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Biography.'. If any one could give me infor- This monument was erected, and in 1837 the mation on his private life, his connexions, King of Bavaria put it into good repair. or some of his works of which no mention The silver urn containing the heart, covered is made in the above publications, or could with black velvet, was carried at reviews by direct me to a dealer's where I could find the quartermaster-sergeant (fourrier), who some of his original works or engravings, marched by the side of the colour. At each I should be very much obliged to him, and roll-call the caporal de l'escouade answered to send him in advance all my thanks.

the name of La Tour d'Auvergne, “Mort au

JEANNE POTREL. champ d'honneur." This pious custom con15, Rue Vivienne, Paris.

tinued to be observed by the 46€ Demi

brigade. The heart did not cease to belong Times , "London, Every day, 1962, price 18.

, to the 46° until the army was reorganized in No. 55,567," a four-sided large sheet, “Printed for the Proprietors by Joseph William Last,

An order dated 1er Thermidor, an VIII., was of No. 3, Savoy Street, Strand, in the city made by the three Consuls that the sword of of Westminster, and published by Baynton La Tour d'Auvergne should be hung in the Rolt at No. 8, Catherine Street, Strand, Temple of Mars, i.e., the Church of the Every day, 1962.” The whole paper-articles Invalides. and advertisements-is humbug; but as I In the same year 8 Fructidor they ordered presume that it was printed for some object, that a monument in his honour should be I shall be obliged for any information re- erected at Carhaix, his native place. This garding its real date of issue and its purpose. monument was eventually, erected in 1841 The cost of the issue must have been con- by the Government of Louis Philippe, which siderable. Perhaps some of the readers of had previously placed on the house where •N. & Q.' can help me. J. E. S. HOPE. he was born the following inscription :Belmont, Murrayfield, Mid-Lothian.

“Théophile-Malo Corret de la Tour d'Auvergne, Premier Grenadier de France, est né dans cette

maison le 23 décembre 1743." Beplies.

The bronze statue by Marochetti has on its

pedestal the following :THE PREMIER GRENADIER OF FRANCE.

“A Théophile-Malo de la Tour d'Auvergne(10th S. i. 384.)

Corret, Premier Grenadier de France, né à Carhaix, LA TOUR D'AUVERGNE belonged to the le 23 décembre 1743, mort au champ d'honneur le 46° demi-brigade, now apparently represented the inscription appears also in Breton. by a regiment of the same number. His heart having beon placed in an urn, his body La Tour d'Auvergne, sword in hand, leading

Two bas-reliefs by Marochetti represent was enveloped in green oak branches, and carried by grenadiers to the battle-ground

the way into Chambéry, and his death on where he had fallen. When it had arrived the heights of Neubourg. at the grave, the grenadiers presented arms,

As to the possession of the heart there was and as the bearers hesitated as to which way a long, lawsuit between the family of La they should lay it, a voice came from the Tour d'Auvergne-Lauraguais and the heiress ranks : “Face à l'ennemi.”

in the direct line, viz., Madame du Pontavice, By an order dated Augsbourg, 11 Messidor, daughter of Madame Guillart de Kersausic

, an VIII., written by General Dessoles in née Jeanne-Marie-Sainte Limon du Timeur. the name of Commandant en Chef Moreau, Madame du Ponta vice was successful, gaining it was ordered : That the drums of the possession of the heart and of the arms of grenadiers of all the army should be draped the brave des braves,” by. a judgment of with black crape for three days; that the the Royal Court of Montpellier, 1 December, name of La Tour d'Auvergne should be kept

1840. at the head of the roll of the 46e demi

I have taken the above from “Le Premier brigade ; that his place should not be filled up, Grenadier de France La Tour d'Auvergne his company consisting in the future of only Étude Biographique par Paul Déroulede eighty-two men; that a monument should be Paris Georges Hurtrel 1886." erected in the rear of Oberhausen ; and that Limon du Timeur married in or about 1773 chef de brigade Forti, commander of the Marie-Anne-Michelle de Corret, sister of La 46°, who had fallen by the side of La Tour Tour d'Auvergne (see ibid., p. 57). d'Auvergne, should be buried with him. If the order of the ser Thermidor, an VIII., Two grenadiers were also buried with him. was carried out, at all events the sword did

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not remain permanently at the Invalides. To go back to a time more remote from railM. Déroulède, in his preface (p. 13), speaks of ways, Edmund Waller, who was in a position having seen it in the museum of the Hôtel to know the accepted pronunciation of the Carnavalet, Paris, where, according to a title of Lord and Lady Carlisle, distinctly foot-note, it had been placed by à deci- accents it on the first. In the 1729 edition sion of the Municipal Council. The note there are seven instances, including one by adds that it had been brought back to his editor, Fenton, none of which is a rime, France, and delivered to the President of the and only two of which are at the beginnings Municipal Council, meeting in public, by of lines. Except for considerations of space, the Italian General Canzio, son-in-law of I would send the quotations. U. V. W. Garibaldi, on 22 June, 1883. How it got into his hands does not appear.

SIR HERBERT MAXWELL says that BridThere appears to have been a legend- lington" (Yorks) is sounded “ Burlington perhaps a true one-that the heart used to by the Bridlington people. May I (as a be sometimes carried on the colour of the Yorkshireman) point out that in my county regiment. M. Déroulède (p. 11, preface), there is a readiness to transpose the rin such speaking of the impression made on his mind a word as Bridlington, and to put the i by the stories of the Premier Grenadier de first, when that word becomes “ Birdlington”? France,, says: “Une chose surtout me frap- and then the d dropping out by a natural pait: c'était ce caur d'argent suspendu au tongue-slip---cf. Weld)nesday)- we have the drapeau du régiment: c'était," &c.

word “Birlington" left (not necessarily Lever, in his "Tom Burke of Ours'

Burlington"). In Yorkshire curds are (chap. xlv.), gives a version of the story of often called by the people cruds ; burst the muster-roll

. He makes the regiment the becomes brossen, and many other examples 45th of the line, and the reply given by add a vigorous "Hear! hear !" to the remarks

could be mentioned. While writing may I the first soldier,” “Mort sur le champ de bataille.” ROBERT PIERPOINT. of DR. BRUSHFIELD on p. 372?


SIR HERBERT MAXWELL writes :TIDESWELL AND TIDESLOW (9th S. xii. 341, “Bridlington in Yorkshire, a station on the .517; 10th S. i. 52, 91, 190, 228, 278, 292, 316, North - Eastern Railway, is locally pronounced 371).-On

p: 371 it is said that railway usage Burlington,' but you will puzzle the booking is responsible for a change of stress, and con- according to the written form, which preserves

clerk at King's Cross if you do not pronounce it sequent obscuring of the etymology, of Çar. the old meaning.” lisle, the accent being rightly, on the last This is not quite correct. Both pronunciasyllable. This was discussed nine years ago tions have always been used locally. “Bur(gth S. vii.), and I do not desire to enter on the general question of the right way of lington” used to meet with the greater accenting the word; but as a definite asser- favour, but its adherents seem to be declining tion has been made with regard to the effect in numbers, and the word now is generally of the introduction of railways, perhaps matter of some interest, it may perhaps be

spoken and written “Bridlington. As a I may be permitted to point out some facts. I have lived all my life in the recorded here that the name often was spelt diocese of Carlisle. I can remember nearly

“Burlington,", and as such appeared on half a century, and when I was young I believe, still often so appears.

maps, in guide-books, and on letters, and, knew many persons whose pronunciation

RONALD DIXON. had been acquired in pre-railway times. Moreover, I have, during the last few

46, Marlborough Avenue, Hull. days, referred the question to an educated MR. ADDY's argument from the present lady, eighty years of age, and with a very spelling of Duffield that Welle means a field good memory: This lady's remembrance seems hardly conclusive. The Domesday agrees with mine that educated people used name Duvelle would naturally be abbreviated to accent Carlisle on the first syllable. Un into Duvel, and become Ďuveld, just as educated people sometimes said "C'rlisle," Culmton and Plynton become Collumpton with the accent on the second syllable, the and Plympton ; and Duveld, as I take it, is first one being very short; but, on the other the present local pronunciation. But what hand, those who were so old-fashioned as to evidence is there to show that Duvelle is a use the dialect name “Carel” inevitably compound of Duva+ wille, and not primarily placed the accent on the first syllable, the a personal name which has become a placevowel in the second one being quite obscure. I name? The Devonshire Domesday has the

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same name, only in combination. It knows badge or epsign of office both in ‘Roderick
of two Duveltons, now Doltons. Besides, Random,' by Smollett, and 'Amelia,' by
the old English use of " field” is to describe Fielding: In vol. xii. of the “Cabinet
the open-field in which the members of the Edition” of the History of England' (con-
community had their several plots, not the tinuation by the Rev. T. S. Hughes, B.D.)
close which the individual held. Bosworth's the frontispiece depicts the execution of
Anglo-Saxon dictionary gives a well” as Admiral Byng in 1757. The unfortunate
the equivalent of Willă. The Devonshire admiral is represented as blindfolded, kneel.
Domesday knows of two Willas, now respec- ing on a cushion in front of the capstan, and
tively Edgingwell and Coffing well, from the opposite the firing party of five marines,
names of their proprietors, besides a Bradwell wearing conical caps, whilst the sergeant in
or broad well and a Shirwell or clear well. command holds in his right hand a haloert
To turn these wells into fields would be a and has a sash over his shoulder.
little arbitrary. OSWALD J. REICHEL.

Lympstone, Devon.

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. THE LOBISHOME (10th S. i. 327, 417).-I

One may hope to be set right in the matter quoted a passage from Henry VI.' which if wrong; but did not the sergeant's chevron showed that to draw blood was supposed to have its origin in the pheon or broad arrow,


which, as a Government mark, was associated be well to show also that it was considered a with the military organization of the City way of undoing transformation caused by trained bands? Although it is a disputed witchcraft. A popular story, prevalent point when the broad arrow assumed its throughout Europe, tells how a princess, ment mark, there can be little doubt that

present distinctive signification as a Governbetrothed to a king, is changed by her step: it originated in the badge of Richard. I, mother to a duck. The bird comes by night which was a pheon, or "broad R,” the latter to visit her betrothed, and in human voice, which she still retains, laments her

fate. Her being either a corruption of "broad arrow betrothed sheds three drops of her blood, and or an abbreviation of "Rex" (see Palliser's restores her to her original form. This story Devices'), while the pheon became a royal is in Thorpe's 'Yule Tide Stories and in badge through being carried by the sergeantmany other books.


at-arms before royalty, like the modern mace.

It was a barbed fishing-spear or harpoonI should like to point out that the Portu- head, but the indented inner edges of the guese name for a were-wolf is_lobishomem, flanges of the pheon do not, of course, appear and not as printed.

E. E. STREET. in the sergeant's chevron. This, however,

would naturally not be an indispensable ARISTOTLE AND MORAL PHILOSOPHY (10th S. detail in the distinguishing marks on the i. 405). -At gth S. xii. 91 I gave my reason sleeves of non-commissioned officers. for thinking that Aristotle was not mis

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. interpreted by Shakespeare and Bacon. 161, Hammersmith Road. John B. WAINEWRIGHT.

“ SORPENI": "HAGGOVELE” (10th S. i. 208, POEMS ON SHAKESPEARE (10th S. i. 409). – Dr. FORSHAW apr

256).-The first element of haggovele seems to rs to have been already be derived from Icel. hoggua, to cut, hew, forestalled in the task of compiling a volume while the second is, without any doubt, the of tributes to our national poet. The

Athenæum, Old English word gafol, gofol, tax, tribute, 21 May, p. 653, reviews 'The Praise of Shake


OTTO RITTER. speare: an English Anthology,' by C. E.

Berlin. Hughes.

WILLIAM JAGGARD. 139, Canning Street, Liverpool.

CHAIR OF ST. AUGUSTINE (10th S. i. 369). — MILITARY BUTTONS: SERGEANTS' CHEVRONS Daily Mail of 23 January, 1902, may consti

The following paragraph, taken from the (10th S. i. 349)- According to Mark Antony tute a reply to MR. ALFRED HALL's question :Lower in his Curiosities of Heraldry,' "the chevron, which resembles a pair of rafters, is Committee yesterday a letter was read from the

'At a meeting of the Canterbury Royal Museum likewise of very uncertain origin. It has Bishop of Hereford asking for the return of St. generally been considered as a kind of archi- Augustino's chair, used by him on his missionary tectural emblem” (p. 62). I am inclined to journeys, which for some time past has occupied a think that in the eighteenth century the prominent place in the museum. The Bishop stated halbert, or halberd, carried in the hand de- the chancel of the church at Bishop's Stanford, and noted the sergeant. It is mentioned as his that the vicar and parishioners desired to have it

back again. The committee decided to reply that whom he had four sons and other children; he they could not consent to his lordship’s request, as died leaving the manor of Berkesdon, Throckfor the chair. It was stated that Mr. Cocks Sohn. ing, Herts, 1619, to his son Stephen, who stone purchased the chair from a former sexton of married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas the church at Bishop's Stanford, who had rescued Playter, of Satterley, Suffolk, by whom he it from the hands of some masons engaged in had two sons and three daughters, one of renovating the church, and who were about to whom (Mary) married Edward Fettiplace, of burn it for fuel."

Kingston, Berks (vol. i. p. 238).

West Haddon, Northamptonshire.
This is a somewhat primitive oak chair, 154, 274, 375). – I can assure MR. RATCLIFFE

TICKLING TROUT (9th S. xii. 505 ; 10th S. i. that was turned out of a parish church in that when trout are lying in "holds" such as the diocese of Hereford, and is now in the museum at Canterbury. Some people say the heads of the fish will be found in any

our characteristic trout-streams usually offer, it is the chair used by St. Augustine when direction ; for instance, if a rat-hole lies right he met the British bishops.

athwart the direction of the stream's current, ARTHUR HUSSEY.

then the trout harbouring in it will be lying Tankerton-on-Sea, Kent.

in the same direction - head first up the FETTIPLACE (10th S. i. 329, 396).-If Dr. hole. It is true that trout seem to like (or, FORSHAW will consult (as I have done at the at least, not to object to the "tickling."; but British Museum) Kelly's Directory for Berk- to the grabbing with both hands" 'they shire' for the year 1903 (under title · Bray,' would show a decided, and in most cases at p. 42), he will read as follows :

an effectual dislike. Shakespeare uses the “Ockwell Manor House. Now (1903) the resi- phrase "tickling for trout” metaphorically. dence of Edward A. Barry, Esq. An extremely

YORKSHIREMAN. fine timber-framed mansion, erected in reign of Edward IV., and enlarged in 1899 by present have little doubt that the famous

“LUTHER'S DISTICA” (10th S. i. 409).-I owner, W. H. Grenfell, Esq., J.P., M.P. (of l'aplow Court), who is the lord of the manor (and other Wer nicht liebt Wein, Weib, Gesang, manors).'

Er bleibt ein Narr sein Leben lang, I accurately recollect that in my punting is meant.

G. KRUEGER. days-forty-five or fifty years ago, I stayed

Berlin. a night at the “George” Inn, Bray, for the As the discoverer of the original diary of express purpose of seeing the house. I had Samuel Teedon, the Olney schoolmaster and the belief that it was marked in my Ordnance map, but cannot now find it. Cowper, after it had been missing since

guide philosopher, and friend” of the poet Anyway I certainly walked there, and from about 1835 and as its owner for at least either Maidenhead or Taplow station.

twenty years, and having in 1890 copiously EDWARD P. WOLFERSTAN.

annotated my transcript for publication, I Ockwells Manor-a most interesting bis. add what my MS. contains in allusion to toric building-is situate near Bray and the entry in question. I find, upon reference, Maidenhead. Some illustrations of it will be that I explain “Luther's distich” to mean found in Nash's Mansions,' Jesse’s ‘Favourite probably the superscription on Lucas CraHaunts,' or in Country Life for 2 April. nach's portrait of Luther, painted in 1532,

R. B. viz., “In silentio et spe erit fortitvdo vestra." Upton.

E. C. is quite right as the incorrectness Ock

of T. Wright's edition of the diary for the the Fettiplaces temp. Henry VIII.There least 700 errors (!)-the first twenty-three

1902 is a view of it in Lysons's Berks,' p. 247, with two plates of the stained-glass windows pages, their many hundreds of errata in of the banqueting hall with heraldic designs. corrected by me (con amore), being the only

the printer's rough proofs having been The house, it is believed, was erected by a Norreys in the reign of Henry VI.

portion comparatively free from the like. R. J. FYNMORE.

Mr. Wright had invited me to join him in Sandgate, Kent.

the editorship, with my name in the first

place ; but I declined to do so, as unworthy Chaunry, in his ‘Historical Antiquities of of my reputation, within the limits and upon Herts,' mentions a Fettiplace. Sir Thomas the lines laid down by him, and with a Soames, Sheriff of the City of London 1589, printer unused to book-work. I, however, married Anne, the sister of John Stone, by at Mr. Wright's request, assisted him in

ceives many


reading such few portions of entries in the in 'The Antiquary,' vol. i. ch. ix,, being the original as he admitted his inability to make ghost story told by Miss Oldbuck, how the out. The name of such to him illegible ghost showed Rab Tull that the paper for passages must, in truth, have been legion. the want whereof they were to be waured

W. I. R. V. afore the session" was hidden in a "taber“THERE WAS A MAN” (10th S. i. 227, 377).– nacle of a cabinet” in “ the high dow-cot"; Mr. SNOWDEN WARD might perhaps find the other in ‘Redgauntlet,' of the rent-receipt in the Scotch version on which I was

abstracted by the monkey.

E. A. Poe, in his 'Purloined Letter,' conbrought up some more reason for the tragic ending of the nursery rime than in his

such possibilities. own. Ours is not historical, but didactic, hinge upon the loss or discovery of a will or

Dickens is very fond of making his plota and addressed to a man, a boy, or a girl, as deed. The “Golden Dustman”in Our Mutual the case may be. It begins :

Friend' made many wills, and deposited them
A man of words and not of deeds
Is like a garden set with weeds,

in strange places.
And when the weeds begin to grow.

There is a well-known ghost story, attriThe lines run the same as MR. WARD'S

buted to Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford, of a

similar sort.
version until the end :
And when my heart begins to bleed,

Some years ago, on the breaking-up of a
Then I'm dead, dead, dead indeed.

worn-out mail-cart, a letter many decades

old was found in one of its crevices. To avoid which tragedy the culprit is

When the dishandled box of an old City expected to mend.


pump was removed it was found to contain I recollect hearing the verse repeated over many letters, dropped therein by ignorant twenty years ago, though in the south of persons, who had mistaken the handle-hole England--in fact, in London ; but, unlike for the slit of a letter-box. the rendering recorded at the second These, however, were unintentional hidings. reference, the first two lines were :

The two following instances, taken from old A man of words and not of deeds

sources, are perhaps nearer to the subject. Is like a garden full of weeds.

The monks of Meaux, in Holderness, were The whole verse, then, would seem to suggest like to have lost the manor of Waghen the antithesis of enduring deeds - the because they could not produce the record of ephemeral nature of words in mere passive the agreement between themselves and the promises unless followed by action.

Archbishop of York. At last they found it H. SIRR. in a hole between the roof and the ceiling

of their record - room (1372-96). — Chronica AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (10th S. Monasterii de Melsa,' iii. 175. i. 428).— The lines given by Miss GURNEY as “Rest after toil," "&c., are from Spenser's man, “Mr. Will. Cook, sen., of Waltham Holy

Bishop Joseph Hall says that he knew a * Faerie Queen,' Book I. canto ix. verse 40, Cross," who was "informed in his dream in but are entirely misquoted. They begin, what'hole of his dove-cote" he should find “Sleep after toil."

H. K. H.

"an important evidence" for the missing No endeavour is in vain, &c.

whereof he

“distressed with care See Longfellow, ' The Wind over the Chim-('Invisible World,' 1652; Pickering's reprint, ney' (last verse) J. Foster, D.C.L. 1847, p. 85). This may well have suggested

the "dow-cot" of Monkbarns. W. C. B. The third quotation asked for by LUCIS, "Everything that grows," is the opening of

The following is an instance of an undisShakespeare's fifteenth 'Sonnet (somewhat covered drawer in an old oak desk passing imperfectly rendered):

through various owners' possession, from When I consider everything that grows

Queen Anne's time until a few years since:Holds in perfection but a little moment,

The Hidden Briefs.-A Queen Anne Brief for a That this huge stage presenteth nought but shows Collection at All Saints' Church, Claverley, ShropWhereon the stars in secret influence comment. shire. It is now more than seventeen yoars ago

C. C. S.

since the brother of a tenant of mine bought an old

oak desk at a country sale. Being a joiner by trade, [Several correspondents are thanked for similar after careful examination he arrived the con references. ]

clusion that it might have a secret drawer. All Do 427). The classical stories of the recovery of this means he discovered a long secret drawer

, -CUMENTS IN SECRET DRAWERS (10th S. i. attempts to find it bafiling his ingenuity, as a last lost docuir nents are by Sir Walter Scott, one admirably contrived for secrecy, with a spring to


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