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became connected with a society of Universalists in New York, in the relation of Pastor, which charge he resigned in September of the same year, having accepted an invitation to become the Pastor of the First Universalist Church in Philadelphia. It may not be improper to add, that he never enjoyed the advantages of a collegiate education.

The letters of Dr. Ely, were originally published in The Philadephian ; those of Mr. Thomas, in the Messenger and Universalist, excepting the seven concluding epistles in this volume, which now, for the first time, appear in print.

The entire controversy, with the exception of the seven epistles above referred to, was republished in the “Trumpet and Universalist Magazine,” Boston; “Christian Intelligencer," Gardiner, Me.;

Star in the East,” Concord, N. H.; “Universalist Watchman," Montpelier, Yt.; "Sentinel,” Philomath, Ia.; “Herald of Truth,'' Geneva, N. Y.; "Liberalist,” Philadelphia ; and some of the letters appeared in the "Southern Pioneer,” Baltimore; and in the "Iris," Methuen, Mass. The latter is a literary paper; the others are Universalist publications.

The discussion is now presented to the public, verbatim, as it was originally published, with the exception of a trifling change of phraseology in a single sentence to which a special reference need not be made.

In the month of February, 1834, the steam-boat William Penn was destroyed by fire, in the river Delaware. Rev. John Mitchelmore, of Lewistown, Del., was drowned in attempting to reach the shore. To this circumstance an allusion is made on page 43.

Cherishing a hope that this volume may tend in some measure to a correct understanding of the sacred oracles, it is respectfully submitted without further remark.

New York, August, 1835.


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Introduced in this Discussion, in proof of the doctrine of Endless

Deuteronomy xxxii. 22: "For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and

shall burn unto the lowest hell."
Psalm ix. 17 : "The wicked sha!l be turned into hell, and all the

nations that forget God." Proverbs xxix. 1: "He that being often reproved hardeneth his

neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy." Ezekiel xviii. 31, 32: "Why, will ye die, O house of Israel ? ' For ! have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord

God: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.”
Daniel xii. 2: And many of them that sleep in the dust of the

earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame
and everlasting contempt.”
Matthew x. 28: And lear not them which kill the body, but are not
able to kill the soul : but rather fear him which is able to destroy

both soul and body in hell." Matthew xi. 32: Whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the

world to come. Matthew xii. 39-42: "The harvest is the end of the world, and the reapers are the angels. As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and thein which do iniquity, and shall cast them into a furnace of fire : there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth." Matthew xvi. 26, 27 : "For what is a man profited, if he shall gain

the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul ? For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works. Matthew xxiii. 33 : "Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can

ye escape the damnation of hell Ķ
Matthew xxv. 41: "Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting

fire, prepared for the devil and his angels."
Matthew xxv. 46 : And these shall go away into everlasting pun-

ishment, but the righteous into life eternal.”
Matthew xxvi. 24 : "The Son of man goeth as it is written of him;
but wo unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed I it

had been good for that man if he had not been born."
Mark ix. 45, 46 : And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better

for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched : where their worm

dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.” Mark'xvi. 16; He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved ;

but he that believeth not, shall be damned.”

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Luke xiii. 3, 5: "I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all

likewise perish.” Luke xiii. 23, 24: "Lord, are there few that be saved? And he said unto them, Strive to enter in at the strait gate; for many, I say

unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able." Luke xiii. 27, 28: Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.

There shall be weeping and gņashing, of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the king

dom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. Luke xvi. 1931 : There was a certain rich man, which was

clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every

day; and there was a certain beggar named Lazarus,' &c. John iii. 3: "Except a man be born again, he cannot see the king

dom of God." John v. 28, 29 : “ The hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they thai have

done evil, to the resurrection of damnation.". Acts xvii. 31: "He hath appointed a day in which he will judge the

world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained." Romans ii. 12, 16: As many as have sinned without law shall also

perish without law; and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law . in the day, when God shall judge

the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.' 2 Corinthians v. 10: "For we must all appear before the judgment

seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his

body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad." 2 Thessalonians 1. 6-10: "When the Lord Jesus shall be revealed

from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his power.” 2 Peter ii. 4–9: "For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but

cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of dark

ness, to be reserved unto judgment,' &c. Jude 7: “Even as Sodom and Gomorrah

are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire." Revelation xx. 12, 13: And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God. and the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them;

and they were judged every man according to his works." Revelation xxi. 8: The fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers

shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone; which is the second death."

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THE PRINCIPAL TEXTS Introduced in this Discussion, in proof of the doctrine of Universal

Salvation. Genesis xxii. 18; xxviii

. 14; Acts iii. 25: "In thee and in thy seed shall all the nations, families and kindreds of the earth be blessed." Psalm xxii. 27, 28: "All the ends of the world shall remember and

turn unto the Lord; and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee." Isaiah xxv. 8:, "He will swallow up death in victory; and the

Lord God will wipe away tears from off all faces."
Matthew xxii. 29, 30 : Ye do err, not knowing the Scriptures, nor

the power of God; for in the resurrection .... they are as the angels of God in heaven.' Luke xx. 34, 35, 36 : “ The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage; but they who shall be accounted worthy, to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage : neither can they die any more; for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.". John i. 29: “Behold the Lamb of God who taketh away the sin of

the world." John iü. 35; vi. 37: "The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all

things into his hands All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast John iv. 42: "This is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world." John xii. 32: And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all

men unto me.” Acts xxiv. 15: "And have hope toward God. that there

shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and

unjust." Romans v. 20: "Where sin abounded, grace did much more

abound.Romans viii. 21 : "Because the creature itself also shall be delivered

from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the

children of God." Romans xi. 32, 36 : "For God hath concluded all in ynbelief,

that he might have mercy upon all . For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things : to whom be glory for ever." 1 Corinthians xv. 22, 28: "For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ

shall all be made alive. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto

him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all." 2 Corinthians i. 18, 19, 20 : "Our word toward you was not yea,

and nay, but in him was yea. For all the promises of God in him

are yea, and in him Amen, to the glory of God by us." 2 Corinthians v. 19: “God' was in Christ reconciling the world

unto himself, not imputing their trespasses into them."


Galatians iii. 8: "And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto

Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed." Ephesians i. 9, 10: “Having made known unto us the mystery of

his will, according to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed in himself; that in the dispensation of the fulness of time he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in Philippians ii. 9, 10, 11 : Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name; that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in hea. ven, and things in earth, and things under the earth ; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory

of God the Father." Philippians iii. 20, 21 : For our conversation is in heaven; from

whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ; who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even

to subdue all things to himself." Colossians i. 19, 20: For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; and, having made peace through the blood of

his cross, by him to reconcile all things to himself." i Timothy i. 15 : "This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all ac

ceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sin

ners." 1 Timothy ii. 4: God our Saviour "will have all men to be saved,

and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due

time. i Timothy iv. 10: "For therefore we both labour and suffer re

proach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, especially of those who believe.” H brews ii. 9, 14: "We see Jesus, who was made a little lower

than the angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour, ihat he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. That wrough death, he might destroy him that

had the power of death, that is, the devil.” 1 John ii. 1, 2: “If any man sin we have an advocate with Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and he is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole

world.” 1 Juhn iii. 8: "For this purpose the Son of God was manifested,

that he might destroy the works of the devil." 1 John iv. 14: “We have seen and do testify, that the Father sent

the Son to be the Saviour of the world." 1 John v. 10, 11 : "Ile that believeth on the Son of God hath the

witness in himself; he that believeth not God, hath made hinn a liar; because he believed not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son."

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