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SIDONIUS APOLLINARIS CARM. VIIII 27045

non qui tempore Caesaris secundi
aeterno incoluit Tomos reatu.
nec qui consimili deinde casu
ad vulgi tenuem strepentis auram
irati fuit histrionis exul.

DECIMUS IUNIUS IUVENALIS

To this day the praenomen of Iuv. is often mistak Drakenborch' ('in autores latinos praelectiones publicae, choatae Sept. 20 1725' ms. penes me p. 574) Serrant...Peti Crinitus l. 4 de poët. lat. et alii, qui Decium vocant poëtam, ut ostendit Lud. Carrio l. 1 emendat. c. 1. Decin enim erat huius scriptoris praenomen ; nam Decius numqu fuit praenomen Romanum.' So Ausonius" and Decimus Bru and many others (see Hofmann's lexicon under Decius) h: been falsely named. Holyday (pp. 9 10) notes that the n take was in Lily's grammar, and that D. in Polyb. DS. D DCass. is always represented by Aékiuos. Cf. Quintus, Sex and the christian name of Vicesimus Knox.

1 Like Dodwell Drakenborch assigns the publication of all the sat to Hadrian's reign.

e.g. Cave hist. litt. 1 288 b (ed. Bas. 1741). Lorenz catalogue di librairie Française Par. 1867.

2

IUVENALIS ETHICUS

C. Barth advers. vi 1 fin. Iuvenalis...ex materia quam tractat, satirico sale vitia, plerumque magnatum, insectans, ETHICUS dictus est. id. on Namatian. I 604 IUVENALIS sade eruditissimus scriptor, elegantissimus poëta et censor morum liberrimus' et acutissimus. summo pretio antiquitati habitus. a quo nesutuli nostri temporis adeo futiliter dissentiunt, ut etiam latinitatem hominis tam praeclare docti et ingeniosi vituperare audeant. de quo latius nos alibi disserere non vetabit illorum de se ipsis opinio, quae ut praecipites in aliorum contemptum eos agit, ita domesticos naevos prorsus perpendere non patitur. nuditatem sermonis et vitioruni velut exinde disciplinam carpunt viri doctissimi. at talia describenda sunt, ut evitari eo melius possint, sententia Dionis Chrysostomi, cuius lege orationem 31, quae Rhodiaca inscribitur. aestimatio autem Iuvenalis etiam ad extrema tempora duravit. media enim barbaria per excellentiam ETHICI titulo citatur, summis philosophis comparatus, ut a Ioanne Sarisberiensi, Alano et eius generis non paucis philologis eorum temporum.

This statement has been repeated by Fabricius, Ruperti, Achaintre, Francke, Weber, Corn. Müller, Bernhardy and many others. Having seen reason, since my first edition, to doubt whether Iuv. was in any exclusive sense known as ethicus, I have looked through the works of John of Salisbury and Peter of Blois, who constantly cite him. As regards Alanus de Insulis Barth's wonderful memory has deceived him. On turning over the 1012 columns of his works, I

corvo.

find only the following scraps of Iuv., who is named bi once, and never called ethicus.

de arte praedicatoria 25 (Migne ccx 1624) Iuv. vi 165 wit a strange variation rara avis in terris alboque simillim

distinctiones dictionum theolog. (9699) TENUIS dicitu etiam vilis, unde poeta [Iuv. vir 145]

in tenui rara est facundia panno.' ib. (9596) “SUBDUCERE notat supponere, unde [Iuv. 1 15]

et nos quandoque manum ferulae subduximus.' ib. under SUBSELLIA he cites Iuv. by name and vii 86 fregit sui sellia versu.

I may

notice that Alanus often cites Seneca, som additions to whose fragments he may perhaps supply. Vincer of Beauvais in volumes I (naturale) and II (doctrinale) of hi speculum constantly cites Iuv, by name and book (e.g. I v 21 fin. xix 28. xxxi 84. 86. 115. II iv 7. 13), but I nowher observe the title ethicus.

John of Salisbury and Peter of Blois by no means confin the title to our poet. Io. Sarisb. pol. 111 8 (489° Migne) una et ethicus provide quidem et utiliter 'optimam' inquit 'vivena consuetudinem ab ineunte aetate elige, eam tibi iucundam usu efficiet.' viII 12 (760) Horace cited as ethicus. 80 1 8 (4054 11 27 (4704). 11 8 fin. 9 (4929). 14 fin. (512”). IV 9 (5314). v prol. pr. (587). VIII 12 (760). 13 (7629). 24 bis (81760 metalog. 1 4 (8314). 7 (834). ep. 185 (1959) ethicus et eti nicus. Iuvenal is ethicus pol. 1 13 (414). III 4 (4834). 1 (5014). vi 13 (6689). v15 (773a). satiricus I 12 (4084 III 6 (4864). 12 fin. VIII 8 (738). Stoicus v 4 (546a). et] nicus viii 13 (7679). Ovid is ethicus ep. 134 fin. pol. 1 (405). So the epigrammatist cited in Suet. Caes. 19 ep. 18 (184). the author of the verse noli Fortunam, quae non es dicere caecam (pol. 111 8 4905). In pol. viii 13 is a notice no found in schol. 1 12 ‘Fronto, secundum quosdam nepos Plu tarchi, cuius meminit in primo [libro] Iuvenalis sic: Frontoni platani......clamant.' metalog. I 8 (8365) 'obtusioris ingen

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tradunt fuisse Scaurum Rufum, sed sedulitate exercitii in id virium evasisse, ut Ciceronem ipsum Allobroga nominaret' cf. Iuv. vii 213—4.

Peter of Blois (Migne CCVII) calls Iuv. satiricus ep. 15 (54). 59 (1784); poeta ep. 17 fin. (66"). 42 (124"). 81 (251"); poeta Aquinas ep. 59 (177); Aquinas ep. 95 (2936); ethicus ep. 72 (2210). 74 (229). 85 (2619). 239 (543); ethnicus ep. 95 (299). Horace is ethnicus ep. 60 (1794). ethicus ep. 72 (222). 81 (251). 150 (441).

Prudentius c. Symm. 1 557-8 stantisque duces in curribus altis | Fabricios, Curios. cf. Iuv. VII 3. ib. 1010 -1 et quae fumificas arbor vittata lucernas servabat. cf. Iuv, XII 92.

Gerbert (Silvester 11 + 1003) lectured on Iuv. at Paris (Richer hist. ed. Pertz Hannov. 1839 III 47 p. 133) cum ad rhetoricam suos provehere vellet, id sibi suspectum erat, quod sine locutionum modis, qui in poetis discendi sunt, ad oratoriam artem ante perveniri non queat. poetas igitur adhibuit, quibus assuescendos arbitrabatur. legit itaque ac docuit Maronem et Statium Terentiumque poetas, Iuvenalem quoque ac Persium Horatiumque satiricos, Lucanum etiam historiographum. quibus assuefactos locutionumque modis compositos ad rhetoricam transduxit.

Iuv. is quoted by Alcuin, by Rather bp. of Verona (saec. x), by Everhardus Bethuniensis cir. 1212 (Lyser poëtae lat. medii aevi p. 825). I do not remember that the abbat Lupus cites or names him. cf. T. Wright biograph. Brit. lit. i 40 n. (Rutebeuf). 41. 476. In a catalogue (probably saec. x) of Bobbio library, more than one ms. of Iuv. (Muratori antiq. Ital. II 820).

Many projected editions are recorded by Fabricius and Ruperti. see Casaub. ep. 289 p. 151 Elmenhorst preparing one in 1602. ib. 523 Casaubon himself: eum poetam gravissimum, si superi annuerint, accurate recensebimus. Boxhorn from 1634 (Boxhornii ep. pp. 29. 35. 46. 48, 50). Reitzer (Uhlii sylloge nova epist. I p. 558).

DATES OF JUVENAL'S LIFE

L. FRIEDLAENDER de Iuvenalis vitae temporibus Königsber 1875 4to. XII 17 written 60 or 61 years after Fonteius co A. D. 67, i.e. in 127 or 128. In verses 13 (tu) and 33 (senie bulla dignissime) and throughout the satire Calvinus is an dressed in the second person, hence stupet haec, qui iam po terga reliquit sexaginta annos, Fonteio consule natus, must refe to the poet, not to Calvinus. se stupere dicit, quod amici casum tam aegre ferat, quem ipse in sexaginta annis saepissim viderit. se igitur poeta Fonteio consule natum verbis disert dicit.' vita cod. Voss Iuvenalis... ex Aquinio Volscorum o pido oriundus temporibus Claudii Neronis.'

In all the lives, except iv and vii, he is said to have a claimed “ usque ad mediam aetatem ': if he died (vita cod. Vos shortly after his 80th year, or (vita 11I) anno aetatis su: altero et octuagesimo''il mezzo del cammin' of his life wou be aet. 40 or 41. Whether 'middle age' had any precise mea ing Friedländer cannot determine from the only authorities which he has found it Phaedr. 'II 2 3 aetatis mediae que dam, with the old and young wife. Plaut. aul. 157 sed grandi es: mulieris est aetas media. In Censorin. 14 § 10 Stase fixes as the limit of life 7 x 12 = 84.

Taking 40 as 'middle age', the first book of satires w have been written 107–116, nearer to 116.

Sat. VI 407 instantem regi Armenio Parthoque cometen comet seen at Rome Nov. 115. ib. 411 nutare urbes, subsid terras earthquake at Antioch 13 Dec. 115 (Friedländer König progr. v for 1872 and Gutschmid cited there). Sat. vi then book 11) will have been written A. D. 116 or 117.

The emperor Hadrian, welcomed in sat. vii, came to Roi A.D. 118 (went to the provinces 119 120).

Book iv written between 120 and 127 A. D., for xv 27 nuj consule Iunco shews that book y was written after 127. Fri länder gives to Aemilius Iuncus two nomina gentilicia, Claud and Aemilius.

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