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lad received tiis bill, and not understanding to leave the Bear-garden on the right, to the word company, used in drawing bills on avoid being borne down by fencers, wild bulls, men in partnership, carried it to Mr. Jeffrey and monsters, too terrible for the encounter of Stitch of Crooked-lane (lieutenant of the ma- any beroes, but such whose lives are their livejor-general's company,) whom he had the day I lihood. before seen march by the door in all the pomp We have here seen, that wise nations do not of his commission. The lieutenant accepts it, admit of fighting, even in the defence of their for the honour of the company, since it had country, as a laudable action; and they live come to him. But repayment being asked within the walls of our own city in great honour from the major-general, he absolutely refuses and reputation without it.

it would be very Upon this, the lieutenant thinks of nothing necessary to understand, by what force of the less than to bring this to a rupture, and takes climate, food, education, or employment, one for his second Tobias Armstrong of the Coun- man's sense is brought to differ su essentially ter, * and sends him with a challenge in a scrip from that of another; that one is ridiculous of parchment, wherein was written Stitch con- and contemptible for forbearing a thing which tra Maggot, and all the fury vanished in a mo- makes for his safety; and another applauded ment. The major-general gives satisfaction for consulting his ruin and destruction. to the second, and all was well.

It will therfore be necessary for us (to show Hence it is, that the bold spirits of our city our travelling) to examine this subject fully, are kept in such subjection to the civil power. and tell you how it comes to pass, that a man Otberwise, where would our liberties soon be, of honour in Spain, though you offend him if wealth and valour were suffered to exert never so gallantly, stabs you basely; in Eng. themselves with their utmost force? If such land, though you offend bim never so basely, officers as are employed in the terrible bands challenges fairly; the former kills you out of above-mentioned, were to draw bills as well as revenge, the latter out of good-breeding, But swords, these dangerous captains, wbo could to probe the heart of man in this particular to victual an army as well as lead it, would be its utmost thoughts and recesses, I must wait too powerful for the state. But the point of for the return of Pacolet, who is now attending honour justly gives way to that of gain; and, a gentleman lately in a duel, and sometimes by long and wise regulation, the richest is the visits the person by whose hands be received bravest man. I have known a captain rise to his wounds. a colonel in two days by the fall of stocks; and a major, my good friend near the Monu

St. James's Coffee-house, June 13. ment, ascended to that honour by the fall of Letters from Vienna of the eighth instant the price of spirits, and the rising of right say, there has been a journal of the marches and Nantz. By this true sense of honour, that actions of the king of Sweden, from the bebody of warriors are ever in good order and ginning of January to the eleventh of April, discipline, with their colours and coats all N. S. communicated by the Swedish ministers wbole: as in other battalions (where their to that court. These advices inform, that his principles of action are less solid) you see the Swedish majesty entered the territories of men of service look like spectres with long Muscovy in February last, with the main body sides and lank cheeks. In this army you may of his army, in order to oblige the enemy to a measure a man's service by his waist, and the general engagement; but that the Muscovites most prominent belly is certainly the man declining a battle, and an universal thaw bavwho has been most upon action. Besides all ing rendered the rivers unpassable, the king this, there is another excellent remark to be returned into Ukrania. There are mentioned made in the discipline of these troops. It be several rencounters between considerable deing of absolute necessity, that the people of tachments of the Swedish and Russian armies. England should see what they have for their Marsbal Heister intended to take his leave of money, and be eye-witnesses of the advantages court on the day after the date of these letters, they gain by it, all battles which are fought and put himself at the head of the army in abroad are represented here. But, since one Hungary. The male-contents had attempted side must be beaten, and the other conquer, to send in a supply of provision into Newhausel; which might create disputes, the eldest com- but their design was disappointed byt he Gerpany is always to make the other run, and the mans. younger retreats, according to the last news Advices from Berlin of the fifteenth instant, and best intelligence. I have myself seen N. S. say, that his Danish majesty baving reprince Eugene make Catinat fly from the ceived au invitation from the king of Prussia backside of Grays-Ion-lane to Hockley in the to an interview, designed to come to Potsdam Hole, and not give over the pursuit, until obliged within a few days, and that king Augustus re

solved to accompany him thither. To avoid

all difficulties in ceremony, the three kings, * A bum-bailist.

and all the company who shall have the honour

to sit with them at table, are to draw lots, and comply with that ridiculous custom of duel. take precedence accordingly.

ling? I must desire you to reflect, that custom They write from Hamburgh of the eighteenth has dished up in ruffs the wisest heads of our instant, N. S. that some particular letters from ancestors, and put the best of the present age Dantzic speak of a late action between the into huge falbala periwigs. * Men of sense Swedes and Muscovites near Jerislaw; but that would not impose such encumbrances on themengagement being mentioned from no other selves, but be glad they might show their faces place, there is not much credit given to this decently in public upon easier terms. If then intelligence.

such men appear reasonably slaves to the We hear from Brussels, by letters dated the fashion, in what regards the figure of their twentieth, that on the fourteenth, in the even- persons, we ought not to wonder, that they are ing, the duke of Marlborough and prince Eu- at least so in what seems to touch their repugene arrived at Courtray, with a design to pro- tations. Besides, you cannot be ignorant, that ceed the day following to Lisle, in the neigh- dress and chivalry have been always encouraged bourhood of wbich city, the confederate army by the ladies, as the two principal branches of was to rendezvous the same day. Advices from gallantry. It is to avoid being sneered at for Paris inform us, that the marshal de Bezons is his singularity, and from a desire to appear appointed to command in Dauphine, and that more agreeable to his mistress, that a wise, exthe duke of Berwick is set out for Spain, with perienced, and polite man, complies with the a design to follow the fortunes of the duke of dress commonly received; and is prevailed upon Anjou, in case the French king should comply to violate bis reason and principles, in bazardwith the late demands of the allies.

ing his life and estate by a tilt, as well as sufThe court of France has sent a circular letter fering his pleasures to be constrained and soured to all the governors of the provinces, to recum- by the constant apprehension of a quarrel. mend to their consideration his majesty's late This is the more surprising, because men of conduct in the affair of peace. It is thought the most delicate sense and principles have nafit, in that epistle, to condescend to a certain turally in other cases a particular repugnance appeal to the people, whether it is consistent in accommodating themselves to the maxims of with the dignity of the crown, or the French the world: but one may easily distinguish the name, to submit to the preliminaries demanded man that is affected with beauty, and the reby the confederates ? That letter dwells upon putation of a lilt, from him who complies with the unreasonableness of the allies, in requiring both, merely as they are imposed upon him by his majesty's assistance in detbroning his grand custom; for, in the former, you will remark an son; and treats this particular in language air of vanity and triumph ; whereas, when the more suitable to it, as it is a topic of oratory, latter appears in a long duvilliert full of powthan a real circumstance on which the interests der, or has decided a quarrel by the sword, you of nations, and reasons of state, which affect may perceive in his face, that be appeals to all Europe, are concerned.

custom for an excuse. I think it may not be The cluse of this memorial seems to prepare improper to enquire into the genealogy of this the people to expect all events, attributing the chimerical monster called a Duel, which I take confidence of the enemy to the goodness of their to be an illegitimate species of the ancient troops; but acknowledging, that bis sole depen. knight-errantry. By the laws of this whim, dence is upon the intervention of providence. the heroic person, or man of gallantry, was

indispensably obliged to starve in armour a

certain number of years in the chace of monNo. 29.) Thursday, June 14, 1709.

sters, encounter them at the peril of his life, Quicquid agunt homines,

and suffer great hardships, in order to gain the - nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. affection of the fair lady, and qualify himself Whate'er men do, or gay, or think, or dream, for assuming the belle air ; that is, of a Pretty-y 15 Oar motley paper seizes for its theme,

Fellow,or man of honour, according to the White's Chocolate-house, June 14. Fashion : but, since the publishing of Don HAVING a very solid respect for human na- Quixote, and extinction of the race of dragons, ture, however it is distorted from its natural which Suetonius says happened in that of make, by affectation, humour, custom, mis. Wantley, I the gallant and heroic spirits of fortune, or vice, I do apply myself to my friends these latter times have been under the necessity to help me in raising arguments for preserving of creating new chimerical monsters to enterit in all its individuals, as long as it is per- tain themselves with, by way of single combat, mitted. To one of my letters on this subject,

as the only proofs they are able to give their I have received the following answer : “SIR,

* Tatler, No. 26.

+ A kind of wig so called. 'In answer to your question, why men of

I In hamorong writings, one may be led to search for

qnotations no where to be fognd in the authors referred to, senee, virtue, and experience, are seen still to as appears from this passage.

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own sex, and the ladies, that they are in all | lents, of any two classes of men in the world ; points men of nice honour. But, to do justice for to profess judgment, and to profess wit, to the ancient and real monsters, I must ob- both arise from the same failure, which is want serve, that they never molested those who were of judgment. The poverty of the Critic this not of a humour to hunt for them in woods way proceeds from the abuse of this faculty ; and deserts; whereas, on the contrary, our that of the Wit, from the neglect of it. It is modern monsters are so familiarly admitted a particular observation I have always made, and entertained in all the courts and cities of that of all mortals a Critic is the silliest; for, Europe (except France,) that one can scarce by enuring himself to examine all things, whebe in the most humanized society without risk-ther they are of consequence or not, he never ing one's life; the people of the best sort, and looks upon any thing but with a design of passthe fine gentlemen of the age, being so fonding sentence upon it; by which means he is of therr., that they seldom appear in any pub-never a companion, but always a censor. This lic place without one. I have some further makes him earnest upon trifles, and dispute on considerations upon this subject, which, as you the most indifferent occasions with vehemence. encourage me, shall be communicated to you If he offers to speak or write, that talent, which by, sir, a cousin but one remove from the best should approve the work of the other faculties, family of the Staffs, namely, sir, your bumble prevents their operation. He comes upon ac. servant, kinsman, and friend,

tion in armour, but without weapons; he stands "TIM SWITCH.'

in safety, but can gain no glory. The Wit, on It is certain that Mr. Switch has hit upon the the other hand, has been hurried so long away true source of this evil; and that it proceeds by imagination only, tbat judgment seems not only from the force of custom, that we contra- to have ever been one of his patural faculties. dict ourselves in half the particulars and occur. This gentleman takes himself to be as much rences of life. But such a tyranny in love, obliged to be merry, as the other to be grave. which the fair impose upon us, is a little too JA thorough Critic is a sort of Puritan in the severe; that we must demonstrate our affection polite world, As an enthusiast in religion for them by no certain proof but hatred to one stumbles at the ordinary occurrences of life, if another, or come at them (only as one does at he cannot quote scripture examples on the ocan estate) by survivorship. This way of appli- casion; so the Critic is never safe in his speech cation to gain a lady's heart is taking her as or writing, without he has, among the celewe do towns and castles, by distressing the brated writers, an authority for the truth of place, and letting none come near them with his sentence. You will believe we had a very out our pass. Were such a lover once to write good time with these brethren, who were su the truth of bis heart, and let her know bis far out of the dress of their native country, and whole thoughts, he would appear indeed to so lost in its dialect, that they were as much have a passion for her; but it would hardly be strangers to themselves, as to their relation to called love. The billet-doux would run to this each other. They took up the whole discourse; purpose :

sometimes the Critic grew passionate, and when

reprimanded by the Wit for any trip or hesita• MADAM,

tion in his voice, he would answer, ‘ Mr. Dryden 'I have so tender a regard for you, and your makes such a character, on such an occasion, interests, that I will knock any man on the break off in the same manner; so that the stop head whom I observe to be of my mind, and was according to nature, and as a man in a like you. Mr. Truman, the other day, looked passion should do.' The Wit who is as far gone at you in so languishing a manner, that I am in letters as himself, seems to be at a loss tu resolved to run him through to-inorrow morn- answer such an apology; and concludes only, ing. This, I think, he deserves for his guilt that though his anger is justly vented, it wants in admiring you: than which I cannot have a fire in the utterance. If wit is to be meagreater reason for murdering him, except it be sured by the circumstances of time and place, that you also approve him. Whoever says he there is no man bas generally so little of that dies for you, I will make his words good, for I talent as he who is a Wit by profession. What will kill bim. I am, madam, your must obe- be says, instead of arising from the occasion, has dient humble servant.'

an occasion invented to bring it in. Thus, he

is new for no other reason, but tbat he talks From my own Apartment, Junc 14.

like nobody else ; but has taken up a method I ain just come hither at ten at night, and of his own, without commerce of dialogue with have ever since six, been in the most celebrated, other people. The lively Jasper Dactyle * is though most nauseous company in town: the one of this character. He seems to have made two leaders of the society were a Critic and a a vow to be witty to his life's end. When you Wit. These two gentlemen are great oppo- meet him, “What do you think,' says he, ‘I nents on all occasions, not discerning that they are the nearest each other, in temper and ta

Xe Tailer, Nos. 3, and 63,

have been entertaining myself with ?' Then out | power is only a vertigo in the brain of princes, comes a premeditated turu; to which it is to no which for a time may quicken their motion, and purpose to answer, for he goes on in the same double, in their diseased sight, the instances of strain of thought he designed without your power above them; but must end at last in their speaking. Therefore I have a general answer fall and destruction. Your memorial speaks to all he can say; as, 'Sure there never was you a good father of your family, but a very ill any creature had so much fire!' Spondee, who one of your people. Your majesty is reduced is a Critic, is seldom out of this fine man's com- to hear truth, when you are obliged to speak pany. They have no manner of affection for it. There is no governing any but savages by each other, but keep together, like Novel and other methods than their own consent, which Oldfox in the Plain Dealer, because they show you seem to acknowledge in appealing to us each other. I know several men of sense who for our opinion of your conduct in treating of can be diverted with this couple; but I see no peace. Had your people been always of your curiosity in the thing, except it be, that Spondee council, the king of France had never been reis dull, and seems dull ; but Dactyle is beavy duced so low as to acknowledge his arms were with a brisk face. It must be owned also, that fallen into contempt. But since it is thus, we Dactyle has almost vigour enough to be a cox- must ask, how is any man of France, but they comb; but Spondee, by the lowness of his con- of the house of Bourbon, the better, that Pbilip stitution, is only a blockhead.

is king of Spain? We have outgrown that folly

of placing our happiness in your majesty's beSt. James's Coffee-house, June 15. ing called, The Great. Therefore you and We have no particulars of moment since our we are all alike bankrupts,* and undone, let last, except it be, that the copy of the following us not deceive ourselves; but compound with original letter came by the way of Ostend. It our adversaries, and not talk like their equals. is said to bave been found in the closet of mon. Your majesty must forgive us, that we cannot sieur Chamillard, the late secretary of state of wish you success, or lend you help; for, if you France, since his disgrace. It was signed by lose one battle more, we may have a hand in two brothers of the famous Cavallier,* who led the peace you make; and doubt not but your the Cevennois, and had a personal interview with majesty's faith in treaties will require the rathe king, as well as a capitulation to lay down tification of the states of your kingdom. So his arms, and leave the dominions of France. we bid you heartily farewell, until we have the There are many other names to it; among honour to meet you assembled in parliament. whom is the chief of the family of the marquis This happy expectation makes us willing to Guiscard. It is not yet known whether mon- wait the event of another campaign, from sieur Chamillard bad any real design to favour whence we hope to be raised from the misery the Protestant interest, or only thought to of slaves to the privileges of subjects. We are place himself at the head of that people, to your majesty's truly faithful and loyal submake himself considerable enough to oppose hjects, &c.' his enemies at court, and reinstate himself in power there.

No. 30.) Saturday, June 18, 1709. 'SIR, We bave read your majesty's letter to the

Quicquid agunt homines

-nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. governors of your provinces, with instructions

Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dicam, what sentiments to insinuate into the minds

Our motley paper seizes for its theme, of your people; but as you have always acted upon the maxim, that we were made for you, From my own Apartment, June 16. and not you for us; we must take leave to as

Tue vigilance, the anxiety, the tenderness, sure your majesty, that we are exactly of the which I have for the good people of England, contrary opinion; and must desire you to send I ain persuaded, will in time be much comfor your grandson bome, and acquaint him, mended; but I doubt whether they will be that you now know, by experience, absolute ever rewarded. However, I must go on cheer

fully in my work of reformation : that being • James Cavallier was the celebrated leader of the French

my great design, I am studious to prevent my Protealants in the Cevennes, when these warlike, but en-labour's increasing upon me; therefore am thusiastic mountaineers ovposeri the tyranny of Lonis XIV. particularly observant of the temper and incliod male a vigorous stang against the whole power of

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nations of childhood and youth, that we may France, which for a long time laboureil in vain to subdue iben. It was in the heat of this gallant struggle to preserve not give vice and folly supplies from the growthemselves from religions slavery, that the first seeds of that ing generation. It is hardly to be imagined will fanaticism were sown, which afterwards grew up to such an amazing extravagance, and distinguished them, by the name of French Prophets,' among the most extraordi. gary enthusiasts that are to be found in the history of hu

came bankrupts about this time.

* Monsieur Bernard and the chief bankers of France be.

.و full الله .1

how useful this study is, and what great evils | I once heard a man of excellent sense observe, cr benefits arise from putting us in our tender that more affairs in the world failed by being years to what we are fit or unfit: therefore, on in the hands of men of too large capacities for Tuesday last (with a design to sound their in their business, than by being in the conduct of clinations) I took three lads, who are under my such as wanted abilities to execute them. Jack, guardianship, a-rambling in a hackney.coach, therefore, being of a plodding make, shall be a to show them the town; as the lions, the tombs, citizen: and I design him to be the refuge of Bedlam, and the other places which are enter- the family in their distress, as well as their jest tainments to raw minds, because they strike in prosperity. His brother Will shall go to Oxforcibly on the fancy. The boys are brothers, ford with all speed, where, if he does not arrive one of sixteen, the other of fourteen, the other at being a man of sense, he will soon be inof twelve. The first was his father's darling, the formed wherein he is a coxcomb. There is in second his mother's, and the third mine, who that place such a true spirit of raillery and am their uncle, Mr. William is a lad of true humour, that if they cannot make you a wise genius; but, being at the upper end of a great man, they will certainly let you know you are school, and having all the boys below him, his a fool ; which is all my cousin wants, to cease arrogance is insupportable. If I begin to show a to be so. Thus, having taken these two out of little of my Latin, he immediately interrupts : the way, I have leisure to look at my third lad. * Uncle, under favour, that which you say, is 1 observe in the young rogue a natural subtilty not understood in that manner.' * Brother,' of mind, which discovers itself rather in forsays my boy Jack, 'you do not show your man- bearing to declare bis thoughts on any occaners much in contradicting my uncle Isaac !' sion, than in any visible way of exerting him• You queer cur,' says Mr. William, 'do you self in discourse. For which reason I will place think my uncle takes any notice of such a dull him, where, if he commits no faults, he may rogue as you are?' Mr. William goes on, 'He go farther than those in other stations, though is the must stupid of all my mother's children : they excel in virtues. The boy is well-fashioned, he knows nothing of his book : when he should and will easily fall into a graceful manner; inind that, he is hiding and hoarding his taws wherefore, I have a design to make him a page and marbles, or laying up farthings. His way to a great lady of my acquaintance ; by which of thinking is, four-and-twenty farthings make means he will be well skilled in the common sixpence, and two sixpences a shilling; two modes of life, and make a greater progress in shillings and sixpence balf-a-crown, and two the world by that knowledge, than with the half-crowns five shillings. So within these two greatest qualities without it. A good mein in montlis the close hunks bas scraped up twenty a court, will carry a man greater lengths than sbillings, and we will make bim spend it all a good understanding in any other place. We before he comes home.' Jack immediately see a world of pains taken, and the best years claps bis hands into both pockets, and turns of life spent in collecting a set of thoughts in as pale as ashes. There is nothing touches a a college for the conduct of life, and, after all, parent (and such I am to Jack) so nearly as a the man so qualified shall hesitate in a speech provident conduct. This lail has in him the to a good suit of cloaths, and want common true temper for a good husband, a kind father, sense before an agreeable woman. Hence it aud av honest executor. All the great people is, that wisdom, valour, justice, and learning, you see make considerable figures on the ex- cannot keep a man in countenance that is poschange, in court, and sometimes in senates, sessed with these excellencies, if he wants that are such as in reality bave no greater faculty inferior art of life and behaviour, called goodthan what may be called human instinct, which breeding. A man endowed with great perfecis a natural tendency to their own preservation, tions, without this, is like one wbo has his and that of their friends, without being capable pockets full of gold, but always wants change of striking out the road for adventurers. There for his ordinary occasions. is sir William Scrip was of this sort of capacity Will Courtly is a living instance of this from his childhood; he has bought the country truth, and has had the same education which found him, and makes a bargain better than I am giving my nephew. He never spoke a sir Harry Wildfire, with all his wit and humour. thing but what was said before, and yet can Sir llarry never wants money but he comes to converse with the wittiest men without being Scrip, laughs at bim half an hour, and then ridiculous. Among the learned, he does not gives bond for the other thousand. The close appear iguorant; nor with the wise, indiscreet. men are incapable of placing merit any where Living in conversation from bis infancy, makes but in their pence, and therefore gain it; while him no where at a loss; and a long familiarity others, who have larger capacities, are diverted with the persons of men, is, in a manner, of the from the pursuit by enjoyments which can be same service to hiin, as if he knew their arts. As supported only by that cash which they despise; ceremony is the invention of wise men to keep and, therefore, are in the end slaves to their fools at a distance, so good-breeding is an exinferiors wth in fortune and understanding. pedient to make fools and wise men equals.

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