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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE LEGISLATION OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE THIRTY-SIXTH CON.
ORGANIZATION, LEGISLATION, AND GENERAL PROCEEDINGS OF THE REBEL
A-IN A IPIEEINTIDIX.
CONTAINING THE PRINCIPAL POLITICAL FACTS OF THE CAMPAIGN OF 1634
sia corrid HISI Troir. “ ' ' ". . .
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by * PHILP & SOLOMONS,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia. PREFACE.
This volume is intended to be-a Record of the Legislation, and the general Political History of the United States, for the last four years—a period of unexampled activity and of singularly deep interest and inportance, whether reference be had to the vast material interests involved in the stupendous struggle, or the precedents, principles, and measures which the Convulsion has produced. It is further intended to be a Record rather of those salient facts which embody or illustrate principles, than of those which relate to men or parties, and hence have transient and inferior significance.
So abundant have been the materials, that compression has been a necessity. Selection has been made with the purpose of presenting, fully and fairly, the facts as they are, artd the agencies by whioh they came—viewing all elso as subordinate.
The first Ninety pages are devoted to the period of Secession, and contain a narrative of the successive steps in the movement in each State, in chronological order; also, the elaborate justifying papers of the South Carolina Convention, with counter-selections from other authorities; together with a condensation of the various propositions of Adjustment made ij> or out of Congress and the vote upon each taken in either body, and the various Official Papers of the day tending to show the relations of the parties, the wrongs complained of, and the remedies proposed. Closely examining , this Record, it is difficult for a candid person to escape the conviction that Adjustment was hopeless—Revolution having been the pre-determined purpose of the reckless men who had obtained control of the State machinery of most of the slaveholding States. This conviction will be strengthened by study of what has since transpi^j. It will be remembered that the Thirty-Sixth Congress proponed pevmanemiv to