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Proposed Censures of Officials.

forcible abolition of slavery, should be contemplated for a l principles of humanity and civilization, working no injury moment.

to private rights aud property pot demanded by military In prosecuting the war, all private property and unarmed pecessity and recognized by military law amoug civilized persons should be strictly protected, subject only to the nations. necessity of military operations; all private property taken And, finally, I understand him to agree with me in the for military use should be paid or receipted for; pillage and opinion that the sole great objects of this wir are the resto waste should be treated as high crimes; all unnecessary ration of the wity of the nation, the prezervation of the trespass sternly prohibited, and offensive demeanor by the Constitution, and the supremacy of the laws of the country. military towards citizens promptly rebuked. Military Believing our opinions entirely agree upon these paints, I arrests should not be tolerated, except in places where would, were it in my power, give to Judge Woodward my active hostilities exist; and oaths, not required by enact. voice and vote. ments, constitutionally made, should be neither demanded I am, very respectfully, yours, aor received.

GEORGE B. MCCLELLAS. Military government should be confined to the preserva- Hon. CHARLES J. BIDDLE. tion of public order and the protection of political right. Military power should not be allowed to interfere with the relations of servitude, either by supporting or impairing the authority of the master, except for repressing disorder, as in other cases. Slaves, contraband under the act of Congress,

OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN. seeking military protection, should receive it. The right of the government to appropriate permanently to its own ser First Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. vice claims to slave labor should be asserted, and the right of the owner to compensation therefor should be recognized.

IN HOUSE. This principle might be extended, upon grounds of military necessity and security, to all the slaves of a particular State, July 15-Mr. VALLANDIGHAM offered the folthus working manumission in such State; and in Missouri,

lowing: perhaps in Western Virginia also, and possibly even in Maryland, the expediency of such a measure is only a ques | Resolved, that the Constitution of the United States 000 tion of time. A system of policy thus constitutional, and fers upon Congress alone the power to "raise and support pervaded by the influences of Christianity and freedom, I armies." and to provide and maintain anary," and there would receive the support of almost all truly loyal men, fore the President, in the proclamation of May 3, 1961, apd would deeply impress the rebel masses and all foreign na- the orders and action, by his authority, or the War and tions, and it might be humbly hoped that it would commend Navy Departments, increasing the Ariny and Vary, and itself to the favor of the Alinighty.

calling for and accepting the services of volunteer for three Unless the principles governing the future conduct of our years without warrant of law, usurped powers belonging strugglo shall be made known and approved, the effort to solely to Congress, and so violated the Constitution. obtain requisite forces will be almost hopeless. A declara- 2. That the right to declare a blockade as against an in tion of radical views, especially upon slavery, will rapilly dependent power, is a belligerept right, depending upos disintegrate our present armies. The policy of the govern- the existence of a state of war; and that as Congress, and ment must be supported by concentrations of military Congress alope, have the power to declare or recunize the power. The national forces should not be dispersed in ex- existence of war, the President has no right to order a peditions, posts of occupation, and numerous armies, but I blockade until after Congress shall have declared or recog. should be mainly collected into masses, and bronght to bear | pized war with the power whose ports are to be blockaded; upon the armies of the Confederate States. Those armies and further, that Congress alone can abolish or shut up the thoroughly defeated, the political structure which they supports of entry of any State within the Union ; and that, port would soon cease to exist.

therefore, the President, in blockading and shutting up the In carrying out any system of policy which you may ports of entry in certain of the states of the Union, wilboat form, you will require a commander-in-chief of the army, the authority of Congress, violated the Constitution. one who possesses your confidence, understands your views, 3. That Congress al ne have the constitutional power to and who is competent to execute your orders, by directing suspend the writ of habeas corpus; and that until the wil the military forces of the nation to the accomplishment of has been suspended by act of Congress, it is the duty of the the objects by you proposed. I do not ask that place for President, and all other officers, civil and military, to obey myself. I am willing to serve you in such position as you it; and that, therefore, the President, in suspending said may assign me, and I will do so as faithfully as ever subor-/ writ himself, or attempting to authorize certain militry dinate served superior.

ofticers to suspend it, or to disobey it, or in sustaining them I may be on the brink of eternity; and as I hope for- in disobedience to it, violated the Constitution. giveness from my Maker, I have written this letter with 4. That by the Constitution "no money shall be draw sincerity towards you and from love for my country.

from the Treasury but in consequence of appropriations Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

made by law;" and that in ordering the drawing from the GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN, Treasury of money inappropriated or appropriated for one

Major General Commanding. purpose, and applying the same to purposes for which no His Excellency A. LINCOLN, President.

appropriations had been made by law, the President viola tod the Constitution.

6. That the search of certain telegraph offices in the IN FAVOR OF THE ELECTION OF GEORGE W. WOOD

month of May last, by several officers and agents of the Es.

ecutive, without search warrrant upon prolable cause, such WARD AS GOVERNOR OF PENNSYLVANIA ,

ported by oath or allrmation, and particularly describing

the place to be searched, and the things to be seized; and ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, October 12, 1863.

the seizure of papers and despatches in said offices was s DEAR SIR: My attention has been called to an article in violation of the constitutional "right of the p ple to be the Philadelphin Press, asserting that I had written to the secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects aven managers of a Democratic meeting at Allentown, disap wreasonable searches and seizures;" and that the Pres proving the objects of the meeting, and that if I voted ordent, in ordering such search and seizures, violated the co spoke it would be in favor of Governor Curtin, and I am stitution. informed that similar assertions have been made throughout 6. That neither Congress, nor the President, nor the fu-the State.

ciary, have any constitutional power to a bridge the freeds It has been my earnest endeavor heretoforo to avoid par- of speech or of the press; and that the suspension of LET ticipation in party politics. I had determined to adhere to l paper presses by military authority and force, and the arrat this course, but it is obvious that I cannot longer maintain of citizens by military or civil authority, for the express silence under suchi misrepresentations. I therefore request by speech, or through the press, of opinions upon politik you to deny that I have written any such letter, or enter- subjects, or subjects of any kind, is a violation of the Ctained any such views as those attributed to me in the Phil-stitution. alielphia Press, and I desire to state clearly and distinctiv, 7. That the arrest without civil process of persons met that having some days ago had a full conversation with subject to the rules and articles of war, nor in call Judge Woodward, I find that our views agree, and I regard arising in the land or naval forces or in the militia, whes his clection as Governor of Pennsylvania called for by the in actual service, by soldiers in the service of the tuited interests of the nation.

States, is a breach of the Constitution, and a violatica of I understand Judge Woodward to be in favor of the pros- the constitutional liberty of the person. ecution of the war with all the means at the command of the loyal States, until the military power of the rebellion is On motion of Mr. LOVEJOY, these resolutions destroyed. I understand him to be of the opinion that while the war is urged with all possible decision and energy,

were at once laid upon the table the House the policy directing it should be in consonance with the refusing to order the yeas and nays.


Ashley, Baily, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blame,

Francis P. Blair, Boutwell, Boyd, Broomall, William G. Third Session, Thirty-Seventh Congross.

Brown, Ambroso W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, Cobb, Cole, Creg.

wall, Honry Winter Davie, Thomas T. Davis, Dixon, Donnelly, IN SENATE.

Drigge, Dumont, Eckley, Eliot, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Grin1862, Doc. 15-Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, nell, Ilale, Iligby, llooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel'W. Hubbard, offered this resolution :

John H. Hubbard, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Francis

W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Marvin, McBride, Mo Resolved. That after it had become manifcst that an insur-Clurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Morrill, Daniel Morris, rection against the Unitnd Statag was about to break out in | Amos Myors, Leonard Myers, Norton, Orth, Patterson, Pike, Eeveral of the southern States, James Buchanan, then Pres-Pomeroy, Price, William H. Randall, Edward H. Rolling, ident, from sympathy with tho conspirators and their treas. Schonck, Scofield, Shannon, Smith, Smithers, Spalding, Starr, onable projact, failed to take necessary and proper Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Ellihu B. measures to prevent it; wherefore he should receive the Washburno, William B. Washburn, Webster, Whaley, Wile censure and condemnation of the Senate and the American liams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-84. people.

NAYS—Messrs. James C. Allen, Ancona, Augustus C. Baldo Der 16_NE SantaPY offered this amend. win, Bliss, James S. Brown, Chanler, Clay, Cor, Cravens,

Dawson, Denison, Ellen, Ellridge, English, Finck, Ganson, ment:

Grider, Harding, Harrington, Herrick, Holman, Hutchins, Rcanloed further, That a copy of the foregoing resolution Philip Johnson, William Johnson, Kernan, Law, Luzeur, De served upon the said James Buchanan, and that he be | Le Blond, Long, Mallory, Marcy, McAllister, McDowell, Mc Doticed that he has liberty to defend himself before the

Kinney, Middleton, William H. Miller, James R. Morris, Scoate against the charges in said resolution contained, if |

Morrison, Nel. on, Odol, Pendleton, Pruyn, Samuel J. Ranhe shall choose so to do.

dall, Robinson, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, John

B. Steele, William G. Steele, Strouse, Sweat, Voorhees, Ward, Same day –The resolution and proposed Chillon A. White, Joseph W. White, Winfield, Fernando amendment were laid upon the table-yeas 38, | Wood—58. nays 3, as follows:

Mr. SCHENCK then offered this resolution : YEA3-Messrs. Anthony, Arnold, Browning, Carlile, Clark, Resolved, That BENJAMIN G. HARRIS, a Representative Chilamer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Field, Foot, from the fifth district of the State of Maryland, having Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harding, Harlan, Harris, Henderson, I spoken words this day in debate, manifestly tending and Karnay, King, Lane of Indiana, Lano of Kansas, Latham, designed to encourage the existing rebellion and the eno Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Powell, Rice, Saulsbury, Sher-mies of this Union, is declared to be an unworthy member man, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Willey, Wilson of Mass of this House, and is hereby severely censured. achusetts, Wilson of Missouri, Wright-38. MartMessrs. Davis, Howe, Wilkinson–3.

A motion to table the resolution was lost

yeas 23, nays 80; two motions to adjourn were OF MESSRS. LONG AND HARRIS.

made and voted down ; and the resolution was First Session, Thirty-Eighth Congress.

then adopted-yeas 98, pays 20, as follows : IN HOUSE.

YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold,

Ashley, Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, John D. Baldwin, Bax1864, April 9–Mr. COLFAX, the Speaker, (Mr.

ter, Beaman, Blaine, F. P. Blair, Boutwell, Boyd, Broomall,

James S. Brown, Ambrose W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, ROLLINS, of New Hampshire, in the Chair,) of- Cobb, Cole, Creswell, Cose, Henry Winter Davis, Thomas T. fered this preamble and resolution :

Davis, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Eliot, Eng Whereas on the 8th of April, 1864, when the House of rington

lish, Frank, Ganson, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Hale, Har

Higby. Holman. Hotchkisa. Asabel W. Hubbard. Representatives was in Committee of the Whole on the

John H. Hubbard, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Francis state of the Union, ALEXANDER LONG, a Representative

W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Kernan, Loan, Marvin, Mc from the second district of Ohio, declared himself in favor

Allister, McBride, McClurg, McIndoe, Middleton, Samuel F. of recognizing the independence and nationality of the so

Miller, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, called confederacy now in arms against the Union; and

Nelson, Norton, Odel, Orth, Patterson, Pike, Pomeroy, whereas, the said so-called confederacy, thus sought to be

Price, William H. Randall, Edward H. Rollins, Schenck, reco znized and established on the ruins of a dissolved or

Scofield, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smithers, Spalding, Starr, destroyed Union, has as its chiet officers, civil and military,

John B. Steele, William G. Sterle, Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, those who have added perjury to their treason, and who

Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Ellihu B. Washburne, William seek to obtain success for their parricidal efforts by the

corts by the B. Washburn, Webster, Whaley, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, killing of the loyal soldiers of the nation who are seeking

| Windom, Winfield, Yeu man--98. to save it from destruction; and whereas the oath required

in requred NAYS--Messrs. James C. Allen, Ancona, Bliss, Chanler, of all members, and taken by the said ALEXANDER Loxo on

Denison, Ellen, Eldridge, Law, Le Blond, Long, Wm. H. Milthe first day of the present Congresg, declares “that I have er Morrison' Pendleton Pe Sam Randall Rose voluntarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, or encour Strouse. Voorhees, Chilton A. White, Fernando Wood-20. egement to persons engaged in armed hostility to the United States," thereby declaring that such conduct is re The question recurring upon the resolution paried as inconsistent with membership in the Congress of

offered by Mr. Colfaxthe United States: Therefore,

Resolred, That ALEXANDER' LONG, a Representative from April 14- Mr. BROOMALL offered this amend. the second district of Ohio, having, on the 8th of April, ment, as a substitute, which Mr. COLFAX 20156, declared himself in favor of recognizing the independunce and nationality of the so-called confederacy now in

cepted : ains against the Union, and thereby "given aid, counte Whereas ALEXANDER Loxo, a Representative from the fance, and encouragement to persons engaged in armed second district of Ohio, by his open declarations in the når bostility to the United States," is hereby expelled.

tional Capitol and publications in the city of New York, hag Pending which, April 9, Mr. WASHBURNE, of

shown himself to be in favor of a recognition of the so-called

confederacy now trying to establish itself upon the ruins of Illinois, offered this resolution :

our country, thereby giving aid and comfort to the enemy Whereas Hon. BENJAMIN G. HARRIS, a member of ti

in that destructive purpose aid to avowed traitors in cre House of Representatives of the United States from the ating an megil government will

ating an illegal government within our borders-comfort to State of Maryland has on this day used the following lan

them by assurances of their success, and affirmations of the guage, to wit: -The South asked you to let them go in

justico of their cause; and whereas such conduct is at the peace. But, no; you said you would bring them into sub

same time evidence of disloyalty and inconsistent with his jection. That is not done yet, and God Almighty grant that

oath of office and his duty as a member of this body: There it never made. I hope that you will never subjugate the

fore, Booth." And whereas such language is treasonable, and is

Resolved. That the said ALEXANDER LONG, a Representar gross disrespect of this House: Therefore,

tive from the second district of Ohio, be, and he is hereby, Be it resolved, That the said BENJAMIN G. HARRIS bo ex

declared to be an unworthy member of the House of Repre pelled from this House.


Resolved, That the Speaker shall read these resolutione Which was rejected-yeas 84, nays 58, (two to the said ALEXANDER Long during the session of the thirds being required :)

House. Yus-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold, ! Mr. Cox moved to lay the preamble and resolution on the table; which was disagreed to- Randall, William H. Randall, Robinson, Rogers, James & i

Rollins, Ross, Scott, Smith, Stebbins, John B. Steele, Williams yeas 70, nays 80. A division of the question ou

1 G. Steele, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Voorhees, Ward, Webster, was called, when

Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Winful The first resolution was agreed to-yoas 80, Fernando Wood, Yeaman-11.

NAY-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold, Days 70, as follows:

Ashley, John D. Baldwia, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, But ! YEAS-Messrs. Alley. Allison, Ames. Anderson, Arnold,

well, Boyd, A.W.Clark, Cobb, Cole, Creswell, Dawes, Den Ashley, Baily, John Þ. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine,

ing, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Farnsworth, Frank, Garfield, Boutwell, Boyd, Broomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Cobb, Cole,

Gooch, Grinnell, Higby, Hooper, Hotchkiss, J.H. Hubbard, Creswell, Dawes, Deming, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Farneworth, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Higby, Hooper,

lando Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McBride, McClurg, Hotchkiss, John H. Hubbard, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson,

McIndoe, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amog Myers, Norton, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Long

Charles O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pomeroy, year, Marvin, McBride, McClurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller,

Price, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Schenck, Shannon, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Nor

Sloan, Smitbers, Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Upson, Vau Tal ton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pome

kenburg, Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburs, roy, Price, William H. Randall, Alexander H. Rice, John

| Wilder, W son, Windom, Woodbridge-70. H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Schenck, Shannon, Sloan,

The preamble was then agreed to-reas 78, Sinith, Sinithers, Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas, Upson, Van Valkenburg, Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Wash nays 63, as follows: burn, Webster, Whaley, Wilder, Wilson, Wiodom, Wood

YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold, bridge--80.

Ashley, Baily, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beamani, Blaine, NATE-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona,

Boutwell, Boyd, Brvomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Cobb, Cole, ! Augustus C. Baldwin, Francis P. Blair, Bliss, James S.

Creswell, Dawes, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Frank, Gartiala William G. Brown, Chanler, Clay, cu roth, Cox, Gooch, Grinnell, Iligby, Hooper, Hotchkiss, John H. Hub Crarens, Dawson, Denison, Eden, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson,

bard, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Francis W. Kelloca Grider, Hall, Harding, Harrington, B.G. Harris, Herrick,

Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Longvear, Marvin, McBride, Mo Hilmar, Hutchins, P. Johnson, Wm. Johnson, Kalbfleisch,

Clurg, McIndoe, Sanuel F. Miller, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Kernun, King, Knapp, Law, Lazear, Mallory, Marcy, Mc

ory, arcy, DC Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Orth. Dowell, McKinney, William H. Miller, James R. Morris,

Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, William H. Rin Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, John O'Neill, Pendleton,

veurt, dall, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Perry, Pruyn, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Robinson,

Schenck, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smithers, Starr, Stevens Rogers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, Stebbins, John B.

Thayer, Thomas, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Ellihu B. Wash Stest. William G. Stecle, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Voorhees, burne. William B. Washburn, Webster, Whaley, Wilder, Ward, Wheeler, Chilton, A. White, Joseph W. White, Win

Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-78. field, Fernando Wood, Peaman–70.

NAYS-Messrs. James C. Alen, William J. Allen, Ancord, The second resolution was laid on the table- Augustus C. Buldwin, Bliss, James S. Brown, William G.

Brown, Chanler, Clay, Coffroth, Cox, Darson, Dension, yeas 71, nays 70, as follows:

Eden, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Hall, Harding, YEAS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona, Benjamin G. Farris, Herrick, Holman, Hutchins, Fukas Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, Bliss, James S. Brown, Wm.G. Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, Knupp, Law, Lazear, Marce, Brown, Chanler, Clay, Coffroth, Cox, Dawson, Denison, McDowell, McKinney, William H. Miller, James R. Morris, Elen, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Hall, Harding, Har- Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, Jolin Nall, Pendleon rington, Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Holman, Hutchins, Perry, ruyn, Radford, Samuel J. Randalí, Robin William Jolinson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, King, Knapp, Law, Rodgers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, Stebbins, Jaha B. Lazear, Mallory, Marcy, YcDowell, McKinney, William H. Steek, William G. Steele, Strous,' Stuart, Foorhees, Vard Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Winfiel John O'Neill, Pendleton, Perry, Pruyn, Radford, Samuel J. Fernando Wood, Yeaman-63.


therefore, had been found usefal among them, camo well

recommended by experience to us. Drawbacks stand as an body of men have always been disaffected to

example in this point of view to us. If the thing was right the Union. They resisted the adoption of the in itself, there could be no just argument drawn against the National Constitution, then sought to refine use of a thing from the abuse of it. It would be the duty

of Government to guard against abuses, by prudent appointe swas the rights and powers of the General

ments and watchful attention to officers. That as to changGovernment, and by artful expedients, in a se ing the kind of rum, I thought the collection bill would ries of years, using the excitements growing provide for this, by limiting the exportation to the original

casks and packages. I said a great deal more, but really out of passing questions, finally perverted the

did not feel much interest either way. But the debates sentiments of large masses of men, and pre were very lengthy. pared them for revolution.

Butler famed away, and THREATENED A DISSOLUTION OF I bad prepared an extensive collection of

THE UNION, with regard to his State, as sure as God was in

the firmament. He scattered his remarks over the whole statements and facts bearing upon this point, impost bill, calling it partial, oppressive, &c., and solely but am obliged to omit them for want of space. calculated to oppress South Carolina, and yet ever and adon The well-read in our politics can readily recur

declaring how clear of local views and how candid and dis

passionate he was. He degenerates into mere declamation to a multitude of proofs. I appeod a few con His State would live free, or die glorious. spicuous points, the first of which is less well known, being from an unpublished journal by Hon. William Maclay, United States Senator Opinions of Jackson, Benton, Clay, from Pennsylvania, from March 4, 1789, to

and others. March 3, 1791, being the First Congress under the Constitution. This journal is the property

| Referring to the modus operandi of southern

| disunionists, General Jackson's recently-dis. risburg, Pa.

covered letter to Rev. A. J. Crawford is curious

for the keenness of its perceptions, and the An early Threat of Dissolution. accuracy of its prediction :


• WASHINGTON, May 1, 1833. 1789, Jone - In relation to the tariff bill, the affair of confining the East India Trade to the citizens of America

"MY DEAR SIR: . * I have had a laborious task here. had been negatived, and a committee had been appointed to

but nullification is dead; and its actors and courtiers will report on this business. The report came in with very

only be remembered by the people to be execrated for their high duties, amounting to a prohibition. But a new pho

wicked designs to sever and destroy the only good GovernDomenon had made its appearance in the House (meaning

ment on the globe, and that prosperity and happiness we the Senate) since Friday.

enjoy over every other portion of the world. Haman's Fierce Butler, from South Carolinn, had taken his seat.

gallows ought to be the fate of all such ambitious men and flamed liko & meteor. He arraigned the whole Im

who would involve their country in civil war, and all the prost law, and then charged (indirectly) the whole Congress

evils in its train, that they might reign and ride on its with a design of oppressing South Carolina. Ho cried ont |

whirlwinds and direct the storm. The free people of these For enconraging the Danes and Swedeg, and foreigners of United States have spoken, and consigued these wicked

Benton in his Thirty Years' View, says: Igencer of November 4, 1861, makes these re

The regular inauguration of this slavery agitation dates | marks: from the year 1835; but it had commenced two years before,

However busy Mr. Pickens may have been in the caucus and in this way: nullification and disunion had commenced

after it met, the most active man in getting it up and press in 1830, upon complaint against protective tariff. That,

ing the southern members to go into it was Mr. R. B. Rbett, being put down in 1833 under President Jackson's procla

also a member from South Carolina. The occasion, or al mation and energetic measures, was immediately substitut

leged cause of this withdrawal from the House into secret ed by the slavery agitation. Mr. Calhoun, when he went

deliberation was an anti-slavery speech of Mr. Slade, of Ver home from Congress in the spring of that year, told his

mont, which Mr. Rhett violently denounced, and proposed friends that “the South could never be united against the

to the southern members to leave the louse and go into North on the tariff question that the sugar intorest of

conclave in one of the committee rooms, which they gener Louisiana would keep her out-and that the basis of southern

ally did, if not all of them. We are able to state, bom union must be shifted to the slave question.” Then all the

ever, what may not have been known to Governor Thomas, papers in his interest, and especially the one at Washing.

that at least three besides himself of those who did attend ton, published by Mr. Duff Green, dropped tariff agitation,

it went there with a purpose very different from an intet and commenced upon slavery, and in two years had the

tion to consent to any treasonable measure. These three agitation ripe for inauguration on the slavery question.

men were Henry A. Wise, Balie Peyton, and Wm. Cost Johor And in tracing this agitation to its present stage, and to

son. Neither of them opened his lips in the caucus; they comprehend its rationale, it is not to be forgotten that it is

went to observe; and we can assure Governor Thomas that if a mere continuation of old tariff disunion, and preferred

Mr. Pickens or Mr. Calhoun (whom he names) or any obe because more available.-Thirty Years in the Senate, vol. 2.

else had presented a distinct proposition looking to die Mr. CLAY, in a letter to an Alabamian in union, or revolt, or secession, he would have witnessed a 1844, (see his private correspondence, p. 490,)

scene not soon to be forgotten. The three whom we have

mentioned were as brave as they were determined. Fort said:

nately, perhaps, the man whom they went particularly to From the developments now being made in South Caro watch remained silent and passive. lina, it is perfectly manifest that a party exists in that State seeking a dissolution of the Union, and for that purpose

EARLY HOPES OF THE REBEL8.* employ the pretext of the rejection of Mr. Tyler's abomin

| Mr. LAWRENCE M. KEITT, when declaiming in able treaty. South Carolina being surrounded by slave States, would, in the event of a dissolution of the Union, Charleston in November, 1860, in favor of the Buffer only comparative evils; but it is otherwise with Ken separate secession of that State, used this lantucky. She has the boundary of the Ohio extending four handrod miles on three free States. What would our con- Budge,

W guage, as reported in the Charleston Mercury:

P dition be in the event of the greatest calamity that could But we have been threatened. Mr. Amos Kendall wrote befall this nation ?

a letter, in which he said to Col. Orr, that if the State went Hon. Nathan Appleton, of Boston, member out, three hundred thousand volunteers were ready to of Congress in 1832–3, in a letter dated Decem

march against her. I know little about Kendall-and the

less the better. He was under General Jackson; but for ber 15, 1860, said that when in Congress he him the Federal treasury seemed to have a magnetic ate “made up his mind that Messrs. Calhoun, traction. Jackson was a pure man, but he had too many Hayne, McDuffie, &c., were desirous of a sep

around him who made fortunes far transcendiog their sale

ries. Applause.) And this Amos Kendall had the same aration of the slave States into a separate con- good fortune under Van Buren. He (Kendall) threatened federacy, as more favorable to the security of us on the one side, and John Hickman on the other. Joha

Hickman said, defiantly, that if we went out of the Voion, slave property."

eighteen millions of Northern men would bring us back. About 1835, some South Carolinians at Let me tell you, there are a million of Democrats in the tempted a disunion demonstration. It is thus North, who, when the Blaol: Republicans attempt to march described by Ex-Governor Francis Thomas of

upon the South, will be found a wall of fire in the front

(Cries of " that's so!" and applause.) Maryland, in his speech in Baltimore, October 29, 1861 :

Recently-found letters in Fredericksburg, Vir

ginia, noticed editorially in Harpers' Weekly of Full twenty years ago, when occupying my seat in the House of Representatives, I was surprised one morning, May 28, 1864, show that the South calculated after the assembling of the Ilouse, to observe that all the

asses members from the slaveholding States were absent. Whilst of men atthe North. The Weekly, commentins reflecting on this strange occurrence, I was asked why I was not in attendance on the Southern caucus assembled on M. F. Maury's letters, says: in the room of the Committee on Clains. I replied that I had received no invitation.

How far Maury and his fellow-conspirators were justified I then proposed to go to the committee room, to see what

in their hopes of seducing New Jersey into the rebellion, was being dono. When I entered I found that little cock-1

may be gothered from the correspondence that took place sparrow, Governor Pickens of South Carolina, addressing!

in the spring of 1861 between Ex-Governor Price, of New the meeting, and strutting about like a rooster around a

Jersey, who was one of the representatives from that State barn-yard coop, discussing the following resolution, which

in the Peace Congress, and L. W. Burnet, Esq., of Newark. he was urging on the favorable consideration of the meet

Mr. Price, in answering the question what ought New Jer. ing:

sey to do, says: “I believe the Southern Confederativa * Resolved, That no member of Congress representing a

permanent. The proceeding has been taken with bure Southern constituency shall again take his beat until a re

thought and deliberation-it is no hurried impulse, but an solution is passed satisfactory to the South on the subject

irrevocable act, based upon the sacred, as was supposed of slavery."

'equality of the States ;' and in my opinion every slase I listened to his language, and when he had finished, I

State will in a short period of time be found united in De obtained the floor, asking to be permitted to take part in

confederacy. * * Before that event happens we cannot the discussion. I determined at once to kill the treasona

act, however much we may suffer in our material interests ble plot hatched by John C. Calhoun, the Cataline of Amer

It is in that contingency, then, that I answer the sec od ica, by asking questions. I said to Mr. Pickens, “What

part of your questionwhat position for New Jersey will next do you propose we shall do? Are we to tell the peo

best accord with her interests, honor, and the patriotic inple that Republicanism is a failure? If you are for that I

stincts of her people?' I say emphatically she 4d go am not. I came here to sustain and uphold American in

with the South from every wise, prudential, and patie stitutions; to defend the rights of the North as well as the

reason." Ex Governor Price proceeds to say that he is COD South; to secure harmony and good fellowship between all

fident the States of Pennsylvaniat and New York will Sections of our common country." They dared not answer

"choose also to cast thuir lut with the Sonth," and after these questions. The southeru temper had not then been

them the western and northwesteru States. gotten up. As my questions were not answered, I moved an adjournment of the caucus sine die. Mr. Craig, of Vir

* See page 20. ginia, seconded the motion, and the company was broken up. We returned to the House, and Mr. Ingersoll, of Penn- !

+ January 16, 1861-A meeting of Democrats was held in sylvania, a glorious patriot then as now, introduced a reson

National Hall, Philadelphia, Charles Macalester prestuing lution which temporarily calmed the excitement.

at which Robert P. Kan offered this, among other rule

tions which were put to the meeting, and declared adopted, Respecting this event, the National Intelli- and which, read in the light of this revelation, appear to


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