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openly, and ready to answer any legal or fait call: I hope you will believe me, when I assure you, that I shall, by many degrees, prefer innocent death to inglorious and wounded honour.

That I have been foully calumniated, and most grossly insulied, is too notorious; and that I bore it in all meekness and patience is not less so; nor is it a secret, though since overlooked, that during the horrid rebellion in Wexford, I did every thing in my power to serve and save my protestant neighbours and their property; and if I did not more, it was unfortunate for them and painful to me, that I could not effect it, being myself in constant terror for my life. The fabrications and false tales of the ignorant and prejudiced, I can, I thank God, despise ; but charges of treason or felony are too much for a Christian innocent man to bear,

This consideration, I hope, will make my apology for giving you this trouble; and humbly requesting you will inform me how I stand in that respect, I have the honour to be, with great respect,

your most humble,
and most obedient servant,

JAMES CAULFIELD. Balliane, May 11, 1800.


The Doctor, says, that he never received any answer to the foregoing letter. ,

The following letter, concerning Doctor Caul. field, has been sent to me with a request that I should insert it.

Dublin, 30th March, 1798. SIR,

I Am directed by my Lord-Lieutenant to desire you will make a proper acknowledgement to the titular bishop, who lives in your neighbourhood, for the active and zealous part he is taking in preserving peace and good order among his flock. Exertions of this nature are more particularly called for, when every artifice is .' employed to seduce the lower orders from their allegiance, to inculcate the spirit of distrust of their protestant brethren, and to goad them to acts of outrage and insurrection. Those are not the paths to public improvement, or happiness, and it is, therefore, in such times as these, that those men deserve the best of the community, who, regardless of intimidation, and sensible alone to the call of duty, impress the obligations of obedience, morality, and religion, in proportion as endeavours are made to dissolve those ties of society. I am sure you will continue that line, which you have adopted, for preserving the good order and harmony of your neighbourhood,

from which good effects have already flowed, and from which further good consequences will naturally follow.

I have the honour to be,


your most obedient humble servant,



Father John Murphy's Journal, found on the

field of battle at Arklowe, by lieutenant-colonel Bainbridge, of the Durham fensible infantry, and sent by him to general Needham.

"SATURDAY night, May 26, at 6 A.M. « 1798, began the republic of Ireland, in Boula“ vogue, in the county of Wexford, barony of Gorey, and parish of Kilcormick, commanded “ by the Rev. Doctor Murphy, parish priest of the “ said parish, in the aforesaid parish, when all " the protestants of that parish were disarmed, " and, among the aforesaid, a bigot, named “ Thomas Bookey, who lost his life by his " rashness.

“ 26. From thence came to Oulart, a country “ village adjoining, when the republic attacked "a minister's house for arms, and was denied of; " laid siege immediately to it, and killed him

and all his forces; they same day burned his “ house, and all the orangemen's houses in that s and all the adjoining parishes in that part of 36 the country. :.

“The same day a part of the army, to the « amount of one hundred and four of infantry, “and two . troops of cavalry, attacked the “ republic. on Oulart-hill, when the military were “ repulsed with the loss of one hundred and “ twelve men, and the republic had four killed, " and then went to a hill called Corrigrua, “ where the republic encamped that night, and "" from thence went to a town called Camolin, “ which was taken without resistance, and the “same day took another town and sate of a “ bishop. At three in the afternoon, the same “ day, they laid siege to Enniscorthy, when “they were opposed by an army of seven hun

dred men, then they were forced to set both “ ends of the town on fire, and then took the " town in the space of one hour, and then en“ camped on a hill near the town, called Vinegar-hill.


DARBY MURPHY, his hand and pen. Dated this 26th.

The inaccuracy of this incipient journal cannot escape the reader's notice. I have copied it from Sir R. Musgrave's book, as he doubtless had the original from general Needham. A copy, which a friend in Dublin procured for me, hardly differs from it. Bulger has been secretary to Father Murphy. By the sate of a bishop is meant Ferns.


: « Dover, October 26, 1798. “ MY LORD,

“ BEING on the point of retuming to “ France; I think it my duty to testify to you “the extraordinary esteem with which your "conduct has always inspired me Since I have “ had the good fortune of being acquainted with “ you, I have always regretted that the chance “ of war, and my duty as a military officer, have “obliged me, in carrying the scourge of war “into your neighbourhood, to disturb the “ domestic happiness which you enjoyed, and of “ which you are in every respect worthy. 100 “happy, if in returning into my country, I can “ flatter myself that I have acquired any claim “ to your esteem. Independently of other rea"sons which I have for loving and esteeming " you, the representation which citizen Charost, “ gives me of all your good offices to bim and “his officers, as well before as after the reduction " of Killala, will demand for ever my esteem ** and gratitude.

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