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the common defence and to carry on the government of the between $5,000 and $10,000, twelve and a half per cent.; C bleuerate States, which has passed both branches of Con- over $10,000, fifteen per cent., subject to the following de gress. It is substantially the bill proposed by the commit- ductions: On incomes derived from rents of real estate, tee on conference :

manufacturing, and mining establishments, &c., a sum suffi1. The first section imposes a tax of eight per cent, apon cient for necessary annnal repairs; on incomes from any the value of all naval stores, salt, wines and spirituous mining or manufacturing business, the rent, (if rented,) cost Liquors, tobacco, manufactured or unmanufactured, cotton, of labor actually hired, and raw material; on incomes from vool, flour, sugar, molasses, syrup, rice, and other agricul. navigating enterprizes, the hire of the vessel, r allowance tural products, held or owned on the lst day of July next, for wear and tear of the same, not exceeding ten per cent.; aud not necessary for family consumption for the unex- on incomes derived from the sale of merchandise or any pired portion of the year 1863, and of the growth or pro- otirer property, the prime cost, cost of transportation, sala. duction of any year preceding the year 1863; and a tax or ries of clerks, and rent of buildings; on incomes from any oue per cent. upon all moneys, bank notes or other curren- other occupation, the salaries of clerks, rent, cost of labor, cy on hand or on deposit on the 1st day of July next, and on material, &c.; and in case of mutual insurance companies, the value of all credits on which the interest has not been the amount of losses paid by thein during the year. Ina paid. ad not employed in a business, the income derived comes derived from other sources are subject to no deductr wbich is taxed under the provisions of this act: Pro tions whatever. rided, That all moneys owned, hold or deposited beyond All joint stock companies and corporations shall pay one the limits of the Confederate States shall be valued at the tenth of the dividend and reserved fund annually. If the current rale or exchange in Confederate treasury noies. The annual earnings shall give a profit of more than ten and tax to be assessed on the 1st day of July and collected on less than twenty per cent. on capital stock, one eighth to the 1st day of October next, or as soon thereafter as may bo be paid; if more than twenty per cent, one sixth. The tax precticile.

to be collected on the 1st of January next, and of each year 2. Every person engaged, or intending to engage in any thereafter. business namell in the fifth section, shall, within sixty days 9. Relates to estimates and deductions, in vestigations, after the passage of the act, or at the time of beginning referees, &c. business, and on the 1st of January in each year thereafter, 10. A tax of ten per cent. on all profits in 1862 by tho register with the district collector a true account of the purchase and sale of flour, corn, bacon, pork, oats, hay, rice,

le and residence of each person, firm, or corporation en- salt, iron or the manufactures of iron, sugar, molasses made 3-4 or interested in the business, with a statement of the of cane, butter, woolen cloths, shoes, boots, blankets, and time for which, and the place and manner in which tho cotton cloths. Does not apply to regular retail busisue is to be conducted, &c. At the time of the registry ness. there shall be paid the specific tax for the year ending on 11. Each farmer, after reserving for his own use fifty the next 31st of December, and such other tax as may be bushels sweet and fifty bushels Irish potatoes, one hundred due upon sales or receipts in such Lusiness.

| bushels corn or fifty bushels wheat produced this year, shall 3. Any person failing to make such registry and pay such pay and deliver to the Confederate Government one tenth tax, shall, in addition to all other taxes upon his business of the grain, potatoes, forage, sugar, molasses, cotton, wool, Itup sed by the act, pay double the amount of the specific and tobacco produced. Afterreserving twenty bushels peas tax on such business, and a like sum for every thirty days or beans he shall deliver one tenth thereof. of such failure.

12. Every farmer, planter, or grazier, one tenth of the 1. Requires a separate registry and tax for each business hogs slau:htered by him, in cured bacon, at the rate of sixty mention d in the fifth section, and for each place of con- pounds of bacon to one hundred pounds of pork; one per di ting the sume; but no tnx for mere storage of goods at cent. upon the value of all neat cattle, horses, mules, not a place other than the registered place of business. A new used in cultivation, and asses, to be paid by the owners of Irgiatry ríquired upon overy change in the place of con- the same; beeves sold to be taxed as income. during a registered business, upon the death of any person 13. Gives in detail the duties of post quartermasters under conducting the sume, or upon the transfer of the business to the act. another, but no additional tax.

| 14. Relates to the duties of assensors and collectors. 5. Imposing the following taxes for the year ending 31st 15. Makes trustees, guardinns, &c., responsible for taxes of December. 1803, and for each year thereafter :

due from estates, &c., under their control. Bankors shall pay $500.

16. Exempts the income and moneys of hospitals, asy. Auctioneers, retiul dealers, tobacconists, pedlers, cattle lums, churches, schools, and colleges from taxation under brkets, acothecaries, photographers, and coufectioners, the act.

3. and two and a half per centum on the gross amount of 17. Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to make sales male.

all rules and regulations necessary to the operation of the Wholesale dealers in lignors, $200, and five per centum on act.

94 aniuunt of sales. Retail dealers in liquors, $100, and 18. Provides that the act shall be in force for two years ten per cent on gross amount of sales.

from the expiration of the present year, unless sooner reWholesale lealers in groceries, gooils, wires, merchan penled; that the tax on naval stores, flour, wool, cotton, dine, &c., 3200, and two and a huult per centum.

tobacco, and other agricultural products of the growth of Pawnbrokers, money and exchange brokers, $:00.

any your preceding 1863, imposed in the first section, shall Distillers, 5200, and twenty per centum. Brewers, $100, be levied and collected only for the present year. and two and a half per centum.

llotels, iuns, tiverns, and eating-honses, first class, $500; The tax act of February 17, 1864, levies, in SOCnd lass, 500; third class, $200; fourth class, $100; fifth addition to the above rates, the following, as class, $o. Erery house where food or refreshments are

stated in the Richmond Sentinel of February, gold, and every boariling honse whero there shall be six buurders or unore, shall be deemed an oating house under

1864 : this act.

Sec. 1. Upon the valne of real, personal, and mixed propCommercial brokers or commission merchants, $200, and

erty, of every kind and description, except the exemptions to and a half per contum.

hereafter to be nimel, five per cent.; the tax levied on Thentres, S00, and five per centum on all receipts. Each

property employed in agriculture to be credited by the circ14, $100, and $10 for each exhibitiou. Jugglers and other persons exhibiting shows, $30.

value of property in kind.* Bowling alleys and billiard rooins, $40 for each alley or ta! le registered

* This is the section in full: Livery stable keepers, lawyers, physicians, surgeons, and Thint on the 1st day of January, 1863, there shall be levied dentists, 350.

and assessed on each person residiúg in the Confederato Butchers and bakery, $50, and one per centum.

Stutes, for the support of the Government and the defence 6. Every person registeraanil taxed is required to make of the conntry, the following tax, to wit: One fifth the value returis of the gross amonnt of siles from the passage of of all the wheat, corn, rice, rye, onts, potatoes, hemp, flax, the act to the 30th Jone, and every three nionths there-pear, beans, barley, hay, wool, rosin, tar, pitch, turpentine, after.

cottoli, sigur, mokisses, and tobacco produced by him in 1. A tax npon all salaries, except of persons in the mili. those States during the previous calendar year; also, one tarr or war:) verrice, of one per cent. When not exceeding fifth of the valne of the increase for the preceding calendar $1,500, and two per cent. upon an excexy over that rumount:year of the horses, asses, cattle, sheep, and swine: and also, Fruruled, Tluit iro tatxos shall be imposed by virtne of this one fifth of tho profits made in the preceding calendar year it on the salary of any person receiving it sulary not exc of the feeding of swine, sheep, cattle, or mulos; also, one Gerling $1.000 per annum, or at ulike rate for another period fifth of each person's yearly income for the preceding cal. of time, lunger or shorter.

endar year, from all sources whatsoever, except from the 8. Provides tunt the tax on annual incomes, between $500 sources hereinafter described, and except from the interst 01 $1.500, shall be five per cent.; between $1,500 and on Confederate bonds, certificates, or treasury notes; Prom 3.0., five per cent. on the first $1.500 and ten per cent. vided, That said titx 80 levied and assessel Bhall le due and ou tea excess; between $3,000 and $8,000), ten per cout; payable on the 1st day of April, 1863. Provided further

On gold and silver ware, plate, jewels, and watches, ten the provisions of the “ Act to lay taxes for the common per cent.

defense and carry on the Governinent of the Confederate The tax to be levied on the value of property in 1860, ex- States," approved April 24, 1863, and the act amendatory cept in the case of land, slaves, cotton, and tobacco, pur | thereof, approved February 17, 1864, sball, in addition to chased since January 1st, 1862, upon which the tax shall be the ono tenth required by suid acts to be paid as a tax in leviod on the price paid.

kind, deliver to the Confederate Government, of the prom SEC. 2. A tax of five per cont on the value of all shares in ducts of the present year and of tho year 1805, one other joint stock companies of any kind, whether incorporated or tenth of the several products taxed in kind by the acts aot. The shares to be valued at their market value at the aforesaid, which additional one tanth shall be ascertained time of assessment.

assessed and collected, in all respects, as is provided by law Sec. 3. Upon the market value of gold and silver coin or for the said tax in kind, and shall be prid for, on delivery, bullion, five per cent.; also the same upon moneys held by tho Post Quartermasters in the several districts at the abroad, or all bills of exchange drawn therefor.

assessed value thereof, except that paynient for cotton and A tax of five per cent. on all solvent credite, and on all tobacco shall bo made by the agonts of the Treasury Da bank bills and papers used as currency, except non-interest partment appointed to receivo the same. bearing Confederate Treasury notes, and not employed in a SEO. 2. The supplies necessary to the support of the pro registered business taxed twenty-five per cent.

ducer and his family, and to carry on his ordinary business, Sec. 4. Profits in trade and business taxed as follows: shall be exempt d from the contribution required by the

On the purchase and sale of agricultural products and preceding section, and from the additional inpressinents mercantile wares generally, from January 1, 1863, to Jan authorized by the act: Provided, however, Tbut nothing tuary 1, 1865, ten per cent in addition to the tax under the heroin contained shall be construed to repeal or afect the act of April 24, 1863.

provisions of an act entitled "An act to authorize the im. The same on the purchase and sale of coin, exchange, pressment of meat for the use of the army, under certain stocks, notes, and credits of any kind, and any property not circumstances," approved Feb. 17, 1864, and if the amount included in the foregoing.

of any article or product so necessary cannot be agreed On the amount of profits exceeding twenty-five per cent. upon between the assessor and the producer, it shall be as. of any bank, banking company, or joint stock company of certained and determined by disinterested frecbolders of any description, incorporated or not, twenty-five per cent. the vicinage, as is provided in cases of disagreement as c on such excess.

the estimates and assessments of tax in kind. If requires SEC. 5. The following are exempted from taxation: by the assessor, such freeholder shall ascertain whether :

Five hundred dollars' worth of property for each head of producer, who is found unable to furnish the additioual op a family, and a hundred dollars additional for each minor tenth of any one product, cannot supply the debciency by child; and for each son in the army or navy, or who has the delivery of an equivalent in other products, and upor fallen in the service, and a member of the family when he what terms such commutation shall be made Any con enlisted, the further sum of $500.

mutation thus awarded shall be enforced and collected, in One thousand dollars of the property of the widow or mi- all respects, as is provided for any other contribution to nor children of any officer, soldier, sailor, or marine, who quired by this act. bas died in the service.

SEC. 3. The Secretary of War may, at his discretion, de A like amount of property of any officer, soldier, sailor, cline to assCSS, or, alter assessment, may decline to collect or marine, engaged in the service, or who has been disabled the whole or any part of the additional one tenth herein therein, provided said property, exclusive of furniture, does provided for, in any district or locality ; and it shall be his not exceed in value $1.000.

duty promptly to give notice of any such determination, When property has been injured or destroyed by the

specifying, with reasonable certainty, the district or locality enemy, or the owner unable temporarily to 1180 or occupy and the product, or the proportion thereof, as to which ha it by reason of the presenco or proximity of the enemy, the so declines. Basessment may be reduced in proportion to the damage SEC. 4. The products received for the contribution herein sustained by the owner, and the tax in the same ratio by

required, shall be disposed of and accounted Crin the sanno the district collector.

mander as those received for the tax in kind; and the Secre SEC. 6. The taxes on property for 1864 to ba assessed as on tary of War may, whenever tbe exigencies of the publie

the passage of this act, and collected the let of service will allow, authorize the sale of products received June next, with ninety days extension west of the Missis. I from either source, to public officers or asents charged 10 Bindi. The additional tax on incomes or profits for 1863, to lany Stato with the duty of providing for the families of Bolo be paid forth with; the tax on incomes, &c., for 1864, to be diers. Such sale shall be at the prices paid or assessed for collected according to the acts of 1863.

the products sold, including the actual cost of collecSec. 7. Exempts from tax on income for 1864, all property tions. herein taxed ad valorem. The tax on Confederate bonds in Sec. 5. If, in addition to the tax in kind and the contrino case to exceed tho interest payable on the same; and bution herein required, the necessities of the army or the said bunds exenipt from tax when held by minors or luna good of the service shall require other supplies of food or tics, if the interest do not exceed one thousand dollars.

forage, or any other private property, and the same can

not bo procured by contract, then innpressmenta may be THE TAX LAW.

made of such supplies or other property, either for absolnte We learn that, according to the construction of the re

ownership or for temporary Use, as the public nocessities cent tax law in the Treasury Department, tax payers will

may require. Such impressments shall he ruade in accord be required to state the articles and objects subjected to a

ance with the provisions, and subject to the restrictions of specific or ad valorem tax, held, owned, or possessed by

the existing impressment laws, except so far as is bereid them on the 17th day of February, 1864, the date of the

otherwise provided.

SEC. 6. The right and the duty of making impressments act. The daily wages of detailed soldiers and other employés

is hereby confided exclusively to the officers and agents

charged in tho several districts with the assessment and colof the Government are not liable to taxation as income, although they may amount, in the aggregate, to Mo sum

lection of the tax in kind and of the contribution herein

required; and all officers and soldiers in any department of of $1,000 per annum.

the army are hereby expressly prohibited from underta. A tax additional to both the above was im.

ing in any manner to interfere with the officers and

agents in any part of their duties in respect to the tar in posed as follows, June 1, 1864:

kind, the contribution, or the impressmeut herein provided

for: Providel, That this prohibition shall not be aplicable A bill to provide applied for the army, and to prescribe

to any district, county, or parish in which there shall be no the mode of making impressments.*

officer or agent charged with the appointment and collesSec. 1. The Congress of the Confederate States of America |

congress of the confederate states of America | tion of the tax in kind. do enact, Every person required to pay a tax in kind, under | Sec. 7. Supplies or other property taken by imprecedent

shall be paid for hy the post quartermasters in the several That foreigners resident within the Confederate States shall

districts, and shall be disposed of and accounted for by tben not be required to pay, except from the aforesaid articles

as is required in respect to the tax in kind and the contriproduced by or for them, or from income or profits derived

bution herein required : and it shall be the duty of the post from business conducted by them within those States; nor

quartermasters to equalize and apportion the imrressments shall any tax be levied upon the produce of residents where

within their districts, as far as practicable, so as to avoid op the total value of such products during said years is leng

pressing any portion of the community. than $500: nor shall any tax be levied on the income of residents where the total value of such income is less than the Confederate States have the constitutional power to $500.

authorize, by statute, the accnmulation of supplies for fo• The Georgia Supreme Court has made an important de ture use of the army by impressment, where holders refuse cision in the case of impressment of sugar in the hands of to sell at fair prices: Provided, 'Just compensation' be . merchant. One of the points was that "the Cangress of made or tendered to the owner."

08. If any one not authorized by law to collect the tion or disregard of the provisions of this act by any oficer tar in la Lind or the contribution berein required, or to make or soldier in the service of the Confedorate States.

der impresienta, sball undertake, on any pretence of such Sec. 9. That it shall not be lawful to impress any sheep, authority to

otvority, to size or impress, or to collect or receive any milch cows, brood mares, stud horses, jacks, bulls, or other euca property, or sball, on any such pretenca, aotually ob stock kept or necessary for raising horses, mules, or cattle. sach property, he shall, upon conviction thereof, be

The following is the vote by which the bill pouished by fine not exceeding five times the value of such property, and be imprisoned pot exceeding five years, at passed the Senate:

iscretion of tbe court having jurisdiction. And it Yxas Messrs. Caperton, Graham, Haynes, Jemison, Jobahall be the duty of all officers and agents charged with son (Ark.), Johnson (Mo.), Mitchel, Orr, Walker, WatsonWIB Issessment and collection of the tas in kind and of the entribution herein required, promptiy to report, through NAY_Messrs. Baker, Burnett, Henry, Hunter, Maxwell, The post quartermasters in the several districts, any viola | Sommes, Sparrow-7.



and hence you may come to the conclusion that you have

nothing to (lo with the idea of going to a foreign country. gust, 1862.

This is (I speak in no unkind sense) an extremely selfish 1862, August 14–The President received a view of the case. But you ought to do something to help deputation of colored persons relative to emi

| those who are not so fortunate as yourselves. There is an

unwillingness on the part of our people, harsh as it may be gration. The interview is thus reported :

for you free colored people to remain with us. Now if you WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, August 14, 1862. could give a start to the white people you would open a This afternoon the President of the United States gave an wide door for many to be made free. If we deal with the use audience to a committee of colored men at tho White House. who are not free at the beginning, and whose intellects are They were introduced by Rev. J. Mitchell, Commissioner of clouded by slavery, we have very poor material to start Emigration. E. M. Thomas, the chairman, reinarked that with. If intelligent colored men, such as are before me, they were there by invitation to hear what the Executive would move in this matter, much might be accomplish d. had to say to them.

It is exceedingly important that we have men at the begin Having all been seated, the President, after a few pre ning capable of thinking as white men, and not those wbo liminary observations, informed them that a sum of money have been systematically oppressed. There is much to eth had been appropriated by Congress, and placed at his dispo courage you. For the sake of your race you should sacrince sition, for the purpose of aiding the colonization in some something of your present comfort for the purpose of being country of the people, or a portion of them, of African des- as grand in that respect as the white people. It is a cheer cent, thereby making it his duty, as it had for a long time ing thought throughout life, that something can be done to been his inclination, to favor that cause; and why, he asked, ameliorate the condition of those who have been subject to should the people of your race be colonized, and where the bard usages of the world. It is difficult to make a inan Why should they leave this country? This is, perhaps, the miserable while he feels he is worthy of himself and claims first question for proper consideration. You and we are kindred to the great God who made him. In the American different races. We have between us a broader difference Revolutionary war sacrifices were made by men engast in than exists between almost any other two races. Whether it, but they were cheered by the future. General Wabing it is right or wrong I need not discuss; but this physical ton himself endured greater physical hardships than if be difference is a great disadvantage to us both, as I think. had remained a British subject, yet he was a happy Your race suffer very greatly, many of them by living because he was engaged in benefiting his race, in ding among us, while ours suffer from your presence. In a word something for the children of his neighbors, having more we suffer on each side. If this is admitted, it affords a reason, at least, why we should be separated. You here are | The colony of Liberia has been in existence a long time freemen, I suppose.

In a certain sense it is a success. The old President of LA VOICE-Yes, sir.

beria, Roberts, has just been with me the first time I ever The PRESIDENT-Perhaps you have long been free, or all saw him. He says they have within the bounds of that your lives. Your race are suffering, in my judgment, the colony between three und four hundred thousand peipla greatest wrong inflicted on any people. But even when or more than in some of our old States, such as Rhode you cense to be slaves, you are yet far removed from being Island or Delaware, or in some of our newer States, and les placed on an equality with the white race. You are cut oth than in some of our larger ones. They are not all Anderfrom many of the advantages which the other race enjoys.ican colonists or their descendants. Something less than The aspiration of men is to enjoy equality with the best 12,000 have been sent thither from this country. Many of when free, but on this broad continent not a single man of the original settlers have died, yet, like people elsewhere your race is made the equal of a single man of ours. Go l their offspring outnumber those doceased. The question is, where you are treated the best, and the ban is still upon if the colored people are persuaded to go anywhere, why you. I do not propose to discuss this, but to present it as a not there? One reason for unwillingness to do so is, that fact, with which we have to deal. I cannot alter it if I some of you would rather remain within reach of the COD would. It is a fact about which we all think and feel alike. I try of your nativity. I do not know how much attachment I and you. We look to our condition. Owing to the exist. you may have toward our race. It does not strike me that ence of the two races on this continent, I need not recount you have the greatest reason to love them. But still you to you the effects upon white men, growing out of the insti- aro attached to thein at all events. The place I am think tution of slavery. I believe in its general evil effects on the | ing about having for a colony is in Central America. It is white race. See our present condition--the country en- | nearer to us than Liberia-not much more than one fourth gaged in war! our white men cutting one another's throats | ny far as Liberia, and within seven days' run by steamers

uone knowing how far it will extend-and then consider | Unlike Liberia, it is a great line of travel-it is a highwal what we know to be the truth. But for your race among | The country is a very excellent one for any people, and with us there could not be war, although many men engaged on gront natural resources and advantages, and especially be either side do not care for you one way or the other. Never cause of the similarity of climate with your native soil, theless, I repeat, without the institution of slavery, and tho | thus being suited to your physical condition. The partico Oolored race as a basis, the war could not have an existence. I lar place I have in view is to be a great highway from the It is better for us both, therefore, to be separated. I know I Atlantic or Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean, and thie that thero are free rnen among you who, even if they could I particular placo has all the advantages for a colony. Om better their condition, are not as much inclined to go out both sides there are harbors among

both sides there are harbors among the finest in the world of the country as those who, being slaves, could obtain their | Again, there is evidence of very rich coal mines. A certua freedomi on this condition. I suppose one of the principal amount of coal is valuable in any country. Why I attach so difficulties in the way of colonization is that the free col much importance to coal is, it will afford an opportunity to ored mmn cannot see that his comfort would be advanced the inhabitants for iramediato employment till they çes by it. You may believe that you can live in Washington. I ready to settle permanently in their homes. If you tako or elsewhere in the United States, the remainder of your colonists where there is no good landing, there so lile; perhaps more so than you can in any foreign country, show; and so where there is nothing to cultivate, and a

you can live

Hle; perbune in the United

which to make a farm. But if something is started so that | assigned him to the command of the Sevenfuo can get your daily bread as soon as you reach there, it

teenth Army Corps. in a great advantage. Coal land is the best thing I know of with which to commence an enterprise. To return-you

IN SENATE. bare betin talked to upon this subject, and told that a specDlation is intended by gentlemen who have an interest in June 15—The Judiciary Committee reported the country, including the coal mines. We have been mis

this resolution: taken all our lives if we do not know whites, as well as blocks, look to their self-interest. Unless among those de Resolved, That an officer of the United States whose res ficient of intellect, everybody you trade with makes some ignation has been duly accepted and taken effect, or who, thing. You meet with these things here and everywhere. having been elected a member of either Ilouse of Congress, Il such persons have what will be an advantage to them, qualifies and enters on the discharge of the duties of a the question is, whether it cannot be made of advantage to member, is thereby, in either case, out of the office previ. yon? You are intelligent and know that success does not ously held, and cannot be restored to it without a new ap3. much dependon external help as on self-reliance. Much, 1 pointment, in the manner prescribed by the Constitution. therefore, depends upon yourselves. As to the coal mines, I think I see the means available for your self-reliance. I

o June 30—This resolution passed withor shall, if I get a sufficient number of you engaged, have pro- division. vision made that you shall not be wronged. If you will

IN HOUSE. engage in the enterprise, I will spend some of the money iurrusted to me. I am not sure you will succeed. The Goy June 13—The Committee on Elections mad ernment may lose the money, but we cannot succeed unless

& report, and submitted these resolutions: . Fetry: but we think with care we can succeed. The politIcal affairs in Central America are not in quite as satisfac- Resolved, That ROBERT C. SCHENCK, having resigned the try condition as I wish. There are contending factions in office of Major General of Volunteers which he then held that quarter; but it is true, all the factions are agreed alike on the 13th day of November, 1863, which resignation was on the subject of colonization, and want it, and are more accepted November 21, 1863, to take effect December 5, generous than we are here. To your colored race they have

| 1863, was not, by reason of having held such office, disqualiDo objection. Besides, I would endeavor to have you made fied from holding a seat as a Representative in the ThirtyEnals, and have the best assurance that you should be the Eighth Congress, whose first session commenced on the 7th equals of the best. The practical thing I want to ascertain | day of December, 1863. is, whether I can get a number of a e -bodied men, with Resolved, That FRANCIS P. BLAIR, Jr., by continuing to their wives and children, whomare willing to go, when I pre- hold the office of Major General of Volunteers to which he sent evidence of encouragement and protection. Could I was appointed November 29, 1862, and to discharge the duget a hundred tolerably intelligent men, with their wivesties thereof till January 1, 1861, the date of his resignation, and childr D, and able to “cut their own fodder," so to did thereby decline and disqualify himself to hold the office speak? Can I have futy? If I could find twenty-five able- of Representative in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, the first Linijed men, with a mixture of women and children-good session of which commenced on the first Monday in Decemthings in the family relation, I think I could make a suc- ber, 1863. cetul commencement. I want you to let me know whether

1 June 29 —They were adopted without a di- • this can be done or not. This is the practical part of my wish to see you. These are subjects of very great import

vision. ahce--worthy of a month's study, of a speech delivered in an bour. I ask you, then, to consider seriously, not pertaining to yourselves merely, por for your race and ours for Repeal of the Fishing Bounties. the present time, but as one of the things, if successfully managed, for the good of mankind- not confined to the

First Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. present generation, but as

Pending the consideration of a tax bill in the * From age to age descends the lay

To millions yet to be,
Till far its echoes roll away

July 29, 1861, Mr. SAULSBURY moved to add
Into eternity."

this section : The above is merely given as the substance of the Presi- That from and after the 6th day of October, 1861, all acts dent's remarks.

and parts of acts granting allowances or bounties on the The chairman of the delegation briefly replied, that

tonnage of vessels employed in the bank or other cod fishthey would hold a consultation, and in a short time give

eries, be, and the same are hereby, repealed. an answer.” The President said, “Take your full time-no hurry at all.”

Which was rejected - yeas 15, nays 19, as The delegation then withdrew.

follows: It was proposed to settle these persons on a Yeas - Messrs. Browning, Carlile, Chandler, Doolittle, tract of country in New Grenada, but that Gov-Grimes, Harlan, Johnson of Missouri, Polk,' Powell, Rice,

Saulstury, Sherman, Trumbull, Wilkinson, Willey-15. ernment objected, and no further attempt has

Nays-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Collamer, Dixon, Fessenbeen made in that direction. (For further par-den, Foot, Foster, Ilarris, King, Lane of Indiana, Lane of ticulars see page 212.)

Kansas, McDougall, Morrill, Pomeroy, Simmons, Sumner,
Ten Eyck, Wade, Wilson-19.

Third Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. Incompatibility of Civil and Military


1863, Feb. 2–Pending the legislative bill, ROBERT C. SCHENCK and FRANCIS P. BLAIR,

Mr. POWELL offered this new section : Jr., were elected in the fall of 1862 members of

That all laws or parts of laws allowing or giving bounties the Thirty-Eighth Congress, the first named on the tonnage of vessels engaged in the cod or other bank then being a Major General. The latter was fisheries, be, and the same are hereby, repealed. commissioned a Brigadier, and then a Major Which was rejected-yeas 8, nays 35, as folGeneral, subsequently to the election. The lows:

YEAs - Messrs. Carlile, Kennedy, Powell, Richardson, 1863, to take his seat in Congress, the resigna Sherman, Turpie, Wall, Wilson of Missouri-8.

NAY8-Messrs. Anthony, Arnold, Chandler, Clark, Collet tion to have effect December 5, 1863; the Pres

mer, Cowan, Duris, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, ident accepted it November 21. The latter re Grimes, Hale, Harding, llarlan, Harris, Incks, Howard, signed January 1, 1864, which the President Ilowe, King, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Latham,

McDougall, Morrill, Pomeroy, Rice, Sumner, Trumbull, accepted January 12, giving it effect that day.

: Wade, Wilkinson, Willey, Wilmot, Wilson of Mass-36. He took the oath of office as Representative in Congress, January 12. April 23, he requested

First Session, Thirty-Eighth Congress. to withdraw his resignation as Major General 1864, April 12–The Naval appropriation of volunteers; and, same day, the President bill being under consideration in the Senate,



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