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not being a quarter of that which mistake; and it shows the utmost was then cheerfully voted ?

ignorance of the facts ever to adduce The Manchester school, and whole such an argument. In every respect Free-Trade party, are here on the the parallel fails, or rather it holds in horns of a dilemma, from which we this sense, that our present position, do not see the possibility of an escape. so far as concerns our enemies' means Either their representations as to the of attack, and ours of defence, is prebeneficial effects of their system are cisely the reverse of what it then was. fallacious and unfounded, or they are France in 1805 had 640,000 men true and well founded. If they are under arms, and they had 600 guns fallacious, and they are aware that ready for action ; but this great force their system is rotten, and must ere was distracted by the threatening long be blown up, on what principle aspect of the European powers. do they defend their obstinate resis- Austria, Prussia, and Russia hung tance to the restoration of Protection, like a thunder-cloud on his rear, and or any adjustment of the public bur- it was only by taking advantage of dens which might put the agricultural the days, and even hours, that class, in some degree, on a level with Napoleon could hope to dictate a the commercial ? If, on the other peace on the Thames before he was hand, their system is the true one, called on to fight for his existence on and nothing but general prosperity the Danube. As it was, his camp at and affluence have followed its adop- Boulogne was broken up at an hour's tion, on what ground can they account warning, and his forces all defiled to for the impassioned resistance they the Rhine to combat Austria and have made, and are making, to the Russia at Ulm and Austerlitz, before addition of 80,000 militia to our he had an opportunity of effecting his pational armaments, and of an expen- meditated descent on this country. diture of £400,000 a-year to our Subsequent to that, the Prussian, public estimates? Is the continua. Polish, Spanish, and Russian wars so tion of the incalculable blessings completely absorbed his forces, and their policy has conferred upon the occupied his attention, that he had no nation not worth purchasing at so opportunity of resuming his long trifling a cost? And is anything matured, admirably conceived, and more certain than that, if we are much cherished project. subdued by our enemies, not only But have we any such diversion on shall we immediately lose, by military the Rhine or the Danube to reckon on contributions, direct taxation, and now, to draw off the forces of France fall in value of property, all the from the glittering and tempting prize wealth we have acquired; but the held out to their grasp on the banks Free-Trade system, so far as we are of the Thames ? Are the finances of concerned, will immediately be put the cabinet of Vienna so very an end to, by its being continued flourishing, and the population of only against us by the free admission Hungary and Italy so entirely tranof all our enemy's goods, and con- quil, that they could venture on a cluded so far as it was in our favour war with the Tricolor Flag to effect by our goods being loaded with pro- a diversion in our favour? Is Russia hibitory duties the moment they 80 thoroughly cordial, and her jealousy approach their harbours?

of our influence in the East and elsePersons unacquainted with the where so completely allayed, that the facts always tell us that Napoleon Czar would pour down upon the was baffled in his design of invading Rhine to aid us, as he did on the this country; that he was a greater Hungarian plains to crush the Magyar general, and at the head of a greater insurgents? Is it not next to certain, military force, than his nephew; and on the contrary, that both Austria that having escaped, when it was and Russia would in secret be rejoiced most imminent, so great a danger, it at our downfall, and that no prospect is chimerical to suppose that any real would be so agreeable to the despotic grounds for apprehension exist at powers of eastern Europe, as to see this time. There never was a greater the great democratic states of western Europe tearing their heart's blood out, well known, dissented from every and materially weakening each other to proposed reduction of our naval and such a degree as to render the ultimate military force, but in 1846 prepared subjugation of both, by the despotic a most lucid and admirable memorial powers of eastern Europe, a matter of on the subject, which, if published, comparative ease ? Depend upon it, would perhaps do more to open the if we rely on another Ulm or Auster- eyes of the nation to a subject of such litz to save us from invasion, we never vital importance than any other were so deplorably mistaken. The document in existence. That noble whole forces of France are now far lord has since, in his speeches in more disposable against us than they Parliament, given the clearest indicawere in 1805. They are not now, as tion of his convictions on the subject; they then were, distracted by the and well may he do so, for he himself necessity of guarding against the hos- has thrice over, during the last twenty tility of the northern powers; and if years, seen us brought to the very we needed to be prepared against the edge of a war with France, or with 600,000 regular troops of Napoleon at France and Russia united - once that time, much more do we require when we bombarded Acre in 1840; to be ready against his nephew's once when we were all but at war 500,000 at this.

with France about Queen Pomare These considerations are so obvious and the Otaheite affair; and once that they must have occurred to every when the French ambassador had left person even moderately acquainted London, and the Russian was preparwith the subject. No one can be ing to follow his example, in conseinsensible to them, except such as quence of our blockade of Athens, are dead to every feeling of patriotism, and demands for satisfaction to Don national security, and honour, or are Pacifico and Mr Finlay in 1850. infatuated by the monomania of peace Lord John Russell is fully impressed congresses, and the termination of with the same views, as appears from war upon the earth. Accordingly, it the militia bill which he prepared and is very remarkable, and worthy of brought into the House of Commons particular notice, that they have been in the present session of Parliament; familiar to ALL our leading statesmen, and which he deemed of such vital of whatever party, who have ruled importance to the nation, that for the the destinies of the country for the change of a word in it he resigned last fifteen years, and that they have office for himself and all his friends. only been prevented, one and all, What Lord Derby and the present Gofrom carrying them into effect by the vernment will do, who are enlightened insensibility of the nation on the sub- by the great knowledge and experience ject, and the difficulty of getting any of the Duke of Wellington and Lord additional supplies, how scanty so- Hardinge on the subject, is well ever, voted by Parliament. This was known from the measures they have the case too before Sir John Burgoyne brought forward in the House of received the Duke of Wellington's Commons, and the great efforts they famous letter on the subject, and are making to put the national debefore the French Revolution of 1848, fences in the best state that circumand the consequent universal arming stances will admit. We leave it to of Europe, had doubled the previously Lord John Russell's biographers to existing danger.

reconcile his firm and proved convicSir Robert Peel was fully impressed tions of the necessity of an increase to with the danger, and before he went our national defences, with his oppoout of office in 1846, he had a bill sition to the second reading of Lord prepared for putting the militia on a Derby's bill for a militia, which was to proper footing, which was only pre- effect that very increase. At present, vented from being passed into a law we merely point out this remarkable by the general distress which ensued coincidence of the ablest leading from the railway crash. Lord Pal. statesmen of ALL PARTIES, who durmerston was so thoroughly impressed ing the last twenty years have directed with it, that he not only, as is the councils of our country, as the most

decisive proof of the necessity of the

Men.

Men. addition to our defences which we

500,000 advocate. As to the opinions of Deducting for Algeria 70,000 military and naval men, it is needless

Garrisons of Paris . 70,000

Other garrisons in to say anything. From the Duke of

France .... 150,000 290,000 Wellington and Lord Hardinge down. ward in the one service, and Sir There will remain for Charles Napier and Admiral Parker invasion of England 210,000 ! in the other, there is not a dissentient

And 200 guns. voice on the subject.

Now, such being the force of our It is not surprising that this re- enemies, and so pressing and cogent markable unanimity among all our the reasons which will prompt them leading statesmen should exist, for in to use them for our destruction, let truth the facts regarding it, which are us consider the amount of the reguas well known to our enemies as lar force at our disposal to resist such ourselves, and hidden from the coun- an attempt. We shall afterwards try only because the Manchester consider what aid is to be relied on school have succeeded in drawing a from the irregular auxiliaries whom film before their eyes, are of so serious we hear so much of, and what can, and appalling a description that it with their present means, be expected has become the first duty of every from the navy to ward off the terrible friend to his country to bring them in calamities of an invasion. The figures the most prominent possible way be. we give may be relied on: they coinfore the public mind. We have stated cide exactly with what was stated by the force of our nearest and most pro- Lord Hardinge, the War Secretary, bable enemy : it consists of 500,000 and our best military authorities in men, of whom 70,000 are admirable Parliament, and we challenge the cavalry, and 400 gans ready equipped Free-Traders and peace advocates to and harnessed for the field.

detect any inaccuracy in our statement.

STATEMENT OF THE FORCE IN GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.

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By the foregoing Return, the effective available Force in Great Britain,
exclusive of Cavalry, is -

Artillery,
Guards and Regular Infantry, .

Carry forward-total, .

4,820 21,710 26,530

Men.

26,530

Brought forward, .
Deduct Channel Island Garrisons, viz.-

Men.
Jersey, .

1,500)
Guernsey, :

1,500 Alderney and the New Harbour.

2,000)

5,000

Regular Force of Artillery and Infantry remaining in Great Britain,
Add Pensioners fit for Garrisons, but not for Field Service, . ..

21,530 7,750

29,280

Next deduct Garrisons for the Forts and Arsenals, the Tower,
London, Chatham, &c., viz.-

On the Thames and Medway, including London, 8,000 7
Dover and its dependencies,

2,000
Portsmouth and do., .

5,000 Plymouth and various do., .

6,000 Pembroke and do.,

3,000

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Force of Artillery and Infantry remaining for Field operations,
Add 1-3d of the Sappers and Miners, the other 2-3ds being in the

Garrisons, .
Add Cavalry previously deducted, i

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Nett Force to oppose a landing,

10,564

To show that the deductions made important military positions in anyon account of non-effectives is not ex- thing like a posture of defence, and aggerated, we subjoin two returns, prevent the contest being instantly the first showing the actual force in bronght to a close by the immeGreat Britain and Ireland on 27th diate capture of all our arsenals April last, and the second the gar- and stores, military as well as risons requisite to put our more naval.

COMPARISON BETWEEN EFFECTIVES AND ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ARMY AT HOME.

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MEMORANDUM of the MILITARY STATIONS IN GREAT BRITAIN and the CHANNEL ISLANDS

(exclusive of Ireland and the Colonies) that must be protected by troops, showing the number required to give them a moderate degree of security.

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2,500

Tower of London,

500 Woolwich, . .

1,000 Purfleet,

50 Gravesend,

100

300 Sheerness,

600

Chatham would require a garrison

of 3000 men ; but, being in seChatham,

600 cond line, it is assumed would

not be fully garrisoned in the

first distribution. Dover, . . . . 110 castles, towers, and batteries /

2,500 on the coast of Kent and Sussex, )

Blockhouse Fort,
Fort Monckton,

Fort Cumberland,
Portsmouth, Gosport, and imme-

Southsea Castle, diate dependencies, including (

5,000 Calshot Castle, the forts and batteries of the

Hurst Castle,
Isle of Wight and the Solent, )

Sandown Castle,
Yarmouth Castle,
Cowes Castle.
( Portland has hitherto been of little

moment, but a very important

harbour is in course of construcPortland, . . . . 1 6003

tion, that will require as many as 600 men very early, and a much

larger garrison eventually. Plymouth, Devonport, and de

4,000 pendencies, . Falmouth, .

600

( The Scilly Islands possess beauti

ful anchorages, in a most influen

tial position to intercept our Scilly Islands, . .

400

trade, and, if taken possession of in force by an enemy, would be

most difficult to recover. Pembroke Dock and Milford /

2,500 Haven, . . . . Harwich and its dependencies, 500 21 towers and batteries on coast)

of Essex, Suffolk, and Norfolk, Coast batteries existing in the

Northern counties of England, 1,000

including Liverpool, Hull, &c. Weedon, Chester, and Carlisle, magazines and ordnance stores

300 in the interior, . . Edinburgh, Leith, Fort George, i

and other forts and stations in 5,000

Scotland, . . . Jersey . . . .

1,500 Guernsey,

1,500 Alderney, . . .

2,000 Total, . . . l 33,500

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