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MEMOIR.

Biographical And Historical: Page 1

Mr. Seward, Secretary of State — Frederick W. Seward, Assistant — William

Hunter, Second Assistant — Officers, Clerks and Subordinates of the Department of

Stare — Minister and Consuls — Despondency of Ministers and Friends Abroad —

Mr. Seward Never Despairs — A Similar Feeling- in 1776 — John Adams — Treaties,

Large Number and Important — Naturalization — Russia — China — Isthmus Canal

— Rebel Emissaries — Memorandum— Fort Sumter — A Cabinet Opinion— Napo-

leon Threatens to Interfere — An Unofficial Mission to Europe — Mr. Seward's Posi-

tion in the Cabinet and in Politics—W. W. Seaton's Interview — Pro-Slavery In-

fluences Eradicated — Emancipation in District of Columbia—The Trent Affair —

Dangers Averted — Mr. Seward's Wise Diplomacy — Treaty for Suppression of Slave

Trade — Its Success —New Orleans Under General Butler, a Provisional Court of

Justice Instituted — Emancipation Proclamation of September, 1S62 — Amends

ments Suggested by Mr. Seward Adopted in Cabinet — Proclamation of January 1,

1863 —Resignation Offered — Senatorial Caucus — Presidential Election of 1364 —

Alabama Claims[Instituted — Mediation Offered and Sought in Rebel Interest — Ex-

tradition—Slave Traders — Arguelles — The Assassination and Calamities of 1865

Tributes of the Nations — Remarkable Thanksgiving Proclamation — Impeachment

— William M. Evarts — Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments — Reconstruction

-—Alaska — Immigration — The Monroe Doctrine — Mexico — France — Presiden-

tial Election of 1868 — Speeches — Voyage to West Indies— Annexation of San

DomiDgo and Danish Islands —Treaty with China —Private life— Visits Alaska,

Pacific Coast, and Mexico — 1869 —Journey Rouud the World — 1870-1 — Auto-

biography — Book of Travels — Interoceauic Canal — Treaties — Nicaragua — Da-

rien — Colombia — Intercontinental Telegraph — Russian Telegraph — Atlantic Ca-

ble—Mr. Seward's Death, October 10, 1872—Funeral —Tomb— Inscription—

The Legislature, of New York, Ceremonies, 1873 —Charles Francis Adams —John

A. Dix — Eulogies — Statue in New York City — Presentation Ceremonies, 1S76 —

Conclusion.

Diary, Or Notes On The War: 39

Sedition Shows Itself— Insurrectionary Movements — Fort Sumter— No Idea of a

Dissolution of the Union — Bull Run — Panic — Manassas — Effect in Europe — A

Lesson — Captain Wilkes Boards a British Steamer—The Trent Affair— Diplo-

macy — Vigor of oiir Government — 1862 — Campaigns — The French in Mexico —

Slaves Emancipated by our Armies —An Emancipating Crusade — Success in the

West — Burnside and Pope's Victories — Earl Russell's Opinion — Slave Trade

Treaty — Lord Lyons —Important Strokes in the West — Hostile Attitude of Eng-

land —Blockade Successful —Army Movements and Successes— Fremont, Banks,
McClellan and Sherman —Magnitude of Union Forces — Corinth and Richmond —
Capture of New Orleans — Eff eet-^uJ^B£CcancL_England — Chickahominy — Farra-
gut, Halleek, Goldsborough— Seven Days' Battles — General Butler in New Orleans

— Military Situation — Large Preparations—Threatening Action of Great Britain

— Antietam — Foreign Intervention Rejected — War on the Ocean Contemplated —
Recognition Threatened — Alabama Claims Mooted, Nov., 1S62—Armies Advan-
cing, Slavery Retreating —Grant, Rosecrans, Curtis —Garibaldi —Proclamation of
Freedom — 1863 — Policy Unchangeable — Burnside and Hooker's Repulses — Sher-
man at Vicksburg— Congress Diligent — Confidence Reviving — European Credul-

/ ity — Neutrality Laws Persistently Violated by Great Britain — Gettysburg —
Vicksburg — Charleston — General Meade — Draft Riots — The Situation — Re-
sume— Negro Soldiers — Efforts to Induce British Government to Prevent Sailing
of " Iron Rams " — Our Prospects, Contrasted with those of Europe — Will soon be
no Slavery to Contend with — Absurdity of Building a State on Human Bondage —
► Mediation of England —Value of Slaves —A New Campaign — Navy Increasing —
Farragut — Recognition — Emigration from the South to the Territories — Public
Impatience — Amendment of Constitution — General Grant in Command —General
Banks on the Mississippi — Mexico — The Wilderness — Chancellorsville — General
Butler — Eighth Day of very heavy Fighting — General Sherman in Georgia —
General Sheridan — General Averill — Red River — Army of the Potomac — Severe
Conflicts — General Sigel — General Hunter — General Canby — Assaults on Peters-
burg— Congress — Destruction of the Alabama by the Kearsarge — Comments —
Invasion of Maryland — General Wadsworth — The Capital Threatened'—6th and
19th Corps — Siege of Petersburg and Richmond — Rebel Emissaries on the Canada
border — Election of 1864 — Atlanta — General Logan — Mr. Seward Visits Gen-
eral Grant — Malvern Hill— General Hancock — Mobile — Admiral Farragut —
Captain Winslow — Rumors — Cabinet—Armistices —Enlistments Numerous —
Shenandoah Valley — Public Credit Good —Loans Freely Taken — The Atlantic
Cable Completed — Brighter Prospects — The Rebel Steamer Georgia Captured —
Winchester — General Sheridan—Gold Falls 30 percent. — Staunton — Jefferson
Davis — General Meade — Elections — Steamers Chesapeake, Philo Parsons, and
^Island Queen — St. Albans Raid — Canadian Conduct —Notice to Great Britain —
Sheridan's Ride — Cedar Creek — General Rosecrans — Rebel Government Consid-
ering emancipation and Arming of Negroes — General Thomas — The Rebel Florida
Sunk — Union policy as to Slavery — Counter Revolution Considered — Rebel In-
trigues — Army Successes — Downfall of Slavery Manifest — Savannah — Admiral
Porter — Fort Fisher—Henry S. Foote — Francis P. Blair, Senior, Visits Rich-
mond, Results — Interviews, Conferences — Stephens, Hunter, and Campbell, Rebel
Commissioners —Amendment of the Constitution — General Terry — Admiral Dahl-
gren — General Sehorield — Army of the Potomac — Rebel Debt Delusion —Mili-
tary Convention, Grant and Lee — Overtures — General Stoneman — Richmond
Falls — General Weitzel — Flight — Surrender — Collapse — Assassination of Pres-
ident Lincoln — Attempt on Secretary Seward — Mr. Frederick W. Seward
Wounded — Mr. Hunter — Mr. Adams — Passports for Rebels — Pardons.

Selections From Diplomatic Correspondence: 187

Secretary Black's View of the Late Election — Mr. Seward's Instructions to Bu-
chanan's Ministers — The Paris Declaration — Privateering — Maritime War — In-
structions to Mr. Judd —Nature of the Union —Mr. Sanforcl — Counteractijis-4he
^orts^.JBj^£0^gent&4^^H*ape..-—Mr. Sanford's Selection as Minister to Brus-
sels—Free Trade—The Nfiw.Ta.riff — Rpl-ml Arnnme^^J^impft — Mr. Adams

— Exhaustive View of the Situation — The late Election — Buchanan's Adminis-
tration — Union and Disunion Contrasted — A Physical Impossibility — The Presi-
dent's View and Duty — Loyalty and Diligence of Mr. Adams — His Grandfather,
John Adams — Recognition — Intervention — War — Position of Great Britain —
Civilization. Mr. B urlingame —Austria — Vienna — The Union — Reply to Rebel
Arguments — Lincoln's Administration — Forbearance and Conciliation -^JVlr. Day-
ton — France —J^jsunderstanding by th.e..I.mperial Goyemnient..rrr^Jrji,e Agmtsjrf^

"the Confederacy inJParis—- An Elaborate Statement of the Case — Unanswerable
Arguments — The Crisis — Fort Sumter Attacked — Surrender — Slavery Consid-
ered — A Revolution — JEfirejgn. .Intejdiexe_n£e_=r- Extent, Progress, and Termination
of the War — Mr. King — Rome — Sedition and Aliens — Mr. Wood — Denmark —
The Cabinet a Unit — Mr. Dayton — France^^Our Policy — Mr. Adams—Great
Britain — A Permanent Policy Developed — Mr. Clay — Russia — Slavery the Cause
of the War — Mr. Marsh — Italy — The Union a Necessity — Mr. Fogg — Switzer-
land — Recognition to be Prevented zzM$^SMiSWi—zM^^cX— ^r- ^ike — Nether-
lands — Mr. Adams — Great Britain —Me.diatioiL_IiLidmks.ible — Mr. Dickinson —
Nicaragua—l&rej^J^^rjggntion— Mr. Adams—The Queen's Proclamation —

_Mr. Dayton — France — Mediation DeclinecLr- The United States Sovereign — Mr.
Adams — British Views Inadmissible — Foreign War — The Blockade — Mr Adams

— Lord John Russell — Reservation —Congress of Paris —The Trent Affair — Inter-
national Law — Lord Lyons — Captain Wilkes — Mr. Mercier^- Mr. ThouvenelL
Mr. Hulseman — Mr. Motley — Austria — An Emancipating Crusade — Mr. Wood

— Despondency — Faith — Mr. Sanford — Belgium — Slavery and Cotton — Re-
view of the Situation — Foreign Intervention^J\£r, DavJ^n — Erench. S.c.ejiticism —
Intervention,— Slavery and Colonization — Mr. Adams—Slavery Discussed — In-
tervention Considered — Mr. Cameron—Foreign and Domestic Affairs — Procla-
mation of September, 1862 — Emancipation —Immigration — Limit to Civil War

— Volunteers in Excess — Mr. Dayton — Details of a Conspiracy — The Situation
Reviewed — Emancipation Policy — Mr. Pike — The Higher Law — The Slavery-
Question the experimentum cruris of Politics. Proclamation of January 1, 1S63 —
France and the Union — Mediation — Sympathy of British Artizans — Russia —
Mr. Dayton— Our Policy of Non-intervention — The British Courts — The Alex-
andra — British Aggressions —* Indemnities — Review — Mr. Marsh — Italy — Mr.
Adams — A Crisis — War with Great Britain — Alliance of France and England —
Consequences — Serious Topics Discussed —.Mr. Dayton — France xmd-JMfiadc© —
The Empemr — The " Moniteur." Mr. Adams — Rebel Cruisers — Earl Russell

— Our Navy— The Alabama, 1863 —Claims Presented — Maximilian — Mr.
Pike — Negro Emigration — The Conduct of the War, 1S64 — The War our own
Affair — England and the Irish — Religion — Mr. Bigelow — France and Mexico —
Mr. Adams — Death of the President — Tributes — Montholon — Intervention —
French Viewj^-Monarchy in Mexico — Maximilian — Our Views — Mr. Drouyn
de lTIuys— Mr. Kilpatrick, Chili — Mr. Wright, Prussia—Naturalization — Mr.
Adams — Alabama Claims —Reply to Lord Stanley — The Rebel Cruisers — Inter-
national Law. The Relations of the United States and Great Britain Reviewed at
Length — Mr. Adams — The Alabama Claims — Lord Stanley — A Joint Commis-
sion — A Mixed Commission — Two Commissions — Mexico — France — Mr. Camp-
bell — Maximilian — Juarez — General Sherman — Mr. King — Surratt — Diplo-
matic Duties — Alabama Claims, delay — The Irish People — Maximilian's Capture
— Juarez — Mr. Campbell — Intercession for Maximilian — Mr. Johnson, Minister
to England — Instructions — Unsettled Questions Considered — Naturalization —
Serious Complaiuts — The Irish — The Alabama Claims — A Joint Commission.

Occasional Speeches And Miscellaneous Papers: 483

Occasional Speeches —The Fall of Vicksburg, July 7,1863 —The Progress of the

War—The Cemetery at Gettysburg, November 18, 1863 —The Fall of Atlanta,

September 3, 1864 — The Allies of Treason — Politics — Perseverance in the

War — Election — Auburn, November 7, 1864 — Chicago, London, and Richmond

— Niagara — St. Albans — The Assurance of Victory — Reelection of President

Lincoln — Assassination, 1865—President Johnson and his Cabinet—Subjuga-

tion—Restoration of Union — The President's Message — The Nervous Man—

Joint Committees — Joint Resolutions— The Freedmen's Bureau — The Situation

and the Duty, 1868 — Mexico — Reconstruction — Reconciliation — The Thir-

teenth Amendment—A Hopeful View — Alaska— Speech at Sitka August 12,

I 1869 —The North Pacific Const—British Columbia —Our North Pacific States-
Speeches in Mexico — Reception of the Chinese Embassy — Mr. Burlingame — The
Darien Canal — A Corporation — Peter Cooper — A Visit from Syracuse Friends,
April, 1870 — The Destiny of America.

Miscellaneous Papers: 594

Proclamation of Emancipation, 1863 —Amendments of Constitution — 1865 — The

"Thirteenth Amendment" — Correspondence with Governors of Reconstructed

States — Repudiation of Rebel Debts — Provisional Governors — The Fourteenth

Amendment — Fugitive Slaves in 1861 and General McClellan — Treaties — Nat-

uralization — Alaska — Chinese — Suppression of Slave Trade — Darien — Cabinet

Paper on the Reinforcement of Fort Sumter, the Argument — Governor Hicks —

Rebel Emissaries — John Forsyth — Immigration, Rights of Aliens — The Union

and the Church — A Vindication — Dr. Thompson — The Clerks of the Depart-

x ment — " Seward."

See Index 617-626

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