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the Delegates were self-elected, and hold over the first I Missouri - John B. Clark, Robert L. Y. Peyton. Congress. Mr. Hyer is reported to have taken the oath North Carolinat-George Davis, William T. Dortch.
of allegiance to the Government of the United States. South Carolina-Robert W. Barnwell, James L. Orr. North Carolina-These Delegates were elected by the Con Tennesseck_Landon C. Haynes, Gustavus A. Henry. vention, June 18, 1861. Mr. Ruffin afterwards became Virginia*--Robert M. T. Hunter, William Ballard Preston
cavalry colonel, and died in the spring of 1864, a Texas-Louis T. Wiafall, William S. Oldham. prisoner in Alexandria, Va., of wounds received in ba tle.
MEMORANDUM. South Carolina-Mr. Memmin er became Secretary of tho
Treasury, February 21, 1861. Mr. Keitt died in Rich Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as “ Permanent" President mond, Tune 2, 1861, of wounds received May 31 in bat
of the “ Confederate" States, February 22, 1862, in Richtle, colunel of the 20th South Carolina regiment. Mr.
mond. Chesnut served as aid to Beauregard at the bombard. On the first day of the session, Vice President Stephens prement of Numter; and Mr. Miles as an aid at the battle
siding, Robert M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, was elected of Bull Ran.
President pro tempore; James H. Nash, of South Caro Tennessee--Admitted, at second session, in May, 1861; mem lina, Secretary; and James Page, of North Carolina, bers took their seats at the third session.
Doorkeeper. Tezas-Admitti. at first session, March 2, 1861. Mr. Rea- | Alabama-Mir. Yancey died, and Robert Jemison was elected,
gan resigned to become Postmaster General, March 6, August 22, 1803, to the vacancy. 1861. Mr. Wigfall was appointed a brigadier general; Arkansas-Mr. Mitchel had been elected, shortly beforo October 29, 1361, but did not yield his seat in the "Pro secession, to the United States Senate for six years, visional” or the “Permanent” Congress. Mr. Hemp from March 4, 1861. hill died January 4, 1862.
Georgia--Mr. Toombs having accepted a brigadier's comVirginia-Admit.ed, at second session, May 7, 1861, when mission did not take his seat, and he was succeeded,
Messrs. Brochenbrough and Staples took their seats; March, 1862, by Dr. John W. Lewis, appointed by Govthe others w. se sworn at the third session, at Rich
ernor Brown, and, December, 1862, by Herschel V. Johnmond, July 20, 1861. Mr. Hunter became Secretary of son, elected by the Legislature. State, July 30, end resigned. Mr. Mason resigned in | Mississippi-Mr. Brown, when elected, was captain of a the fall of 1861 to go to England, and November 19 the
company in the 17th Mississippi volunteers. Mr. WalState Convention elected Alexander R. Boteler to suc
ter Brooke was at first announced elected over Mr. Cerd him,
Phelan, but the latter appeared and was qualified at
the first session.
North Carolina-Mr. Davis, when he resigned to become The “Permanent” Administration.
Attorney General, was succeeded by William A. Gra. FROM FEBRUARY 19, 1862.
ham. President Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi.
Tennessce~Mr. Henry, early in 1862, was A. A. G. on GenVice President-Alestunder H. Stephens, of Georgia.
eral Pillow's staff. .
Virginia-Mr. Preston was succeeded, January 28, 1863, by
Allen T. Caperton.
Carolina; resigner, in June, 1864, and succeeded by | Alabama-Thomas J. Foster, William R. Smith, John P.
Ralls, Jabez L. M. Curry, Francis S. Lyon, William P. Secretary of WarGeurge W. Randolph, of Virginia; re Chilton, David Clopton, James L. Pugh, Edward S.
signed, and succealed by James A. Seddon, of Vir Dargan-9. ginia.
Arkansas*_Felix I. Batson, Grandison D. Royston, Augus. &cretary of the Navy-Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida.
tus II. Garland, Thomas B. Hanley_4. Alturnen General-Thomus H. Watts, of Alabama; resigned | Florila-James B. Dawkins, Robert B. Hilton-2.
on election as Govern of Alabama, in November, 1863, Georgia-Julien Hartridge, C. J. Munnerlyn, Hines Holt, and succeeded by George Davis, of North Carolina.
Augustus H. Kepan, Daniel W. Lewis, William W. Postmaster General John H. Reagan, of Texas.
Clark, Robert P. Trippe, Lucius J. Gartrell, Hardy
Strickland, Augustus R. Wright-10.
Kentucky*t-Willio B. Machen, John W. Crockett, Henry L. Randolph was appointed a colonel of Virginia troops E. Read, George W. Ewing, James S. Chrisman, Theo
by Governor Letcher, in th» tall of 1861; tendered his dore L. Burnett, H. W. Bruce, G. B. Hodge, Ely M. Tesignation but withdrew it, and in November of that Bruce, James W. Moore, Robert J. Breckinridge, Jr., year appointed a brigadier general, and assigned to the John M. Elliott-12. command of the district between Suffolk, in Nanse- | Louisiana-Charles J. Villere, Charles M. Conrad, Duncan mond, and Weldon, on the Roanoke; he was a candi F. Kenner, Lucius J. Dupre, Henry Marshall, John date for Congress in November, 1861, but withdrew on
Perkins, Jr.-6. the morning of the election.
Mississippi*_J. W. Clapp, Reuben Davis, Israel Welsh, Mr. Memminger was born in Wirtemberg, Germany, Janu
ary 7, 1903; was brought to this country when nine years old; was early left an orphan; adopted by Gover
* See memorandum at the end of the list. por Thomas Bennett, and educated in South Carolina
+ Members sworn August 18, 1862. The Provisional Lo college, graduating in 1820; began the practice of law
gislature of Kentucky thus districted the State: in 1825; in 1632-33 he was against nullification; for First District-Fulton, Hickman, McCracken, Graves, CalDearly twenty years he was at the head of the Finance
loway, Marshall, Livingston, Lyon, Caldwell, Trigg, Committee of the lower house of the Legislature of Ballard. bouth Carolina, retiring in 1952; he filled other State
Second District-Union, Webster, Hopkins, Christian, Todd, offices.
Henderson, Daviess, Muhlenburgh, Crittendon.
Meade, Hardin, Larue, Butler, Hart.
Fourth District-Logan, Simpson, Allen, Monroe, Barren,
Edmondson, Warren, Metcalfe.
Fifth District Cumberland, Clinton, Wayne, Pulaski, It held four sessions :
Casey, Lincoln, Taylor, Green, Adair, Russell. The first from February 18 to April 21, 1862.
Sirth District-Spencer, Bullitt, Nelson, Washington, MaThe second from August 12 to October 13, 1862.
rion, Mercer, Boyle, Garrard, Anderson. The third from January 12, 1863, to May - 1863.
Seventh District-Jefferson, Shelby, Oldham. The fourth from December 7, 1863, to February 18, 1864. Eighth District-Henry, Trimblo, Carroll, Boone, Gallatin, SENATORS.
Grant, Kenton, Campbell.
Ninth District--Pendleton, Bracken, Nicholas, Harrison, Alabama William L. Yancey, Clement C. Clay, Jr.
Bourbon, Fleming, Mason. Arkansase_Robert W. Johnson, Charles B. Mitchel.
Tenth District-Bath, Lewis, Greenup, Boyd, Carter, LawFlorida, James M. Baker, Augustus E. Maxwell.
rence, Montgomery, Powell, Morgan, Rowan, Wolfo, Georgia Benjamin II. Hill, Robert Toombs.
Estill, Magotin. Kentucky-Henry C. Burneti, William E. Simms.
Eleventh District-Franklin, Woodford, Jessamine, Fayette, Lainana- Edward Sparrow, Thomas J. Semmes.
Madison, Clarke, Owen, Scott. Hirsissippi Albert G. Brown, James Phelan.
Twelfth District-Rockcastle, Knox, Harlan, Laurel, Whit
ley, Clay, Perry, Owsley, Letcher, Breathitt, Floyd • See memorandum at the end of the list.
Pike, Johnson, Jackson.
Henry C. Chambers, Otho R. Singleton, Ethelbert Barks- Alabama-Thomas J. Foster, William R. Smith, withindale, John J. McRae-7.
son R. W Cobb,t Marcus H. Cruikshank, Francis & Missouri—Thomas A. Harris, Casper W. Bell, A. H. Con Lyon,* William P. Chilton,* David Clopton, Jannes L.
row, George G. Vest, Thomas W. Freeman, William H. Pugh,* J. S. Dickinson-9. Cook-6.
Arkansase_Felix 1. Batson, Rufus K. Garland, Augustas North Carolina-W. N. H. Smith, Robert R. Bridgers, Owen H. Garland, * Thomas B. Hanley_4.
R. Kenan, Thomas D. McDowell, A. H. Arrington, J. B. Florida--St. George Rogers, Robert B. Hilton*_2.
Blanford, Clifford Anderson, J. T. Shewmake, J. H. Sorth Carolina John McQueen, William Porcher Miles, Echols, James M. Smith, H. P. Bell, George N. Lester,
Milledge L. Benham, William D. Simpson, James Far Warren Aiken-10. row, William W. Boyce-6.
Kentucky-Willie B. Machen, George W. Triplett, Henry Tennessee*_Joseph B. Heiskell. William G. Swan, William E. Read, * George W. Ewing,* James S. Christan. The
B. Tibbs, E. L. Gardenhire, Henry S. Foote, Meredith P. odore L. Burnett, H. W. Bruce, Humphrey Marshall Gentry, George W. Jones, Thomas Menees, John D. C. Ely M. Bruce, James W. Moore,* Benjamin F. Bradley, Atkins, John V. Wright, David M. Currin-11.
John M. EU io/
1 12. Tezarth John A. Wilcox, Clark C. Herbert, Peter W. Gray, Louisiana* -Charles J. Villere,* Charles M. Conrad, Dun
Frank B. Sexton, Malcolm D. Graham, William B. can F. Kenner,* Lucius J. Dupre,* B. L. Holge, Joka Wright-6.
Lyons, Roger A. Pryor, Thomas S. Bocock, John Goode, Welsh, Henry C. Chambers,* Otho R. Singleton, Ethel
Hatcher-7. October 9, 1862, at the second session, Elias C. Boudinot North Carolina, William N. H. Smith, Robert R. Bridgens, was admitted a delegate from the Cherokee nation.
J. T. Leach, Thomas C. Fuller, Josiah Turner, Jr., Johs
A. Gilmer, James M. Leach, James G. Ramsay, Burgees MEMORANDUM.
S. Gaither,* George W. Logan 10.
South Carolina--James M. Witherspoon, William Pochet Emmet Dixon, of Georgia, was elected Clerk of the House, and R. H. Wynn, of Alabama, Doorkeeper.
Mil 3* Lewis M. Ayer,* William D. Simpson,* James
Farrow,* William W. Bryce*-6. Arkansas-Mr. Garland's seat was contested by Jilson P.
Tennessee Joseph B. Heiskell. William G. Swan, A. S. Johnson. Kentucky-Mr. Hodges was not sworn until August 16,
Colyer, John P. Murray, Henry S. Foote, * F. A. Keeble,
James McCallum, Thomas Menees, John D. C. Atkins, 1862.
John V. Wright, Michael W.Cluskey-11.
William D. IIolder.
Branch, Frank B. Sexton,* J. R. Baylor, 8. H. Mor.
gan-6. uary, 1803, and was succeeded by Lewis M. Ayer.
Virginia-Robert L. Montague, Robt. H. Whitfield, Williams Tennessee-Mr. Currin died during the Congress, after his
C. Wickham, Thomas S. Gholson, Thomas S. Borck election to the second Congress.
John Goode, Jr., * William C. Rirca, Daniel CDe Jar Tera:- Mr. Wilcox died during the Congress, after his elec
nct!, * David Funsten, F. W. M. Holladay, John R tion to the second Congress.
Baldwin,* Waller R. Staples, Fayette V Mullin, Samuel Virginia-Mr. Garnett dad, January 12, 1864. Mr. Pryor
A. Miller.* Robert Johnston,* Charles W. Russell 16. was appointed a brigadier general in the fall of 1802, and was succeeded by Charles F. Collier. Mr. Smith
DELEGATES. accepted a colonel's commission, was succeded by David Fusten, and was elected Governor in 1903. Mr. L Arizona-M. H. Macwillie. Baldwin was appointed a colonel of Virginia troops in Cherokee Nation-E. C. Boudinot. the fall of 1861, by Governor Letcher. Mr. Jenkins Choctaw Nution-R. M. Jones. was appointed brigadier general, and resigneul in June | Creck and Seminole Nations-S. B. Callahan. or July, 1802; was succeeded by Samuel A. Miller; and died in the summer of 1964, in Southwestern Virginia,
MEMORANDUM. of wounds received in battle.
Arkansas-Angustus H. Garland between the two seccions
was elected a Senator in place of Mr. Mitchel, deceased THE SECOND CONGRESS.
His vacancy in the llouse has not yet been filled.
Louisiana-B. L. Hodge, sitting at the first session, was not FEBRUARY 19, 1861, TO FEBRUARY 18, 1866.
a member at the second, and the vacancy has not been The first session closed June 15; the second began Nov. 7. filled.
Missouri Messrs. Snead, Norton and Wilkes were elected SENATORS.
during the recess between the two sessions. The following are the changes from the first Tennessee - Michael W. Cluskey was elected during the
recess to Mr.Currin's Vacancy. Congress :
Texas-- Stephen II. Darden was chosen between the two Alabama-Richard Wildo Walker, in place of Clement C. sessions to the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Clay, Jr.
Wilcox. Mississippi-J. W.C. Watson, in place of James Phelan.
The officers of the House are: Albert R. Lamar, of Arkansa pt_-Augustus H. Garland, in place of Dr. Charles B.
Georgia, clerk; James McDonald, Do Louis Dalton, Henry Mitchel, deceased. Missourit Walo P. Johnson, in place of Mr. Peyton; and
C. Lowring, assistant clerks; R. H. Wynn, of Alabang
doorkeeper. L. M. Louis, in place of Mr. Clark.
Those marked thus * were members of the last House MEMORANDUM. Arkansas-Mr. Garland was elected September 27, receiv
+1864, May 3-Mr. Chilton offered this resolution, which ing, according to the Washington (Ark.) Telegraph, on
was adopted-yoas 60, nays 6: the first ballot, 28 votes, Albert Pike receiving 14, and
Whereas, the report is in circnlation and has found its Alfred B. Greenwood 1. Mr. Garland's Vacancy in the
way into the public prints inpugning the loyalty of the House has not yet been filled.
llon. Williamson R. W. Cobb, inember elect of this II ase Missouri-L. M. Louis was clected Senator, in the recess
from the State of Alabama, and tending to show that he is between the first and second sessions.
in complicity with and giving aid and comfort to the edo The oflicers of the Senate are: J. II. Nash, of South Caro
mics of the Confederate States, and therefore unfit to be a
representative of a loyal constituency; Therefore, lina, secretary: E. II. Stevens, of South Carolina, assistant secretary: C. T. Bruen, of Virginia, journal clerk; J. W. 1. Resolren, That a coinmittee of five members be appointed
by the Speaker to inquire into such reports, and to collect Anderson, recoriling clerk; Lafayette II. Fitzhugh, of Kentucky, sergeant-at-arms; James Page, of North Carolina,
and report upon the testimony bearing upon the loyalts or
disloyalty of sud member, and report the same to this doorkeeper.
Ilouse with such recommendation as to its further activa REPRESENTATIVES.
in the premises as to sail committee shall seem proper; Speaker- Thomas S. Bocock, of Virginia.
and that Mr. Cobb be notified lay the committee, if practic calle, of the sitting of the committee, and that ssiu com
mittee have power to send for persons and papers • States marked thus * see memorandum at the end of each Mr. Cobb has since come within our lines, and, at the list.
present session, November 17, was expelled from the Llouse.
NATIONAL POLITICAL CONVENTIONS.
Union National Convention. ing success up to nearly the period when it is necessary,
under our Constitution, to prepare for another Presidential This body met at 12 o'clock, noon, on Tues. election. It is for this highly responsible purpose that you day, June 7, at Baltimore, in accordance with
are to-lay assembled. It is not my duty nor my purpose
to indicate any general course of action for this Conventhe call of the National Executive Committee :
| tion; but I trust I may be permitted to say that, in view of
the dread realities of the past, and of what is passing at The undersigned who by original appointment, or subse
this moment and of the fact that the bones of our soldiers quent designation to fill vacancies, constitute the Executive
lie bleaching in every State of this Union, and with the Committee created by the National Convention held at Chi
knowledge of the further fact that this has all been caused cago on the 16th day of May, 1860, do hereby call upon all
by slavery, the party of which you, gentlemen, are the delqualified voters who desire the unconditional maintenance
ogated and honored representatives, will fall short of acof the Union, the supremacy of the Constitntion, and the
complishing its great mission, unless, among its other recomplete suppression of the existing rebellion, with the
| solves, it shall declare for such an amendment of the Copaans thereof, by vigorous war, and all apt and efficient
stitution as will positively prohibit African slavery in the Deans, to send delegates to a convention to assemble at Baltimore on Tuesday, the 7th day of June, 1964, at 12
United States. (Prolonged applause, followed by three
cheery.] o'clock, noon, for the purpose of presenting candidates for
In behalf of the National Committee, I now propose for the offices of President and Vice President of the United
temporary President of this Convention, Robert J. BreckState Bach State having a representation in Congress
inridge, of Kentucky [applause, J and appoint Governor Ran will be entitled to as many delegates as shall be equal to
dall, of Wisconsin, and Governor King, of New York, as a twice the number of electors to which euch State is entitled
committee to conduct the President pro tem. to the chair. in the Electoral College of the United States.
EDWIN D. MORGAN, New York, Chairman. On being introduced, Dr. Breckinridge, who
was most enthueiastically received, said:
GENTLEMEN OF THE CONVENTIOX: You cannot be more sen-
sible than I am that the part which I have to perform here THOMAS G. TURNER, Rhode Island.
to-day is merely a matter of form; and acting upon the GIDEON WELLES, Connecticut.
principles of my whole life, I was inclined, when the sugDENNING DUER, New Jersey.
gestion was made to me from various quarters, that it was EDWARD MCPHERSON, Pennsylvania.
in the mind of many inembers of the Convention to confer N. B. SMITIERS, Dlaware.
this distinction upon me, to earnestly decline to accept ; J. F. WAGNER, Maryland.
because I have never sought honors- I havo never sought THOMAS SPOONER, Ohio.
distinction. I have been a working man, and nothing else. H. S. LANE, Indiana.
But certain considerations led me to change my mind. (ApSAMUEL L. CASEY, Kentucky.
plause.) E. PECK, Illinois.
There is a class of men in the country, far too small for HERBERT M. JIOXIE, Iowa.
the good of the country-those men who merely by their AUSTIN BLAIR, Michigan.
example, by their pon, by their voice, try to do good-and CARL SIURZ, Wisconsin.
all the more in perilous times-without regard to the reW D. WASIIBURN, Minnesota.
ward that may come. It was given to many such men to CORNELIUS COLE, California.
understand, by the distinction conferred upon one of the WM. A. PIIILLIPS, Kansas.
humblest oftheir class, that they were men whom the coun0. H. IRISH, Nebraska,
try would cherish, and who would not be forgotten. JOS, GERIIARDT, District of Columbia.
There is another motive relative to yourselves and to tho WASHINGTOX, February 22, 1864.
country at large. It is good for you, it is good for every na
tion and every people, every State and every party, to cher. The Convention was called to order by the ish all generous impulses, to follow all noble instincts; and Chairman of the Executive Committee, Senator there are none mire noble, nono more generous than to
purge yourselves of all self-seckers and betrayers, and to Morgan, of New York, who said:
confer oficial distinctions, if it be only in mere forms, upon MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION: It is a little more than those who are worthy to be trusted, and ask nothing more. eight years since it was resolved to form a national party to applause.) be conducted upon the principles and policy which had been Now according to my convictions of propriety, having established and maintained by those illustrious statesmen, said this, I should say nothing more. (Cries of "go on.") George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. A Convention But it has been intimated to me from many quarters, and Vas held in Philadelphia, under the shade of the trees that in a way which I cannot disregard, that I should disap Sirroundi the Hall of Independence, and candidates--Fre- | point the wishes of my friends, and perhaps the just expec. mbt and Dayton-were chosen to uphold our cause. But tations of the Convention, if I did not as briefly, and yet tite State of Pennsylvania guve its electoral vote to James as precisely as I could say somewhat upon the great Borbanan, and the election of 1856 was lost.
i matters which have brought us here. Therefore, in a very Notting daunted by defeat, it was immediately deter- few words, and as plainly as I can, I will endeavor to draw cixd to fight on this line," not only “all summer," (ap- your attention to one and another of these great matters in planse, bnt foar sunimers and four winters; and in 1860 which we are all engaged. the party lanner was again unfurled, with the names of In the first place, nothing can be more plain than the Alraham Lincoln (applause and lannibal Ilamlin in- fact that you are here as the representatives of a great nakribel thereou. This time it was successful, but with suc- tion-voluntary representatives chosen withont forms of teis came rebelliou; and with rebellion of course came law, but as really representing the feelings, the principles, w; and war, terrible civil war, has continued with vary. | and if you choose, the prejudices of the American people, as if it were written in laws and already passed by votes-1 war, except upon a denial of the fundamental principles of for the man that you will nominate here for the Presidency all free governments--that the major part must rule; and of the United States, and ruler of a great people in a great there is no other method of carrying on society, except that cricis, is just as certain I suppose to become that ruler as the will of the majority shall be the will of the whole or anything under heaven is certain before it is clone. [Pro that the will of the minority shall be the will of the whole. longed cheering.) And, moreover, you will allow me to So that, in one word, to deny the principles I have tried to say, though perhaps it is hardly strictly proper that I state is to make a dogmatic assertion that the only forta shuull--but as far as I know your opinions I suppose it is of kovernment that is possible with perfect liberty and just as certain now before you utter it whose name you will acknowledged by God is a puro and absolute despotism utter, and which will be responded to from one end to the The principles therefore which I am trying to state before other of this nation, as it will be after it has been uttered you are principles which, if they be not true, freedom is and recorded by your secretary. Does any min doubt that impossible, and no government but one of pure force cas this Convention intends to say that Abraliam Lincoln shall exist or ought to endure among men. But the idea which be the nominee? [Great applause.] What I wish, how I wished to carry out, as the remedy for these tronlles and ever, to call your attention to is the grandeur of the mis sorrows, is this: Dreadful as they are, this fearful truth sion upon which you are met, and therefore the dignity and runs through the whole history of mankind, that whatever solemnity, earnestness and conscientiousness with which, else may bo done to give stability to authority, whatever representing one of the greatest and certainly one of the eles may be done to give perpetuity to institutions-bowfirst people of the world, you ought to discharge these ever wise, however glorious, practicable, and just may be duties. (Applause.]
the philosophy of it-it has been found that the only enNow, besides the nomination of President and Vice Pres-during the only imperishable cement of all free institutions ident, in regard to which second oflice I will say nothing, has been the blood of traitors. No Government has ever because I know there is more or less difference of opinion been built upon imperishable foundations which fourida among you; but besides theso nominations, you have other tions were not laid in the blood of traitory. It is a fearful most solemn duties to perform. You have to organize this truth, but we had as well avow it at once, and every blow party thoroughly throughout the United States. You buve you strike, and every rebel you kill, every battle you win, to put it in whatever form your wisdomn will suggest that dreadful as it is to do it, you are adding, it may be, a year will unite all your wisdom, energy, and determination to it may be ten years-it may be a century-it may be ten gain the victory which I have already said was in our centuries to the life of the Government and the freedom of power. More than that, you have to lay down with clear your children. Great applause.) ness and precision the principles on which you intend to Now, passing over that idea-passing over many other carry on this great political contest and prosecuto the war things which it would be right for me to say, did the time which is underneath them, and the glory of the country serve and were this the occasion, let me add-you are : which lies before us if we succeed. Plainly-not in a dou. Union party. [Applause.] Your origin has been referred to ble sense-briefly-not in a treatise_with the dignity and as having occurred eight years ago. In one sense it is true. precision of a great people to utter, by its representatives, But you are far older than that. I see before me not only the political principles by which they intend to live and primitive Republicans and primitive Abolitionists, but I see for the sake of which they are willing to die. So that all also primitive Democrats and primitive Whigs-primitive men everywhere may understand precisely what we mean, Americans, and, if you will allow me to say so, I myself and lay that furrow so deeply and clearly ihat whilo every am here, who all my lifo have been in a party to mv ell. man who is worthy to associate with freemen may see it (Laughter and applause. As a Union party I will follow and pass over it, every man who is unworthy may be either you to the ends of the earth and to the gates of death. unable to pass it or may be driven far from us. We want Applause. But is an Abolition party as a Republican none but those who are like us to be with 118 [Applause.) party-as a Whig party-as & Democratic party-as an
Now, among these principles, if you will allow me to say | American party, I will not follow you one loot. Applause it, the first and inost distinct is, that we do not intend to But it is true of the mass of the American people, however permit this nation to be destroyed. [Applause. We are a
you may divide and scatter while this war lasts, while the nation-no doubt a peculiar one-a nation formed of States, country is in peril, while you call yourselves as you do in
tion except as these States form it. And these I the call of the Convention, the Union party-yon are for Btates are no States except as they are states in that nation. I the preservation of the Union and the destruction of this They had no more right to repudiate the nation than the rebellion, root and branch. And in my judgmeut, one of nation has to repudiate them. None of them had even the the greatest errors that has been committed by our adminshadow of a right to do this, and God helping us. we will listration of the Federal Government, the Chief of which we vindicate that truth so that it shall never be disputed any are about to nominate for another term of officer one of more in this world. [Applause. It is a fearful alternative
the errors has been to believe that we have succeeded where that is set before us, but thero are great compensations for
we have not succeeded, and to act in a manner which is it. Those of you who have attended to this subiect know. or precisely as if we had succeeded, You will not, you cannot ought to know, that from the foundation of the present succeed until you have utterly broken up the military Government, before and since our present Constitution was power of these people. [Applause.] formed, there have always been parties that had no faith in 1. I will not detain you upon these incidental points, one of our Government. The men that formed it were doubtful | which has been made prominent in the remarks of the exof its success, and the men that opposed its formation did I cellent Chairman of the National Committee. I do not not desire its success. And I am bold to say, without detainwithout detain- | know that I would, bo Wang
know that I would be willing to go so far as probably he ing you on this subject, that with all the outcry about our
would. But I cordially agree with him in this-I think,
i violations of the Constitution, this present living genera
considering what has been done about slavery, taking the tion and this present Union party are more thoroughly
thing as it now stands, overlooking altogether, either in devoted to that Constitution than any generation that has the way of condemnation or in the way of approval, any ever lived under it. [Applause. While I say that, and act that has brought us to the point where we are, but bo Bolemnly believe it, and believe it is capable of the strongest lieving in my conscience and with all my heart, that whest proof, I may also add that it is a great error which is being has brought us where we are in the matter of slavery, is propagated in our land, to say that our national life depends the original sin and folly of treason and secession, because merely upon the sustaining of that Constitution. Our you remember that the Chicago Convention itself was usfathers made it, and we love it.
derstood to say, and I believe it virtnally did explicitly But if it suits us to change it we can do so. [Applausel say, that they would not touch slavery in the States, lear. And when it suits us to change it we will change it. Ap ing it therefore altogether out of the question bow we cane plauso. If it were torn into ten thousand pieces the where we are, on that particular point, we are prepared to nation would be as much a nation as it was before the go further than the original Republicans themselves were Constitution was made-a nation always that declared its | prepared to go. We are prepared to deinand not only that independence as a united people, and lived as a united people the whole territory of the United States shall not be male until now-& nation independent of all particular institu- slave, but that the General Government of the American tions under which they lived, and capable of modelling people shall do ono of two things-and it appears to me them precisely as their interests require. We ought to that there is nothing else that can be done either to use have it distinctly understood by friends and enemies that | the whole power of the Government, both tbe war power while we love that instrument we will maintain it, and and the peace power, to put slavery as nearly as possible will, with undoubted certainty, put to death friend or foo back where it was-for, although that would be a fearful who undertakes to trample it under foot; yet, beyond a state of society, it is better than anarchy; or else to use doubt, we will reserve the right to alter it to suit ourselves the whole power of the Government, both of war and peace, from time to time and from generation to generation. [Ap- and all the practical power that the people of the United plause. One more idea on that subject. We have incor- | States will give them to exterminate and extinguish siapporated in that instrument the right of revolution, which | ery. [Prolonged applause.] gives us, without a doubt, the right to change it. It never! I have no hesitation in saying for myself that if I were existed before the American States, and by the right to l a pro-slavery man, if I believed this institntion was an or change there is no need of rebelliou, insurrection, or civil | dinance of God, and was given to man, I would uobesita
ted to that Constitution than an
say that, and act to my conscience and wit
ingly join those who demand that the Government should consecrated; the patriotic harmony that has marked our be put lack where it was. But I am not a pro-slavery man- assembling and will characterize all our proceedings, and I ncr was; I unite myself with those who believe it is presenting that harmony which will display itself in the contrary to the brightest interests of all men and of all unnimous nomination for the Presidency of the United governmeuts, contrary to the spirit of the Christian religion, States of the wise and good man whose unselfish devotion and incompatible with the natural rights of man. I join to the country, in the administration of the Government, toyself with those who say away with it forever; applause:1 | ha secure to him not only the admiration, but the warmand I fervently pray God that the day may come wlien est affection of every friend of constitutional liberty? (Ap. throughout the whole land every man may be as froe as you plause. are, and as capable of wnjoying regulated liberty. Pro I need not remind you of the very grave responsibilities huged applause.)
that devolve upon you as members of this convention. The I will not detain yon any longor. One single word you loyal people of the country have authorized and expect you will allow me to say in behalf of the State from which I to renew on their part the pledge of thcir faith to support come, one of the smallost of the thousands of Israel. We the Government, in the most vigorous prosecution of the knop very well that our eleven votos are of no consequence war, to the complete suppression of the rebellion, regardin the Presidential election. We know very well that in less of the time or the resources required to that end, and our present unh:uppy condition, it is by no means certain they equally expect and call upon you to declare the cause that we are here to-day representing the party that will cast and the support of the rebellion to be slavery, which, as th majority of the votes in that unhappy State. I know well for its treasonable offences against the Government ag very well that the sentiments which I am uttering will for its incompatibility with the rights of humanity and the cause me great odium in the State in which I was born, permanent peace of the country, must, with the terminawhich I love, where the bones of two generations of my an tion of the war, and as much speedier as possible, be made cestors and some of my children are, and where very soon to cease forever in every State and Territory of the Union. I shall lay my own. I know very well that my colleagues But I must not refer to other subjects of interest that will will incur odiam if they indorse what I say, and they, too, challenge your attention. know it. But we have put our faces toward the way in Let me repeat my thanks for your expressions of confi. which we intend to go, and we will go in it to the end. If dence in me in having selected me to preside over your de We are to perish, we will perish in that way. All I have to liberations. [Applause.) say to you is, help us if you can; if you cannot, believe in your berts that we have died like men.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. Rev. J. McKendree Reiley, of the Methodist Mr. Preston King, of New York, submitted Episcopal church, offered a prayer, when those the report of the majority committee; which States which are represented in Congress were was substantially as follows: called for lists of delegates.
1st. That the delegations from the States of Maine, New At the evening session of Tuesday the perma- Hampshire, Massuchusetts, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhodo nent organization was made, with Hon. WIL
Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware,
Maryland, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, MinLIAM DENNISON, of Ohio, as President. On taking nesota, Oregon, California, Kansas, and West Virginia were the chair, he said:
all regular, and are admitted to seats with all the rights
and privileges of members, except one district of PennsylI thank you for the honor you have conferred upon me,vania, which had elected four instead of two members. The and while I shall bring to the discharge of the duties of the committee admit the two who received the largest number chair little experience in parliamentary rules, it will be my of votey as delegates, anil the other two as alternates. pleasure, as my duty, to spare no effort in contributing, to 2d. That there being two delegations from the State of the extent of my ability, to the facilitating of the business Missouri, claiming seats, the committee recommend that of the Convention, and securing such results from your do those styling themselves the Radical Union Delegation bo liberations as will meet the loyal expectations of the coun awarded the seats. [Applause and cheering.)
3d. That the delegates from Virginia, Tennessee, LonisWe meet here as representatives of the true friends of the liana, and Arkansas be admitted to all the privileges of the Government and of impartial liberty-of that large portion floor, except that of voting. of the people who gratefully appreciate the unmatched 4th. That the delegations from the Territories and the blessing which flow from our institutions well administered, District of Columbia be admitted to seats and all the priviand reject any form of human enslavement, not in punish- | leges except that of voting. ment of crime, as no less incompatible with the rights of th. That the persons presenting themselves as delegates bumanity than with the genius and the peaceful workings from the State of South Carolina are not entitled to the of republican government. (Prolonged applause.)
rights of delegates on the floor. In no sense do we meet as members or representatives of either of the old political parties which bound the people, or Mr. W. E. STEVENSON, of Virginia, and Mr. o the champions of any principle or doctrine peculiar to HIR either. The extraordinary condition of the country since the outbreak of the rebellion has, from necessity. taken 1 port, and recommended that the delegates from from the issues of these parties their practical significance, the States of Virginia, Louisiana, Arkansas, and compelled the formation of substantially now pulitical Kansas, Tennessee, and Florida, and from all urganizations; hence the origin of the Union party-if party
the Territories, be admitted, with the right to it can be called-of which this Coni antion is for the purpose of its assembling, the accredited representative, and | vote. the only test of membership in which is an unreserved, un
Mr. A. H. INSLEY, of Kansas, made a report Conditional loyalty to the Government and the Union.
Let me congratulate you upon the favorable auspices arguing that, especially in the cases of the Terof your meeting. While the deepest anxiety is felt by ritories of Nebraska, Colorado, and Nevada, the all patriotic men as to the result of the war unjustifin- delegates be admitted with the right to vote. bly forced upon tho Government by the bud, ambitious men and their deceived followers in the rebellious States,
That part of the report of the majority relaand the country is filled with distress and mourning over ting to the uncontested seats was then adopted. the loss of so many of our brave men who havo fallen in
Mr. King, of New York, offered a substitute battle, or died in hospitals from wounds received in defence of the constitutional authorities of the Government, we covering three points in report of the majority: yet have, in what has been accomplished towards the sup
1st. He proposed to admit both of the Missouri delegaProsion of the rebellion and the extinguishment of its
tions, and that where they agree they cast the vote to which Cause in the heroic deeds of our noble armies and gallant
the State is entitled; where they disagree, the vote of the navy-in the renewal of the patriotism of the country that
State shall not be cast. almost seemed to be paralyzed under the influence of our
20. He proposed to give all the delegates admitted all national prosperity-in the unprecedented generosity of the
the rights and privileges of delegates, without exception; people, awakened by the wants of the Government and
but that the District of Columbia and the Territorics should the necessities of its defenders-much, very much of the
have but two votes each, and that no State, District, or highest felicitation, and for which the country is grateful to
Territory should cast moro votes than it has delegates prese Almighty God. Applause.)
ent in the Convention. And may I not add to these causes of congratulation the formation of the political organization of which this Con A division of the question was called, vention is a representative, which has so nobly sustained When Mr. King's amendment relative to vis. the Government in its efforts to put down the rebellion, and to the complete accomplishment of which its energies are souri was lost; and the report of the committee.