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" from the rebels with that expedition which

could give him any reasonable hopes of escape; " that the rebels imagined the presumed coun“ tenance and support of a gentleman of his “ rank and consequence would acquire credit to " their cause; and when they had him in their “ power, they conferred on him what title they « pleased, in which he was obliged to acquiesce, “ for the preservation of his life among such a “ savage banditti; and that he never acted as ." commissary-general of their army, or in any “military capacity among them : and indeed it “ is very certain, that whatever title of general or commander they might have given him, he “ was utterly incapable of undertaking or per“ forming any active service, being much ad-“ vanced in years, and a great martyr to the " gout. His two brothers, Thomas Grogan • Knox, and John Knox "Grogan, at the “ same time were eminent for their loyalty and “ courage ; and in the rebellion one of them “ (Thomas) was slain, gallantly charging the " rebels at the battle of Arklow, at the head of " a brave corps of yeomen raised by him. The other brother John Knox Grogan) was many “ years a cavalry officer in the king's army, (the " 5th and 18th light dragoons) and is a gentleman “ of great honour and integrity.” To this may be added, concerning the last named gentleman, that as captain he raised the Healthfield yeoman


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cavalry in September, 1796 ; that he went to Enniscorthy with twelve of his men, when he was informed that it was to be attacked the 26th of May, and continued there, with captain Solomon Richards and his corps, during that night and Sunday morning, doing all in his power to disperse the rebels, who were then burning the protestants' houses about that neighbourhood ; that when serjeant Stanley had yet to force his way to Cork, to hold a commission on the rebels there, captain Grogan, with fourteen of his men, conducted him safe to Waterford the 27th of May; that on the 28th he applied to general Fawcet for a good force to bring to Wexford. The general gave him an order for two hundred of the Donegal militia and a six-pounder. He left New Geneva at four o'clock that evening, and arrived at Wexford with them at seven o'clock on Tuesday the 29th. In the retreat of the army from Wexford the next day, he was wounded in the neck, as he marched with his corps in the advanced guard. I should also add that I lived many years in the neighbourhood of Thomas Grogan Knox, who was killed in the battle of Arklow, and knew him to be a man of great benevolence and generosity.

The following is a true copy of a Letter written by Beauchamp Bagenal Harvey to the rebels at the station of Three-rocks, at the request of several magistrates, about two hours before the evacuation of Wexford by the king's troops. He was at the time when he wrote it, ill of the gout.

“I have been treated in prison with all possible humanity, and am now at liberty. I have procured the liberty of all the prisoners. If you pretend to Christian charity, do not commit massacre, or burn the property of the inhabitants; and spare your prisoners' lives.'

B. B. HARVEY.” Wednesday, May 30, 1798.

The places of confinement of loyalist prisoners in Wexford, while the town was in possession of the rebels, are thus stated, with the number of prisoners in each.

In the jail - -. 148
In the market-house - 48
In the barrack
In the prison ship
In the court-house
In a private house - -. 3

In alla - 260




Sır Richard, residing in the capital, collecting a perplexing mass of materials of the same kind, and having no personal knowledge of the transactions in the country, has been led into a multitude of errors of little moment. Those few, indeed, which I think proper at present to notice, are hardly of any consequence.

In page 344 of the quarto edition, he says, that Gorey was attacked on the 30th of May by a numerous body of rebels. This is totally destitute of foundation, except that a great number of women were assembling at the distance of three or four miles, with intention of marching to plunder the town, which had been in a most extraordinary manner deserted by the army. This female brigade, however, dispersed without approaching the town, on a false report of the advance of a body of Welch cavalry.

He says in page 442, that our troops got possession of Gorey on the 12th of June. * They certainly did not till the 19th, the day previous to that of general Needham's memorable march to Vinegar-hill.

In his appendis, page 83, he says that Father


* He has corrected this in his third edition.

Murphy's journal was found by captain Hugh Moore. It was found by an officer of the fensible regiment of Durham infantry, lieutenant-colonel Bainbridge, from whom captain Moore procured it, as he also procured a plan of the battle of Arklow.

In page 431, he calls Father Philip Roche an inhuman savage. So far as his having a rough and boisterous exterior, and his being often in a tate of intoxication, the term may in some degree be applicable; but for a charge of cruelty against hiin, I can find no foundation. On the contrary, I have leard, from indubitable autho, rity, many instances of his active humanity. I knew Father Roche for some years before the rebellion, and he was certainly not a favourite with me, as I disliked his rough familiar manner, and his too frequent indulgence of ebriety; but his behaviour in the rebellion has convinced me, that he possessed a humane and generous heart, with an uncommon share of personal courage. My information comes from numbers of protestants, who were protected in his camp.

I have already elsewhere noticed Sir Richard's estimate of the population of Ireland. He supe poses the number of men capable of bearing arms in the county of Wexford to be sixty-nine thousand; from which we must infer the number of persons of all ages and both sexes in this county to be three hundred and forty-five thousand; since


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