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O let the Muse attend thy march sublime,
the auspicious patronage he now so justly enjoys, added to the READY vote of those who furnish ways and means, the royal work will speedily be completed.
Verse 2. Cynosure of British taste.] Cynosure, an affected phrase. Cynosura is the constellation of Ursa Mmor, or the Lesser Bear, the next star to the Pole. Dr. Newton, on the word in Milton.
Verse 10. With scenes of Yven-Ming.) One of the Imperial gardens at Pekin. (Sayings of Li-Tsong.) “ Many trees, shrubs, and flowers,” sayeth Li-Tsong, a Chinese author of great antiquity, “ thrive best in low, moist situativns; many on hills and mountains: some require a rich soil; but others will grow on clay, in sand, or even upou rocks, and in the water: to some a sunny exposition is necessary; but for others the shade is preferable. There are plants which thrive best in exposed situations; but, in general, shelter is requisite. The skilful gardener, to whom study and experience have taught these qualities, carefully attends to them in his operations; knowing that thereon depend the health and growth of his plants, and consequently the beauty of his plantations.” Vide Diss. p. 77. The reader, I presume, will readily allow, that he never met with so much recondite truth, as this aucienz Chinese here exbibits.
Like thee to scorn Dame Nature's simple fence;
And, like old Orpheus, make some strong effort To come from Hell, and warble Truth at Court.
There was a time,“ in Esher's peaceful grove 35 When Kent and Nature vied for Pelham's love, That Pope beheld them with auspicious smile, And own’d that Beauty blest their mutual toil." Mistaken Bard! could such a pair design Scenes fit to live in thy immortal line ? 40 Hadst thou been born in this enlighten’d day, Felt, as we feel, Taste's oriental ray, Thy satire sure had given them both a stab, Calld Kent a Driveller, and the Nymph a Drab. For what is Nature? Ring her changes round, 45 Her three flat notes are water, plants, and ground;
Verse 34. Truth at Court.] Vide (if it be extant) a poem under this title, for which (or for the publication of Lord Bolingbroke's philosophical writings) the person here mentioned received a considerable pension in the time of Lord B-te's administration.
Verse 45. For what is Nature?] This is the great and fundamental axiom on which the Oriental taste is founded; it is therefore expressed here with the greatest precision, and in the identical phrase of the great original. The figurative terms, and even the explanatory simile, are en.
Prolong the peal yet, spite of all your clatter,
Come then, prolific Art, and with thee bring The charms that rise from thy exhaustless spring; To Richmond come; for see, untutor’d Brown 55 Destroys those virtues which were once thy own.
tirely borrowed from Sir William's Dissertation. « Nature (say the Chinese, or Sir William for them) affords us but few materials to work with. Plants, ground, and water, are her only productions; and, though both the forms and arrangements of these may be varied to an incredible degree, yet have they but few striking varieties, the rest being of the nature of “ changes rung upon bells," which, though in reality different, still produce the same uniform kind of jingling; the variation being too minute to be easily perceived,” “ Art must therefore supply the scantiness of Nature,” &c. &c. &c. page 14. And again, “Our larger works are only a repetition of the small ones, like the honest Bachelor's feast,” which consisted in nothing but a multiplication of his own dinner; " three legs of mutton and turneps, three roasted geese, and three buttered apple pies,” Preface, page 7.
Lo, from his melon-ground the peasant slave
Verse 67. No! let Barbaric glories.] Şo Milton : " Where the gorgeous East with richest hand
Showers on her Kings Barbaric pearl and gold.” Verse 72. Monkies shall climb our trees.] « In their lofty woods, serpents, and lizards of many beautiful sorts, crawl upon the ground. Innumerable 'monkies, cats, and parrots, clamber upon the trees.” Page 40. “ In their lakes are many islands, some small, some large, amongst which are often seen stalking along, the elephant, the rhinoceros, the dromedary, ostrich, and the giant-baboon.” Page 66. “ They keep in their enchanted scenes, a surprising variety of monstrous birds, reptiles, and animals, which are tamed by art, and guarded by enormous dogs of Tibet and African giants, in the habit of magicians."