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or tragically, but between both, which Six years before the presentation decorum I did my best to observe, of Landartha was opened the first not to go against art to please the Irish theatre, in Werburgh-street. over amorous. To the nest of Bab We are not in possession of the blers I despise any answer.'”
names of any of our earliest perThere is a copy of this drama in formers, and Chetwode mentions the British Museum.
only one play acted before the aboveThis and the next - mentioned mentioned, namely, the Royal Masdrama were brought under Dr. Mad- ter, by Shirley, an intimate friend of den's notice by the eminent Irish the manager, John Ogilby. Shortly historiographer, Councellor Prender- after the performance of Landgartha gast.
occurred the breaking out of the war, “Hic et Ubique," or the “ Hu- and the Werburgh-street house was mours of Dublin,” a comedy (by Ri- closed for ever. Hic et Ubique was chard Head) was acted here in 1663. performed, as mentioned, in 1663, Among the personages are-Colonel the second year of the revival of Kiltory; Alderman Thrivewell, Phan- the drama in Dublin, Mr. Ogilby tastique ; Hic et Ubique ; Patrick, the having returned from London, and colonel's servant ; Mrs. Contriver; built the Smock-alley (then OrangeMiss Cassandra ; and Mrs. Sue street) theatre, and opened ,it in Pouch, a landlady. Edmund Malone 1662. -Shakespeare's Malone-who col. During the continuance of the lected for Lord Charlemont, sup- great troubles we can scarcely come plied in MS. the lost title.
on the trace of a book published The author, the son of a clergy- without having reference to them. man who had lost his life in the dis- We now proceed with those, disastrous Irish wars, received his edu- covered in Dr. Madden's researches, cation in England, but was obliged, printed after the death of Charles by want of means, to leave Oxford and the breaking-up of the Catholic before receiving a degree. He was confederacy, the first being a work bound apprentice to a bookseller, in Irish and English, and printed in took a wife at an early age, wrote Dublin, 1652 : poetry, gambled, went from bad to “The Christian Doctrine, or the worse, came to Ireland, got his Four Doctrines of the Christian Reonly play acted and made money by ligion, gathered into Six Principles, it, and acquired some literary repu- necessary for every Ignorant Man to tation. Returning to England, he learn. Translated into Irish by Godprinted his play, and dedicated it to frey Daniel, Master in the Arts; and the Duke of Monmouth. Unable also Brief and Plain Rules for the to support himself by his pen, he Reading of the Irish Tongue.” resumed bookselling, and might have The author of the original English enjoyed a respectable position in was W. Perkins, and the translator society but for his propensity to dedicated it to the Parliamentary irregular conduct. He wrote the Commissioners for the Affairs of Ire“ English Rogue,” out of which, not- land. If Praise-God-Barebones and withstanding the lax character of the Merciful Strick-al-thro' did not cherish governors and governed of the coun- the body of the Irish peasant, they try, he was obliged to cut many a regarded at least the welfare of his passage too highly flavoured even soul ; there are few earthly condifor the palates of Dryden's, Daven- tions, how bad soever, which might ant's, Shadwell's, and Etheridge's not be worse. The types used in admirers. After an unhappy and printing this catechism were those scrambling life, he was lost in a trip which had been sent by Queen to the Isle of Wight in 1678. Elizabeth to Ireland, 1571, to produce Kearney's Irish Catechism, be- 1675, “ The Wish : being the Tenth fore mentioned. After this second Satire of Juvenal, a Pindaric Poem.” doctrinal book was printed, the types Printed by Benjamin Tooke. From were unwarily sold to a zealous the dedication, it is evident that the Roman Catholic ecclesiastic, who book was printed in the city of Cork, conveyed them to Douay; and, for though the name does not occur on many years later, little tracts, printed the title-page. It was dedicated to with them, were conveyed to Ireland, the Protestant gentry, nobility, and and read by the natives.
soldiery of Ireland, but more espeIn 1653, the Cork press issued cially to the worshipful the mayor, “Scripture Evidence for Baptism aldermen, common council, and inof Infants of Covenanters; the sub- habitants of the city of Cork. Dr. stance of two Sermons preached Madden deserves more gratitude for in that city in the same year." preserving the memory of a literary The title throws very little light gem of this kind than for a dozen on the purport of the work. The declarations, proclamations, and vimost unforced meaning of it would tuperations of parties at feud with imply evidence taken from Scrip- each other. Here are his remarks :ture that the Covenanters bap “ This very singular poetical brotised their children. But as Scrip- chure is in small 4to (pp. 34), descripture is not commonly adduced to tive of the character of the natives, prove the occurrence of any modern their manners, peculiarities, and their facts, this explanation will not bold modes of expressing themselves, illuwater. Could an Episcopalian have minated by specimens of their conpreached the sermon. to convince versation, intermixed abundantly Covenanters of the necessity of bap with phrases in common use in the tising their children? or would one Irish language. There are evidences of Cromwell's preachers have held in the poem of close observation of forth to convince Papists and Malig- the Irish character, and most intinants that his people were not un- mate acquaintance with the modes mindful of the ordinance ?
of thought and expression of the There is no uncertainty as to the lower orders of the Irish people.” laudable object of the next book, This pamphlet, as well as the one known to have been printed in the about to be mentioned, was in the same city next year (1654):
Charlemont Library. Our authority “ Inquisitio in Fidem Christiano- does not acquaint us of their present rum Hujus Seculi (An Inquiry into whereabouts. the Faith of the Christians of this This second production of that Age), Authore Rogero Boyle (12mo), year, 1675, came from the brain of Corcagiæ, 1654.”
an English soldier, and was entitled, John Crook, printer, in Dublin, “ The Moderate Cavalier, or the 1666, not having the fear of Inde: Soldier's Description of Ireland, and pendents or Fifth-Monarchy Men be- of the Country Disease, with receipts fore his eyes, printed in that year a for the same." new edition of the "Boke of Common Praver lato), according to the use of From Gloster's siege till Arms lay down the Catholick Church of Ireland.”
In Trewroe's field, I for the Crown
Under St. George marched up and down, Few printers in Dublin, much less and then, sir, Cork, would care in our days to For Ireland came, and had my share bring out an edition in folio of the Of blows not lands, gained in that warre ; HOLY Court. Yet it was published
But God defend me from such fare, again,
sir ! in the latter city in that form in 1667.
“A Book fit for all Protestants in In Cork, was also published, in Ireland. Printed,anno Domini, 1675."
“The Moderate Cavalier” treats Irish, intending to have it printed the Irish soldiers, fighting loyally for in his own house. King, however, their common sovereign, more ill-na- being cast into prison in 1638, at turedly than would a poetical partisan the age of eighty, and the rebellion of Ireton himself. Why should he breaking out, nothing was achieved call himself a Cavalier at all? but the MS. copy. The bishop died,
Our southern capital also boasts much lamented by his Roman Cathe issue in 1679, of “The Sur- tholic neighbours, on the 7th Februprising and Remarkable Predictions ary, 1642. Most of his papers were of the Holy, Learned, and Excellent destroyed, but the Scripture MS. James Ussher, late Archbishop of fortunately escaped. Armagh. Printer, William Smith.” In 1678, the Honourable Robert
Dr. Madden has been so fortunate Boyle, taking the scarcity of the Irish as to meet with some of the genuine New Testament, printed in 1602, MS, news-letters of the date to which into consideration, got a fount of we have reached :
type cast for a new edition. He “Some of these I have found in engaged one Reilly, an Irishman, to the possession of Mr. Willis, of Or- superintend the press, and, in 1681, mond-quay. Each is one foot in 750 copies were issued. About the length and ten inches in breadth. same time, this nobleman was inTwo of them are dated, 19th July, formed that the Bedell MS. was safe 1672, and 8th October, 1678, and in the possession of Dr. Jones, to are written on both sides. The whom it had been given by a son of 'Newsletter' is a MS. newspaper, the Rev. Denis Sheridan, above menbriefly stating the chief events of the tioned. The sheets were found to time, was circulated in manuscript be out of order, and the services, one during the infancy of journalism, after another, of Dr. Saul, Dr. Marsh, and was, in fact, the original and Mr. Higgins, Dr. William Huntingpattern which has been improved don, and some Irish scholars, were into our present newspapers. The required, to have them replaced, form and style of these letters re- carefully copied, and sent piecemeal mained for many years in printed to Mr. Reilly, in London, where the gazettes and newsleiters, but copies printing was executed. In the spring of the true manuscript newsletters of 1686, an edition of 700 copies was are now rarely seen."
published, the nobleman having con
tributed £700 towards the expense. EARLIEST IRISH PRINTED BIBLES. In this and other portions of his
Our authority, now approaching work the historian has received most the era of the first issue of printed valuable assistance through the prenewpapers in Ireland, thought it ex- vious researches of the Rev. Henry pedient to give an account by itself Cotton, Archdeacon of Cashel, who of the first publishing of Irish-printed has devoted the best part of a long copies of the English Scriptures, for life to the consideration of Irish the late execution of which here it is literature of the past centuries, and not very easy to account. Bishop the treasures contained in the great Bedell's Irish version of the New libraries of the empire. His “TypoTestament was printed in London in graphical Gazetteer,” Oxford, 1831, 1681, and that of the whole Bible in is a work in the highest estimation 1685.
among our archæological students. About the year 1630, William Be- Belfast, though now so much in dell, Bishop of Kilmore and Ardagh, advance of other Irish provincial securing the assistance of a Mr. King cities, could boast of the production and the Rev. Denis Sheridan, began of no printed book till 1696, when the translation of the Bible into James Blow and his brother-in-law, Patrick Neill, printers of Glasgow, translation of the New Testament set up a press there. Neill dying by Dr. Cornelius Nary, who kept up soon after his coming to Belfast, for some time a controversy with the Blow continued the business, and, Archbishop of Tuam (circa 1715), as has been supposed by many lite- was independent of the standard rary persons, printed the first edition Rhemish Version, so was the transof the Bible in Ireland, 1716. Mr. lation of the New Testament, 2 vols. William Pinkerton, F.S.A., has given by Dr. Witham ; Douay, 1730. in Notes and Queries, March 11th, Preceedence being thus afforded 1865, strong proofs that this opinion to sacred literature, we return to prois incorrect. Dr. Madden's researches fane-at least, worldly-productions. have led to the same result; the nonexistence of a copy in any of the SOME OLD DUBLIN PRINTERS. public or private libraries, yet ex- In 1700 Patrick Neill and Co. amined, being rather strong evi. (James Blow) printed a book beardence of the alleged edition never ing the following title':-“The Bible having taken place. There is a the best New-Year's Gift, containing probability, as Dr. Madden hints, of the contents of the Old and New Blow having printed the work in Testaments in verse.” The still exquestion, sold the stock to the Dub- tant copy of this work is carefully lin publisher, and allowed the follow- preserved among the archives of the ing imprint on the title page. A copy first Presbyterian congregation, havwith this imprint is in the British ing been presented to the Belfast Museum, and another in the posses- meeting house, in 1705. sion of Dr. Madden.
In 1714, James Blow printed at “DUBLIN : printed by A. (Aaron) Belfast, the warks (sic) of Sir David Rhames, for William Binauld, at the Lindsay (see “Marmion”), and reBible, in Eustace Street ; and Eliphal printed the work last mentioned. Dobson, at the Stationers' Arms, in Readers of “Red Gauntlet” need Castle Street. MDCCXIV.”
scarcely be told that the rigid loyalThe next Dublin edition of the ist and his young relatives belonged Scriptures was given by Boulter to the respected family of the GrierGrierson, in 1739.
sons of Larg. Some of the younger The Venerable Archdeacon Cotton folk of the Irish branch even in our published, in 1855, a work with the own days fancy that when one of the following title:-“ An Attempt to family is under a feeling of anger or Show what has been done by Roman resentment, the fatal horse-shoe mark Catholics for the diffusion of the appears in his forehead. Early in last HolyScripture in English. By the Rev. century a branch of this family reHenry Cotton, Archdeacon of Cashel moved to Dublin; and we find Oxford, University Press, 1855." George Grierson established as a
From this tract it appears that printer at the “Two Bibles," in Essexthirty-three editions in English of street, in 1709. There is extant a tract the whole Bible or of the New Tes- printed by him in 1715-16, entitled, tament were published between 1582 “ The Freeholder's Answer to the (date of the first issue of the New Tes- Pretender's Declaration." It is pretament at Rheims) and 1800. Dr. served in the Irish Tracts, MSS. Madden quotes six other editions room, Trinity College. omitted by the learned Protestant In June, 1866, a tract with the dignitary. Ten of these, including following title was sold at Mr. the six omitted ones, were avowedly Lewis's (formerly Sharpe's) sale printed in Dublin ; eleven were un- room, Dublin : dated, and of these, six were proba- “ Catechism in Irish with the bly published in the same city. One English placed over it in the same Karakter ; together with Prayers for little importance to them, that few Sick Persons, and a Vocabulary ex- copies were circulated, and they are plaining the Irish Words. Printed now scarcely known. by James Blow, Belfast, 1722."
“Learning in her was but obeying It was secured by the late Dr. a strong natural impulse ; all her Todd for the library of Trinity Col- attainments were by the force of her lege.
own genius and uninterrupted appliJames Blow did not neglect his cation. She was not only happy in native literature. In 1729 he print- a fine imagination, a great memory, ed, “The Life and Acts of the Most an excellent understanding, and Famous and Valiant Champion, Sir exact judgment, but all these were W. Wallace, Knight of Ellerslie, crowned by piety and virtue. She Maintainer of the Liberty of Scot- was too learned to be vain and too land.” Belfast : printed by James wise to be conceited." This excelBlow, and are to be sold at his Shop, lent woman died in 1733 at the early 1729."
age of twenty-seven. Having treated of books, let us The Griersons have enjoyed the say something of their printers and condition of most respectable, welltheir families.
to-do Dublin citizens to this day. George Grierson, whom we find Curious visitors may still look upon established in 1709, married a lady their large printing establishment, distinguished by her estimable dis- Exchange Street, in the neighbourposition and literary ability. We hood of Fishamble Street. Their have seen a finely-printed edition of Bibles and Common Prayer-Books Tacitus, in four volumes, edited by had a large circulation during the her. It is said that it was in conse- last, and the early part of the present quence of the high rank she held in century. An octavo edition of their letters that the patent of king's Illustrated Prayer-Book, 1800, is printer was granted to her husband. still in much request with elderly This lady and Mrs. Thomas Sheridan ladies and gentlemen, whose sight (née Carpenter) holds distinguished has not improved with age. George rank among the Irish literary ladies Grierson died in 1753 at the age of last century. Dr. Madden thus of seventy-four. His son, George writes of Mrs. Grierson :
Abraham Grierson, distinguished by “Mrs. Constantia Grierson was learning and conversational powers, born in the county of Kilkenny, about was an intimate acquaintance of Dr. the year 1706, and was married at Samuel Johnson. He died in 1755, an early age to Mr. George Grierson. in his twenty-seventh year. She was not only a woman of great Another of this family, Boulter learning, a writer of several admir- Grierson, was a printer in Dublin as able productions in prose and verse, early as 1716. The name appears but a compositor of much skill. She, in the Dublin Directory, as the King's was an excellent classical scholar, printer, in 1770. George Grierson well versed in Greek and Roman is designated in the directories as literature, and not unacquainted with holding the same office in the years philosophy and mathematics. A 1782, 1796, 1800. striking proof, we are told, was given James Blow, the introducer of by her to Lord Carteret of her know- printing into Belfast, died in August, ledge of the Latin tongue, in her 1759, at the age of eighty-three. In edition of Tacitus presented to him, Faulkner's Dublin® Fournal, August and by her edi ion, also, of Terence 25, 1759, he was recorded as a man to his son, to whom also she pre- of fair, unblemished character, a sented a Greek sonnet. She wrote trusty, good man, exemplary in primany fine poems, but attached so vate life, sincerely pious, and assidu