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bishop Ussher thus writes to Mr. to Dublin, it was thence shipped to William Camden, from Dublin, June London. 8, 1618:

The archbishop's intention had The Company of Stationers in been, from the beginning, to beLondon are now erecting a factory queath his ten thousand volumes for books and a press here. Mr. and his MSS. to Trinity College, Felix Kingston and others are sent Dublin; but his other property being over for that purpose. They be- destroyed, as mentioned, he left gin with the Statutes of the realm them to his daughter, as the only Afterwards they purpose to fall in legacy available for her support. hand with my collections." &c. After his death, in Surrey, in 1656,

The earliest Latin book known the executors of his will announced to have been printed in Ireland is the intended sale, and the King of Sir James Ware's, “ Archiepisco- Denmark, and Cardinal Mazarin porum Casseliensis et Tuamensis would have contended for the possesVitæ." (Lives of the Archbishops sion ofthe valuable library, but Cromof Cashel and Tuam), published in well announced his will that the 1626, the next his “ De Præsulibus great mass of literature should not Lageniz” (of the Presidents of be allowed to leave the kingdom. Leinster), in 1628.

This being reported in Ireland, the It may be regarded as a literary officers and soldiers of the repubcuriosity, that Archbishop Ussher lican army subscribed £2,200, and quoted his own work,“ Gottes- bought the library with the intenchalci Historia,”! 1631, as the ear- tion of fulfilling the Archbishop's liest Latin treatise issued in Ire- original purpose. This sum, though land. That learned prelate, born below the value, the executors were in 1580, entered Trinity College obliged to accept, and the books in the first year of its teaching, 1593, and MSS., and a small collection of being at the time only thirteen years coins were accordingly consigned of age.

to the Irish capital again. They The unique object of this paper were not, however, allowed to be being the rise and progress of print sent to the College, but were kept ed literature in Ireland, we pass at the Castle, with the object of over the voluminous works of this being added to a new College about great scholar published in London. to be founded by the Protector. In Neither shall we be tempted to des- the troubles consequent on the death cant on the civil wars by the fact of Cromwell, the collection was of the great scholar's departure from more or less injured, and several Ireland in 1641, and the ill-feeling books and manuscripts stolen ; but excited among the “ mere Irish” on the accession of Charles all that by the bitterness of some of his were left untouched were delivered writings. This pirty, on the break- up to the College, where they have ing out, destroyed his tenements, since been carefully watched and and converted his flocks and herds preserved. into soldier's rations. His library, Resuming our post at the press, in his house in Drogheda, was saved, we find another edition of the “ Book however; and after being conveyed of Common Prayer," quarto size,

1 Gotteschalcus was a Benedictine priest, who, having unprofitably studied St. Augustine, came to the conclusion that some were predestined to damnation from the bezinnin. The Bishop of Verona reported his case to the Archbishop of Mayence, who denounced him to the Archbishop of Rheims, in whose Arch-diocese he had been ordained. Continuing obstinate in his errors, he was degraded, and imprisoned til ats death, which occurred in 868. The Archbishop of Lyons censured the severity his treatment.

published in Dublin in 1620 (A venerable primate. He soundly copy is preserved in Trinity College), rated him for allowing the clergy of and, in the same year, Bolton's the Lower House to propose any Collection of the Statutes.

modification whatsoever, and would A restless friar of the Franciscan not adopt his suggestions, which order, getting into disgrace with his would have had the effect of reconsuperiors, kept the Dublin Press ciling the Irish clergy to the new disturbed from 1633 to 1635, with order of things. Thus did his wrath his pamphlets, written against his boil over when writing to the Engarchbishop, Thomas Fleming, who, lish dignitary : for cogent reasons, had interdicted “When I came to open the book, his flock from attendance at the and run over their Deliberandums masses of the said friar, or of Peter in the margin, I confess I was not so Cadell, D.D. This worthy styled much moved since I came to Ireland. himself Paul Harris, his real surname I told him the dean), not a dean of being Matthews. Dr. Madden says, Limerick, but an Ananias, had sate that “his pieces contain numerous in the chair at that committee. Howand curious prints of history, espe- ever, sure I was Ananias had been cially the ecclesiastical history of there in spirit if not in body, with his own time and place of residence all the fraternities and conventicles in 1635. He describes himself to of Amsterdam. That I was ashamed be aged sixty-three, and to have and scandalised with it above meabeen an exile from England twenty- sure ; I therefore said he should years. In 1600 he tells us that he leave the book and draught with was in Spain."

me, and that I did command him,

upon his allegiance, he should report HOW LORD STRAFFORD INTERPRETED

nothing to the House from that ComLIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE."

mittee bill he heard again from me." “The Constitutions and Canons So the Primate, the Bishops of Ecclesiastical" (Crooke and Helsham Meath, Kilmore, Raphoe, and Derry, 1634), and “ Articles agreed upon the prolocutor, &c., being sternly by the Prelates, Archbishops," &c. rebuked, and obliged, with the ex(Stationers and printers, 1634), bring ception of one recusant, to admit us to high-handed dealings of Lord such a scheme of Church government Strafford, then Lord Deputy, with as was agreeable to the King and his the Irish ecclesiastics, who fancied representative, he thus complacently they possessed the right of forming concluded his epistle : their own opinions on certain canon- “So much now I can say, the ical ordinances framed by his grace King isas absolute here as any prince of Canterbury. In the Deputy's in the known world can be, and may mind, canons on which the Irish be still if it be not spoiled on that clergy were not consulted, were no side. For so long as His Majesty more to be commented on than an shall have here a deputy of faith and ukase of the Czar by any of his understanding, and that he be preboyars or serfs. Dr. Madden quotes served in credit, and independent at length the deputy's letter to the upon any but the King himself, let it Archbishop of Canterbury, detailing be laid as a ground it is the deputy's the presumption exhibited by the fault if the King be denied any reaConvocation in their marginal anno- sonable desire.” tations on the English Book of Ca- A Treatise on the Authority of the nons. The couple of extracts which Church by Leslie (Society of Stationfollow exhibit its spirit. The great ers, 1637), and Sir Richard Bolton's autocrat would not even approve of Justice of the Peace(1638), make the modified formulas drawn up by the number of separate publications in

Ireland, up to 1640, exactly 78. “A Proclamation concerning a This is given on Dr. Madden's Cessation of Arms,” issued this year authority, who carefully examined in London, was a reprint of a Dublin libraries and all available authorities tract, struck off by “ William Blayfor the settling of the precise number. den, printer to the King's Most ExThe amount appears small, but even cellent Majesty." These two pamin the middle of the nineteenth cen- phlets are in the Thorpe Collectury, Irish readers preferred London tion, in the library of the Royal Dubto Dublin imprints.

lin Society.

Next year, 1644, there issued from LITERATURE OF THE GREAT KE- the Confederate press at Waterford, BELLION.

“The Propositions of the Roman The uneasy relations of the King's Catholics of Ireland, presented by government with the confederate the Commissioners to His Sacred Catholics during the Great Rebellion, Majesty, in April, 1644." produced some activity among the In the same year a certain M.D., metropolitan and provincial presses named Loghan, having thought produring that disastrous period. We per to publish a tract with the title. quote some titles of the printed “A Cordiell, or the Motives which tracts.

induced me to desert the Romish, “The Declaration of Owen O'Neill, and embrace the true Protestant Republished in the Head Quarters of ligion," was pounced on by a Cathothat part of the Army adhering with lic priest and Dr. of Divinity, Walter him, together with the Right Hon- Enos by name, who probably copied ourable the Supreme Councell of the the bitter style of the pamphlet in Confederate Catholics of Ireland. the title-page of his own rejoinder,

" Printed at Kilkenny, by Order of which ran thus : the Council, 1640."

“A Lexipharmacon, or a Sovereign The Sentence of the Councell of Antidote against a Virulent Cordiell, Warre, pronounced on My Lord composed 22nd of June, 1644, by Mountnorris, 12th December, 1835, two Druggists. The one an Apostate, date 1641.

called John Loghan, a titular Dr. of “An Argument delivered by Patrick Physick; the other a Dr. of Divinity Darcy, Esq., by the Express Orders of the pretended Reformed Gospel, of the House of Commons in the called Ed. Parrey, wherein the CorParliament of Ireland, 9th June, diell is proved to be a Contagious 1641," was printed at Waterford, in Drugge of pestilent Ingredients, and 1643 by Thomas Bourke, printer to the Motives inducing the Apostate the Confederate Catholics of Ire- into a Revolt, to be Damnable and land. One of the earliest cares of Heretical.” the Council of the Confederates, on Dr. Enos addressed the supreme the organisation of the body, 23rd Conferate Council, claiming their of October, 1642, was to'set printing- encouragement in terse and highly presses at work in Kilkenny and sensational language. All the conWaterford.

troversialists of that era, and some of The same year, 1643, in the the past generation, never felt the month of October, was printed in necessity of “purchasing a commodDublin, “ A Letter from a Protestantity of good words." The Lexipharin Ireland to a Member of the House macon was printed at the Waterford of Commons in England, upon occa- office, 1644. It is preserved in sion of the late Treaty."

Trinity College. Among the rare

I The Thorpe Collection consists of twelve volumes of rare old tracts, p! 'chased from Mr. Thorpe, the antiquarian bookseller.

pamphlets collected by the late in a council held at Kilkenny against Charles Halliday, is a manifesto is- the Parliament of England and the sued the same year by the Council Protestants of these Kingdoms." at Kilkenny.

And“ A General Proclamation, pubThe best-executed work issued in lished by the Law Council for armIreland in the first half of the seven- ing all Catholics from. eighteen to teenth century, dates, “Waterford, sixty for Subduing all Protestants in 1644, Thomas Bourke, printer.” It the Kingdom of Ireland. Published consists of a declaration of the con- according to order." federate Catholics of their intentions In 1645, William Blayden printed with respect to English and Scotch at his Dublin press (it is a pity Protestants residing in Ireland: that we are not told in what street),

“ Whereas we are informed that it “A Declaration set forth by the is generally believed by the English Lord Lieutenant and Councell, vindiand Scottish Protestants of this cating the honour and justice of kingdom, that we, the Lords and His Majestie's Government,” &c., Gentry, and others of the said king- &c. By Alice Lady Moore, Visdom, have taken arms, and taken countess Dowager of Drogheda, Sir forces for the extirpation and banish- Patrick Wemys, knight, and Captain ing of them out of the kingdom, J. Rawson.” thereby to acquire to ourselves their At the same press and in the same goods and estates, ... We hereby year were printed — “ Articles of declare that we never consented nor Peace made, and concluded, and intended, nor never intend nor con- agreed upon, by His Excellency, descend to any such acts, but do James, Lord Marquis of Ormonde, utterly disclaim them. But that each Lieutenant General of His Majestie's man known to be a moderate con- Kingdom of Ireland, &c., &c., with formable Protestant may (as well as Donnagh, Lord Viscount Muskerry, the Roman Catholics) respectively and others, authorised by His Malive and enjoy the freedom of their jestie's Roman Catholic subjects, own religion, and peaceably and 6th of March, 1645. quietly possess their own estates, so In 1646, the Confederate Council far forth as they, or any of them, at Kilkenny issued another proclamshall joyne with us in the oath fol- ation assuring the Roman Catholics lowing.” This oath exacted alle in the English quarters of their progience to King Charles and his suc- tection. The document was printed cessors, and an engagement not to in Kilkenny by Thomas Preston, interfere with the free exercise of the quarto size. Roman Catholic religion.

This was answered by the King's The signatures to the document printer in Dublin, William Blayden, were as below :-

with, “A Remonstrance from the Mount Garret, Fz. Tho. Dublin. Antrim. Lords and Commons assembled in Netterville, Arthur Iveah ; John Clonfert; Parliament in Dublin, concerning the Thomas Preston; Edward Fitzmorris; Estate of Ireland, the Barbarousness Richard Bellingham ; Tirlough O'Neille ; of the Bloody Rebells." &c. Two Patrick Darcy; George Commins.

other tracts of Blayden, printed Given at Kilkenny the 6th of July, 1644. the sa,

V, 1044. the same year, are preserved in the Immediately after, R. Austin re- Thorpe Collection. published this document in London The earliest Irish almanack diswith the following title :

covered by Dr. Madden, was printed “A Declaration made by the in this year, 1646, in Waterford, being Rebells in Ireland against the Eng- probably compiled by a mere Irishlish and Scotch Protestants, lately man, for it was reprinted in London, Contrived by the Confederate Rebells by John Booker under the title of, “A Bloody Irish Almanack; or Re- were, acted exceedingly like any bellious and Bloody Ireland, dis- mere worldly assembly in depriving covered, in Some Notes extracted their political opponents of as much out of an Almanack in Ireland for this of their property as they safely could, year, 1646.” Dr. Madden here re- and investing the spoil in the hands marks :

of their military supporters. Their " In this' Bloody Irish Almanack' Act of Settlement, constructed on the author observes (p. 11), “It is the above principle, was printed by observable that pyrates (Danes) were Peter de Pienne, at Waterford, in the founders of Waterford.”

1652, and is happily the last publishThe poor King was executed, ed document in our way, connected January 30th, 1648, and the disso- with the Great Rebellion. Going lution of the Confederate League .back, we take up some publications of occurred some months later, after a more cheerful character, which we an existence of about six years. (It did not wish to notice in such unwas initiated 23rd October, 1642). suitable company." The last manifesto of theirs, which we can quote, is a protest got

PLAYS AND OTHER UNWARLIKE up by the Ormonde party in the

PRODUCTIONS. council, “ against the nuncio's at- In the noble library (now detempt to oppose the cessation of stroyed, or dispersed) of the late Earl arms, and to subject the affairs of of Charlemont rested for many years the kingdom to spiritual jurisdiction.” beside the original Shakespeare folio, It was printed in Kilkenny, in small and among other early and rare folio, in the month of April in the dramas, a quarto play thus entitledabove year.

“Landgartha, a tragic-comedy, as Next year William Blayden printed it was presented in the New Theatre in Dublin, “True Copy of Several in Dublin with good applause, being Letters, first sent from Lord Ormonde an ancient story. to the Honourable Colonel Michael “ Written by H. B. (Henry BurJones, Commander-in-chief of the nell), 4to. printed at Dublin (no Parliamentary Forces, and Governor printer's name) 1641." of the city of Dublin."

“This play (we quote Dr. Mad“Cromwell's Celebrated Answer, den) was first acted on St. Patrick's (we quote text) to the Clonmacnois Day, 1639, with the allowance of Manifesto of the Irish Catholic pre- the Master of the Revels. lates and clergy, was printed at Cork, “Prefixed to this 'tragic comedy' in 1649, and reprinted in London, is an Epistle Dedicatory by the auMarch 1649-50. The Cork edition thor, and a Eulogistic Poem in Latin, exists in the King's Inns Library, signed E. Burnell. “Patre suo CaDublin.”

rissimo Encomium' (An Eulogy by The “ Acts and Declarations” as his very dear father).. sailed by Cromwell, had been printed “ There are also two laudatory in Cork, and reprinted in Dublin in poems addressed to the author, and at that same year.

the end the following lines : “Some, Next year 1650 was printed also but not of the best judgment, were in Cork. “A Declaration and Pro offended at the conclusion of this clamation of the Deputy General of play, in regard Landgartha took not Ireland, concerning the Present then to what she was persuaded to Hand of God in the Visitation of the by so many, the King's embraces. Plague, and for the exercise of Fast- To which kind of people (who know ing and Prayer."

not what they say) I answer, omitThe parliament, however God- ting all other reasons, that a tragic fearing and self - searching as they comedy should neither end comically

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