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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print—that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient-the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been : first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may be differences of opinion—some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.

Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations; Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secre. taries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein-the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under “Our Foreign Relations" will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documento, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's "journal of .1789, recofding; probabdy; the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which: roztiäined a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; anđ the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimote it latt; one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy

minst Liberty, this crime against humanity.

The lists of the organization of the Rebel “ Provisional ” and “Permanent” Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not com. plete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as Dearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maiRtain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

EDWARD MOPHERSON. August 11, 1864.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. The Appendix has expanded greatly beyond the original design. Much of the matter in it is quite inaccessible, and the delays and uncertainties of procuring it led almost insensibly to an enlargement, and also somewhat disturbed the methodical arrange. went elsewhere preserved. The historio papers of the South Carolina Convention, as now printed, are from official copies, and differ very suggestively from current versions, in numerous material points. The votes on Secession Ordinances, and subsequently on the Extinction of Slavery, in several of the rebellious States, form a pleasing contrast.

The copious chapter on “ The Church and the Rebellion ” has been gathered with great care, and will serve to show their mutual relations and influence, as well as the singularly diverse views which have prevailed in Church courts. The contributions from the Bureau of Military Justice illustrate the practical working of the Emanci. pation policy, and will amply justify attention. To the action of the last session of Congress; and the record of the Presidential canvass which preceded.it—of the result of which an official tabular statement is furnished every student of American politics will have constant occasion to refer. On the great unsettled question of Reconstruction, the full record is presented.

It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not to express my thanks for the kind reception given the first by the Press and the Public. March 24, 1865.

EDWARD MCPHERSON

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Page 1

Page.
THE ELECTORAL AND POPOLAR VOTE FOR ADMINISTRATION OP ABRAHAM LINCOLN

PRESIDENT, IN 1860............................. 1] Continued.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT

tilities against the United States, and Why-

The · War Power” called out-Call for 75,000
Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor

Mou, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Chronological Order-National Legislation on
Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee,

Military Affairs- Confederate” Legislation
Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri-Insurrec-

and Proclamations and Orders—The Thirty-
tionary Proceedings in the State of Maryland

Seventh Congress-President's Message of July,
-Inter-State Commissioners-Organization of

1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862-The
8 "Southern Congres," and Provisional Gov.

Thirty-Eighth Congress-Annual Message, 1863
ernment-Address of South Carolina to the

-Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the
Slavebolding States, her Declaration of Inde-

Attorney General-Proclamations concerning
pendence, and Debates on thcm-Speech of

the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re
Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis-

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Bo
lature, Nov. 14, 1860—Extracts from Addresses

bellion.
by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861;
James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.

THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.................... 150
T. Hunter, 1860—Extract from the Appeal for

The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate
Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

upon bill to give it effect--Action of the “Con-
Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of

federate” Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson
Public Property from November 4, 1800,to March

Davis's Veto thereof-Intercepted Despatch
4,1861-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

from Judah P. Benjamin to L. 4. C. Lamar.
inet-Correspondence between President Buch-
apan and the South Carolina “Commission-

ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS
er: ”-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter-

CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION OF News-
Report on the Transfer of Armus to the South

PAPERS............................................
in 1859 and 1860—Davis's Bill for the sale of

15
Government Arms to the States How the Tel.

Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
egraph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

and of the Baltimoro Police Commissioners
Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend-

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Camo
ing that New York be madu Free City-"Per

ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
Ronal Liberty " LAW.

Timney's Opinion Attorney General Bates's

Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and
PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN RE-

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSUR-

Corpus-Views of Iloruce Binney and Theophilus
BECTIONARY STATES.......

Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on
Names of the Senators and Representatives of

Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at
the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-

Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus-
President Buchanan's Last Annual Message-

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers

Corpus-Indeinnification of the President-De-
of the President -The llouse Committee of

cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust-

Case of George W. Jones v8. W. H. Seward-
ment, together with abstracts of all other propo-

Confederate" Legislation upon the suspension
sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions

of the Writ-Suppressions and Seizures of New
respecting the “ Personal Liberty” Laws, the

papers, with the Proceelings of the Courts,
Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-

Congress, and the Post Office Department.
Interference with Slavery, and on the Bill to
Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the

CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION............ 195
Collection of Customs-Report of Committeo

The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint
upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-
Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from

Emancipation in thu Thirty-Seventh Congress
the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore-
Report-Disposition of the Navy, and Vote of

buid-Sequestration in the Rebel States-Judi-
Ceasure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions

cial and Military Proceedings under the Coutis
in Congress by Hason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,

cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's
and others Settlement of the Question of Slam

Message, March, 1862, recommending Comped-
very in the Teritories.

Bated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings
Tas CoSSTITUTION ...................

thereon-Interview of Border State Congress

91
...................

men with the President-Emancipation in
Constitution of the United States Points of

the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
Diference between It and the “Confederate"

peal to the Border State Congressmen, and their
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual
Alexander II. Stephens, expounding the “Con-

Message, December, 1862-Emancipation in
federate” Constitution.

Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama
ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN.... 105 |

tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-
President Lincoln's Inaugural Address-Secre

corning them Interview between the Chicago
tary Seward and the “Confederate Commis-

Deputation and the President-Address of the
sioners," with Statements of Judge Campbell

Loyal Governors—Mr. Boutwell's Statement
and Thurlow Weed—The President's Reply to

concerning the Issue of the Proclamation-Lot
the Virginia Delegation-Commencement of hos-

ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.

nion on

e and in the U

Peso

REPEAL OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW8,"CON- MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF

TRABANDS,' AND KINDRED SUBJECTS....... 234 THE PRESIDENT-(Continued.)

Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863-Speech at

1850-Repealing Movements in the Thirty-

the Philadelphia Fair, June 18, 1864-Letters to

Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven-

Thirty-Eighth Congresses-Census Report rela-

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and

ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1850

to the Grant Meeting in New York, June, 1864.

to 1860 The New Article of War-Employment

OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS......

of Slaves in Government Dock-Yards, &c.-Re-
cognition of Hayti and Liberia-Robert Small-

The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cep-
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of

tral and South America-Alleged Foreign En-
Color in Carrying the Mails-Negro Suffrage in

listments-Foreign Mediation, being Letterg
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

from Secretary Seward to Governor Hicks and
-Exclusion of Colored Persons from Rail-cars-

M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of Laws

Earl Russell, with his Views on those of New
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
and Letters concerning “Contrabands," by

The French in Mexico-Congressional Action

Gens. McClellan and Butler, and Secretary

thereon-The Arguelles Case.

Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman-

THE FINANCES......

cipation, and Correspondence with the President
thereupon—"Contrabands" in the District of

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
Columbia-Gen. Burnside's Proclamation in

ber, 1860, to June 30, 1864-Special War Incomo
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by

Tax, and Votes thereon–The "Legal Tender"
Gens. Halleck, Buell, Hooker, McDowell, Double-

Question--Loan Bill of 186+National Currency
day and others-General Instructions by the

Acts--Internal Revenue Acts-Proposed Tax
President concerning “ Contrabands" -Gens.

on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1861-Taxes
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

in Insurrectionary Districts-The Public Credit
posed Congressional Censure of Gen. Halleck's

in 1860 and 1861--Stateinents of Public Debt
Order No. 3—Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

from June 30, 1860, to June 30, 186+" Confed-
ritories-Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

erate" Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses-

Tithing Acts.

sion-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in the

| MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS..................... 374

same Congress-Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.

The President's Views on Colonization-Incom-
LEGISLATION, ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS AND

patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing
PROPOSITIONS, RELATIVE TO THE WAR,

Bounties--Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
AND TO " PEACE..................... ..........' 261 certain Persons Ineligible to Office; and to Pun-

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
votos upon all their leading Features and Char-

-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen-
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

ship, and on the Pay of Colored Soldiers-Mo
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

Clellan's Letters Recommending & Political
the Draft of 1862-Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fit
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania
their Pay-Opinion of Attorney General Bates

Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex-
respecting the pay of Rev. S. Harrison, colored

President Buchanan-Censure of Represente

Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Regiment-Rules

tives Long and Harris.

and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol-

diers, and the President's Speech thereon-Use THE CONSPIRACY OF DISUNION .................. 389

of Colored Men in the Confederate" Military

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

1789—Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Bentan,
Bee Rebel Legislature" Confederate" Legisla-

and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
tion upon the Treatment of captured Colored

Caucus in 18.35-Early Hopes of the Rebels-Ex.
Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Sol-

President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
diers-Unemployed Generals-Resolutions upon

1860—The Disunion Programmer Letter of D.
the Objects and Prosecution of the War, in tho

L. Yulee, January 7, 1861-Douglas's Last
Thirty-Seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
“Peace” Propositions in the same-Correspond-

-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ence between the President and Fernando Wood

ers during the Reign of Terror"-Report to
-The Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
ence-Peace Propositions in the Rebel Congress

$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes
Correspondence between Governor Vance and

Legislative Action theroon, and other Proceed-
Jefferson Davis-Reported Statement of Davis

ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861-Sur-

to Gilmore.

dry Rebel Items. .

MILITARY ORDERS RESPECTING ELECTIONS... 308 | THE REBEL ADMINISTRATION .................. 400

Orders of Gens. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con-

Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and

gress, with Memorandum of Changes - The

the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

Permanent” Administration-Tho First Con-

in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders

gress, and Changes therein-The Second Con-

concerning Impressment of Property-Proposed

gress.

Legislation upon Military Interference in Eloc-

tions.

NATIONAL POLITICAL CONVENTIONS IN

REOONSTRUCTION OF STATES.......

1864

The National Union Convention and Letters of

The Reconstruction Bill, with the President's

Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew
Proclamation thereun, and Statement of Sena-

Johnson-The Cleveland Convention, and the
tor Wade and Representative Davis--Electoral

Letters of Acceptance of Fremont and Cocb-
Vote of Rebel States-Proposed Commission of

rane-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment

Inquiry--Senators from Arkansas-Process of

November 13, 1861.

Reconstruction in Arkansas, Louisidoa, and Vir

ginia-Resolutions by sundry Senators and Rep.

APPENDIX.......................................... 41

resentatives concerning the Relations of Rebel

Democratie National Convention-Numerong
States to the Government-Rebel Views of Recon-

Letters, Orders, and Documents on Politics,
struction, being Resolutions by the First “ Con-

Peace, Slavery, the Draft, Negro Soldierg, Elec
federate” Congress, and Legislatures of Rebel

tions, &c.--llolt's Report on Secret Orders-The
States, with Statements of prominent Rebels.

Church and the Rebellion-Second Session
NISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OR

Thirty-Eighth Congress, and of Second Rebel

THE PRESIDENT.................................. 333

Congress-President Lincoln's Last Papers and

Death-Presidential Vote of 1864.

Message of May 29, 1862–Remarks at Union

Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862

........... 626

of Frem

vember: ochrane'.

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