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tleman; that is all I know about him. I do not
relief of Rose M. Harte, widow of Edward Harte; know anything of his sympathies, whether they
Monday, May 5, 1862.
which was read, and passed to a second reading. are for or against the Union. The SPEAKER. It is not in order to call mem
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. Dr. SUNDERLAND.
The report was ordered to be printed. bers by name. The Journal of Friday last was read and ap
BILLS INTRODUCED. Mr.Cox. I hope the gentleman will answer proved.
Mr. WADE asked, and by unanimous consent one question frankly, and it is this: whether that
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.
obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. 298) horse “ Jeff Davis" which he has spoken of is a
Mr. LATHAM presented a petition of citizens donating public lands to the several States and good running horse! (Laughter.] of Nevada Territory, praying for the establish
Territories which may provide colleges for the Mr. FISHER. No, he does not run at all. He ment of a semi-weekly mail route from Susan
benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts; which is a trotter. [Renewed laugliter.) I hope if the ville, California, to Humboldt City, Nevada Ter
was read twice by its title, referred to the Comgentleman has taken anything by his motion, he ritory; which was referred to the Committee on
mittee on Public Lands, and ordered to be printed. will make the most of it in the great State of Ohio. the Post Office and Post Roads.
Mr. LATHAM asked, and by unanimous conThese, sir, are a few of the members of the loyal Mr. GRIMES presented a petition of citizens
sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. company, commanded by the loyal Captain John B. Pennington, who has been held up to the world
of Vernon Springs, Howard county, Iowa, pray- 300) granting to the State of California the tract ing for the construction of a ship canal between
of land known as the Colorado Desert, for the as a persecuted martyr of liberty. Such are a few Lake Michigan and the Mississippi river; which
purpose of introducing a sufficient supply of fresh of the men whose defense as true patriots has been was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs
water upon and over the same; which was read vainly attempted. From one-nay, sir, not from || and the Militia.
twice by its title, and referred to the Committee one, but from many-know the character of all those who have been arrested in my State, and | Manitowoc, in the State of Wisconsin, praying || by unanimous consent obtained, leave to intro
Mr. HOWE presented a petition of citizens of
on Public Lands.
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts, asked, and whose arrests have been so loudly complained of for the construction of a ship canal between Lake by secession sympathizers, and that of their de-Michigan and the Mississippi river; which was
duce a joint resolution (S. No. 78) to suspend fender. Nay, sir, I will not rest his character here, referred to the Committee on Military Affairs and
all payments under the act approved March 25, but I now declare that he who has undertaken that the Militia.
1862, entitled “ An act to secure to the officers and defense, scarcely a year ago declared to me, on the Mr. HARRIS presented two petitions of citi
men actually employed in the western department, holy Sabbath, with a bitterness which shocked zens of New York, praying that the “ freedom of
or department of Missouri, their pay, bounty, and me, that he would be glad to have it in his power speech and of the press shall not be abridged,"
pension,” and for other purposes. to hang Lincoln and Jeif Davis upon the same tree. and that “the New York Caucasian and all other
He also asked, and by unanimous consent obNow, sir, when I hear a man complain that all the Democratic papers now excluded from the mails tained, leave to introduce a joint resolution (S. world are rogues, I am convinced that there is one be allowed the same privileges as Republican and
No. 79) in relation to an exchange of prisoners; rogue at least in it; so when a man attempts to de abolition papers;" which were referred to the
which was read twice by its title, and referred to fend others as loyal who are the avowed friends of Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.
the Committec on Military Affairs and the MiJeff Davis, and expresses a desire to hang Davis
He also presented three petitions of citizens of and Lincoln upon the same tree, I take him to the city of New York, praying for the passage of
Mr. CARLILE asked, and by unanimous conmean to hang Lincoln if he can, and let Davis go a general uniform bankrupt law; which were re
sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. scot free. Now, sir, the question was asked me ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary:
301) to secure to the citizens of the United States by the gentleman from Ohio whether I had not
He also presented a petition of Sarah A. Mower,
their right to personal liberty; which was read gone through the entire list of the population of widow of Thomas G. Mower, late a surgeon in
twice by its title. the State of Delaware. I say, no, I have not. I the regular Army of the United States, praying
Mr. ČARLILE. The object of this bill is to may have gone through a considerable portion for a pension; which was referred to the Com
regulate by law the power of arrest exercised by of ihe list of this wicked Breckinridge secession mittee on Pensions.
the President through Government officials, and party, of which I fear my friend from Ohio was a Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts, presented a
it is upon the suggestion that I think was made member. memorial of James M. Beebe & Co. and others,
at the summer session by the chairman of the Mr. COX. No, sir; I was not. (Laughter.) merchants of Boston, remonstrating against the
Judiciary Committee, the Senator from Illinois, Mr. FISHER. I beg pardon. I learn that the adoption of the system of taxation proposed by
(Mr. 'TRUMBULL.) 1 I offer it that it may get begentleman was a Douglas man, and that, with me, the Boards of Trade of Boston and New York,
fore the committee while they have under conwill be sufficient to hide a multitude of past sins. reconimending a lax on all sales of merchandise;
sideration a bill which was submitted a few days Mr. COX. If the gentleman does noi state his which was referred to the Committee on Finance.
ago by the Senator from Ohio, and referred to facts a little better, we will not be able to believe Mr. COWAN presented the petition of W.C.
that committee. I move that this bill be referred all he said; and I am inclined to do so. I do not Jewelt, praying for constitutional popular senti
to the Committee on the Judiciary, and ordered want him to discredit himself by making any such
to be printed. ment to govern, through a restoration of the freestatement as he has just made. dom of the press, opposing European dictation,
The motion was agreed to. Mr. FISHER. I understand the gentleman reurging an increase of the Army and Navy to
MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE. from Ohio voted for Stephen A. Douglas. If so, cover the South and a reserve Norih to check novo
A message from the House of Representatives I give him credit for it.
European southern sympathy; which was reMr. COX. “Voted for him!” I went for him, | ferred to the Committee on Military Affairs and
by Mr. ETHERIDGE, its Clerk, announced that the heart, soul, and boots. (Laughter.)
House had passed the following bills, in which the Militia. Mr. FISHER. I was only giving a few in
the concurrence of the Senate was requested: He also presented a petition of citizens of Bris
A bill (C. C. No. 108) for the relief of John stances of disloyalty, and was going on to state tol, Pennsylvania, praying for the location of a
Skirving; that of this Hazlitt company, from which these national armory and foundery on Burlington or A bill (No. 163) for the benefit of the legal reparrests were made, out of less than forty mem Matinicunk Island, midway between Burlington, resentatives of John McLaughlin; bers I have given a list of twenty or more con in the State of New Jersey, and Bristol, in the State A bill (No. 166) for the relief of the surviving victed of expressing sentiments disloyal to the of Pennsylvania, in the river Delaware; which was Union and the Constitution of the country. So
children of Israel Frisbie, a revolutionary soldier; referred to the select committee on the subject of A bill (No. 194) for the relief of Joseph B. far as the Douglas men, the Bell men, and the a national armory and foundery.
Eaton; Lincoln men are concerned, and, I am proud to
PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED.
A bill (No. 195) for the reciprocal relinquishsay, some who voted for Breckinridge, but who deserted him when he deserted his country's cause,
On motion of Mr. CLARK, it was
ment of certain claims between the United States Delaware stands to-day where she stood in 1776.
and the representatives of Robert Brent, deceased;
Ordered, That the petition and papers of Thatcher PerShe regards the Union of the States in the same kins and William M.Malion, praying an extension of their
A bill (No. 218) for the relief of the legal reppatent for an improvement in the wheels of locomotive en
resentatives of Frederick F. Brose, deceased; light as the Jews regarded the ark of the covenant
gines, on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Com A bill (No. 272) for the relief of Brigadier -as something which no man might dare to touch mittee on Patents and the Patent Office.
General Joseph G. Totten; with profane hands and live. Sir, the majority
BOUNTY TO DISCHARGED VOLUNTEERS.
A bill (No. 273) for the relicf of Thomas Forsof my people are loyal, and I hope and trust in God ihat they will ever continue to be loyal to the
Mr. TEN EYCK submitted the following resUnion, the Constitution, and the enforcement of olution; which was considered by unanimous con
A bill (No. 274) to pay B. Y. Shelley for his
claim and improvements taken from him by the the laws.
sent, and agreed to: Mr. LOVEJOY. Now, Mr. Speaker, to leave
Omaha reservation, in the 'Territory of Nebraska;
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs and this inappropriate but very entertaining matter, I the Militia be instructed to inquire into the propriety of ex
A bill (No. 329) for the relief of John Gould
ing; ask leave of the House to discharge the Commit- || tending the provisions of the act of July, 22, 1861, whichi
allows $100 to volunteers when honorably discharged, who A bill (No. 345) for the relief of George B. tee of the Whole House from the consideration shall liave served two years or during the war, to sucli vol
Simpson; of House bill No. 379.
unteers as may have been or hercafter inay be employed Mr. WICKLIFFE. I owe the gentleman an under that act, and who may liave been or hereafter may
A bill (No. 444) to amend an act entitled "An be disabled by wounds or sickness and honorably discharged objection, and I want to pay him. (Laughter.)
act to provide increased revenue from imports, lo from service.
pay interest on the public debt, and for other purobject. JOHN COXARD.
REPORT FROM A COMMITTEE.
poses," approved August 5, 1861; and Mr. CRISFIELD asked and obtained leave to Mr. SAULSBURY, from the Commiltee on
A bill (No. 454) for the relief of the register
of the land office at Vincennes, Indiana, and for have withdrawn from the files of the House the Patents and the Patent Office, to whom was re
other purposes. papers in the case of John Conard, late United ferred the petition of Edward Harte, of San FranStates marshal of the district of Pennsylvania.
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. cisco, praying payment for services rendered in And then, on motion of Mr.SHEFFIELD, (at the preparation of the report of the Commissioner The message also announced that the Speaker a quarter past four o'clock, p. m.,) the House of Patents on the census of 1850, submiled a re of the House of Representatives had signed an adjourned iill Monday next.
port, accompanied by a bill (S. No. 299) for the enrolled bill (S. No. 177) for the relief of Sylves
ter Crooks; and it was signed by the President strike out “twenty" and insert “ thirty," limil not know much about this matter; but from the pro tempore. ing the number of major generals.
statement of the chairman of the committee, and II OUSE BILLS REFERRED,
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I suppose from other statements, particularly that made by The following bills from the House of Repre
the Senator from New York is not opposed to that my friend from lowa, (Mr. GRIMES), who under
amendment. sentatives were severally read twice by their tiiles,
stands the matter, I think one hundred and fifty is and referred as indicated below:
Mr. HARRIS. No, sir; I speak in reference | quite as many as we want, and one hundred and
to the whole thing. A bill (C. C. No. 108) for the relief of John
fifty is more than any other nation in the world Skirving—to the Committee on Claims.
The amendment was agreed to.
would have for the Army we have got. My own A bill (No. 163) for the benefit of the legal rep
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. A single judgment would be that the number should be resentatives of John McLaughlin-to the Com
word in reply to the Senator from New York, and limited to one hundred and fifty, with a provision mittee on Private Land Claims.
then I think we shall pass the bill in a moment. I that the law should not vacate the office of any of A bill (No. 166) for the relief of the surviving
can assure the Senator that his solicitude is with those who have already been appointed and conchildren of Israel Frisbie, a revolutionary soldier
out any foundation. We have confirmed, I think, firmed, but that when vacancies occur in the list -to the Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
one hundred and sixty-nine brigadier generals; we of brigadier generals, by death, resignation, or A bill (No. 194) for the relief of Joseph B.
have before us about ihirty for confirmation, some promotion, there should be no more appointments Eaton-to the Committee on Military Affairs and
of whom are in command of brigades and have made until the number is reduced to one hundred
been nominated some time. Those will be acted and fifty. There is great force in the suggestion the Militia. A bill (No. 195) for the reciprocal relinquish- || This bill provides for the appointmentofiwo hunupon before we act on those more recently sent in. made by my colleague that the action of the Sen
ate in providing for two hundred brigadier genment of certain claims between the United States and the representatives of Robert Brent, deceased
dred. I think about one hundred and ninety-five eral when we want but one hundred and fifty will -to the Committee on Military Affairs and the
or one hundred and ninety-six is the number of be an indication to the country that we are legisMilitia.
those who have been confirmed and are now before lating for the salvation of the brigadier generals A bill (No. 218) for the relief of the legal repre
the Senate; so that I think there is no trouble to and not for the salvation of the country, and that sentatives of Frederick F. Brose, deceased—10
be apprehended on that point. I hope the bill may we think it of more consequence to save a few the Committee on Naval Affairs.
be passed for the reason that there are being nom brigadiers than we do to regard the interests of A bill (No. 272) for the relief of Brigadier inated more brigadier generals than we ought to
the country General Joseph G. Totten-to the Commitiee on
have. I believe to-day we have fifty more than is Mr. CLARK. I understand the chairman of Claims.
necessary. I think one hundred and fifty was the Committee on Military Affairs now to say A bill (No.273) for the relief of Thomas Fors
about whatit was necessary to have. I hope, there that his opinion is not changed in regard to the ter-to the Committee on Claims.
fore, the bill will be passed, and I can assure the wants of ihe service, that one hundred and fifty A bill (No. 274) to pay B. Y. Shelley for his
Senator-I know I speak the sentiment of the com would have been abundantly enough, but because claim and improvements taken from him by the
mittee that no advantage will be taken of these the President and the Secretary of War have adOmaha reservation, in the Territory of Nebraska gentlemen by any such bill.
vised two hundred, therefore he is inclined to sur
Mr. HALE. I do not expect to succeed, but I -to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
render the judgment of the Military Committee A bill (No. 329) for the relief of John Goulding
want to record my own vote to limit the number to the judgment of the President and the Secreto the Committee on Patents and the Patent
to one hundred and eighty instead of two hundred. tary of War, and to go for the two hundred. That
I move to strike out iwo hundred and insert one Office.
is the position that I understand the Senator ocA bill (No. 345) for the relief of George B.
hundred and eighty, limiting the brigadier generals || cupies. Now, I am not disposed to give up my
to that number. Simpson--to the Committee on Patents and the
judgment in that matter. If it is the deliberate Patent Office.
Mr. CLARK. It seems to me we ought to fix | judgment of the Committee on Military Affairs A bill (No. 444) to amend an act entitled “An
this bill with regard to the service, and not with that one hundred and fifty is enough, I think that act to provide increased revenue from imports, to
regard to the appointments. We have the state the Senate ought to stand by the judgment of its pay interest on the public debt, and for other pur- | itary Affairs that one hundred and fifty brigadier
ment from the chairman of the Committee on Mil committee. poses," approved August 5, 1861—to the Com
Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I did not mittee on Finance.
generals would be enough, and now, we hesitate | speak of the judgment of the committee, but of my
to strike down the number from two hundred to A bill (No. 454) for the relief of the register of
own opinion. the land office at Vincennes, Indiana, and for other
one hundred and eighty; that is thirty more than Mr. CLARK. Well, I will take the Senator's purposes-to the Committee on Public Lands.
we want; and all for what? Because we have got own judgment. My judgment coincides with his,
these men before us as nominees and have not and I think we had better have the firmness to say BILL BECOME A LAW.
manliness enough to stand up and reject them. we have got enough. Take one hundred and A message from the President of the United Now let us make the service what it ought to be eighty, if you please. I should like the last propStates by Mr. Nicolay, his Secretary, announced
and fix the number as it ought to be. If one hun osition of 'my colleague the best; but let us limit that the President had approved and signed, on
dred and fifty are enough, put them down to one the number at least to one hundred and eighty, the 31 instant, an act (S. No. 124) relating to high- || hundred and fifty, if we have not more already; and then we shall have an opportunity of con: ways in the county of Washington and District at any rate, put it down to the limit we have, and firming eleven more, and save to the country the of Columbia.
not make another if we have enough. Certainly expense of twenty.
we should strike it down to one hundred and Mr. HARRIS. Mr. PresidentMAJOR AND BRIGADIER GENERALS. eighty. Why do we make them? What are we
ORDER OF BUSINESS. Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I am di- | legislating for? For the good of these individuals, rected by the Committee on Military Affairs and or for the service of the country? Are we here to The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senate the Militia, to whom was referred the bill (S. No. | appoint and confirm men when the country does will now proceed to the consideration of the spe297) to limit the appointment of major generals not want them, and when the country is already || cial order for this hour, which is the homestead and brigadier generals in the Army and volun loaded with a debt that we can scarcely carry? | bill; and that is before the Senate on the amendteers, to report it back with an amendment. The It seems to me, the statement of the chairman of ment moved by the Senator from Virginia, (Mr. bill provides for the appointment of twenty major | the Committee on Military Affuirs is a very sin CARLILE,] to strike out the whole of the original generals and two hundred brigadier generals. The gular one. I understood him to say we have got bill after the enacting clause and to insert what has amendment of the committee proposes simply to enough, that one hundred and fifty would be been heretofore read in the form of a substitute. make the major generals thirty, instead of twenty. || enough; and now I understand him to say, do not Mr. POMEROY. Mr. PresidentWe have now twenty-five major generals in the strike it down to one hundred and eighty. I ask Mr. HALE. I ask the Senator from Kansas regular Army and in the volunteers. If there be the chairman why he wants two hundred, if one to give way to me. I want to make a motion. no objection, I should like to put the bill on its hundred and fifty are enough?
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. No motions passage. I think it should be passed at once. Mr. WILSON, of Massachusetts. I expressed are in order, except by unanimous consent, the
There being no objection, the Senate, as in Com my own judgment that one hundred and fifty would homestead bill being, by special order, now before mittee of the Whole, proceeded to consider the have been enough; but the President and Secretary the Senate. bill.
of War thought otherwise, and they have sentin Mr. POMEROY. I have no objection to yieldMr. HARRIS. This bill may be all right, but here about one hundred and nine-five names for | ing for the Senator's motion, temporarily, if it will I want to be sure about it. It is well known that confirmation as brigadier generals; and therefore, | occupy no time. there are a large number of brigadier generals who as the bill was introduced to make the number Mr.HALE. It will occupy some time. I move have been in the service for months, whose nom two hundred, we thought it best not to change it, to postpone all prior orders for the purpose of inations have not been confirmed. Now, I want and as two hundred would cover all that were taking up a resolution relating to the business of to know if the passage of this bill will not throw sent in, we had better stand upon that. That is the Senate that I submitted some week or two ago. some of those officers out of the service. Suppose my judgment to-day. As an original question, I Mr. HARLAN. Is that motion in order? it should happen, the way we are going on here, think we could have got along very well and very The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The motion nominations coming in rapidly, being confirmed comfortably with one hundred and fifty brigadier is in order. without much order, the number of two hundred generals. That is my opinion, and has been my Mr. HARLAN. Iunderstood the Senator from should be reached, and then it should be said: | opinion, and I have urged that too many were Kansas to have the floor, and not to give consent “ These officers, who have been in the service, sent in. I have over and over again remonstrated to the introduction of any other resolution. good officers, acknowledged to be such, cannot in regard to it, that we were having too many of The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator be confirmed because we have got to the limit of these men sent in. But we have confirmed one himself had not the floor except by common conthe law.” I do not want to see any such state of hundred and sixty-nine, and we have before us sent of the Senate. Neither Senator has the floor things as that brought about by any such hasty | for confirmation enough to make the whole num except by common consent, and the Chair underlegislation as this may prove to be.
ber about one bundred and ninety-five or one hun- stood that consent to have been given. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question || dred and ninely-six.
Mr. HARLAN. I understood the Senator from is on the amendment reported by the committee to Mr. HALE. I simply want to say that I do Kansas to be entitled to the floor.
THE OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS, PUBLISHED BY JOHN C. RIVES, WASHINGTON, D. C.
THIRTY-SEVENTI CONGRESS, 20 Session.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1862.
New SERIES.....No. 122.
Mr. COLLAMER. I understand the Senator Mr. DAVIS. Now to my question of order,
HOMESTEAD BILL. from Kansas has the floor on the homestead bill. Mr. President. What vote of the Senate will be Mr. POMEROY. Yes, sir. required to permit the Senator from New Hamp- l resumed the consideration of the bill (H. R. No.
The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, Mr. HALE. And he gave way to me for the shire to get his subject before the Senate?
125) to secure homesteads to actual setilers on the purpose of making a motion.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator Mr. POMEROÝ. The homestead bill was as from Kentucky will repeat his inquiry.
public domain, and to provide a bounty for solsigned, on my motion, to come up at half past Mr. DAVIS. Yes, sir. I understand that the
diers in lieu of grants of the public lands. twelve o'clock this morning.
Mr. POMEROY. Mr. President, it may be Senator from New Hampshire has got the courtThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator esy of the Senator from Kansas to occupy the floor l thought to be an unfavorable time to introduce a is correct; and if the Senator took the floor on that for a few minutes to get some business up out of puts the lands out of the reach of our own Gov
bill to dispose of the public lands, or a bill that bill, to which he was entitled, and did not yield it its ordinary course; and I inquire of the Chair to the Senator from New Hampshire to inierpose
ernment to sell or to pledge for the purpose of what vote of the Senate will be required to enable his motion, the Senator from Kansas is in order, the Senator from New Hampshire to get his busi- raising revenue. I know full well the anxiety of and will proceed upon that bill. ness up, that business being out of the ordinary for the necessities of the Treasury in this hour of
every Senator to devise every means to raise money Mr. HALE. Will the Senator yield the floor course of business of the Senate? to enable me to move that the resolution be taken The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will require | since we existed as a Government have we been
extreme anxiety for the public credit. Never up, for the purpose of having it assigned as a spe a majority to take up any business out of its or
called upon to raise such untold millions of dolcial order for a fixed time?
der. The Senator from Kansas yields the floor to Mr. POMEROY. I will yield temporarily for the Senator from New Hampshire to interpose his
lars to replenish an exhausted Treasury as at this
moment, and the necessity of husbanding all our that purpose.
motion, and that motion can be carried, if objecMr. HALE. Then I will make a motion that
resources and making everything available is aption be made, only by a majority of the Senate.
parent to all. The rebellion with which we are I think will give rise to no debate. I ask the Sen Mr. DAVIS. If the motion of the Senator from
contending is not so much a question of arms as ale simply to indulge me with fixing a time when New Hampshire prevails, it will displace the they will consider the resolution I introduced some
of money. To be sure it looms up in far greater special order of the day, then. weeks ago relative to the order of debate in the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator
proportions than was at first imagined, and has
become the most formidable conspiracy that ever Senate, and I simply want to say that unless the from New Hampshire accompanied his motion
threatened a nation of the world; still, I repeat Senate take that power in their hands in this with the further explanation that it was his purMr. DAVIS. "I rise to a question of order.
that there is far more to apprehend from the short pose only to move an assignment for its considerThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator ation at a future day, and not to consider it at this
ness of our purse than the insufficiency of our sol
diers or generals. from Kentucky will state his question of order. time.
I say, then, that if this be a bill to deplete the Mr. DAVIS. I inquire of the Chair if the Sen Mr. DAVIS. But I do not want it to come up || Treasury of the United States to any great exator from New Hampshire is in order? at all.
tent, and hence weaken the power of the GovernThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The motion of
ment in the great work it has undertaken, the from New Hampshire is in order.
the Senator from New Hampshire is before the Mr. DAVIS. ` Has he a right, if the Chair Senate, and it is for the Senate to decide whether
proposition to pass the bill should not be entere
iained for a single moment; for I hold that to this please, to make a motion out of the order of busi the resolution shall be taken up, the Senator statness without the general or unanimous concur ing that the object is only to fix a day for its con
every other enterprise be held in subrence of the Senate? sideration liereafter.
serviency. The first great question should at once The PRESIDENT pro tempore. He has the Mr. DAVIS. The question that I propound to
be settled-have we a country left to us? and, as
an afterthought, how shall we settle and govern right to the floor and to make the motion, and to the Chair is this: if the motion of ihe Senator
it? For if we are always to have a divided counmake his preliminary remarks on that motion, by from New Hampshire prevails, will or will it not the Senator entitled to the floor on the special or
lry, or one distracted and torn, without protection displace the special order of the day from its pri
or law, it is of little importance whether our pubder yielding to him for that purpose, which has ority?
lic domain is settled and civilized or left for wanbeen done.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will disMr. HALE. Then, sir, I will proceed
dering savages or marauding rebels. And in this place it momentarily; following out the sugges statement I am not insensible to the fact that this Mr. DAVIS. One other question
tion of the Senator from New Hanıpshire, only Mr.HALE, I call the Senator from Kentucky
war question will be favorably settled when it is so long as it will require the Senate (unless some seen ibat the financial resources of the Governto order. The PRESIDENT person takes the floor and makes an elaborate
ment are equal to this unlooked-for emergency. pro tempore. The Senator speech upon it) to take a vote ordering its post
The fate of ihis controversy hangs on the dollars from Kentucky is in order when he rises to a ponement to a future day.
we are able to pay. question of order.
Mr. DAVIS. That is a pretty summary way If, then, this homestead bill is to weaken maMr. HALE. Yes, but not after that is decided, of getting up business out of its order.
terially the resources of the Government in this unless an appeal be iaken.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is a com crisis, then I am not for the bill. Mr. DAVIS. I want to know what the deci mon practice. The question is on the notion of
But what are the facts? Are the public lands sion of the Chair is. I do not want to make any the Senator from New Hampshire, that the Sen. under our system of management likely to yield captious objection, but I wish to know the prin ate proceed to the consideration of the resolution ciple that is now under consideration, and what
us any income during the war, or have they indicated by him. the decision of the Chair in relation to it is.
yielded any net profits during the past five years?
Mr. HALE. If the Senate will indulge me for That the land offices do nothing at present is perThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. The decision a single moment, I wish to say a word; but I
fectly evident. There is not land enough now of the Chair is according to a practice which oc shall not trespass upon the courtesy of my friend selling to keep up the expenses of the offices. But curs here every day, and often many times a day, from Kansas. I am satisfied that we cannot do
little is doing in the General Land Office here, and with the consent of the Senator entitled to the the business which we came here to do, unless we
really nothing in the local offices in the new States floor.
do what every other legislative assembly on God's and Territories, and they have not been a source Mr. COLLAMER. Can a motion to fix a day | earth does except this Senate, and that is to have of revenue for some years past; owing principally for a special order be made unless the subject | the power in the hands of a majority of fixing a to the fact that almost all the land entered at our matter is up before us?
time when talk shall end and action shall begin. The PRÉSIDENT pro tempore. The subject
land offices has been paid for in land warrants. If the Senate will take up this resolution, I shall || Thus, while we have been taking up the “ scrip matter is up by force of the rule itself, the Chair then move to postpone it to Friday next, and of the Government,” we have not put many hard calling attention to that subject which is assigned make it the special order for the day, so that it | dollars into the Treasury of the United States; as a special order when the hour arrives. may be disposed of.
and for this same reason the public lands will not Mr: COLLAMER. That special order is the homestead bill. Now the Senator from New
The PRESIDENT pro tempore put the question || yield a revenue to the Government for some years
on the motion of Mr. Hale, and declared that it to come. Hampshire proposes to fix a day for the consideration of a certain resolution of his which is not appeared not to be agreed to.
With these facts fully in mind, the former Sec-
retary of the Treasury, in his annual report to up: Mr. HALE. I have not made any such motion. want the question settled.
Congress, said: Mr. COLLAMER. I so understood the Sen
The question being taken by yeas and nays, “ Land warrants yet to be presented, issued under several resulted-yeas 17, nays 22; as follows:
acts of Congress, will require 78,922,513 acres, valued at ator. At least he said he was going to make that
YEAS-Messrs. Carlile, Dixon, Ilale, Harris, Howard,
$98,653,140." "At the above average of 4,000,000 acres motion. Howe, King, Lane of Indiana, Latham, Nesmith, Pomeroy,
per annun, it will take over seventeen years to absorb and The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The home Powell, Suaik, Thomson, Wilkinson, Wilson of Massachu
satisfy the warrants already issued or authorized by law.” stead bill was before the Senate for consideration, setts, and Wilson of Missouri-17.
What has been will be, as a general rule. And and upon that bill the Senator from Kansas had
NÀYS-Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler, Clark,
it may be fairly stated, as a proposition suscepCollamer, Cowan, Davis, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Fosthe floor, and, according to customary and frequent ter, Harlan, Henderson, McDougall, Saulsbury, Simmons,
tible of the clearest demonstration, thai, for years practice, the Senator from New Hampshire asked Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Willey, and Wright to come, under the land system as it is now estabthe Senator from Kansas to yield the foor to him
lished, they will yield no revenue to the public for the purpose of interposing a motion. The Sen So the Senate refused to take up the resolution || Treasury. They have not, over and above the exator interposed his motion, and it was in order. for consideration.
penses of the survey and sale, in years past; they
will not in years to come. It becomes, then, a country and fatherland, the cherished objects of In the first place, as I have and shall show that question to be fairly considered by Senators, how endeared affection, for the sake of becoming an since the issuing of large quantities of land warcan che public lands be made to yield a revenue lo American nationalized.
rants, and in making them assignable, and large the Government? If not directly by sale, can they I urg, then, the passage of this bill. First. Igrants to States and railroad companies, the whole indirectly by settlement?
will say from the fact that the public lands have of the public lands likely to be taken for many This, iher, Mr. President, is the question I pro- ! already sold for more money thun they cost, and years to come, will be entirely absorbed in taking pose to discuss, involved in the passage of this that if they never net the Government another dol in this Government scrip, and the United Stales homestead bill, namely, that the speed y seulement lar over the expense of the survey and sale, still Treasury will not secure money enough to meet of the country by actual occupants of the land, there has been no money lost in purchase and cul the current expenses of the various land offices, though they be “small-fisted farmers,"laking a ting up into small farms of this extended country. and hence no revenue will be accruing to the Govbonislead without expense or benefit to the Gove The Secretary of the Interior, in his report to ernment; therefore a change in the policy of adernment, will produce more revenue to the coun Congress in 1850, (I have not estimated expenses ministering the public lands will not deplete the try, and vastly more increase its wealth and pro- | since,) puts down the aggregate receipts from the Treasury, provided we receive at the land offices, ductiveness than any present or prospective sule, sale of the public lands to January of that year at money enough for the incidental expenses. And even though $1 25'could be realized for every the enormous sum of $135,339,092, and the entire here I may be allowed to say that the amount acre. For my own part, I believe it should not costat $74,957,879, leaving a ner balance of receipts received for the sale of the public lands annually be the policy of the Government to derive a rev over expenditures of $60,381,213. From this bal- | has always been a very inconsiderable sum, and enue from a sale of the land, any more than from ance you may deduct the $15,000,000 we have never relied upon for a revenue to support the a sale of the air or the sunshine. These natural since paid Mexico for New Mexico and Califor Government, either in peace or war. I suppose elements and auxiliaries of human life are God's nia; also, $10,000,000 we paid since to Texas in that the proposition to sell a large tract of our great gifts to man, and the Government may as settling her boundary; and $10,000,000 more for unoccupied domain to a foreign country to raise well boule up the one as deed away the other. || indemnity and every other expense justly charge money to carry on the war would not be enterThe great command was, when our earth came able to the cost of the public lands, and you will lained in any quarter. Our smiled policy in this fresh, green, and beautiful from a divine hand, still have a balance of receipts over expenditures, regard is already marked in the high duties im. to take it, to people and subdue it. Monopolizing | showing that the lands can now be gratuitously posed by our late tariff bill, and also in the tax great tracts, having estates embracing townships | disposed of without lossw the Government. They bill for revenue now before Congress. These two and counties, though, perhaps, gratifying to the have now ceased to be revenue. The Secretary methods of raising revenue bave become the fixed individual, is always destructive of the general of the Interior, in his report to Congress of this policy of the Government. The former, a kind of good. The indiscriminate sale of the public lands year (Ex. Doc., p. 444) says:
indirect tax, has proved abundant in time of peace; opens the door to the wildest speculations and the " It will be seen froin these statements that the public
the latter is resorted to only as one of the necesmost unprincipled land monopolies. The greatest lands lave ceased, for the present, at least, to be source of sities of the war. curse to a new country, and, indeed, to all counrevenue to the Government."
Now, then, I ask, how can the public lands be tries, is to have large tracts of unoccupied lands General Jackson, in his annual message to Con. || used so as to best increase the wealth of the counheld by non-residents and non-occupants. It re gress in 1832, used these words:
try, and so be the beiter able to consume the imtards the growth of a community, paralyzes its “ Independent farmers are everywhere the basis of soci ports of the country, (for, after all, the consumer industry, delays internal improvements, forbids ety and the true friends of liberty. To put an end forcver to pays all the duties,) as well, also, as to meet the a general system of free schools, standing diall partial and interested legislation on this subject, and to
laxes imposed by the Government? And here afford every American citizen of enterprise the opportunity recily in the way of the morul, social, and reliof securing an independent freehold, it secm: to nic, there
let it be observed that the wealth of a nation does gious improvement of the people, tending to pro fore, best to abandon the idea of raising a future revenue not consist in the money paid into its treasury, duce a worse state of things in this country than out of the sales of the public lands."
«Xacted, as it often is, fiom half-paid toiling milhas been experienced in Europe. And this his Sir, though the hero of that period sleeps in the lions, nor in an endless unoccupied public domain, tory in the Old World has been written in tears grave of his own home, still he is not dead, 1100 running to waste with wild men and wild buffaand sighs. It has entered like an iron into the wholly gone. No man who has nobly lived can lues. But wealth consists in flocks and herds, soul of the laborer, deadened his hopes and ex ever wholly die. He shall live in the generations cultivated fields, in well-paid labor, and well-ditinguished his aspirations to rise in the scale of that shall come after him, and in the influence he rected energy. The strength of a nation does not society.
has exerted, until ihe past is forever forgotten, consist in the numbers or bravery of the men in Under this influence England may present a and the future shall blend " into the new heavens her armies or navies, nor whether they are well splendid aristocracy-the proudest nobility of the and the new earth."
or poorly led to the conflict, or not led at all. But word! Yet, standing side by side with these lords The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair is real strength consists in being able to reproduce of creation are untaught millions, without aspira- | obliged to call upon the Senator from Kansas to another army or navy when one is destroyed or tions and without hope, and bound to travel on suspend his remarks, the hour having arrived for captured, and in being able to sustain an unlimited in the dead circle of decayed generations. Thirty the consideration of the special order of the day force until the angel of peace descends to bless the thousand landlords hold the title deeds of the whole assigned for one o'clock.
land. Real strength consists in the hearts, the of Great Britain, while outside of their inclosures, Mr. HARLAN. 1 move a postponement of bones, the sinews of an independent, loyal, free by the wayside, are thousands on thousands of that special order to allow the Senator from Kan yeomanry, who have the comforts of a home, the doomed and dying men and women, perishing for sas to conclude his remarks.
fear of a God, the love of mankind, and the inwant of a few acres of God's carth on which to The PRESIDENT pro tempore. By common spiration of a good cause. Such an army will raise their daily bread. In Ireland there are two consent that course may be taken. Nó objection press gloriously onward to victory. The greatand a half millions who own not one foot of the || being made, the Senator from Kansas will pro ness of a nation does not consist in its high-soundsoil they so carefully cultivate; yet they pay to ceed and conclude his remarks.
ing professions, in its lofty palaces, cathedrals, their landlords $20,000,000 annually for the poor Mr. POMEROY. Mr. President, I have said spires, and domes, ancient and honored names privilege of half living and half dying on their that the public lands have sold for more than they of the present or the past, living or dead. Men extended estates! Under such influences indus cost, and hence the account can be closed without constitute the wealth, the strength, the greatness try may daily be scen sitting in rags! and the loss to the Government. But, in the cost I do not of a State, greatest human energies, though for a time enli reckon the expenses of the war of the Revolution,
high-minded men, vened by hope, at last blends into the deadness of and I should not, for that was not a wạr for land, despair. Does any one desire to reproduce that but for the rights of mankind. I do not calculate Men who their duties know, picture in this country; to shut out the hope of the cost of the war of 1812, for that was a conflict
But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain.” free homes to a homeless people? If not, then I to teach the nations that our dearest rights were The wealth, the strength, the greatness of a nasay let us open our extended domain to the home safe and should be protected under the old fag tion consists in the largest number proportionate less of our own country; yes, and of every coun of the Union, on the sea as well as on the land. to the whole of happy, contented, virtuous, and try, for this is God's heritage, and hence the in do not name, in the cost of the public domain, the independent families it sustains. And I care not heritance of mankind. I am, sir, for opening these $100,000,000 spent in the Florida war, protracted what other means of subsistence men may devise. lands for the landless of every nation under heaven. through two Administrations, for that was a war The trades, the professions, the wits, the brains I care not whether he comes to us from the pop for slavery and not for territory. I do not men of a man may fail him; but the inspired truth will ulous cities of our older States, or from the en tion the $200,000,000 spent in the Mexican war, then even brighten with more complete effulgence, lightened though oppressed nations of Europe. for we had to buy and pay millions to purchase " that the earth abideth.” With one hundred and "No matter if he may have roamed the wilds of territory after we had got through the fighting. I sixty acres of God's free earth under a man in his Siberia, or have been burned by a vertical sun.” say only this, that every legitimate expense, justly own right, and genial skies above him, he shall To me he is an American, if he has an American chargeable for territory, has already been paid not want. For “o seed time and harvest, summer heart in his bosom; if he be inspired with Amer back to the Government in the sales of the lands. and winter, day and night" shall not fail him till can impulses and American hopes, and yields || Therefore it is that the Government may enter the heavens be no more. himself joyfully to the molding influence of Amer upon its new policy of “ free homesteads for free Now, then, to increase the revenue of the counican civilization. You and I, sir, are Americans
try, add to the number of self-sustaining families because we were born here; we could not help The great question to be settled by legislation, of the nation, to secure the development, growth, it--no great merit in that; but the man who be and which must enter into the system adopted for and happiness of a people, put a household upon comes an American from choice, and not neces the disposal of the lands by Congress, is how every quarter section; make the father feel in his sity, who catches the free breezes of our repub- || shall they be best disposed of so as to promote daily toil that himself and family have a portion lican institutions, though blown across a track the wealth of the nation and the perpetuity of the of God's inheritance for mankind, exhausiless in less ocean, and longs to identify himself with us Government, while, at the same time, we secure the productiveness, and as abiding as the earth. To in our struggles to perpetuate a free Government | prosperity and happiness of the whole people. a man so situated you may reasonably calculate imbodied in constitutional liberty, established by In discussing this proposition, I shall try to that he will develop the character of a patriot, a law-I say I give thrice welcome to such an one, justify my vote for the homestead bill, and hope philanthropist, and, under the divire culture, a impelled, as he has been, 10 abandon home and also to commend its passage to others.
Christian; for there is but little use to talk of
either lo a man while he is houseless and home wife, children, household goods, all, and move law, not by, any arbitrary line-although timeless, and when unsatisfied hunger is preying upon with slow pace into what has been called “the honored and sacred as having been established in the life-fountain. Give him first the comforts of wilderness of the West," far out upon the fron a spirit of compromise and concession-but freethis life, and you may hopefully direct him to the
tier, beyond law and civilization, and there plant || dom was established by a law unrepealable, by life to come. So, too, of his capacity and ability | himself down upon a homestead for life, is doing an ordinance, though unwritten, yet as legible and lo support the Government. As surely as you a work for himself, his family, for civilization, as ineffaceable as the mountains that are piled west provide for å man comfortably to suppori himself, his country, and his God, that can never be fully of us, and divide us from the free slopes of the so surely you enable him to support your Gov. known, or its influence told, until the final disclo Pacific. Sir, freedom was secured in Kansas by ernment. As a consequence, if you deprive him sure. Such soldiers of civilization are sentinels, being planted in the soil, set to growing upon each of self-support, he will be unable to support the standing as the advance guard on the outposis of quarter section of land that we were able to hold, institutions of the country:
civilization, and will yet be high on the page of and made permanent as the homesteads that were The revenue, as I have said, of the Government is the world's unwritten history, and will be sure to
secured. Hence it is that I said that I would derived from the tariff upon importations. When || keep the watch fires of freedom burning conspicu- || rather have the“ free homestead bill" as a measthen you increase the ability of the consumer, you ously. Slavery can never extend itself outside ure to secure freedom to the Territories than the of course add to the amount of products he will and beyond law! It can only follow in the wake reëstablishment of the compromise line of 1820, or consume, and, as a consequence, increase the of the police regulations that recognize and pro even the ordinance, reënacted, of 1787. amount of importacions, as also the amount of tect it.
Finally, I urge the passage of this bill as an the revenue. If you divide the whole amount of I declare, to-day, in the American Senate that to inducement and as giving impetus to the progress the imported goods consumed in the United States secure a country to freedom forever, I would pre of our settlements on the lines of travel to the two by the whole population, you will see what fer to have this homestead bill enacted into a law States bordering on the Pacific-California and amount is annually consumed by each person. and extended to the whole public domain, than to Oregon. Nothing is more settled than the fact By reference to carefully prepared tables—up to reënact the ordinance of 1787, or establish again that the American people have, by their seuleche census of 1850--it appears that a fraction less the compromise line of 1820. Yet still, although ments made year by year, exhibited a determinathan an amount of seven dollars a head was con I would not reconstruct it, I believe that the day tion to march across the continent and possess the sumed (of the goods imported) by each and every that witnessed the repeal of that ancient landmark land to the Pacific. This has been true since the person in the United Siates, including bond and of freedom was the saddest day that the country fathers settled upon the ice-clad and rock-bound free, old and young. Since 1850 it has been shown has seen. Then and there was the disruption of shores of New England. to exceed ten dollars each. Now, if the average the American Union. The ancient and time-hon “ Westward the star of empire takes its way." of each family, planted and supported by their ored compact and settlement was broken. The During the first century, this moving, emigraown labor under the provisions of this bill, were party that prevailed and triumphed in these Halls ting, adventurous, liberty-loving people had not estimated at six persons, their annual consump at that hour have never known peace or harmony even ascended the tops of the Alleghanies, but the tion of imported goods would equal sixty dollars since. When they tried to rally all hands to the second century witnessed the hardy pioneer buildto a household; and as the average tariff now rescue of slavery in the Lecompion iniquity, they ling his cabin on the banks of the Ohio. What equals thirty-three and a third per cent. on all were divided. They had a majority and could not has not the third century seen in this direction? goods, each and every family of six persons will use it. They divided at Charleston and divided at State after State assuming magnificent proporpay, or cause to be paid into the Treasury of the Baltimore, divided at the November election fol- || tions, covered like a network with railroads and United States twenty dollars per annum for the lowing, and have been " a house divided against telegraphs, populous and rich, free, and, in some support of the Government. Now, the interest itself" ever since. That party which had made matters, sovereign, is seen sitting quietly down upon the $200 paid into the Treasury of the United Presidents and Cabinets, and had shaped the legis- || at the old homestead, with the original family of Siales, provided this man could have paid it, at lation of the country at home and iis diplomatic | thirteen, and more yet to come; for our people-six per cent., would have been twelve dollars. But policy abroad for half a century, was divided and now gathering up the accumulated energies of by giving him this quarter section under the home- | destroyed in a day. In the mean time, freedom, three centuries, and having crossed the great stead bill, thus enabling him to raise and support though crushed to earth, came up renewed again. " Father of Waters," thus redeeming from a wilhis family, the Government realizes twenty dol The contest that closed here by the passage oi the derness more than half the continent-are to-day lars-more than fifty per cent. increase in the Nebraska bill
on the 23d of May, 1854, was trans ascending the eastern slopes that divide the unseirevenue of the country, produced by this bill! | ferred to the Territory. The principles that de tled portion of the public domain, and are already to say nothing of the endless comforts and hap- l served to triumph here suffered a temporary defeat. tunneling for gold at the base of the Rocky mounipiness accruing to a household, and hence to a But it was the last one-the last one. Before the ains. community and the country for untold genera feast of triumphant rejoicing over the passage of the While we are hesitating about securing by law tions to come. I repeat, sir, that the argument | bill was closed, the handwriting appeared upon the a homestead for the landless of this and of every for this system of disposing of the public lands is wall, and all who had sight left to see could read land, the enterprising pioneer is planting the inirresistible, it is overwhelming.
legibly: “thy dominion divided and finished." || stitutions of freedom deep beneath the hearthstone I need only refer to the productiveness of the Thescepter departed to others, and those who came of his cabin, on an avarage of a hundred miles public lands, to show that they are most desira-forth from that triumph of nationalizing slavery, farther westward year by year. I ask Senators ble places of location and settlements. The rich and opening every section of the public domain to shall we hesitate longer about giving a homestead fields of the West-if you can find that spot-arc it, undertook to carry their new doctrines to the to such a people? They have conquered an emfast becoming the granaries of the world. It is said new Territories.
pire and subdued it to civilization. Shall they that two millions of tons of grain were last year I shall never forget the day when freedom and not have a foothold? They have made the waste shipped to European ports, ihus equalizing the slavery walked into Kansas side by side on equal | places glad, the silent prairie vocal, the wildercommerce and trade of the two countries; and the || footing. Her prairie-swells at that day stood out ness a fruitful field, and the “ desert to bud and consumer has been supplied though living six thou to our unaccusiomed eyes, one above and beyond blossom like the rose.” Shall they not have a sand miles from the producer. In 1860, it is said another, like ocean waves, fresh, green, and beau: 1 resting place! May not such a people have a that the hay crop of the United States amounted tiful as when “the morning stars sang together." home, even though they may not be able to pay to twenty millions of tons, worth, at ten dollars Some of us had been accustomed to the bustle of the gold for it? Shall the weary one who has per ton, $200,000,000; but there is at least four || active business life, and there seemed around us spent a lifetime in opening the center of the contiiimes as many tons of grass on the public lands then the stillness of a Sabbath. The whole land nent for a generation soon to come after him have of the United States left annually to be consumed seemed to be resting in the sleep of ages; and our no cabin home, where, at last, he may be able to by fire or go to decay as there are tons saved and first effort was to awaken it to civilization and to gather up his wasted energies, to lie down to die? gathered into barns in all the States of the Union. life. Here was the first exhibition I ever wit- || Sir, we are urged to pass this bill at once--to pass And, too, there is more and fatter and better beef nessed of slavery attempting to live without law. it as it is. We are impressed to this service by running wild upon the hoof of the buffalo, than But that party, Aushed with the triumphs of late all the grateful remembrances of pioneer sufferall the domestic beef in the States. All that it congressional successes, soon galvanized a slave || ings, and as a tribute of acknowledgment for the needs is the hand of the husbandman to “make code for Kansas. I need not repeat what followed. labors and trials of those now upon the frontier, glad the wilderness and solitary place, and to bring It is now u part of the history of the Republic. as well as affording a strong inducement to thouforth springs in the desert."
But there are unwritten volumes teeming with sands of others now lingering about our popuI need not disguise the fact that while this sys- | significance to me. The great champion of the lous cities who hesitate to plant themselves in the tem of small farms of a quarter section of land | law under which we settled said, “ he did not care line of the volunteer soldiers of civilization, who each will greatly promote the wealth, strength, whether slavery was voted up or voted down, if | are now on the march to possess themselves of and glory of the Republic, thus conducing to we only had the right to vote.” But there were the public domain, and to keep and perpetuate the human happiness, near and remote, now and for others thatdid care. We soon witnessed a country same as a precious legacy which they purpose to all ages, still as a consequence and by virtue of the containing land enough for an empire of itself, || bequeath to the free-labor interests of the world same law, it will secure the entire public domain and as rich as the valley of Nile, having been con for untold generations to come. to human freedom forever! The pioneer strug secrated to freedom for more than thirty years by Sir, standing in this high point of the nation's glingamidst many discouragements upon the fron-positive law, at once opened to the blighting influ- || Capitol, and having been occupied almost excluuer prairies of the West, comes nearer obeying | ences of human slavery. The light and shade, || sively with matters pertaining to the war, I think the divine injunction to “ gain his bread by the triumphs and defeats, the successes and reverses, we should not be insensible to the requirements sweat of his brow," than any other man. The of a three years' struggle, were to us of “ '56" of peace! We are, I trust, soon to have our brave men who have, from their circumstances and what the rebellion of the entire slaveholding coun soldiers returned to peaceful avocations. When education, been inured to self-reliance, can safely try of to-day is to the Republic. Ours was a no longer needed in the service, they will return volunteer as soldiers of civilization in its onward pocket edition,"but a prelude to the same song; to their anxious families. But a life in the camp, progress across this continent, from the great val a small edition of the same work.
and distant marching and counter-marching, bas leys of the Mississippi and Missouri to the shores Mr. President, I am here in my place in the so extended their vision and unsettled their plans of the Pacific. The man who is able to put all || Senate of the United States to declare that free and habits, that the returned soldier, then a citihe owns on earth into one canvass-covered wagon, ll dom was secured to Kansas, not by congressional li zen, will be among the first to move to the new