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of the Ten Thousand. Its full exertion, and most While there my laws alone despotic reign'd,
55 etry, Music, Sculpture, Painting, and Architec- But when mysterious Superstition came, ture, the effects of Liberty in Creece, & brought And, with her Civil Sitter leagu'd, involvid to their utmost perfection there, to ver. 381.- In study'd darkness the desponding mind, Transition to the modern state of Greece, to ver. Then turant Power the righteous fcourge un411. Why Liberty declined, and was ac last en
lous'd; tirely lost among the Greeks, to ver. 472. Con- Yor yielded reason speaks the foul a slave. 60 cluding reflection.
Instead of uscful works, like Nature's great,
Enormous, cruel wonders crush'd the land, HUS spoke the goddels of the fearless eye,
And round a tyrant's tomb, who ncne deferv'd, And at her voice, renew'd, the Vision rose. For one vile carcal's perish'd countless lives. First, in the dawn of time, with eastern Then the great Dragon, couch'd amid his floods, fwains,
Swell'd his fiercc heart, and cry'd" This flood In woods, and tents, and cottages, I liv'd,
is mine, While on from plain to plain they led their flocks, « 'Tis 1 that bid it flow."-But, undeceiv’d, In search of clearer spring, and fresher ñeld. 6
His frenzy foon the proud blasphemer felt: These, as increasing families disclos'd
Felt that, without My fertilizing power, The tender ftate, I taught an equal (way.
Surs lost their force, and Niles o'ersiow'd in vain. Few were offences, properties, and la 1 s. Beneath the rural portal, palm-o'erspread,
Nought could retard me; nor the frugal state
ro Ofriling Perlia, rober in excrente, The facher senate met. There justice dealt,
Beyond the pitch of man, and thence reverz'd With reason then and equity the fame,
Into luxurious waste: nor yet the ports Free as the common air, her prompt decree;
Of old Phisicia, first for letters fam'd 75 Nor yet had faiu'd her sword with subjects blood. That paint the voice, and silent speak to fight, The simpler arts were all their simpler wants
15 of arts prime source and guardian ! by fair stars, Had urg'd to light ; but inftant, these supply'd,
First tempted out into the lonely dcep, Another set of fonder wants arose,
To whom I first disclos'd mechanic arts, And other arts with them of finer aim,
The winds to conquer, to subdue the waves, 80 Till, from refining want to want impellid, With all the peaceful power of ruling trade; The Mind by thinking push'd her latene powers, Earnest of Britain. Nor by these retain'd, And life began to glow, and arts to shine.
Nor by the neighbouring land, whose palmy at first, on brutes alone the rustic war
ihorc Launch'd the rude spear ; swift as he glar'd alorg, The filver Jordan laves: before Me lay On the grim lion or the robber wolf!
The promis't Land of Arts, and urg'd my flight. For then young sportive Life was void of toil, 25
Hail, Nature's utmost boast! .unrival'd Grecce! Demanding little, and with little pleas'd ; But when to manhood grown, and endless joys,
My fairelt reign! where every power benign 1.ed on by equal toils, the bofom fir'd,
Conspir'd to blow the flower of human-kind, Lewd lazy Rapine hroke primeval Peace,
And lavish'd all that Genius can inspire,
Clear funny climates, by the breezy main, 90 And, hid in caves and idle forests drear, 30 From the lone pilgrim and the wandering (wain lonian or Ægean, temper'd kind : Sciz'd what he durft not earn,
Then brother's Light airy foils, a country rich and gay, blood
Broke into hilis, with bamy odours crown'd, First, horrid, smoak'd on the polluted skies.
And, bright with purple harvests, joyous vales :
Mountains and itseains where verle spontaneous Awful in justice, then the hurning youth, Led by their temper'd fires, on lawless men, 35 whence deem'a by wondering men the seat of
95 The last worst monsters of the shaggy wood, Turn'd the keen arrow and the sharpen'd spear.
And Gill the mountains and the streams of song. Then war grew glorious. Heroes then arose,
All that boon Nature could luxuriant pour
Of high materials, and My rettles arts
Frame into finiin'd life. How many itates, West with the living day co Greece I came : Earth (mild beneath my beam; the Mufe before and cluitering towns, and monumenis of lanie, Sonorous flew, tha: low, cill then, in woods
And icenes of glorious deeds, in little bounds Had tund the reed, and figh'd the sheplierd's From the rough tract of bending mountains, beat
By Adria's here, there hy Ægean waves, pain ;
To where thc deep-adorning Cyclade ifles But now, to sing heroic deeds, the swellid
45 A nobler note, and hade the banqnet burg.
In shining prospect rise, and on the shore For Greece my sons of Egype I forfook,
Of farthest Crere resounds the L;bian main.
O'er all two rival cities reard the brow,
And balanc'd all. Spread on Nurota's bank,
Amid And with their river tracd it from the kics, so 3 P 2
Amid a circle of soft-riâng hills,
110 Felt every ardour burn ; their great reward The patient Sparta one; the fober, hard, The verdant wreath which srunding Pisa gave. And man-subduing city, which no hape
Hence pourish'd Greece, and bence a race of Of pain could conquer, or of pleasure charm.
175 Lycurgus there built, on the folid base
As gods by conicious future times ador'd, Ofeq.al life, so well a temper'd state, 115 In whom each virtue wore a smiling air, Where mix'd each government in such just poise, Each science shed o'er lise a sriendly light, Each power fo checking and supporting each, Each art was nature. Spartan valour, hence, That firm for ages, and unmov'd it food, At the fami'd pass firm as an isthmus stood, 180 The sort of Greece! without one giddy hour, And the whole ealern ocean, waving far One shock of faction, or of party rage.
As eye could dart its vision, nobly check'd; For, drain'd the springs of wealth, corruption while in extended battle at the field there
Of Marathon, My keen Athenians drove Lay wither'd at the root. Thrice happy land ! Before their ardent band an host of flaves. Had not neglected Art, with wecdy Vice
Hence thro' the continent ten thousand Greeks Confounded, funk. But if Athenian arts
Urg'? a retreat, whose glory not the prime
Oppos'd chcir courle; and hostile lands, unOf manly Sense and Wit, in frugal phrase
known; Crnfin'd, and press d into laconic force.
And deep rapacious foods ; dire-bauk'd with There, too, by rooting thence fill treacherous
And mountains, in whose jaws destruction grinn'd; The public and the private grew the same :
130 Hunger and toil, Armenian (nows and forms, The children of the nursing Public all,
And circling myriads Atill of barbarous foes. And at its table fed; for that they toild,
Greece in their view, and glory yet untouchid, For that they liv'd entire, and e'ın for that
Their steady column pierc'd the scattering herds The tender mother urg'd hes fon to die.
Which a whole empire pour'd, and held its way Of fofter genius, but no less intent
135 | Trivmphant, by the fage exalted Chief Te seize the palm of empire, Athens arose;
Fir'd and suitain'd. Oh! light and force of mind Where, with bright marbles big and future pomp, Almost almighty, in severe extremes ! Hymettus spread, amid the scented sky,
The sea at last from Coichian mountains seen, His thyny treasures to the labouring bee,
Kind hearted transport round their captains threw And I botanic hand the stores of health.
140 The soldiers' fond embrace ; o'erflow'd their eyes Wrapt in a foul-attenuating clime,
With tender floods, and loos’d the general voice Between Ilissus and Cephisses glow'd
To cries resounding loud--The fea! The sea ! This hive of Science, shedding sweets divine, In Attic bounds hence heroes, sages, wits, 205 Of a&ive arts and animated arms.
Shone thick as llars the Milky Way of Greece ! There, paffionate for Me, an easy-mov'd, 145 And tho'gay Wit and pleasing Grace was theirs, A quick, refin'd, a delicate, humane,
All the foft Nodes of Elegance and Ease, Enlighten'd people reign'd. Oft' on the brink
Yet was not Courage less, the paticnt touch Of ruin, hurry'd by the charm of speech,
of coiling Art, and Disquisition deep. Inforcing has y counsel immature,
Ny spirit pours a vigour thro' the foul, Totter'o the rath Democracy, unpois'd, 150 Th'infetter'd thoughe with energy inspires, And by the rage devour'd that ever tears
Invincible in ar! s, in the bright field A populace unequal ; part too rich,
Of nobier Science, as in that of arms. And part or fierce with want or abject grown. Athenians thus not less intrepid burst 215 Solon, at last, thcir mild reitorer, rose,
The bonds of tyrant darkness, than they spurn'd Allay'd the tempeft, to the calm of laws
155 The Persian chains; while thro' the city, full
And friendly free discussion, calling forth
Noble contesition ! who should most excel And Father of Philosophy; the sun
fect 113 orvanicnted towns, whese Order reigns, Took various tents, but with diminish'd beam. Free focial life, and polith'd manners fair; 165 Tutor of Aikens ! he in every freet In exercile and arms; aims only drawn
Dealt priceless treasure ; goodness his delight,
Deep thro' the human heart, with playful art, Hente, as for glosy peacefully they firove, His simple question Role, as into truch 230 'l he prize grew gicator, anù ihe prize of a)l. 570 And fericus deeds he smiles the laughing race; y corcel briglien'u, hunce the radiant youth 'Taught moral kappy life whace'er can bless Pour'd every beans ; hy generous pride iniluni d,
Or grace mankind, and what he taught he was. Exalting, blending in a perfect whole, Coropounded high, tho' plain, his doctrine broke | Thy workmen left e'en Nature's self behind, In different Schools. The hold poetic phrase 235 From those far different, whose prolifie hand Of figur'd Plato, Xenophon's pure strain, Peoples a nation, they for years on years, Like the clear brook that steals along the vale, By the cool touches of judicious toil,
300 Dissecting truth, the Stagyrite's keen cye, 'Their rapid genius curbing, pour'd it all Tho exalted Stoic pride, the Cynic încer,
Thro' the live features of one breathing stone. The flow-consenting Acadenlic doubt ; 2407here, beaming full, it thone, exprening gods; And, joining bliss to virtue, the glad ease Jove's awful brow, Apollo's air divine, Of Epicurus, feldom understood.
The fierce atrocious frown of sinew'd Mars, 305 They, ever candid, reason fill opposid
Or the fly graces of the Cyprian Queen. To reason, and, amce virtue was their aim, Minutely perfect all! each dimple funk, lach by sure practise try'd to prove his way 245 And every muscle swell’d, as Nature taught. The best. Then flood untouch'd the folid base In treses, braided gay, the marble wav'd, Of Liberty, the liberty of mind;
I'low'd in loose robes, or thin transparent veils ; For systems yet, and loul-enflavirg creeds, Sprung into motion, loften'd into feth, Slept with the monsters of fucceeding times. Was fir'd to paffion, or refin' to foul. From priestly darkness sprung the enlightening Nor less thy pencil, with creative touch,
Shed mimic lise, when all thy brightest dames of fire, and sword, and rage, and horrid names. Asembled, Zeuxis in his Helen mix'.
315 O Greece! thou sapient nurse of finer Arts ! And when Appelles, who peculiar knew Which to bright Science blooming Fancy bore, To give a grace that more than niortal smil'd, Be this thy praise, that thou, and thou a'one, The foul of Beauty ! call'd the Queen of Love In these hat led the way, in these excell'd, 255 Fresh from the billows, blushing orient charms, Crown'd with the laurel of affenting Time. E'en such enchantment then thy pencil pour'i,
In thy fu!l language, sperking mightier things, That cruel-thoughted War th' impatient torch Like a clear torrent clure, or else diffus'd Dash'd to the ground, and, rather than destroy Abroad majestic stream, and rolling on
The patriot picture, let the city 'scape. Thro' all the winding harmony of sound, 260
First clder Sculpture taught her fifter Art In it the power of Eloquence, at large,
Correct riesiga, where great ideas fnone, 325 Breath'd the perfuafive or pathetic foul,
And the secret trace expression spoke : Still'd by degrees the democratic torni,
Taught her thic graceful attitude, the turn, Os bade it threaining rise, and tyrants shook, And beauteous airs of head; the native act, Flush'd at the head of their victorious troops.
Or bold or casy, and cast free behind, In it the Muse, her fury never quench'd. 265 The swelling mantle's well-adjusted flow. 330 By mean unyielding phrase, or jarring sound,
Then the bright Muse, their eldest sister, came, Her upconfin'u divinity display'd,
And bade her follow where she led the way! And, still harmonious, form’d it to her will,
Bade earth, and sea, and air, in colours rise, Or fost depress’d it to the fiepherd's moan, 27° And copious action on the canvas glow; Or raisd it swelling to the tongue of gods.
Gare her gay lable, spread Invention's store, Heoric Song was thine, the fountain bard,
Enlarg'd her view, taught composition high, Whence cach poctic Aream derives it course.
And just arrangement, circling round one point, Thine the dread Moral Scene, thy chief delight! That Itarts to fight, binds and commands tie Where idly Fancy durft not mix her voice, 275
whole. When rcalon (poke auguft; the fervent heart
Caught from the heavenly Muse a nobler aim, Or plain’d or storm', and in the impaflion'd nzan, And scorning the soft trade of mere delight, 340 Concealing art with art, the poet funk.
O'er all thy temples, porticoes, and schools, This potent school of nianners, but when test
Heroic deeds the crac'd, and warm display'd To loole neglect, a land corrupting p'ague, 280 Each mortal beauty to the ravish'd eye. Was riot unworthy deeni'd of public care,
Chcre, as th' imagin'd presence of the God And boundless cost, by thee, whose every fon,
hinus'd the mind, or vacant huurs induc'd 345 E'en last mecharic, the true caíte poffefs d
Calm Contemplation, or allembled youth Of what had flavour to the nourishd fuul.
Surn'd in ambitious circle round the fage, The swet enforcer of the poet's itrain, 285 The living leflon stole into the heart Thine was the ni aning Music of the heart ; With more prevailing force than dwells in worde. Not the vain thril chat, void of passion, runs, These rouze to glory, while to rural life
356 In gicidy mazes, tickling idle ears,
The lofter canvas oft' repor'd the foul. But that deep-searching voice, and artful hand, There gaily broke the sun-illumin'd cloud ; To which respondent shakes the varicd loul. 290 The less’ning prosped, and the mountain blue, Thy fair iscas, thy delightful forms,
Vanish'd in air ; che precipice frown'd, dire; By Love imagin'd, by the Graces touch'd, White down the rock the rushing torrent dath'd; The boast of well pleas'd Nature! Sculpture The fuu thone, trembling, o'er the distant main; seiz'd,
The tempet foam d, impiense; the driving form And bad them ever smile in Parian fone. Badden'u the skies; and from the doubling gloom, Sekcing Beauty's choice, and that again 295
On the scath'd oak the ragged lightning fell;
With thoughts of better times and old renown,
Pois'd on the doubtful wing, when Greece with
For common glory and for common wcal, 430
But, falfe to freedom, sought to quell the free ; ? he high awarders of immortal fame,
Broke the firm hond of peace, and sacred love, Alone for glory thy great matters ftrove;
T'hat lent the whole irrefragable force, Courted by kings, and by contending itates
And, as around the partial trophy blush'd, Alum'd the boasted honour of their birth.
Prepare the way for total overthrow.
435 In Architecture, too, thy rank fupreme !
Then to the Persian power, whose pride they That art where most magnificent appears
scorn'd, The little builder Man ; by thee refin'd, 375
When Xerxes pour'd his millions o'er the land,
Sud to be venal parricides, to spill
To turn their matchless mercenary arms.
Peaceful in Sula, then, sat the Great King, Shot, all proportion up. first unadorn'd And by the trick of treaties, the still waite And nobly plain, the manly Doric rose ;
Of fly corruption and barbaric gold, Th' fonic then, with decent matron grace,
Effected what his steel could nc'er perform. 4 Her airy pillar heav'd ; luxuriant lait,
Profuse he gave them the luxurious drau ght,
Inflaming all the land; unbalanc'd wide
As the winds turn'd at every blast the seas, Forni'd to repel the still or formy waste And by their listed orators, whose breath 450 of rolling agcs, light as fabrics look'd
Still with a fa&ious storm infested Greece, That from the magic wand aerial rife. 390
Rous'd them to Civil war, or dalh'd them down
To sordid peace-Peace! that, when Sparta shook
Their kindred cities to perpetual chains.
What could so base, so infamous a thought
In Spartan hearts inspire ? Jealous, they saw of superstition and of slavery funk!
400 No glory now can touch their hearts, benumb'd And the pale fury fir’d them once again
To crush this rival city to the dust. By loose dejected floth and servile fear;
For now no more the noble social soul No science pierce the darkness of their minds ;
Of Liberty My families combin’d, No nobler art the quick ambitious foul 400
But by short views and selfish paflions broke, Of imitation in their breast awake.
Dire as when friends are rankled into foes, 465
They mix'd severe, and wag'd eternal war;
Nor selt they, furious, their exhaulted force;
Nor, with false glory, discord, madness blind,
Saw how the blackning storm from Thracia came.
The blush and boast of Fame! where courage, art,
But let detesting ages from the scene
of Greece, self-mangled, turn the fickening eye. Neglected Nature fails ; in fordid want
At last, when bleeding from a thousand wounds
She felt her spirits fail, and in the duft
Her latest heroes, Nicias, Conon, lay,
Agesilaus, and the Theban Friends,
The Macedonian Vulture mark'd his time, While earth, blue poison Iteaming on the skies,
By the dire scent of Cheronæa lur'd,
480 Indignant takes them from her troubled fides.
And, fierce descending, seiz'd his hapless prey.
Thus tame submitted to the victor's yoke
Fierce was the stand ere Virtue, Valour, Ares, l'or every Grace, and Muse, and Science, burn ;
With arts of war, of government, elate ; 485 the dark ages; to ver. 550. The celestial regi.
ERE melting mix'd with air th' ideal forms,
That painted fill whate'er the goddcís Unless Corruption frit dejee the pride 490
fung, And guardian vigour of the Free-born soul,
Then I, impatient,-" From extinguish'd Greece. The crude attempts of Violence are vain ;
“ To what new region stream’d the Human Day?" For firm within, and while at heart untouch'd,
She, fostly sighing, as when Zephyr leaves, 5
Refign'd tu Boreas, the declining year,
Rcfum'd, --Indignant, these last scenes I fled,
And long ere then Leucadia's cloudy cliff,
All Latium food arous'd. Ages before,
Great mother of Republics! Greece had pour'd,
Swarm after swarm, her ardent youth around
Where from Lacinium to Etrurian vales 15
They rollid increasing colonies along,
And cities rose, on Grecian models formid,
As its parental policy and arts
A Guardian genius o'er the public weal,
Kept an uncloting eye; try'd to sustain,
And Itrong the battle rose, with various wave,
Not to the Sanian Sage; to hin belongs tion to Pythagoras and his philosophy, which he The brighteft witreis of recording fame. taught through these free ftates and cities, to ver.
For these free Rates his native ifle forfook, 91. Amids the many small republics in Italy, and a vain tyrant's transitory smile,