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A Cerco Lincoln.
Maine..... New Hampshire. Massachusetts.... Rhode Island... Connecticut.. Vermont ..... New York..... New Jersey. -Pennsylvania Delaware.... Maryland........ Virginia North Carolina.. South Carolina... Georgia...... Kentucky ..... Tennessee....
26,693 6,368 441 25,881 2,112 22,331 34,372 5,939
*7,707 3,291 15,522 14,641 1,969 6,849 218
*62,801 12,776 16,765 *178,871
3,864 1,023 7,337 41,7605,966 42,482 74,681 16,290 74,323 44,990 2,701 48,539
No popular vote. 42,886 11,590 51,889 66,058 25,651 53,143 69,274 11,350 64,709 12,194 187,232 11,405 20,204 7,625 22,681 25,040 3,283 40,797 5,306 115,509 12,295 4,913 160,215 2,404 27,875 13,651 48,831 58,372 58,801 31,317 20,094 5,227 28,732
405 65,057 805 5,437
47,548 1.763 55,111 1,048
161 65,021 888 6,817 38,516 34,334 62 11,9201 748 3,951
Louisiana .. Mississippi..... Indiana ..... Illinois ....... Alabama ....... Missouri...... Arkansas.... Michigan ...... Florida .... Texas........ Iowa ......... Wisconsin... California ....... Minnesota ........ Oregon .....
72 1,866,452 590,631 1,375,157 847,953
Lincoln over Douglas ........
“ “ Breckinridge ....
. . Bell .......... Other candidates over Lincoln .......
491,295 1,018,499 1,275,821
SECESSION MOVEMENT DEVELOPED.
IMMEDIATELY thereupon, and clearly by nouncing the repeal, Dec. 20th, 1860, by the concert of action previously arranged, vari- good people of South Carolina," of the Ordi. ous disunion Governors hastily took steps to nance of May 23d, 1788, and “the dissolution procure the passage of ordinances of se- of the union between the State of South cession by Conventions of their States, art- Carolina and other States under the name fully using the unsettled'excitements of the of the United States of America,” and proPresidential canvass to that end.
claiming to the world “ that the State of These proceedings in brief were as follows: South Carolina is, as she has a right to be,
a separate, sovereign, free and independent SOUTH CAROLINA.
State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, November 6th, 1860. Legislature met to conclude peace, negotiate treaties, leagues, choose Presidential electors, who voted for or covenants, and to do all acts whatsoever Breckinridge and Lane for President and that rightfully appertain to a free and inVice President. Gov. WILLIAM H. Gist dependent State. recommended in his message that in the * Done in the eighty-fifth year of the event of ABRAHAM Lincoln's election to the sovereignty and independence of South Presidency, a convention of the people of Carolina." the State be immediately called to consider Jan. 3d, 1861. South Carolina Commis. and determine for themselves the mode and sioners left Washington. measure of redress. He expressed the 4th. Convention appointed T. J. Withers, opinion that the only alternative left is the L. M. Keitt, W.W. Boyce, Jas. Chesnut, Jr., “secession of South Carolina from the Fed- R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. Barnwell, and C. G. eral Union."
Memminger, delegates to Southern Con7th. United States officials resigned at gress. Charleston.
5th. Convention adjourned, subject to the 10th. U. S. Senators JAMES H. HAMMOND call of the Governor. and JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., resigned their seats 14th. Legislature declared that any atin the Senate. Convention called to meet tempt to reinforce Fort Sumter would be Dec. 17th. Delegates to be elected Dec. 6th. considered an open act of hostility and a
13th. Collection of debts due to citizens declaration of war. Approved the Govof non-slaveholding States stayed. Francis ernor's action in firing on the Star of the W. Pickens elected Governor, who appointed West. Accepted the services of the Catawba
retary of State, David F. Jamison Secretary 27th. Received Judge Robertson, Com. of War, C. G. MEMMINGER Secretary of Treas- missioner from Virginia, but rejected the ury, W. W. HARLLEE P. M. General, ALBERT proposition for a conference and co-operative C. GARLINGTON Secretary of Interior.
action.* 17th. Ordinance of Secession adopted unanimously.
* The resolutions are: 21st. Commissioners appointed (BARN Resolved unanimously. That the Geperal Assembly of
South Carolina tenders to the Legislature of Virvinia their WELL, ADAMS, and ORR) to proceed to Wash
acknowledginent of the friendly motives which inspired ington to treat for the possession of U. S. the mission entrusted to Hon. Judge Robertson, her ComGovernment property within the limits of
Resolved unanimously. That candor, which is due to South Carolina. Commissioners appointed the long-continued sympathy and respect which has subto the other Slaveholding States. Southern
sisted between Virginia and South Carolina, induces tho
Assembly to declare with frankness that they do not deem Congress proposed.
it advisable to initiate negotiations, when they have no 24th. Representatives in Çongress with desire or intention to promote the ultimate object in view. drew.
That object is declared, in the resolution of the Virginia
Legislature, to be the procurement of amendments to, or Gov. Pickens issued a proclamation “an- | new guarantees in, the Constituti KEN
| new guarantees in, the Constitution of the United States.
March 26th. Convention met in Charles- ||
November 26th, 1860. Legislature met April 3d. Ratified “Confederate" Consti- Nov. 26th, and adjourned Nov. 30th. Electution-yeas 114, nays 16. (See p. 398) tion for Convention fixed for Dec. 20th, Con
sth. Transferred forts, etc. to “ Confeder- vention to meet Jan. 7th. Convention bills ate” government.
and secession resolutions passed unaniGEORGIA.
mously. Commissioners appointed to other
Slaveholding States to secure “ their co-operNovember 8th, 1860. Legislature met pur
ation in effecting measures for their common suant to previous arrangement.
defence and safety." 18th. Convention called. Legislature ap
Jan. 7th, 1861. Convention assembled. propriated $1,000,000 to arm the State.
9th. Ordinance of Secession passed--yeas Dec. 3d. Resolutions adopted in the Leg
84, nays 15. islature proposing a Conference of the South
In the ordinance the people of the State ern States at Atlanta, Feb. 20th.
of Mississippi express their consent to form January 17th, 1861. Convention met. Re
a federal union with such of the States as ceived Commissioners from South Carolina
have seceded or may secede from the Union and Alabama.
of the United States of America, upon the 18th. Resolutions declaring it the right
basis of the present Constitution of the and duty of Georgia to secede, adopted
United States, except such parts thereof as yeas 165, nays 130.
embrace other portions than such seceding 19th. Ordinance of Secession passed
States. seas 208, nays 89.
10th. Commissioners from other States 21st. Senators and Representatives in Con
received. Resolutions adopted, recognizing gress withdrew.
South Carolina as sovereign and independent. 24th. Elected Delegates to Southern Con
Jan. 12th. Representatives in Congress gress at Montgomery, Alabama.
withdrew. 28th. Elected Commissioners to other
19th. The committee on the Confederacy Slaveholding States.
in the Legislature reported resolutions to 29th. Adopted an address “to the South / -
provide for a Southern Confederacy, and to and the world.”
establish a provisional government for seMarch 7th. Convention reassembled.
ceding States and States hereafter seceding. 16th. Ratified the “Confederate" Consti
21st. Senators in Congress withdrew. tution-yeas 96, nays 5.
March 30th. Ratified Confederate" Con20th. Ordinance passed authorizing thel,
stitution-yeas 78, nays 7. "Confederate" government to occupy, use and possess the forts, navy yards, arsenals,
FLORIDA. and custom houses within the limits of said November 26th, 1860. Legislature met. State.
Governor M. S. Perry recommended immeApril 26th. Governor Brown issued a diate secession. proclamation ordering the repudiation by Dec. 1st. Convention bill passed. the citizens of Georgia of all debts due Jan. 3d, 1861. Convention met. Northern men.
7th. Commissioners from South Carolina
- and Alabama received and heard. Rrendred unanimously, That the separation of Sonth Carolina from the Federal Union is final, and she has no further interest in the Constitution of the United States; i sed that the only appropriate negotiations between her Bed the Federal Government are as to their mutual re
Congress at Montgomery. lations in foreign States.
Rexidood unanimously, That this Assembly further 21st. Senators and Representatives in owen it to her friendly relations with the State of Virginia to declare that they have no confidence in the Federal Government of the United States ; that the most solemn pledges of that government have been disregarded ; that teder pretenee of preserving property, hostile troops have
tween Federal troops and those in the embern attempted to be introduced into one of the fortresses of this State, concealed in the hold of a vessel of commerce, with a view to subjugate the people of South Carelina, and tbat even since the authorities at Washington
rivircinia clared treason, and the person convicted have been informed of the present mediation of Virginia, & vesel of war has been sent to the South, and troops and Dugitions of war concentrated on the soil of Virginia.
government property captured, to the “ConResolved unanimously, That in these circumstances this Assembly, with renewed assurances of cordial re- federate government. 8p-et sud esteem for the people of Virginia, and high consideration for her Commissioner, decline entering into the
LOUISIANA. Regotiations proposed.
The Charleston Mercury of an earlier date thus alluded December 10th, 1860. Legislature met. to Border State embassies:
Ple of Virginia, and high
sideration for her Commi
"Hear them, if you please : treat them with civility : lead them, and drench them in champagne and let them po! Let us act as if they had never come, as if they
| 12th. Commissioners from Mississippi had not epoken, as if they did not exist ; and let them week to preserve their Treasury pap through some more supple agency than oury. The time has gone by when to communicate with Governors of other the voice of a Virginia politician, though he coo like a dove, should be heard in the land of a patriotic people."
January 23d, 1861. Convention met and yeas 87, nays 6. Transferred control of forts: organized Received and heard Commis- arsenals, etc., to “ Confederate" Government sioners from South Carolina and Alabama. 25th. Ordinance of Secession passed
ARKANSAS. yeas 113, nays 17. Convention refused to January 16th, 1861. Legislature passed submit the ordinance to the people by a vote Convention Bill. Vote of the people on the of 84 to 45.
| Convention was 27,412 for it, and 15,826
1 March 4th. Convention met. Feb. 5th. Senators withdrew from Con- 18th. The Ordinance of Secession de gress, also the Representatives, except John feated-yeas 35, nays 39. The Convention E. Bouligny. State flag adopted. Pilots at effected a compromise by agreeing to submit the Balize prohibited from bringing over the the question of co-operation or secession to bar any United States vessels of war. the people on the 1st Monday in August. March 7th. Ordinance adopted in secret
May 6th. Passed Secession Ordinancesession transferring to “Confederate" States year
Do yeas 69, nays 1. Authorized her delegates government $536,000, being the amount of
to the Provisional Congress, to transfer the bullion in the U.S. mint and customs seized
arsenal at Little Rock and hospital at Napoby the State.*
leon to the “Confederate" Government. 16th. An ordinance voted down, submit
TEXAS.. ting the “Confederate" Constitution to the January 21st, 1861. Legislature met. people-yeas 26, nays 74.
28th. People's State Convention met. 21st. Ratified the “Confederate" Consti- 29th. Legislature passed a resolution de tution-yeas 101, nays 7. Governor au- claring that the Federal Government has no thorized to transfer the arms and property power to coerce a Sovereign State after she captured from the United States to the has pronounced her separation from the “ Confederate” Government.
Federal Union. 27th. Convention adjourned sine die. February 1st. Ordinance of Secession
passed in Convention-yea: 166, nays 7. ALABAMA.
Military Bill passed. January 7th, 1861. Convention met.
7th. Ordinance passed, forming the foun. 8th. Received and heard the Commissioner dation of a Southern Confederacy. Delefrom South Carolina.
'gates to the Southern Congress elected. 11th. Ordinance of Secession passed in Also an act passed submitting the Ordinance secret session-yeas 61, nay's 39. Proposi- of Secession to a vote of the people. tion to submit ordinance to the people lost 23d. Secession Ordinance voted on by -yeas 47, nays 53.
the people; adopted by a vote of 34,794 in 14th. Legislature met pursuant to previous favor, and 11,235 against it. action.
1 March 4th. Convention declared the State 19th. Delegates elected to the Southern out of the Union. Gov. Houston issued a Congress.
proclamation to that effect. 21st. Representatives and Senators in Con 16th. Convention by a vote of 127 to 4 gress withdrew.
deposed Gov. Houston, declaring his seat . 26th. Commissioners appointed to treat vacant. Gov. Houston issued a proclama with United States Government relative to tion to the people protesting against this the United States forts, arsenals, etc., within action of the Convention. the State.
20th. Legislature confirmed the action of The Convention requested the people of the Convention in deposing Gov. Houston the States of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, by a vote of 53 to 11. Transferred forts, etc., North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, to “ Confederate Government. Georgia, Mississippi. Louisiana, Texas, Arl 23d. Ratified the “Confederate" Constikansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri tution-yeas 68, nays 2. to meet the people of Alabama by their delegates in Convention, February 4th, 1861,
NORTH CAROLINA. at Montgomery, for the purpose of consult November 20th, 1860. Legislature met. ing as to the most effectual mode of securing Gov. Ellis recommended that the Legislature concerted or harmonious action in whatever invite a conference of the Southern States, measures may be deemed most desirable or failing in that, send one or more delegates for their common peace and security.-- to the neighboring States so as to secure Military Bill passed. Commissioners 'ap- concert of action. He recommended & pointed to other Slaveholding States. I thorough reorganization of the militia, and March 4th. Convention re-assembled.
Bassembled the enrolment of all persons between 18 and 13th. Ratified “Confederate” Constitution, 45 years, and the organization of a corps of
ten thousand men; also, a Convention, to as
semble immediately after the proposed con+ March 14th, 1861. The “Confederate" Congress passed sultation with other Southern States shall & resolution accepting these funds, with a high sense of the patriotic liberality of the State of Louisiana."
I have terininated.
December 9th. Joint Committee on Federal | Passed the Senate, yeas 14, nays 6, absent Relations agreed to report a Convention Bill. and not voting 5; the House, yeas 42, nays
17th. Bill appropriating $300,000 to arm | 15, absent and not voting, 18.* Also a Dethe State, debated.
claration of Independence and Ordinance 18th. Senate passed above bill-yeas 41, dissolving the Federal relations between Days 3.
Tennessee and the United States, and an or. 20th. Commissioners from Alabama and dinance adopting and ratifying the Confeder. Mississippi received and heard—the latter, ate Constitution, these two latter to be voted J. Thompson, by letter.
on by the people on June 8th, were passed. 22d. Senate Bill to arm the State iailed to | June 24th. Gov. Isham G. Harris declared pass the House.
Tennessee out of the Union, the vote for 22d. Adjourned till January 7th.
Separation being 104,019 against 47,238. January 8th, 1861. Senate Bill arming the State passed the House, yeas 73, nays 26.
VIRGINIA. 30th. Passed Convention Bill-election to January 7th, 1861. Legislature convened. take place February 28th. No Secession Or- 8th. Anti-coercion resolution passed. dinance to be valid without being ratified by 9th. Resolution passed, asking that the a majority of the qnalified voters of the State. status quo be maintained.
31st. Elected Thos. L. Clingman United 10th. The Governor transmitted a des. States Senator.
patch from the Mississippi Convention, anFebruary 13th. Commissioners from Geor-nouncing its unconditional secession from gia publicly received.
the Union, and desiring on the basis of the 20th. Mr. Hoke elected Adjutant General old Constitution to form a new union with of the State. Military Bill passed.
the seceding States. The House adopted28th. Election of Delegates to Convention yeas 77, nays 61,-an amendment submittook place.
ting to a vote of the people the question of 28th. The vote for a Convention was 46,671; referring for their decision any action of against 47,333—-majority against a Conven- the Convention dissolving Virginia's contion 661.
nection with the Union, or changing its Nay 1st. Extra session of the Legislature organic law. The Richmond Enquirer met at the call of Gov. Ellis. The same day denounced “the emasculation of the Conthey passed a Convention Bill, ordering the vention Bill as imperilling all that Virginians election of delegates on the 13th.
hold most sacred and dear." 2d. Legislature adjourned.
| 16th. Commissioners Hopkins and Gil13th. Election of delegates to the Conven-mer of Alabama received in the Legislature. tion took place.
17th. Resolutions passed proposing the 20th. Convention met at Raleigh.
Crittenden resolutions as a basis for adjust21st. Ordinance of Secession passed; also ment, and requesting General Government to the "Confederate" Constitution ratified. avoid collision with Southern States. Gov.
June 5th. Ordinance passed, ceded the Letcher communicated the Resolutions of arsenal at Fayetteville, and transferred the Legislature of New York, expressing magazines, etc., to the “Confederate" Go- the utmost disdain, and saying that “the Ternment.
threat conveyed can inspire no terror in
freemen.” The resolutions were directed to TENNESSEE.
be returned to the Governor of New York. January 6th, 1861. Legislature met.
18th. $1,000,000 appropriated for the 12th. Passed Convention Bill.
defence of the State. 30th. Commissioners to Washington ap- 19th. Passed resolve that if all efforts pointed.
to reconcile the differences of the country February 8th. People voted no Convention: 67,360 to 54,156. May 1st. Legislature passed a joint resolu
* The following is the vote in the Senate on the adoption
of the league: tion authorizing the Governor to appoint YEA8.-Messrs. Allen, Horn, Hunter, Johnson, Lane, Cominissioners to enter into a military
Minnis, McClellan, McNeilley, Payne, Peters, Stanton,
Thompson, Wood, and Speaker Stovall. NA18.-Messrs. league with the authorities of the “ Confed
Boyd, Bradford, Hildreth, Nash, Richardson and Stokes. erate" States,
Ahgent and not voting --Messrs. Bumpass, Mickley, New7th. Legislature in secret session ratified man, Stokely, and Trimble.
The following is the vote in the House : the league entered into by A. 0. W. Totten,TEA
YKAS.-Messrs. Baker of Perry, Baker of Weakley, Bayless, Bicknell, Bledsoe, Cheatham, Cowden, Davidson,
Davis, Dudley, Ewing, Farley, Farrelly, Ford, Frazie, Commissioners for Tennessee, and Henry
Gantt, Guy, Havron, Hart, Iogram, Jones, Kenper, W. Hilliard, Commissioner for “Confed McCabe, Morphies, Nall, Hickett, Porter, Richardson, erate" States, stipulating that Tennessee
Roberts, Shield, Smith, Sewel, Trevitt, Vaughn, Whit
more, Woods, and Speaker Wbitthorne. NAYS.--Messrs. until she became a member of the Con Armstrong, Brazelton, Butler, Caldwell, Gorman, Greene,
Morris. Norman, Russeil, Senter, Strewsbury, White of
Davidson, Williams of Knox, Wisener, and Woodard. the State under the control of the President
Absent and not voting - Messrs. Barksdale, Beaty, Ben-
Johnson, Kincaid of Anderson, Kincaid of Claiborne, to the “ Confederate" States all the public Johnson:
Trew hitt. White of Dickson, Williams of Franklin, Wilproperty, naval stores and munitions of war. I 19ms of Hickman, and Williamsou.