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THE

CIRCULATOR

OF

Useful Knowledge,

AMUSEMENT, LITERATURE, SCIENCE,

AND

GENERAL INFORMATION:

AN ORIGINAL WORK

WITH

SEVENTY-FIVE WOOD ENGRAVINGS.

Complete in One Colume.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THOMAS BOYS, 7, LUDGATE-HILL.

1825.

LONDON: PRINTED BY A. APPLEGATH, STAMFORD STREET,

PREFACE.

The forms of literature are subject to the fluctuations of fashion, as well as manners and dress. The practice of writing prefaces is now almost obsolete, and new works are ushered into the world, either without this appendage, or with one extremely brief, in which the writer usually informs his readers, that he merely indulges in a short proæmium in compliance with long-established usage.

We, however, think there is considerable utility in the ancient practice, and should be sorry to see it fall into desuetude. A book without a preface, is like a person admitted into society without an introduction. We are naturally suspicious of those of whom we have no previous knowledge:-a preface at once opens to us an acquaintance with an author, explains the motives in which his work originated, and affords us an insight into the spirit, manner, and bearing in which it has been executed.

In the present instance, our business is rather to write a retrospect than a preface, and point out the prominent features in a work, with the contents of which the public is already familiar. The CIRCULATOR is, as was originally intended, a Miscellany of Literature and Science, Useful Knowledge, Amusement, and General Information. In our REVIEWS we have endeavoured to notice the more important works that have appeared since the commencement of the year :after giving a general idea of their character and contents, we have made such selections from them, as appeared most interesting and instructive

Our embellishments, which are numerous, and many of them possessing considerable merit, have been chiefly introduced in illustration of subjects of Topography, and the ancient Sports and Pastimes of the people.

The Lectures on Political Economy by Mr. M‘Culloch, and of which we present our readers with the whole course, form a valuable and peculiar feature in the present volume. The gentleman who delivered these interesting discourses, is of the first eminence in economical science; and, though they form but an outline of the admirable originals from which they are abridged, yet we will venture to say, that they comprise a complete, though condensed, summary of the present state of the science of public economy, and the principal facts and arguments on which it is founded.

The Diary Of OCCURRENCES comprises a record of the more interesting incidents and events in the last half-year; and the WEEKLY CALENDAR contains an account of Customs, Festivals, Remarkable Days, and other useful memoranda, for the same period of time. To these are added a variety of original Sketches and Essays, notices of the Drama and Fine Arts, select Anecdotes, with an account of the progress of Literary and Scientific Institutions, and of new inventions and discoveries in Science and the Arts.

The readers of our Scientific Articles will, we are assured, be much gratified to learn, that, with the beginning of July, our present Publisher will commence a work wholly devoted to the various and interesting pursuits of science, under the title of “ The Scientific Gazette ; or, Library of Mechanical Philosophy, Chemistry, and Discovery:" it will be published in quarto, and the first number will be embellished, by permission, with a fine Portrait of Sir Humphrey Davy, President of the Royal Society. The work will be edited at the London Institution, by Mr. Partington; and connected, as it will be, with many gentlemen in the first rank of intellect and talent, there is little doubt that a focus may be formed where the rays of science may concentrate, and a work produced, worthy of the patronage of the scientific world, even in its present enlightened and enlightening state.

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Page.

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Christmas Comforts..
3 The Court of Chancery

145

Progress of Music.
9 The Months .....

153

Recollections of de Lolme

11 Influence of the Reformation on

Natural History of the Tapir

12 the Condition of the Labouring

“ A Short Life and a Merry One”.. 18 Classes

154

Condition of Labouring Classes from Mottos .

156

the Conquest to Henry VII. 19 Remarks on Dress

157

Geology...
24 Archery

161

Objects of the Drama
26 Alliteration

162

Reverie, a Sketch..

34 The Humming Top and the Hobby

Pictorial Criticism..
37 Horse

163

Progress of Labouring Classes from A Grievance

170

Henry VII. to the Reformation... 38 Surface of the Earth.

171

Bird's-eye Chronology of 1824 41 Foot-ball

177

Astrology.
49 Entomology

178

Parochial Psalmody in the Me- The Eton Montem

193

tropolis....
51 The Warrior's Tomb.

206

Fire and Water
58 All Fools' Day..

209

Descent into a Lead Mine
65 The Diorama

210

Black Monday.
66 April...

217

Cox v. Kean..
69 Aërostation

241

Philological Inquiries
75 Progress of Playhouses

243

Books
82 The King's Bench

257

Trifling..
84 May-Day..

274

The Spattering Shop
ib. The Royal Exchange

289

Illustrations of Botany

90 Gresham College and Lectures

Valentine's Day
97 The Royal Academy

305

Geology
98 Greenwich Fair

321

Bubble-blowing
105 The Setting Sun

352

Church-yard Visitations ... 106 Breaking Up

354

History of the Labouring Classes 114 The Proposed London University 366

The Light Supper

.... 117 Illustrations of Popular Games

Readers
127 Falconry

369

Common Sense and Genius
128 The People—what?...

375

Running at the Quintain... 129 Blighted Affection

376

Authors
130 On Climbing Boys

377

Lecture on Eyes
132 Origin of the word City

378

Tunny. Fishing.
131 Love...

380

February
137 Visit to the Sybille

388

Reminiscences of Bond street
138 Posthumous Fame

396

Mollien's Travels in Columbia ......
Mounteney's Historical Inquiry into

Napoleon Buonaparte, &c.
Lisbon in the years 1821, 1822, and

1823, by M. Baillie.
A Brief Narrative of an Unsuccessful

Attempt to Reach Repulse Bay
- Hazlit's Spirit of the Age
Gymnastic Exercises

5 Boaden's Life of Kemble .... 101

Recollections of an Eventful Life
21 passed in the Army

117
Mr. Brougham's Pamphlet on the
35 Education of the People

133
Lyall's Travels in Russia

148
52 Odes and Addresses to Great People 164
70 Caldclengh's Travels in South Ame-
85 rica

180

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