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upon the map with reference to that event--for you remember that the places are marked with crosses on the map, from which the persons are expected to meet the following night--that the places are fixed upon, and yet this has to do with the Revolution of 1688:-no, Gentlemen, theirs was a revolution of a very different nature-wild as their scheme was, and inefficient as their means provedand from the whole of what passed upon that Sunday, 1 put it to you as reasonable meit, whether you can entertain a doubt that their plan then was to do that, which subsequently they did, to rise on the night of Monday the, 9th, and to march to Nottingham, and to endeavour to effect that which is comprised within that single word revolution.
Gentlemen, their whole conversation for several hours is upon this topic; they are calculating their means, and are considering how they shall, arm; and, unwilling as I. am to prejudice your minds in any degree upon this. occasion, yet justice must be done, and you will recollect the expressions of Turner, which have been treated with ridicule, but which appear to me very serious, about drawing the badger, meaning Colonel Halton.
Mr. Denman. No, I really did not treat them with ridicule.
Mr. Solicitor General. Then I will pass it bys, but, you will remember how they meant on the Sunday to. effect their purpose, and that they contemplated, in the çoldest manner, the murder and bloodshed which might ensue.
Gentlemen,, you have heard much respecting the. conduct of these two witnesses, and that they were Constables ; they had indeed been sworn in two days before for some special purpose, but they are Butterley men, both men employed in the Iron-works at Butterley. Who takes Martin to the place ? one of the Butterley men-a man of the name of Cope; they are invited in by the people of the house, But it is said, these persons did not communicate what they learned at this meeting ; why,.you heard the threats and you saw by the result, how
likely those threats were to be carried into execution ; then, seeing the assembly so determined, and with those threats so held out to them, was it at all to be wondered that these men should abstain from giving information.
Then it is said these men differ in their accounts; it is a trite observation, that where several persons come to depose to the same facts slight variations in their testimony so far from diminishing from the weight of their testimony are a confirmation of their statement; for as their attention was probably directed to different parts of the transaction, one recollects one circumstance and the other another, but both concur in the main fact, namely, in the object of this meeting, that the persons present were plotting and contriving for the business of the next day, and when one of them does not recollect Brandreth moving from his place and the other does, it shews that they come here to state the truth, and thai the recollection of one does not serve him to state one trifling fact which the memory of the other enables him to do. And what struck me as the greatest confirmation of their story was that circumstance Mr. Depman has commented upon, namely, the recollection of the verses recited by Brandreth; you observed the manner in which the first witness attempted to repeat them, he repeated two verses and could not recite the rest; the memory of the other was stronger, and he was able to recite all the lines. This, therefore, strongly showed that they did not come with a false story. Gentlemen, much comment has been made by Mr. Denman upon some of the lines, and that they talked of fighting for bread; but do you remember the concluding lines ? “ The time is come you plainly see" when, what ? when we must endeavour to get bread : we are out of employment and must apply to persons to give us employment, we are starving ; (though you will see by and by how far that is corroborated by the situation of these persons) is that the period ? no, the period is arrived" when government opposed must be," the time is come when the government is to be opposed; and how? by an armed force collected from all parts of
the country, who are to assemble on the following night, who are to compel persons to join them if they will not willingly do so, who are to procure arms by any means, by theft, by robbery, or by murder, and having so done to march to Nottingham, join another party there, and take the town of Nottingham.
Then, what is fixed at this meeting on the Sunday ? that they are to meet on the Monday evening, the Southwingfield people to go to Hunt's barn, and the Pentridge and Ripley people to join them in their progress ; but there is a fact stronger than any of those I have mentioned, which cannot leave a doubt upon the mind of any man that this was a long preconcerted and prepared scheme-how came they with pikes upon that occasion, when were those pikes manufactured, were they manufactured upon the Monday or the Sunday in expectation of their rising on the Monday night? I say that fact shews to demonstration, that this was not a sudden ebullition upon their part for the purpose of getting bread, but that the plan had been long contemplated; and that this was the time chosen, under the direction of the man at the bar, to effect their purpose. I, therefore, say that no man alive can doubt, after the meeting on Sunday, after the expressions then used, after the preparations which had been made, that this was a long preconcerted scheme in these persons, and that rating their numbers to a greater than they really were, and that they should be able to effect more than they were enabled to do: they thought the time was arrived when government could be opposed, and it was fixed, by Brandreth and the other conspirators, that the rising should be on Monday night the 9th of June.
Gentlemen, what is the next step in this proceeding? what takes place on the Monday? I am sure you will excuse me at this late hour, particularly as you will hear the evidence so fully recapitulated by ani by by his Lordship, if I do not trouble you with every expression used, and every circumstance that took place; but they all have one object and one tendency, namely, that these per
sons were to oppose the government and to effect a revolution.
On the Monday evening, Brandreth and others assembled at Hunt's Barn ; there were many pikes brought, and some of them had fire-arms; but they were deficient in fire-arms; they then proceed in their progress; and there is a fact worthy of your attention, that it was intended they should be at Nottingham between two and three in the morning. They began meeting about nine or ten on Monday night, at Southwingfield. I will not, however, take you to all the different houses to which they go, but it is most important for you in forming your conclusion, to attend to all their acts on the evening of the 9th, since they all shew that these persons were acting for one common purpose, and towards one common design, and that that design was the overthrow of the Government, and a revolution.
With respect to the acts of these conspirators, for so I call them, on the 9th of June, I think some of them are first spoken to by Shipman, who saw Brandreth and George Weightman, and one or two others in Pentridge, going towards Hunt's Barn, and Brandreth then said there would be a meeting at the old barn of Pentridge, Crich, Wingfield, and Alfreton; that there were arms and ammunition there, and more would be taken in their way to Nottingham; that a band of music would meet them, that there were thousands more, and so on. Gentlemen, they do accordingly meet at Hunt's Barn, and I think that a witness of the name of Turner said, that either at Hunt's Barn or at Pentridge, I am not certain which, George Weightman said they expected an engagement at the Butterley works, which circumstance I beg you will keep in your recollection till I come to the transaction at But. terley, for it shews that at that time Weightman was aware of what was taking place at Butterley by Mr. Goodwin. Gentlemen, they meet at Hunt's Barn; they are then marched to Hardwick’s, to Tomlinson's, and I think they procure arms at both places; they then go to Elijah Hall's, where you will recollect the scene that took place;
they not only procured arms there, but they insisted upon young Mr. Elijah Hall's accompanying them; and I think there were expressions, either there or at Tomlinson’s, that a great gang from Sheffield, and a cloud from the North would come in the morning and sweep all before them. So that they not only were themselves asseinbling in this part, but they either expected or held it out by way of terror, to induce persons to join them, thal other risings of a similar description were taking place throughout the country, and that the Sheffield or the Yorkshire people would compel them to go with them in the morning if they did not that night. Gentlemen, they then proceeds ed to Walker's, where they procured arms, and amongst the rest a pistol, which this unfortunate man at the bar is prova ed to have afterwards tueked into his apron, which served as a belt.
Gentlemen, at all these houses their acts are of a similar Rature; they are for the purpose of procuring arms, and also of procuring men; they then go on to Bestwick's, and to Samuel Hunt's, where they meet with a more friendly receprion, and then proceed from Hunt's to the house where that melancholy transaction took place of the death of the servant of Mrs. Hepworth. Gentlemen, I am as far as the Attorney General from wishing that that circumstance should be taken by itself at all to operate against the Prisoner at the bar in this prosecution, but it is a fact which cannot be overlooked; for what was the reason the man was shot ? were they to procure bread by force ? did they ask for bread and for provisions at this house, and were they refused ? was their object that which my learned Friends Mr. Cross and Mr. Denman state to you, merely 10 go to Nottingham to procure food ? was that a motive which would have induced them to commit this dreadful act ? No, it was in furtherance of their common object of levying war against the Government, and it shows that they were prepared to repel all opposition that should be made to their views, and that if the end proposed could not be accomplished' but by the murder of their innocent fell low subjects; they were not to stop short even of that