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LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1904.

century ago. The explanation of this is that

the view of 1650 contains well-known landCONTENTS.-No. 9.

marks, and a person with the least knowNOTES :- New Amsterdam'--Shakespeariana, 161-Bur ledge of the topography of the town could

France --- Sir 7. Wyatt's Riddle, 164 - Crucifix at oid see at a glance that something was wrong St. Paul's-Chicago in 1853-A Relic of Chateaubriand, with the view, and a little examination would Nickleby': Capt. Cuttle — Skellat Bell Mort Bell-Our suffice to show what the difficulty was.

Oldest Public School, 166—The True Methodist,' 167. With the Hartgers view, however, the case QUERIBS :-“The Crown and Three Sugar Loaves"_“He who knows not" – Eleanor Mapletoft, 167–Author of I claim to have first placed in proper form.

was different, and this was the view which Sopbia'-Dorsetshire Snake-lore-Mess Dress : Sergeants" There can be little doubt that this was a Sasbes---Arms of Lincoln-Is Golf Scandinavian ?-Turner : Canaletto, 168--" Chevinier"-Guide to Manor Rolls

mere engineer's sketch, to show the plan of Regicides of Charles I. - Egerton-Warburton --- Ancient the fort, and must have been made about Britons-“ Bellamy's "-"Ovah" Bubbles - Immortality 1628–30. At this time there were no landof Animals-Jamaica Newspaper, 168. REPLIES : – Nelson's Sister Anne –

marks which could be recognized without

Curious Christian Names, 170-French Miniature Painter-Memoirs of a very intimate acquaintance with the localities. Stomach,' 171 –“ Papers". Pannell -- Aylsham Cloth- The peculiar position of the fort, upon a point Robin a 'Bobbin – Robert Catesby-Christmastide Folk of land with a river on each side of it, was lore, 172 – Court Posts under Stuart Kings - Nameless Gravestone - Batrome- " Diabread" - Bibliography of the cause that the reversed view did not Epitaphs, 173–St. Patrick at Orvieto-Reign of Terror present an intrinsically absurd appearance ; Chauceriana–General Stewart's Portrait, 174-Anatomie and consequently, though every one saw that Vivante-Peculiars". First catch your bare" -- Envelopes there was something strange about the view, - Prior to" – Moon Folk-lore, 175 – Raleigh: its Pronun. this was usually ascribed by writers to the Meal–Chinese Ghosts, 176-Dolores, Musical Composer- unskilfulness in drawing, of our ancestors. Marlborough and Shakespeare, 177.

Hartgers, in publishing his 'Beschrijvingh NOTES ON BOOKS :- Great Masters '-'Hierurgia Anglicana'--'Quarterly Review.'

van Virginia' in 1651, had found the view Death of Capt. Thorne George.

somewhere and inserted it just as it was. Booksellers' Catalogues.

Writers on the subject of the views of Notices to Correspondents.

New Amsterdam, of whom there have been

several, have taken the date of Hartgers' Notes.

work as the period of the view, although the

least knowledge of the conditions existing NEW AMSTERDAM.'

at that time would appear to have been suffi(See ante, p. 58.)

cient to have prevented them from doing so. IN your notice of my work on New In their comments upon this view none of Amsterdam, &c., I observe that you have them appears to have had any suspicion that inadvertently confounded the so-called Justus the view was not in proper form. People Danckers view of 1650, at the frontispiece of who did not claim to be original investigators the book, with the “Hartgers view," of about made still worse work of it. As the build1630, at p. 2 of the work, in stating that I ings, which were mostly upon the east or claim to have discovered that it was originally right hand looking towards the fort, appear printed in a reversed form. As it stands in the original to be upon the left hand that would be an entirely untenable claim, or west, one or two popular writers have and if not corrected it will be quite likely to announced that there stood the first houses draw out adverse comment from this side of in New Amsterdam, and there has actually the water.

been a tablet put up upon a building in that Both the Danckers view and the earlier vicinity to the above effect, without appaHartgers view were undoubtedly taken by rently a scintilla of other evidence-a disgrace means of a camera obscura, which instrument to the city.

J. H. INNES. had been recently introduced into draughting New York. operations at that period. This instrument, when unprovided with supplementary lenses,

SHAKESPEARIANA. or with a reflecting mirror, takes in a reversed “ PRENZIE” IN “MEASURE FOR MEASURE.'form, as is well known.

For more than fifty years the mystery of the Now as to the Danckers view, I have the presence of this apparently meaningless etching in its reversed or original form (the word in a famous passage in Measure for only print of the kind that I have ever seen, Measure' (Act III. sc. i.) has been from time although I have paid considerable attention to time a subject of debate in the columns to the subject), but I know that this view of N. & Q.,' but with no absolutely decisive had been printed in proper form almost a result. (See 1st S. iii. 401, 454, 499, 522; iv. 11,

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63, 135, et passim.) On the supposition- a sup- “We caught......a sea - cow full seven feet position which I think may be taken as estab- long......the Indians call her manati ; who lished, in spite of an able attempt to combat carries her young under her arm and gives it (8th S. ii. 203)—that the word, as it appears it suck like a woman," &c. Mr. Hill is in the First Folio version of the play, is the inclined to regard “manati” as another printer's incorrect rendering of some illegible form of "manito," the name of the Indian original, various words have been suggested spirit, which was conferred upon the seafrom time to time as that possible original, monster in question by reason of its evil each supported by much force and ingenuity propensities, and he thinks that, if this be of argument by its particular suggester. so, "miching." might be found to be a Of these those which have obtained the corruption of “milching," the meaning of the greatest measure of support are (see doubtful expression thus becoming “milching references given above) princely” – the manati," i.e., performing a very ticklish one adopted in the Second Folio, and, I operation. V. ST. CLAIR MACKENZIE. believe, in most, if not all, copies of the text Brausconibe, Dorking. since that time priestly,' precise, "primzie," and "saintly." As no one of

• THE WINTER'S TALE,' III. ii. 80-5.-these has succeeded in obtaining general

My life stands in the level of your dreams, acceptance, it may seem presumptuous at

Which I'll lay down. this time of day to propose another; but, at

Rolfe : “My life is at the mercy of your the risk of adding to the list of failures, I suspicions, which are like the baseless will venture to do so. The word I would fabric of a dream." suggest is "seemly," or, as it would at the

Furness : “Whencesoever the metaphor, date of the play probably be written, I think that 'in'is here equivalent siinply "seemelie," and, substituting this word for to on. You speak,' says Hermione, 'a lan“prenzie" in the text of the First Folio guage I understand not; my life,-the actions. instead of princely,” I would have the you impute to me,-and your dreams are on passage where that word occurs run thus:

å level. That this is the meaning is conClaud. The seeming Angelo?

firmed, I think, by the intense scorn with Isab. O, 'tis the cunning livery of hell,

which Leontes repeats almost her very words: The damned'st body to invest and cover 'Your actions are my dreams ! I dream'd In seemly guards !......

you had a bastard !'» and leave the propriety of the alteration to I cannot think that Furness is happy in the judgment of your readers. It seems to this conjecture. Hermione's (mode of) life, me (though that is nothing) that the passage the actions Leontes imputes to her, and his thus read conveys the exact meaning of the dreams can hardly be spoken of as standing dramatist. The introduction of the word on the same level, for, under this explanation, "precise" had also this merit, according to they are one and the same thing; her supthe almost common consent of your quondam posed actions have no existence except in his correspondents (see references above); but it dreams, of which they form the substance. was open to the fatal objection of vitiating If there could be any doubt that “My life the metro. The word I have chosen avoids stands in the level of your dreams" means this, whilst being, in my opinion, equally “My life is at the mercy of your suspicions, appropriate to the sense, if not more so, and, I should think it would be dispelled by the if it be objected to it that it presents little next clause, “Which I'll lay down," confirmsimilarity in form to the imitative printer's ing, as it 'does, the thought of 'something word “prenzie," I would urge that this is endangering her life. Without such anteonly so at the first glance, for, written as it cedent thought the statement would be unwould be in the characters of the period, with called for; but in this connexion it naturally the elongated initial s (easily mistaken for a follows—" which I'll (therefore) lay down." p), it would be found, I think, to come nearer This clause also shows that “life,”

as here to it in appearance than any other of the used, means not mode, manner, or course of words suggested. John HUTCHINSON. living, but existence as a living being. As Middle Temple Library.

for Leontes's reply, he naturally fires up at "MICHING MALLICHO" (gib S. xi. 504). — the word “dreams," and emphatically asserts Mr. Richard W. Hill, Stocklinch, Ilminster, that his opinion is not a baseless fabric, but has put before me a conjecture which is founded on fact-on the queen's actions.

E. MERTON DEY. occurred to him upon reading Westward Ho, chap. xviii., in which Kingsley, apparently "THE WINTER'S TALE,' III. ii. 87-92.-Hudmaking a transcript from Hakluyt, writes: son says of the phrase "like to itself," "I

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can make nothing of it; whereas 'left to P. 63, n. 5; 32, n. b, “Eobanus Hessus. itself' expresses the actual fact rightly. The De Victoria Wirtembergensi,' 451-3, p. 710 correction is Keightley's." The meaning in 1564 (Frankfort) ed. of his 'Op.' Farraseems to be that the babe has been physically gines Dua.' cast out, as corresponding to the position P. 64, l. 12; 33, 12,

as wise Seneca cenwhich a natural child occupies in the world— sures him” [' Benef.,' II. xvi. i.: the ref. to. socially an outcast, no father owning it. II. i. (n. 2; n. d) is wrong). N. 2; n. d, "Idem

E. MERTON DEY. Lactantius" (Inst.,' I. xviii. 12). -Ibid., AmSt. Louis.

mianus, lib. 23 (XXIII. vi. 44). "A VERY, VERY PAJOCK," "HAMLET,' III. ii.

P. 65, 1. 4 ; 33, 33, “So Africanus is extolled 278.- I think the following passage gives us by Ennius.” See 'Lact., 1. xviii. 11; Sen., the word "pajock" with a different spelling.

Ep. 108, 34. It is probably an onomatopeic representation

P. 65, n. 2; 33, n. k, “Herculi eadem porta of the cry of the peacock. The passage is ad coelum patuit, qui magnam generis humani

partem perdidit.” Lact., I. xviii. 13, where from Sir John Harington's Ulysses upon partem perdidit. Ajax,' 1596 (Chiswick reprint, p. 41):

nam et Herculi eadem ista porta patuit “Who liveth, of any reading (were he content to incertor. Frag. 6, in C. F. W. Müller); and

is quoted from Cicero (Librorum de R. P.. surfeit in his folly), that with Aretine could not talk of Nanna, with another (Elderton ?] of a red I. xviii. 11. nose, with Perieres of a pye and Piaux? I have P. 65, l. 9; 33, 37, "as Lactantius truly seen an oration made in praise of a college custard, proves.” I. ix. as regards Hercules, and I. x. 4 and ......commending a goose.”

as regards Mars. "Perieres" is, I suppose, Pereira, a Spanish P. 65, l. 22; 34, 3, “as Cyprian potes." physician, who wrote (in the middle of the 'Ad Donat.,' vi. sixteenth century), a great deal about the P. 67, n. 2; 34, n. 1, "ut reus innocens: souls of beasts and their transmigration, in pereat, fit nocens. Judex damnat foras, quod which he did not believe. Of course “ Piaux” intus operatur.' The punctuation is wrong: may have some other meaning altogether, “Ut reus innocens pereat, fit nocens iudex," may even be a proper name, then I am wholly is from ch. X., and "damnant foris quod wrong. But it seems to me to stand for intus operantur" from ch. ix. of the epistle. peacock. H, CHICHESTER HART. P. 67, 1. 6; 34, 46, “eundem furtum facere

& punire.” The passage in Sidonius is Ep. II.

non cessat simul furta vel punire vel BURTON'S 'ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY.' facere." (See 9th S. xi. 181, 222, 263, 322, 441 ; xii. 2, 62, P. 70, l. 2; 36, 25, virtue (that's bonunu 162, 301, 362, 442; 10th S. i. 42.)

theatrale).” Bacon, Col. of Good and Evil,' 3, Vol. i. (Shilleto), p. 39, 1. 21; 18, 1. 13(ed. 6), "and therefore they call vertue Bonum secundum magis & minus.” Cf. Bac., Nov. theatrale.Org.,'ii. 13, init.

P. 71, n. 3 ; 37, n. e, “Arridere homines ut P. 43, n. 4; 20, n. q, “Regula naturæ." See sæviant, blandiri ut fallant. Cyp. ad DonaLips., Man. ad Stoic. Phil.,' i. 4, where tum.” C. xiii., "arridet ut sæviat, blanditur “ Aristoteles est Regula et exemplar, quod ut fallat.' Natura invenit ad demonstrandam Ultimam P. 72, n. 9; 38, n. "acres......indulgent." Perfectionem humanam is quoted from See the passage from Aurelius Victor, Epit. i. Averroes, in iii. 'De Anima.'-Ibid., "dæmo. (c. 24), referred to just below. nium hominis." See Lips., 'Ep. Quæst.,' iii. 20. P. 74, l. 1; 38, 40, “If every man had a

P. 43, 1. 19; 20, 33, “merito cui doctior window in his breast, which Momus would orbis,” &c. : in my last paper I should have have had in Vulcan's man.” Lucian, 'Hermoadded that Lipsius's anonymous quotation is timus,' 20. from Florens Christianus, 11. 35, 36, of verses P. 74, 1.3; 38, 41, “Tully.” In Cat.,' i. 32. on Scaliger's edition of Catullus, Tibullus, P. 74, n. 3; 39, n. y. The chapter of the and Propertius ('Del. Poet. Gall.,' 'i. 802, and epistle is ix. at beginning of Scaliger's 'Cat., Tib., and P. 74, n. 6; 39, n. 2. The § of lib. i. of Prop., 1600). That Burton took it from Martianus Capella is 68 (Kopp); p. 18, Lipsius is shown by merito, which is Lipsius's Grotius. addition.

P. 76, n. 4; 40, n. k, “Prosper." Epigr. P. 59, n. 1; 30, n. a, “Dict. Cretens." No; 100 (97), l. 2; vol. li. col. 529, in Migne's Dares Phrygius, 44.

'Patrolog. Lat. P. 60, n. 8; 31, n. g, “Lucan.” Lucan, x. 407, P. 76, 1. 14; 40, 12, "Hippocrates, in his has nulla, not rara, and pietas, not probitas. Epistle to Dionysius." Epist. xiii. 3.

i. 2,

66

66

P. 76, 1. 30; 40, 26, "which one calls maxi: Neue Freie Presse of 10 January. M. Combes, mum stultitiae specimen." Apuleius, 'Florida,' the present Prime Minister of France, in the i. 3. The reference i. 2, which Shilleto adds course of an interview, mentions that he first to Florid. (77, n. 2; 40, n. *), should be i. 3 met his wife on the Boulingrin” (the prin. (p. 13, Oud.; p. 4, G. Krüger).

cipal promenade) of Pons, a small town in the P. 78, 1. 22; 41, 24, "bray him in a mortar, Charente. The " Boulingrin”

at Rouen, near he will be the same.

" See Proverbs xxvii. 22. Joan of Arc's prison, is well known. It would P. 80, n. 4; 42, n.*, “Plutarchus Solone": 4. be interesting to note similar relics of the

P. 80, 1. 25; 44, 33, "by Plato's good leave.” English rule to be found elsewhere in France. Phil.,' 36, 596-601.

I can only recollect the bosses in the roof of P. 80, 1. 34 ; 42, 41, “nemo malus qui non the cathedral at Bayonne with the arms of stultus, 'tis Fabius' aphorism to the same Henry VI.

H. 2. end." Quintil., 'Inst., xii. 1, 4.

P. 82, 1. 5; 43, 23, “out of an old Poem.” Sir Thomas WYATT'S RIDDLE.-In Robert The "Hypsipyle' of Euripides ; Frag. 757 Bell's edition of this poet's works there is a Dind.

piece infelicitously entitled 'Description of P. 82, n. 3; 43, n. p," iniuria in sapientem a Gun,' which runs as follows: non cadit." Sen., 'Dial.' ii. 7, 2, “iniuria in Vulcan begat me; Minerva me taught; sapientem virum non cadit."

Nature my niother; craft nourished me year by P. 83, n. 3 ;. 44, n. b, “Ep. Damageto ' year; (Hippocr. Ep. xiv. 3]; n. 4; n. c [Ep. xiv. 4]. Three bodies are my food; my strength is in nought; P. 83, n. 5; 44, n. d, “ per multum risum Anger, wrath, waste, aud noise are my children

. poteris cognoscere stultum." Risum and Guess, friend, what I am, and how I am wrought, multum should be transposed. This leonine Monster of sea, or of land, or of elsewhere : hexameter, with debes for poteris, is quoted Know me, and use me, and I may thee defend ; in Binder's 'Nov. Thes. Adag. Latin, from

And, if I be thine enemy, I may thy life end. Gartner's Proverbialia Dicteria’(1574). We are informed in a note that “In the

P. 84, 1. 19;, 44, 48," to keep Homer's Harrington Ms. these lines are entitled, A works."' Pliny, ‘N.H.,' vii. 29, 108; Plutarch, Riddle ex Pandulpho '"; but who Pandulphus • Alexand.,' 44.

was we are not told, nor have I been able to P. 84, 1. 20; 45, 1, “Scaliger upbraids discover, but the original of Wyatt's first Homer's Muse, nutricem insance sapientiæ.” four lines is quoted in Camden's Remaines' J. C. Scaliger's remark; see his son's 'Confut. in his chapter on 'Artillarie,' where he Fab. Burd.,' p: 201, Opusc.,' Pt. II. (1612). writes :Burton's marginal note is “Hypocrit." Was “The best approved Authors agree that they he thinking of bk. vi., 'Hypercriticus,' of [guns) were invented in Germanie by Berthold Scaliger's 'Poetice, cap. vii., where, in criti- Swarte, a Monke skillful in Gebers Cookery or cizing Hor., 'Epist., ' i. 2, Scaliger says, "quis Alchimy, who, tempering

Brimstone and Saltpeter enim dicat 'Homeri nugas esse potiores præ- stone which covered it, when a sparke fell into it. ceptis philosophorum”?

But one saith he consulted with the divell for an P. 84, n. 6; 45, n. 6,.“ut mulier aulica offensive weapon, who gave him answer in this nullius pudens." For this remark of J. C. obscure Oracle :Scaliger see 'Confut.,' loc. cit.

Vulcanus gignat, pariat Natura, Minerva P. 84, 1. 24; 45, 4, "Scaliger rejects him Vis mea de nihilo, tria dent mihi corporą pastum : [Lucian]......and calls him the Cerberus of

Sunt soboles strages, vis, furor, atque fragor. the Muses. J. C. Scaliger again ; see Con* Galenum fimbriam with learned advice, crammed it with sulphure,

By this instruction he made a trunck of yron fut.,' ad fin. (p. 202). Hippocrates” (see Burton, 85, !. 4; 45, 15) bullet, and, putting thereto fire, found the effects occurs immediately after this in the Confut.' to bee destruction, violence, fury, and roaring

P. 84, 1: 30; 45, 9, "Cardan, in his 16th cracke." Book of Subtleties,' reckons up twelve super- The old writer, who penned these words three eminent, acute Philosophers.” See pp. 802-4 centuries ago this very year, furnishes the of the 1582 (Basel) edition of 'De Subtil.' vaguest authority for his remarkable state

EDWARD BENSLY. mentabout Schwarz's dealings with his Satanic The University, Adelaide, South Australia. majesty, whose tetrastich is certainly superior (To be continued.)

to Wyatt's octave in point of finish. Polydore Virgil

, in his book 'De Rerum Inventoribus,' :- THE ENGLISH IN FRANCE.—I may note a lib. ii. cap. xi., relates pretty much the curious trace of the English rule in France, same story, but he gives no name, and merely which I have just come across in the Vienna declares the discoverer to have been “a Ger

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