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“ The good faith, the generosity, mentioned year, George III. was and the honour of this nation afford attacked by insanity, and the Rethem the surest pledge of a corre gency was conferred in England, sponding disposition on your part to clogged with many restrictions, on promote and perpetuate the har- the Prince of Wales. The Irish
parmony, the stability, and the glory of liament, however, refused to be dicthe empire.
tated to either by the English Par“On my own part, I entertain not liament or by the Minister. the least doubt but that the same Great were the debates on this spirit which urged you to share the occasion in both Houses. An adfreedom of Great Britain will confirm dress was adopted in the House of you in your determination to share Commons, offering the Vice-Royalty her fate also, standing or falling with absolutely to the Prince of Wales the British empire.”
during the illness of George III. On His Excellency then withdrew and its being brought up to the Lords, the the house adjourned. On their re Chancellor not only voted but spoke assembling, after the space, as it against its adoption. The address were, of an hour,“ the Lord Chan runs as follows : 4 cellor reported his Grace's speech,
“We, his Majesty's dutiful and loyal suband the same being read, it was or
jects, the Lords spiritual and temporal, dered to be printed. Of what further and the Commons of Ireland, beg leave to occurred on that day in the House approach your Highness with hearts full of of Lords no record now remains; the most loyal and affectionate attachment not even in the “Life of Lord Charle- royal father, and to express the deepest
to the person and government of your mont is there to be found a solitary and most grateful sense of the numerous line on the dull debates of the here- blessings we have enjoyed under that illusditary legislators.
trious House, whose accession to the throne
of these realms has established civil and Lord Lifford, as speaker, remained commercial liberty on a basis which we until the house rose, late on the trust will never be shaken, and to condole evening of that day; he saw that the with your Royal Highness upon the griev. English interest could no longer be
ous malady with which it has pleased
Heaven to afflict the best of sovereigns. maintained. His feelings, we are
“We have, however, the consolation of informed, could not be restrained, reflecting that the severe calamity hath not and he is recorded as the only in- been visited upon us until the virtues of dividual who, in that moment of na
your Royal Highness have been so matured tional exultation, dared to raise his charge the duties of the important trust,
as to enable your Royal Highness to disvoice against the rights of Ireland.
for the performance whereof the eyes of He seemed to apprehend that the his Majesty's subjects are directed to your total abandonment of the old rules
“We therefore beg leave humbly to reof Irish promotion was unavoidable,
quest that you will be pleased to take upon and to foresee the invasion even of you the Government of these realms during his own office (for ages the fortress the continuance of his Majesty's present in. of the English interest) by ambitious
disposition, and no longer, and under the
style and title of Prince Regent of Ireland, Irishmen, an event which actually
in the name and on behalf of his Majesty, to took place shortly afterwards, when exercise and administer, according to the Lord Clare succeeded as Lord High laws and constitution of the Kingdom, all Chancellor of Ireland.”
royal powers, jurisdictions, and preroga
tives, to the crown and government thereof From 1782 to 1788, the Lord
belonging.' Chancellor's name is seldom met with, save as presiding in the House From the adoption of this adof Lords. In the autumn of this last dress there were several dissentients,
| Lords' Journals,
2 Hardy's Life of Lord Charlemont. Memoranda of Irish Matters, ed. 1844, p. 34. 4 Lords' Journals, 1788.
headed by the Lord Chancellor, and determination to deprive Ireland of their ground of dissent was,
Lord Lifford had now, in 1788, Because the address or requisition to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales is an
held the seals for a space of over address requesting that he will be pleased twenty years, and he began to feel to take upon him the government of these that the time was approaching for realms in such manner as therein is men
him to resign them into younger and tioned, and to exercise and administer,
abler hands. “ Possessed of small according to the laws and constitution of this kingdom, all royal powers, jurisdic. capacity, and singular simplicity of tions, and prerogatives, to the Crown and character, he was formal, credulous, Government thereof belonging, without any and tedious, in his intercourse with law or authority whatsoever that we know of the world. His letters to Lord authorising him so to do.
2nd. Because we are apprehensive that Buckingham, written in a good, the said address may be so construed to be round, clerkly hand, are full of solemn a measure tending to disturb and weaken platitudes and ceremonious civilities; that great constitutional union whereby, and whatever other qualities he posas fully declared, specified, and enacted, in sundry Acts of Parliament, this realm of sessed, it cannot be inferred that Ireland is for ever united and knit to the he was a man of much mental vigour. imperial Crown of England, and is a mem. Obsolete in manners and ideas, and ber appendant and rightfully belonging living in the modes of a past age, he thereto.
3rd. Because, though in every sentiment was respected for the sincerity of of affection and respect towards his Royal his disposition and the rectitude of Highness, we hold ourselves equal to, and his character, rather than for the will not be exceeded by, any of those wbo join in the said address , or by any person strength and activity of his intellect
. whatever, and are, and ever shall be, ready
In his seventy-fourth year he came to lay down our lives and fortunes in the over to London to resign the seals support and maintenance of the august to his Majesty, laden with the burden rights of our most gracious Sovereign, and of every member of his Royal and
of years and hypocondriacal infirmiaugust family.
ties; yet, up to the last vacillating We cannot pay any compliment to his
in his resolution. Lord Mornington, Royal Higbness, or to any one, at the ex who met him at dinner at Pitt's, pense of what we consider as a great con
during this visit, says, 'I met old stitutional principle; and we cannot there. fore join in the said address, which may,
Lifford at dinner, at Pitt's, and never as we are apprehensive, bring difficulty and saw him look in better health and embarrassment upon his Royal Highness, spirits. He is, as you may well bealready too much pressed by the great lieve, most
generally quizzed in Loncalamity which bath befallen our most
don.' gracious Sovereign, his royal father.
The letter, characteristic of Signed,
the man, in which he announces his LIFFORD, CHANCELLOR, AND FOURTEEN
intention of resigning the seals, is OTHER PEERS.
follows:3— The Lord Lieutenant having re LORD LIFFORD TO TAE MARQUIS OF fused to forward the address which
BUCKINGHAM. had been so voted, the Parliament, in
Royal Hotel, Pall-Mall,
Saturday, August 30th, 1788. consequence, appointed a commission to present it to the prince, by at times to your Excellency, and my appre.
MY VERY GOOD LORD,– My complaints whom it was most graciously re- hensions, expressed to you, that bodily weakceived. Pitt was so exasperated at ness and the infirmities of old age were the conduct of the Irish parliament coming on me apace, will prevent your Exon this the regency question, that he cellency from being much surprised
when never afterwards lost sight of his first I thought would bave relieved me,
I tell you that my journey hither, which at
1 Lords' Journals, vi. p. 634.
? Haverty's History of Ireland, 724. 3 Court and Cabinet of George III., vol. i. p. 419.
hath served only to confirm me in the experience for a number of years, that apprehensions I had conceived, that the makes few things new to me, may be as hour of infirmity, which is an enemy to good as ever, yet the weakness of my limbs, all exertion, and first slackens the course niy inability to go through any bodily of business, was not far off.
fatigue, and many other monitions that I now grow so clumsy and weak in my tell me the day of great infirmity is at limbs, and so soon grow tired and fatigued hand, ought not to be unattended to by to a degree painful to me, that although any man who hath sound sense or any remy mind seems as well as ever, yet I am ligion about him. sure that I cannot long do my duty; and I stand well, as I fatter myself, with the there is nothing I dread so much as sitting people of Ireland, to whom I have adminupon a great seat of justice as a kind of istered justice for more than twenty years, ruin, and in a state of decay. In my with both Houses of Parliament, and with seventy-fourth year I am not sure that the bar of Ireland, with all of whom I avarice may not lay hold of me, and tempt have lived without a quarrel with any man, me to stay where I am, until I feel or am but I hope without forgetting what bemade to feel, by being told that I have longed to me to be mindful of. stayed too long, and that peevishness, too, The country of Ireland is quiet beyond an attendant on old age, may not put an what I have known it at any time: a cir. end to that command of temper which I cumstance corresponding and consisting have ever endeavoured to preserve; and with my declarations, at all times, that I that with such enemies to fair fame, I may would not ever be found to act like a man soon impair and sully the character and who leaves a ship in a storm. And to these esteem which I may at present have. I hope I may add, that I havc friends in
Under these impressions, my wishes to the administration, that, in particular, I retire become divided, which they were have a friend in your Excellency, and that not until a few days past. I should have although in one of your last conversations been happy in first declaring this to you, you concluded your expressions of great wishing in everything to do that which best kindness with something that threatened expresses my sincere duty and regard for reluctance to my retirement, yet it was your Excellency. But being going into the done with a countenance and in a manner royal presence, I resolved to lay myself at that flattered me with hopes that there was His Majesty's feet, and express to him my a friendship under it, that would afford apprehensions and my wishes to retire, if me your assistance whenever the occasion I could do so in a manner honourable and should direct me to look up to and solicit convenient to myself, when His Majesty's your Excellency for it. service would admit of it. Accordingly, All these circumstances concurring (and yesterday, in the closet, I did as I had re so many concurring together, I cannot, solved. His Majesty's kindness and good- according to a reasonable calculation of ness to ine was beyond what I can express. human affairs, much expect) determined Retirement, before decay actually comes me to do as I have done. I have struggled on, meets his ideas perfectly, and I bave to overcome my passion for my office in every reason to think that I am lucky in Ireland, but I submit because I am worn the choice I have made in the present op- out, or, rather, am as near being worn out portunity.
as I think a man who wishes to preserve a I have also communicated my wishes to dignity of character should approach to. Mr. Pitt, who received me with attention I have exceedingly wished to afford your and kindness. He said he would confer Excellency every assistance in my power with His Majesty on the subject, and forth- during your administration; and if I rewith communicate the matter to you, with tire from the great Seal, I shall most cerout whose participation and concurrence I tainly retain that wish, and display it by cannot be at ease and happy. Upon a such proof as you can desire, and as I measure of such importance as this to me, can with the warmest attachment afford I exceedingly wish that you should be pos you.
Your Excellency will be a gainer by sessed of the motives and principles upon à change, as you will have the exertions which I act, and I will state them to you of a younger and more vigorous man, and without reserve. But permit me first to my best help added to it. say that I hope and think that avarice can. I did not come out of the King's closet not be imputed to me; for, parting with until between six and seven yesterday £10,000 per annum, for what must be evening, and I was then so fatigued that greatly below it, excludes the imputation. I could not set
I have Ambition must be equally out of the ques. not said anything upon this subject to any. tion, for I want no advancement in the body here, save only to the King and Mr. peerage.
Pitc. Now as to my motives and principles at Permit me to beg your Excellency's this time. I am in my seventy-fourth friendship in this matter, that so much year; and although my mind, assisted by concerns me and my family. Your kind
able, his manners soft and soothing. recommended to his family to conHe was a consummate dissembler, sult and be determined by me upon liar, and politician; sordidly avari- all their difficulties, more, I believe, cious, as seldom as possible gave from fear than love of me, for he offence, and never served any man hated and injured me.” Again, at but his own. He hated and despised page 332, he says that “ Lord Lifthis country by which he made his ford was a declining, insincere trickwhole fortune; superlatively deceit- ster." sul, he knew all the arts of combin- The decisions made by his lording or separating people to serve his ship in the Court of Chancery are colpurpose. He was active, laborious, lected in “ Wallis's Reports,” whicly diligent, secret, a miserable speaker, are the first or earliest continuous. and died, by cramming and stuffing, reports of Irish cases in a court of full ten years before his time was equity. out. He left me £100 legacy, and
Oliver J. BURKE.
THE INFLUENCE OF EXTERNALS,
It happened not many weeks ago, spirit to disentangle itself from its that the writer stood on a grey heavy earthly companion : when we bridge, clad with ivy from the cen- seem to have left the body and gone turies, overspanning a fair river of out on strong pinions. most lucid water. Leaning over Such occasions come very rarely, the coping in a deep angle of the and though doubtless the real cause bridge, I looked clown a wide line of them lies a long way beyond exof falling water, breaking most plea- ternal nature, yet the power of place santly both on the ear and the eye, seems sometimes to lead to them, sending up and away a continuous and contributes largely to the condimurmur and flashing like a white tion of mind required. How differbreaker. The river went down into ent, for instance, a person feels delightfully green meadows, well occasionally when a few hundred touched with foliage. Afar the eye miles are placed between him and rested on a line of mountains, closing his common round of work. Fresh in and protecting the valley. On ideas come, and we look on things the left lay a clear white and grey differently, and our own peculiar village, snugly set on the river side, status in life assumes different aswith its aspiring church overtower- pects, from that remoter and changed ing (like a mother her children), and standing-point. In our common overhung by a great mountain, walks of life we all are apt to bewhereof I saw neither the height nor come imbued largely with the spirit extent in full, grey, brown, and pur- of our surroundings ; so that for a ple. The shadow of passing clouds corrected view of things, and for over the uplands, the sleepy village, wider sympathies and broader exthe leisurely passengers, the charm perience, it is well from time to time of still fields, and above all the con- to stand off, and from some altered tinuous murmur of the river, wrought position survey leisurely things in upon mę a singular charm of quiet general, to correct the distortion and reverie, as though care went often incident to a near view : just out down the water, leaving my as to see the dome of St Paul's Cathemind free to sleep, while that sooth- dral aright one must go farther off ing tone kept its spell, as the song than the churchyard. One-sided of a sister to an over-weary child. views are deceptive, and from long
Difficult of explanation might be familiarity, we are liable to become the essential features of the scene acquainted but partially with the producing such result, so as to dis- broad reality of things and condicriminate clearly the power under- tions viewed close at. A great lying external nature, and to set out change from our beaten track clears into sharp definition the lineaments the mind more or less from the dust of the spirit of the whole. Certain and confusion accumulated by long it is there lay strong power in the standing, so that our spiritual displace and time to induce that pecu- cernment even of our own position, liar trance-like serenity of spirit, in no less than of wider scenes thus which mental sensibility is keenest, opened to view, becomes sharper while outward senses are less heeded and more penetrating. Under the and appear to grow remote : when power of fresh surroundings our there seems almost an effort in the grasp of all the features of our lot