congress shiall not be empowered hundred millions of dollars; but that gentlemen Rocky mountains north of the forty-fifth parallel of north

to pass any law diminishing the specified amount of conwill read the bill before they make such remarks, latitude, on the most eligible route, to some point on Puget's

tribution in lands and bonds of the United States, if the

conditions berein imposed, and the provisions that may and correct the misapprehensions under which Sound, to be called the Northern Pacific railroad; and said

hereafter be made, shall be coinplied with. they seem to be laboring.

company undertaking to build said road shall consolidate,

contederate, and associate with any other legal and duly The bill ought to be passed at once; it ought

Mr. Chairman, I offer that amendment in good organized companies, incorporated by any of ihe States or not to be delayed until we have paid off the cx Territories for the purpose, which may wish to aid in the

faith. It appropriates $25,000,000 for the conpenses of this war. That may not be done for construction of the road upon joint and equitable terms; and

struction of a railroad upon the nortliern route. there is granted to said company undertaking to build said It is the shortest line of railroad between the thirty or forty years, and, in the meanwhile, the

road six alternate sections of land per mile on each side of water lines that can be indicated. It is also a generation that has gone to California from the such railroad line as said company may adopt, from Lake eastern and western States, myself and others, Superior to the western border of Minnesota, and from

route of the easiest grade upon the continent. I who implore Congress to build this road as a matthence to the annount of ten alternate sections per mile on

do not say that the commerce of the Indies will each side of such railway linc, as said company may adopt, ter not only of military necessity, as against for

hereafter cross this continent; but if it ever does, to the western termini of said route. And said company eign invasion, but of political and domestic policy,

in my judgment, it will be transported over that shall also construct a telegraph line along said line of raillooking to the integrity of this Union, will have way in the most approved and workmanlike manner.

northern route, and none other. It has been compassed away, and our children and another gen

Sec. –. And be it further enacted, That whenever said pletely surveyed, and it is known to pass through eration will have taken its place. The long iso

company undertaking to construct sáid railway from Lake a country where can be found all the materials for

Superior to Puget's Sound and Portland, Oregon, shall have the construction of a railroad. If Congress approlation to which they will have been condemned, fifty miles of said railroad and telegraplı line ready for the by a failure to construct a Pacific railroad on the service contemplated, commencing on Lake Superior, priates this $25,000,000, I will guaranly that this part of the Government, may entirely banish from Charles D. Gildlien, of Minnesota, Nathaniel P. Banks, of

road will be constructed and in running order beIllinois, and Gilmore days, of Washington Territory, are their hearts all sympathy with this side of the con

fore any other upon the continent. hereby constituted a board of commissioners to examine ibe Mr. WATTS. Mr. Chairman, I am in favor tinent. They may say, “why should we pay same, and report to the President of the United States; and taxes and duties on imports for the benefit of a if it shall appear by said report that filty miles of said rail

of the proposition of the gentleman from Minnedistant Government—why should we go there for

road and telegraph line have been completed in a good, sota at the proper time, and, as my friend from

substantial, and workmanlike manner, and in all respects our legislation, when a mountain chain and vast

Vermont has said, I think at present he had belas required by this act, and supplied with all necessary rolldeserts divide us; we, who are an empire in our ing stock, buildings, and depots for the use oi' said road, as

ter postpone the construction of this northern selves, capable of self-government?". This gen a first-class railway, and that the sainc are in good working

route. I have a pet of my own similar to the pet erauon will not say so. We cling to the Union;

order, then it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treas of the gentleman from Minnesota. I would like

ury, under the direction of the President, to issue lo said but a generation will grow up there who know

to have a railroad constructed upon the thirtycompany the bonds of the United States for the sum of you not. You must break down this barrier and $10,000 per mile on said fifty miles, for the use of said coin

second parallel of latitude, which would cost only assimilate the different portions of the country.

pany, as an advanced payment upon the contract authorized $93,000,000, whereas Governor Stevens has reAnd it will take half a generation to do that by

by this act. And for each and every fifty miles of said rail ported that a railroad on the northern route would

road and telegraph line ready for service, in running order, building this road. If we wait, as the gentleman

cost $125,000,000. But the gentleman and myself the Secretary of the 'Treasury shall issue to said company thie from Vermont suggests, it may be that we will like sum of $10,000 per mile, in bonds of the United suhtes,

will have to postpone the accomplishment of our delay to a day when it will be impossible to re

until said road shall reach the western border of Minnc pet projects for ion or fifteen years. If we get trieve the injustice and the impolicy of that course.

sota; and after that the sum of $15,000 per mile for every ihrough one Pacific railroad at this time, we ought

fifty miles completed on any part of said road to Pugel's The gentleman, in order to keep the cotton States

to be very thankful. It looks just now as though Sound, until bonds shall bave been issued to the amount of within the Union, is willing to spend six hundred $25,000,000, when no more bonds shall be issued by the

we were going to have some trouble in doing so. or a thousand millions of dollars, and I go with United Staics; but said company shall have the right to

There have been too many sham friends of the him there, and yet he opposes the passage of this

contract with the British Government for a loan of inoncy Pacific railroad. We have seen how very cau

or bends, giving a mortgage lien to said British Governmcuit bill, that would link the Pacific States to the At

tious those men have grown on this subject who, for security, subject to the mortgage lien to the United lantic States by indissoluble bonds, and which States; but with the exception to the United States and the

a year or two ago, were the most violent partiwould make the Union more illustrious and more

British Government, no inortgage or construction bonds sans of a Pacific railroad proposition. Their sym

shall ever in any way be put upon said road. Any vacancies powerful than it ever has been before. I ask him

pathy for such a measure has grown “fine by in said board of commissioners, caused by death, resignato expend a few millions to keep that magnificent tion, or otherwise, shall be filled by the President of the

degrees and beautifully less," until now, when Pacific empire. Let us legislate for the future as United States.

they are called upon to vote for this bill, their well as the present, and guard our future security.

Sec. -, And be it further enacted, That said company courage, like thai of Bob Acres, " oozes out of

shall commence the work on said road within three years the palms of their hands." They will object to The argument that is good in one case is certainly

from the approval of this act by the President of the United good in the other; and therefore, as a matter of

every measure because it does not run in a particStates, and complete one hundred miles per year after the military necessity and of domestic policy, I trust fourth year; and every provision, conditjon, limitation, or

ular line, or go through a certain neighborhood, that the bill we have now so nearly completed

restriction in this act contained shall be, and the same are or for some other equally fastidious reason.

hereby, applied to and imposed on the company undertaking will be sent to its final vote without insidious

think that the amendment of my friend from Minto build the Northern Pacific railroad from Lake Superior amendments desiructive of its object.

nesota ought not to prevail, and I hope that it will to Puget's Sound.

be voted down. Sec. –. And be it further enacted, That whenever any [Here the hammer fell.]

railroad company embraced in this act shall, under the pro The amendment was rejected. Mr. LOVEJOY. Does the gentleman from Cal

visions thereof, be entitled to demand any installment or the ifornia say that, unless this Pacific railroad bill

Mr. KELLOGG, of Ilinois. I offer the folbonds hereinbefore mentioned to be issued and delivered in is passed, ihe Pacific States will revolt?

aid of the construction of any or cither of the lines of rail lowing amendment, to come in as an additional Mr. SARGENT. I do not; and the gentleman way contemplated by this act, such railroad company, its section: could not so understand me, But I do say that

associates, successors, or assigns, shall, at the same time, as Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That until forty miles a security for the amount of such bonds, and interest to ac

of the main line of the Union Pacific Railroad Company it is the part of wisdom to legislate, in view of the crue thereon, execute to the United States a mortgage on

shall be constructed, not more than $10,000 in United States fact shown by all history that people divided by such portion of railway as shall, from time to time, becom bonds per mile shall be advanced to any company that may mountain ranges separate into distinct communi pleted, on the completion of which all installments of bonds

construct a road under the provisions of sections nine and shall be duc and demandable, covering the appurtenances, lies; and that although this generation in Califor

ten of this act. fixtures, rolling stock, motive power, and machinery, and nia, born upon this side of the continent, love the telegraph line, which inortgage shall remain and continue a Mr. Chairman, I will only say that this is anUnion too well to leave it, yet a people may grow

lien and charge thereon till the whole amount of bonds that other effort on my part to secure some guarantee up there in the course of years who may not have shall be issued in aid of the construction of the entire line

for the construction of the main line of this road. of such railroad shall be repaid, pursuant to the provisions feelings of thut nature sufliciently strong to keep of this act; and in case of the failure of any such railroad

I know that it has become the habit of the parthem united to the Allantic Stales, unless we con company, ils associates, successors, or assigns, lo complete ticular fricnds of this particular measure to talk

in a flippant way of the "sham friends" of the The CHAIRMAN. That is not in order, as resumed the chair, Mr. CRISFIELD reported that Pacific railroad. the committee have passed that section.

the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Now, sir, I desire a railroad built, though it Mr. CRADLEBAUGH. I ask the unanimous Union had, according to order, had under considmay be upon almost any terms. I should be will consent of the committee to allow me to offer it. eration the state of the Union generally, and paring to go for almost any measure that shall prom Mr. WASHBURNE. Let it be read.

ticularly bill of the House No. 364, to aid in conise a construction of the road; but I shall not vote Mr. STEVENS. I object to going back, but structing a railroad and telegraph line from the for a bill that, to my mind, promises to build only || I do not object to hearing the amendment read. Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure the two extremes of the road, and leave the most The amendment was read, as follows:

to the Government the use of the same for postal, difficult part of the road unbuilt. I am in favor of At the end of section three, add the following:

military, and other purposes, and had instructed a railroad bill, almost any one, that shall promise Provided, That persons in possession of Government him to report it back to the House with an amendby fair implication or by reasonable expectation

lands in the Territory of Nevada at the time of the passage
of this act, or who inay under the territorial laws have a

ment, in the nature of a substitute.
a construction of the road.
constructive right to the possession of one hundred and

Mr. CAMPBELL. I move the previous quesMr. PHELPS, of California. Will the gentle- sixty acres, should such land be conveyed to said railroad tion on the engrossment and third reading of the maw allow me to ask him a question?

company under this act, shall have the right to purchase the bill. Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. Certainly.

same from said company at the same price that the Gov Mr. STEVENS. I desire to say a very few

ernment shall fix for ihe sale of the adjoining lands. Mr. PHELPS, of California. I would inquire

words before the vote is taken on this bill. of the gentleman whether he is aware that an

Mr. CRADLEBAUGH. I offered that amend

Mr. CAMPBELL. If my colleague will renew amendment was adopted a few moments ago proment before the third section was disposed of, but

the demand for the previous question at the termividing that the whole road should be forfeited in by some means it was passed over, and it occurs

nation of his remarks, I will withdraw it. case the main line was not built? to me that I should have the privilege of offering

Mr. STEVENS. I will do so. Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. Yes, sir; and I it again.

Mr. CAMPBELL. Then I withdraw the de

The CHAIRMAN. It cannot be offered as an was glad to see it adopted; and I confess I was

mand for the previous question. surprised that the friends of this measure gave

amendment to the third section except by unani Mr. STEVENS. I have found considerable their consent to it. If that is their intention, ihey mous consent.

difficulty in coming to a conclusion what course to

Mr. CRADLEBAUGH. Then I will offer it will vote the small guarantee that there shall be $5,000 per mile retained until the company comas an additional section to the bill, prefacing it

pursue as to this bill. That difficulty did not arise

on account of the propriety of building this road. mence ihe mountain district road. All my amendwith the words “ Be it enacted,” &c.

I believe few will doubt its utility as a great national ment proposes is that you shall say to the people

The pressing necessity for offering this amend

work. We must either agree to surrender our that the Government will retain of this bounty ment arises out of the fact that the preëmption

Pacific possessions to a separate empire or unite $5,000 per mile until the company shall have comlaws have not becn extended to the Territory of

them to the Atlantic by a permanent highway of menced the mountain portion of the road. Nevada. Our lands have not been surveyed. We

this kind. The Romans consolidated their power Now, what I desire in this matter is, not to dehave no land office in the Territory. We are now

by building solid roads from the capital to their feat this bill, not to posipone its consideration in- having our lands surveyed that they may be

provinces. Some of the most costly and stupen.definitely, or until next winter; but that it shall be brought into market. If this provision is not made

dous works on record were these wonderful ronds, recommitted to the committee, that they may reto protect the actual occupants of lands in that

whose solid remains at this day show what they port a bill providing for the construction of a road Territory, the consequence will be that persons

once were. from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, which occupying lands there will be placed wholly at

It is especially important that we should have bill shall authorize the organization of a company the mercy of this railroad company. There is not

such a road wholly within our own territory. In through which, by the subscription of stock, the now within fifty miles of the western borders of

case of a war with a foreign maritime Power, the country may help to build the road. And if I Nevada Territory any lands of value which are

transit by the Gulf and the Isthmus of Panama have the opportunity, I shall, at the proper time, not occupied; much of it has been inclosed, and

would be impracticable. Any such European move that ihis bill be recommitted to the special substantial and permanent, buildings have been

Power could throw troops and supplies into Calcommittee with that view.

erected thereon. "The people have occupied and ifornia much quicker than we could by the pres(Here the hammer fell.] settled that country with an abiding confidence

ent overland route. The enormous cost of supMr. STEVENS. I have no doubt the gentlethat they would be treated as other persons have

plying our armıy in Utah may teach us that the man from Illinois is in favor of this road, at least been treated who have occupied public lands else

whole wealth of the nation would not enable us to all his motions seem to tend that way. A little

where. They have relied upon the faith of the while ago he moved that before you had any railGovernment that when these lands should be

supply a large army on the Pacific coast. Our

western States must fall a prey to the enemy withroad made by which you could take provisions brought into market they would be permitted to

out a speedy way of transporting our troops. The and iron on to the middle section of the road, the purchase them as western men have usually pur

only question in my mind was whether, in the company shall be compelled to go and construct

chased their lands. If this bill is passed and these midst of this rebellion, it was wise to commence that section. That would incur an expense four lands go into the ownership of this railroad com

it. On full reflection, I have come to the conclu. times greater, I imagine, than it would be were

pany, they may not be protected. While they can the middle section constructed after the other secrely upon the Government to do them justice by

sion that this is as propitious a time as we shall tions. It reminds me very much of the boy who, their legislation here, they may not rely for jus- || have led me to this result.

ever find. I will give a few of the reasons which in digging for a squirrel, began at the botiom of tice upon these railroad directors.

1. In ordinary times, the chief cost of such the hole, digging upwards.

It seems to me that those settlers should be


a work through a distant and uninhabited country But I would ask the gentleman whether, after tected in this mode as effectually, as though the

consists in the supplies for the workmen. Any the adoption of the amendment offered by his col

preëmption laws had been extended over them. league, providing that all parts of this road comMany of their improvements are very valuable, | through uninhabited regions and rugged mount

one who has known anything of building roads pleted, whether at one end or the other, by any and it would be doing great injustice now to turn

ains, can testify to that. The West have generally coinpany referred to in this bill, should be for round and say to them that the Government will

an easy and cheap market for their produce down feited to the United States if this road was not not see them protected, but will allow the lands to

their great rivers; hence their produce bears a fair finished all the way by 1874, the real and the be conveyed over to the railroad company, who

price. But now, since the blockade of the Missishearty friends of this bill ought not to be satisfied ?

may fix such a price upon them as they see fit. Mr.KELLOGG, of Illinois. I will answer the

Mr. SARGENT. I do not suppose there will

sippi river, they have no market, and their agri

cultural products are almost literally worthless. gentleman. be any objection in the minds of the committee to

It is said they use their sound corn for fuel. It Mr. STEVENS. Never mind. Not now. this amendment. The gentleman from Nevada

could now be had by the contractors at much lower Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois. After the gentledid call the attention of the committee to this mat

rates than in times of peace. man has invited me to a feast, he will not refuse ter, and as the amendment seems reasonable, I

2. It would not only be profitable to the builders to allow me to come in? see no reason why it should not be adopted.

of the road, but it would be useful to the western Mr. STEVENS. I am afraid the gentleman

The amendment was agreed to.

farmers, by affording a large market for their grain will eat too much. (Laughter.). That was by

Mr. CAMPBELL. I suppose the question and other products. way of interrogatory merely, and I was going on will now be upon the substitute, as amended. 3. But it will be opportune not only to the West, to say that the practical way of constructing this

The CHAIRMAN. That is the question. but to the whole country. The rails, chairs, road is to make it as you go along, commencing Mr. LOVEJOY. I hope, before further action | spikes, and locomotives will furnish a large deat Kansas City, or at whatever point you may

is taken, that inis bill will be laid over to be printed | mand for American iron, a branch of industry decide on, and taking your materials and supplies with the amendments, so that members may see now greatly depressed, and whose value seems to along the road as you finish it, from section to what it is. Perhaps, when I see it as a whole, I be but inadequately estimated by many grave section. The idea of beginning in the midst of shall not desire to offer any further amendment. || legislators. the Rocky mountains, and making a portion there I think that is a reasonable request. It has been 4. Besides the advantages of cheap provisions, before you have made either end, would, if it | amended so that no one now knows what it is. labor can be had cheaper now than ever again to came from anybody else than the learned gentle It certainly ought to be printed.

build it. Generally labor is much scarcer and man from Ninois, look to me not absurd, but

Mr. CAMPBELL, 'Is this debate now in dearer on the distant frontiers than any where else. very singular indeed. order?

But now there are over some fifteen or twenty l'hope, therefore, that he will see that his prop

The CHAIRMAN. No, sir.

thousand laborers expelled from Missouri' and osition, under all the circumstances of the present

Mr. CAMPBELL. I hope the pending ques further South, who are idle, and a burden on the moment, is not necessary and is unreasonable, lion will be submitted to the committee.

people of Kansas, Nebraska, and the charity of and that he himself should vote against it with a The question was taken on the substitute, as others. They would be all immediately employed; loud voice. amended, and it was agreed to.

and thus, while aiding the contractors, promote The amendment to the amendment was not Mr. CAMPBELL. I move that the committee the cause of humanity. agreed to.

do now rise and report the bill to the House. 5. For the first two or three years but few of the Mr. CRADLEBAUGH. I desire to offer an The motion was agreed to.

United States bonds will be issued and bear inamendment to the third section.

So the committee rose; and the Speaker having II terest, adding but little to our burdens during this

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