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THE ANATOMY

OF THE

NA VIGATION LA W S.

OF THE

NAVIGATION LAWS.

BY JOHN LEWIS RICARDO, ESQ., M.P.

“Error est non minus vetus quam pestilens, quo multi mortales, ü autem maxime
qui plurimum vi atque opibus valent, persuadent sibi, aut, quod verius puto, per-
suadere conantur, justum atque injustum non suapte natura, sed hominum inani
quadam opinione atque consuetudine distingui.”

GROTIUS-DE MARI LIBERO.

LONDON:
CHARLES GILPIN, 5, BISHOPSGATE STREET WITHOUT.

1847.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

FAGE.

SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF THE NAVIGATION LAWS

. 1

Early Trade-The Staple-What kind of Fleet England had

about the time of the First Navigation Laws

The First Act to increase the Navy of England . . . 7

Wisdom of our Ancestors

A remarkable account of the effect of early Navigation Laws

The Free Sea . . . . . . . 20

The Shut Sea . .

The first restriction on the Commerce of the Colonies, and further

restraints on the Dutch .

The first effect of these restrictions—War with the Dutch

Shipowners Logic . . . . . .

Some of the mischiefs that came upon us through our Maritime

Charter . .

How the Maritime Charter foundered at Sea ..

Launch of Reciprocity

The Reciprocity Acts and the prophecies of the Shipowners.

The Strong hold

The Coasting Trade

The Creed of the Old School .

A great boon to British Shipping

The state of the British Shipping after four centuries of Naviga.

tion Laws .

Prosperity of Shipping from abolition of protection .

Carrying by Sea, and whose ships have most of it . . .

England and the old Navigation Laws, and England now

THE LAW AS IT is . . . . . . .

The Coasting Trade . . . . . .

Colonial Trade

Trade with Asia, Africa, and America . . .

Trade with Europe . . . . . . . .

Accidental exceptions .

Act for the registering of British vessels . .

7th and 8th Vic. c. 112

The effects of all due encouragement and protection . . 86

Causes of inferiority . . . . . .

Foreign Captains and Mates.

The care that our Navigation Law takes of Foreigners - 100

The Great Nursery Question . . . . . 101

The Merchant Service not a Nursery of Seamen for the service

of the State

105

How to Man the Navy . . . . .

109

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