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which causes a subordination of creature to creature, and of all creatures to man. The gradations of sense, instinct, thought, reflection, reason: that reason alone countervails all the other faculties. 8. How much further this order and subordination of living creatures may extend above and below us; were any part of which broken, not that part only, but the whole connected creation must be destroyed. 9. The extravagance, madness, and pride of such a desire. 10. The consequence of all, the absolute submission due to Providence, both as to our present and future state.
AWAKE, my St. John ! leave all meaner things
1. Say first, of God above or man below
Through worlds unnumber'd though the God be
known, 'Tis ours to trace him only in our own. He who through vast immensity can pierce, See worlds on worlds compose one universe, Observe how system into system runs, What other planets circle other suns, What varied being peoples every star, May tell why Heaven has made us as we are : But of this frame, the bearings and the ties, The strong connexions, nice dependencies, Gradations just, has thy pervading soul Look'd through ; or can a part contain the whole?
Is the great chain that draws all to agree, And drawn supports, upheld by God or thee? 2. Presumptuous man! the reason wouldst thou
Of systems possible, if 'tis confest
And all the question (wrangle e'er so long)
Respecting man, whaterer wrong we call,
restrains His fiery course, or drives him o'er the plains ; When the dull ox, why now he breaks the clod, Is now a victim, and now Egypt's god; Then shall man's pride and dulness comprehend His actions', passions', being's, use and end; Why doing, suffering, check’d, impellid; and why This hour a slave, the next a deity.
Then say not man's imperfect, Heaven in fault; Say rather man's as perfect as he ought; His knowledge measur'd to his state and place, His time a moment, and a point his space. If to be perfect in a certain sphere, What matter soon or late, or here or there? The blest to-day is as completely so As who began a thousand years ago.
3. Heaven from all creatures hides the book
of fate, All but the page prescrib'd, their present state; From brutes what men, from men what spirits Or who could suffer being here below ? [know; The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Had he thy reason would he skip and play? Pleas'd to the last he crops the flowery food, And licks the hand just rais’d to shed his blood. O blindness to the future! kindly given, That each may fill the circle mark'd by heaven; Who sees with equal eye, as God of all, A hero perish or a sparrow fall, Atoms or systems into ruin hurld, And now a bubble burst, and now a world.
Hope humbly then ; with trembling pinions soar; Wait the great teacher Death ; and God adore.! What future bliss he gives not thee to know, But gives that hope to be thy blessing now. Hope springs eternal in the human breast: Man never is, but always to be, blest. The soul, uneasy and confin'd from home, Rests and expatiates in a life to come.
Lo, the poor Indian ! whose untutor'd mind Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud science never taught to stray Far as the solar walk or milky way; Yet simple nature to his hope has given, Behind the cloud topp'd hill, an humbler heaven;
Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd,
4. Go, wiser thou! and in thy scale of sense
5. Ask for what end the heavenly bodies shine, Earth for whose use, Pride answers, “'Tis for
mine: For me kind Nature wakes her genial power,