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tye hath obtayned the victory, they than gloryfye so in theyre dedes of armes, and are so joyfull, that such as be taken they shall be ransomed, or that they go out of the felde ; so that shortly eche of them is so content with other, that at their departynge, curtyslye they will say, God thank you. BERNER's Froissart, vol. ii, p. 153. The Border meetings of truce, which although places of merchandise and merriment, often witnessed the most bloody scenes, may serve to illustrate the description in the text. They are vividly pourtrayed in the old ballad of the Reidsguair. Both parties came armed to a meeting of the wardens, yet they intermixed fearlessly and peaceably with each other in mutual sports and familiar intercourse, until a casual fray arose.

Then was there nought but bow and spear,
And every man pulled out a brand.

In the 29th stanza of this canto, there is an attempt to express some of the mixed feelings, with which the Borderers on each side were led to regard their neighbours.

And frequent on the darkening plain,
Loud hollo, whoop, and whistle rans
4s bands their stragglers to regain,
Give the shrill watch-word of their claim.
Verse 8, p. 107.

Patten remarks, with bitter censure, the disorderly eonduct of the English Borderers, who attended the Frotector Somerset on his expedition against Scot‘land. “As we wear then a setling, and the tents a setting up, among all things els commendable in oure hole jorney, one thing semed to me an intollerable disorder and abuse ; that whearas allweys, both in alle tounes of war, and in all campes of armies, quiet” nes and stilnes, without nois, is principally in the

night, after the watch is set, observed (I nede not

reason why,) our northern prikkers, the Borderers, notwithandyng, with great enormitie (as thought me.) and not unlike (to be playn) unto a masterles hounde howlyng in a hie wey when he hath lost him he waited upon, sum hoopynge, sum whistlyng, and most with crying, a Berwyke, a Berwyke' a Fenwyke, a Fenwyke! a Bulmer, a Bulmer' or so otherwise as theyr captains names wear, never lin'de these troublous and dangerous noyses all the nyghte longe. They said they did to finde their captain and fellows; but if the souldiours 'of our other countreys and sheres had used the same manner, in that case we shoold have oft tymes had the state of our camp more like the outrage of a dissolute huntyng, than the quiet of a well ordred armye. It is a feat of wan,

in mine opinion, that might right well be left. I

could reherse causes (but yf I take it, they ar better

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anspoken than uttred, unless the faut wear sure to be amended) that might shew thei move alweis more peral to our armie, but in their one night's so doynge, than their shew, good service (as sum sey) in a hoole vyage.”—Apud DALzeLL's Fragments, p. 75.

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. Cheer the dark blood-hound on his way, ...And with the bugle rouse the fray.—Ver, 29, p. 123.

: The pursuit of Border marauders was followed by the injured party and his friends with bloodhounds and bugle-horn, and was called the hot-trod. He was entitled, if his dog could trace the scent, to follow the invaders into the opposite kingdom; a privilege which often occasioned bloodshed. In ade dition to what has been said of the blood-hound, I may add, that the breed was kept up by the Buccleuch family on their Border estates till within the 18th century. A person was alive in the memory of man, who remembered a blood-hound being kept at Eldinhope, in Ettricke Forest, for whose maintenance the tenant had an allowance of meal. At that time the sheep were always watched at night. Upon one occasion when the duty had fallen on the narrator, then a lad, he became exhausted with fatigue, and fell asleep upon a bank near sunrising. Suddenly he was awakened by the tread of horses, and saw five men well mounted and armed, ride briskly over the edge of the hill. They stopped and looked at the flock; but the day was too far broken to admit the chance of their carrying any of them off. One of them, in spite, leaped from his horse, and come. ing to the shepherd, seized him by the belt he wore round his waist; and setting his foot upon his body, pulled it till it broke, and carried it away with him. They rode off at the gallop ; and the shepherd giving the alarm, the blood-hound was turned loose and the people in the neighborhood alarmed, The mae rauders, however, escaped, notwithstanding a sharp pursuit. This circumstance serves to shew, how very long the license of the Borderers continued: h some degree to manifest itself.

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: Popular belief, though contrary to the doctrines of the church, made a favourable distinction betwixt magicians, and necromancers, or wizards; the former were supposed to command the evil spirits, and the latter to serve, or at least to be in league and compact with, those enemies of mankind. The arts of subjecting the daemons were manifold ; sometimes the fiends were actually swindled by the magicians, as in the case of the bargain betwixt one of their number and the poet Virgil. The classic reader will doubtless be curious to peruse this anecdote. “ Virgilius was at scole at Tolenton, where he stodyed dyligently, for he was of great understandynge. Upon a tyme the scholers had lycense to go to play and sporte them in the fyldes, after the usaunce of the holde tyme. And there was also

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